%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150523013346+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150523013346+01'00') /Title ('A most diabolical deed': Infanticide and Irish society, 1850?1900) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4468 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [('A most diabolical deed': Infanticide and Irish society, 1850?1900)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the late 19th century, the issue of infanticide captured the attention of a significant number of journalists, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(psychiatric and medical writers and social commentators. The act of intentionally killing an infant within 24 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hours of its birth was by no means new to this period. Yet changing socio-cultural and economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(circumstances, combined with shifting perceptions of murder and deviant female behaviour, ensured that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(infanticide gradually evolved into a publicly prominent concern. While the history of infanticide has been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assessed in various national contexts, analyses of this form of murder in Ireland have surfaced only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sporadically; Cliona Rattigan?s recent study of early 20th-century Ireland being an exception.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 483.932 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 483.932 172.137 m 497.924 172.137 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 497.924 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Elaine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Farrell?s )] TJ ET BT 79.004 159.275 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(?A Most Diabolical Deed?: Infanticide and Irish Society, 1850?1900 )] TJ ET BT 414.308 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offers the first comprehensive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account of how infanticide was performed, perceived, responded to and legally managed in late 19th-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ireland. Farrell draws upon an impressive range of case studies \(4,645 in total\) and a wide variety of sources )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including newspaper reports, medical literature, police, court and prison records, parliamentary papers and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary literature. The result is a meticulously researched, emotively written and comprehensive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploration of the murder of new-born infants in post-Famine Ireland.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One aim of ?)] TJ ET BT 96.332 61.739 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Most Diabolical Deed? )] TJ ET BT 222.320 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is to dispense with a belief commonly held by many contemporaries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1543)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 13 February, 2014)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elaine Farrell)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719088209)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(65.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(288pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.manchesteruniversitypress.co.uk/cgi-bin/indexer?product=9780719088209)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ian Miller)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 483.9317 172.4515 497.9237 184.3315 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7558 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that infanticide occurred rarely in Ireland. Farrell argues that infant murder was sometimes cast as an English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problem; as a symptom of the loose moral culture of industrialised England that could be idyllically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compared to moral, chaste and virtuous rural Ireland. This claim formed part of a broader strategy, typically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adopted by nationalists, of firmly distinguishing between national moral standards. In reality, this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proposition was fallacious. As Farrell?s thorough statistical analysis in her first chapter establishes, infant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(murder and concealment of birth took place on a weekly basis in post-Famine Ireland; the typical perpetrator )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(being an unmarried women in her 20s, Roman Catholic and poor. Infanticide was a nationwide problem that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(afflicted industrialised regions in the north of the country as well as the chronically poor rural west. While )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(motivations for infant murder are notoriously difficult to fully recapture, Farrell posits that the propensity of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Catholic Church to condemn abortion may have played some part in encouraging young pregnant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women to wait until birth to deal with an unwanted child. As in many other countries, mothers suffocated, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strangled, drowned, poisoned and burnt their new-born, abandoned them \(alive or dead\) in hidden locations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and, sometimes, deposited them with the local church. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Inquests took place at the coroner?s court. In her second chapter, Farrell explores the activities of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medical witnesses summoned to establish the cause of death but who often struggled to reach firm )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusions. Infant bodies rapidly decomposed; blows to the head could have been delivered prior to or after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(death; whether an infant had breathed or not \(an indicator of whether it had been born dead or alive\) was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difficult to establish; strange marks on the neck could point to strangulation either by the mother or by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(umbilical cord. In this period, forensic science was in its infancy. Clenched hands or the discovery of food in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the corpse?s stomach sometimes provided some indication that an infant had died after its birth. Yet, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Farrell argues, even when it appeared reasonably certain on the surface that a murder had taken place, proof )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was not always forthcoming.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Given the seemingly horrific nature of killing the vulnerable newborn in ways such as these, it might be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expected that such bloodthirsty acts would be subject to immense public censure. Yet this was a period when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sympathetic public attitudes to poverty and its related problems were not uncommon. Whereas previous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centuries had often been marked by a more retributive approach to crimes such as murder, the 19th century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(saw the emergence of relatively compassionate responses to acts seemingly associated with hardship such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suicide, illegitimacy and infant murder. Contemporaneously, new psychiatric models evolved that sought to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rationally comprehend deviant behaviour including infanticide instead of condemning it. Infanticide was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(now an act that could be understood and made sense of; one that could be rationalised as an outcome of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mental effects of pregnancy, childbirth and poverty rather than exclusively understood as an expression of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immorality. Farrell?s third chapter maintains that Irish juries tended to treat murderous mothers relatively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leniently, partly in light of the emergence of the psychiatrist in the coroner?s court, the development of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insanity plea and increasingly lenient public attitudes to poverty. Exceptions certainly occurred. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nonetheless, Farrell concludes that infanticide tended to be set apart as a certain type of murder that was no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(longer subject to the same degree of stigma and penal retribution as other forms of killing.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The fourth chapter of )] TJ ET BT 139.316 247.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Most Diabolical Deed )] TJ ET BT 259.304 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examines how infanticide was responded to in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(community. Farrell establishes significant diversity. Neighbours and families sometimes helped mothers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conceal a dead infant while others proved eager to report a suspected infanticide. Farrell uses the case )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies of four Irish women with contrasting circumstances to demonstrate the variety of situations that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surrounded infant murder. Sarah Cuthbert and Sally Hagan lived with their families, Elizabeth Evans was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recently married and lived with her husband while Maggie O?Connor was a country girl who lived with her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(employer. Despite these differences in household environments, Farrell maintains that these four women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sought to conceal evidence that they had engaged in sexual intercourse prior to marriage. All four were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(daughters of small farmers and tradesmen who strove to uphold their reputations in a society that placed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(great emphasis on sexual morality. Communal attitudes to pre-marital sex were complex. Sometimes sexual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(affairs were tolerated until evidence emerged of a dead baby or concealed birth. Farrell?s case studies also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggest that it was the female who found herself subject to public castigation whereas the identity of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(father was rarely recorded in the legal and journalistic evidence. Men were also able to easily deny their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complicity in both the pregnancy and infant murder. The policeman emerges at this point as a key figure in )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7486 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detecting suspected infant murders; an individual who offered generous rewards for information, although )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this sometimes led to innocent women being subject to untrue accusations of pregnancy, childbirth and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(infanticide.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19th-century Irish journalists on both a local and national level routinely communicated suspected )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incidences of infanticide and the court proceedings that ensued. This, in itself, helped to sensationalise a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moral panic about infant murder that was particularly palpable in the 1850s and early 1860s. Reporters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tended to be present at assize and quarter session trials and sometimes at the murder scene itself. As Farrell )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues, their accounts often embellished the facts and emphasised certain aspects of infanticide over others )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to construct a particular view of events. Farrell convincingly maintains that the nature of the headline itself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(did much to inform and shape public opinion on the severity of the death, the moral standing of the accused )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mother and the extent of condemnation or sympathy that should be awarded to particular instances of infant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(murder. Whether or not a murderous mother was evil or desperate was negotiated through highly gendered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journalistic representations. Interestingly, women believed to have been suffering from some form of mental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instability tended to be awarded higher levels of sympathy in post-Famine Ireland in comparison to those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(easily deemed evil or immoral. Journalists were also pivotal in perpetuating a myth that cases of infanticide )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were worse in England in comparison to Ireland as part of an attempt to differentiate between the two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(countries in a period of mounting opposition to Union and Ireland?s incorporation into the United Kingdom.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Farrell?s final chapter investigates experiences of imprisonment. Relatively few mothers who murdered their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(infant were imprisoned in Ireland in this period. Only 29 women were found guilty of the murder of their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offspring between 1850 and 1900. All of these were sentenced to be hanged to death although their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(punishments were commuted to transportation or imprisonment. Farrell?s research demonstrates that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(petitions for clemency tended to be submitted by families, friends and neighbours to the Lord Lieutenant of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ireland. Nonetheless, those imprisoned, such as Catherine Hennessey, could remain in prison for decades )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(until their death. Individual cases were reviewed if petitions for their release were received; if a medical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(officer considered the prisoner?s life to be in danger; or if prison directors at Dublin Castle scheduled a case )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for review. Women convicted of infant murder could petition the Lord Lieutenant if they wished, although a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(positive response was not guaranteed. They might be discharged if they displayed genuine remorse or regret, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(if they had a respectable character prior to the act of murdering their infants, if they suffered from poor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(physical health, if a close family member fell ill, or if a similar prisoner had been recently discharged. Many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of these women played upon their gendered roles and emphasised the importance of being returned to their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(role in the family. In 1886, Lord Lieutenant Lord Aberdeen, known for his support of philanthropic activity, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authorised the release of all female inmates undergoing sentences of imprisonment for infant murder once )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they had served between five and seven years; an action that reflected shifting attitudes towards child murder )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and its perpetrators despite no change in the law having been initiated. Farrell comments that such a change )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(did not occur in countries such as England.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In summary, Elaine Farrell?s )] TJ ET BT 176.324 261.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(?A Most Diabolical Deed?: Infanticide and Irish Society, 1850?1900 )] TJ ET BT 511.628 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meticulously researched, well-written and thoughtfully crafted account of infanticide in late 19th-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ireland. One of the most impressive aspects of )] TJ ET BT 259.640 232.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(?A Most Diabolical Deed? )] TJ ET BT 391.628 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is the manner by which Farrell )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leads the reader through the circumstances of infanticide, commencing in her early chapters with the act of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(infant murder itself before gradually introducing the role of other actors throughout her monograph )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including coroners and juries, the community and the local press before uniquely concluding with an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploration of the prison experiences of those convicted of infanticide. Farrell?s study is an important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contribution to modern Irish social history that speaks to a range of growing research areas in Irish history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including the history of gender, death and medicine while also adding to an international body of research on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the history of these themes. It adds insight into the 19th-century development of psychiatric theories on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deviant female behaviour, the shifting role of figures such as the coroner in Ireland, familial life in post-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Famine Ireland, shifting attitudes towards both crime and shock deaths in a country subject to considerable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social, economic and political change and the complex role of women in a society that maintained strict )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social norms about the types of sexual and social behaviour which they were allowed to display.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 25 0 R 27 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 1747 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 775.827 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 745.210 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 745.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cliona Rattigan, )] TJ ET BT 145.688 745.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(What Else Could I Do? Single Mothers and infanticide in Ireland, 1900?1950)] TJ ET BT 64.016 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Dublin, 2012\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 138.344 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 138.344 729.555 m 192.332 729.555 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 704.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 678.437 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 664.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Law, Crime and History)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 649.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.pbs.plymouth.ac.uk/solon/journal/vol.3%20issue3%202013%20pt3/Grey,%20Farrell%20Review.pdf)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 648.531 m 577.652 648.531 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 635.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 630.943 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 613.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 613.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1543)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 611.769 m 328.316 611.769 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 586.792 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.392 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/71799)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.107 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] )] TJ ET BT 34.016 543.736 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.pbs.plymouth.ac.uk/solon/journal/vol.3%20issue3%202013%20pt3/Grey,%20Farrell%20Review.pdf)] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 138.3437 729.8695 192.3317 741.7495 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 648.8455 577.6517 660.7255 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.pbs.plymouth.ac.uk/solon/journal/vol.3 issue3 2013 pt3/Grey, Farrell Review.pdf) >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 612.0835 328.3157 623.9635 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1543) >> endobj xref 0 29 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000569 00000 n 0000000658 00000 n 0000005178 00000 n 0000005287 00000 n 0000005397 00000 n 0000005506 00000 n 0000009067 00000 n 0000009195 00000 n 0000009279 00000 n 0000009308 00000 n 0000009436 00000 n 0000009472 00000 n 0000009537 00000 n 0000017148 00000 n 0000017213 00000 n 0000024752 00000 n 0000024850 00000 n 0000026650 00000 n 0000026778 00000 n 0000026833 00000 n 0000026960 00000 n 0000027102 00000 n 0000027230 00000 n trailer << /Size 29 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27326 %%EOF