%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R 27 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818081133+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818081133+01'00') /Title (Revisionist Histories) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4390 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Revisionist Histories)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(History is never the final word; we are too empirically sensitive these days to think otherwise. It would be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fair to say that since the days of Karl Popper historians have been acutely aware that what they write or utter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is never the final statement concerning the historical record. Their assertions are provisional, liable to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(degree of tinkering. Revision, in other words, is very much in; it goes almost without saying that ?[h]istories )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are written and revised around the clock? \(p. 89\). ?Historians,? notes Marnie Hughes-Warrington in in her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(latest book, )] TJ ET BT 92.348 187.787 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Revisionist Histories)] TJ ET BT 192.020 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ?revise? \(p. 1\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Despite this apparent ubiquity, though, there is some debate as to how to appreciate this common sense )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attitude to revisionism. When flagging up revisionism in history, does one simply mean the belief that all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(statements pertaining to truth in historiography are subject to future contestation? Or does one mean )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(something a bit more subjective and social; namely, the revisionist tendency of certain generations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians to omit and prioritise events and phenomena on the basis of bias? In the worst case scenario, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revisionist historians could be engaged in ?acts of )] TJ ET BT 275.984 90.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(churn)] TJ ET BT 303.980 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? \(p. 89\), recycling clichd, partisan pictures of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(past. Or is embracing the ubiquity of revision in historical circles a confirmation that, to use R. G. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Collingwood?s phrase, ?respectful attentiveness? )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 272.972 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 272.972 60.345 m 286.964 60.345 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 286.964 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to the facts has been definitively put to one side by our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1545)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 13 February, 2014)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marnie Hughes-Warrington)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780415560788)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(70.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(160pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Routledge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415560795/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jamie Melrose)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 272.9717 60.6595 286.9637 72.5395 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 8031 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generation of post-empiricists and modernists, that the archetypical historian is appreciated far more as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(maker of)] TJ ET BT 76.340 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( rather than )] TJ ET BT 133.988 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(reactor to)] TJ ET BT 181.652 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( history?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In )] TJ ET BT 47.012 755.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Revisionist Histories)] TJ ET BT 146.684 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Hughes-Warrington hones in on these types of questions. ?The primary aim of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book?, she makes clear, ?is to unpack the ways that history makers ? a term I use to refer to anyone who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes a history ? have explained and made judgements about revision in history? \(pp. 2?3\). Primarily, she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(draws attention to how revising history involves a lot of related endeavours. It is commonsensically the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(replacing of the outdated with the new \(in the field of the history of political philosophy, I think of Peter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Laslett?s celebrated conclusion that John Locke?s )] TJ ET BT 276.632 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Two Treatises of Government)] TJ ET BT 418.964 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was written before, not after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Glorious Revolution of 1688\), but is also an indicator of how individuals and groups conceive their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history, the Kuhnian-like paradigms which frame their accounts of past. To sympathise with the latter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conception naturally problematizes the former?s linear underpinning that we correctively add to and make )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(less obscure our histories, free from )] TJ ET BT 208.976 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(a priori)] TJ ET BT 245.984 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( inclinations. Into this mix, one can also add something Hughes-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Warrington is keen to include: the ethical reconstruction of history by history makers. This challenges the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(idea of neat narratives, where the story is seen to be inching towards mimesis, and the conception of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collective, particular historical consciousnesses. For Hughes-Warrington what ought to be underlined is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way in which individuals and communities come to terms with the past, a past that they recognise and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identify with, but is doomed to escape, like an apparition, their total comprehension.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is a feature of Hughes-Warrington ?meta-ethical? \(p. 3\) turn that, in her Derrida-influenced discussion, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terms of debate that she brings to the fore ? ?)] TJ ET BT 252.968 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(re)] TJ ET BT 262.964 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writable? \(p. 110\) or ??interruption?? \(p. 119\) ? are )] TJ ET BT 512.552 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sub )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(judice)] TJ ET BT 63.344 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and there to prompt reflection as much as anything else. It is hard to say she has a profound and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marked argument when she is so committed to ?an open-ended learning experience? \(p. 17\). In suggesting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that history is an intervention of sorts, with neither the comfort of claiming apodictic certainty nor of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(needing a strong commitment to view from somewhere, Hughes-Warrington does not merely do away with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the crude Hegelian linearity that she disfavours. She is in )] TJ ET BT 310.976 444.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Revisionist Histories)] TJ ET BT 410.648 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, I would argue, more a stirrer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the pot than a tribune of something called ethical history: revision understood as silence, a moment at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which a contested interpretative battleground is settled, should be put to one side; ?the tumult, dynamism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and troubles of a textual world? \(p. 120\) headlined.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In my attempt to get to grips with this quite sweeping book, Hughes-Warrington?s contribution to what one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might call the fledging field of historiographic revision studies is threefold. Firstly, she aims to give the field )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a profile: ?[s]ome ideas command the attention of historiographers. Revision is not one of them? \(p. 8\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Secondly, she seeks to move away from linear, passive notions of revision: writers and readers are random )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and interventionary. Hughes-Warrington?s third reason for taking up revision is to bring the ethical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dimension entwined in historical reconstruction to disciplinary prominence, via a host of salient points and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examples which pungently award her historiographical discourse a particularly eclectic vim.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In terms of the first aspect, the book is an assembly of relevant names and arguments, insights and texts that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hughes-Warrington nominally responds to. Ernst Nolte, Arthur Marwick, David Hackett Fischer, Michel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Foucault and Gabrielle Spiegel represent historiographic revision theory; philosophical critics Jacques )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Derrida and Emmanuel Levinas loom large. Regarding seminal texts, Martin Bernal?s )] TJ ET BT 450.284 220.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Black Athena )] TJ ET BT 517.604 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussed in relation to the way historical revisionism delineates \(pp. 24?5\), thus setting up one of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hughes-Warrington?s key concerns: the spatial understanding of revision. One of the most querulous topics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(when it comes to historiography?s relationship to revision, the retelling of the Holocaust, is also discussed. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This a subject area, endowed with meaning by ?filmmakers, novelists, museum curators, journalists and web )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(designers? \(p. 60\), where revision is less a part of the historian?s craft, more an ideological practice to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reproof. Strikingly, in this work, Hughes-Warrington concentrates on a range of source material that in their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(selection suggests the new profile of historiographic revision studies: chat rooms \(pp. 71?2\), wall murals in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Northern Ireland \(pp. 41?5\), reader annotations and interpolations in history texts \(pp. 94?107\). Here we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have messy, ultraist examples of revision at work in the form of history makers grappling with the burden of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the past, removed from the belated attempts of sophisticated historical scholars to dispense with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(superannuated.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7691 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As for challenging linear, passive notions of revision, Hughes-Warrington promotes ?boundaries, space and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(orientation? \(p. 27\). For her, ?[s]patial imagery and language are used to construct temporary textual spaces )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in which rival historiographies are excluded and readers are encouraged to navigate to a new vision of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history using the entry and exit points and signposts of the writer? \(p. 34\). Rather than relying on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vestiges of Hegel?s dialectic, ?history proceeds as a succession of amendments? \(p. 8\), or seeing revision as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to some extent determined by the whims, say, of the historian?s commitment to winning patronage in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academic institutions, being revisionary is a question of history-makers trying desperately and often without )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(great clarity to put their past in the right place. Revision is not, after Roland Barthes, ?a referendum? \(p. 108\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In Hughes-Warrington?s topography of case studies she ventures how space precludes and accommodates. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the case of the graphic novel )] TJ ET BT 187.640 644.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Maus )] TJ ET BT 217.304 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by Art Spiegelman, there is a panel which depicts a father-narrator )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sitting in front of a past )] TJ ET BT 149.348 629.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(mise-en-scne)] TJ ET BT 217.316 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, whilst his son-listener sits behind \(p. 48\). The past is both in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wake of and governed by the present recollection of a past generation, albeitpartially \(the father-narrator )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does not dominate the picture; he is only occupying a tiny fraction of the foreground\).Furthermore, in acts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of what for some would be vandalism, notes and doodles in history books, readers are not caught up in ?a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dialogue of correction? \(p. 107\) with the authoritative historian, but rather, position themselves, either in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(margins casting aspersions or by dramatically imposing themselves upon the text though large-scale graffiti. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On the page, the hierarchy of space, the author?s designated beginning running to the declared end, becomes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more like, quoting Barthes, ??a multi-dimensional space in which a variety of writings, none of them )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(original, blend and clash?? \(p. 108\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With regard to the ethical dimension, ?[h]istory is an ethical obligation to be open to the ways in which past, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(present and future ?others? haunt us and disturb our sense of the world? \(p. 73\). History is not a collection of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?hermetically sealed non-places in which alignment with generic conventions, let alone surrender or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forgetting, is perfectly achieved? \(p. 60\). Hughes-Warrington contends that it is because history is out of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(order but saturated with meaning for us ? she uses a term borrowed from Derrida, ??)] TJ ET BT 439.244 432.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(metaphysical)] TJ ET BT 502.568 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?? \(p. 16\) ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that ethical agency is of import. This is not a question of methodology. It is our reckoning with past )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(happenings, )] TJ ET BT 94.676 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(our )] TJ ET BT 114.344 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(being as open a denotation as )] TJ ET BT 258.320 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(their)] TJ ET BT 280.988 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( past deeds and misdeeds, with a past that is so transitory )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(yet identity defining and decoupling, that makes revision so frightening yet vitally important. This is not to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be construed as "anything goes, your truth is your truth, mine is mine", thus leading to the ultimate anathema )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of denying the Holocaust. Instead, for Hughes-Warrington the past must be come to terms with constantly: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there is no present or waiting-to-be-exposed history ? it is strived for. To say that history is stable, we have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(our story and only facts or interpretations can cause us to doubt it, is a form of repression. Whereas one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common decisive and thoroughly professional historiographic problematic might be the final judgement of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(right and wrong, one should not eschew one?s responsibility to getting stuck into the ethico-interpretative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(melee of history making, free from the prop of finding conclusive answers to set questions.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Throughout Hughes-Warrington?s exposition of these points, there is a brusqueness regarding detail that I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(find off-putting in her prose: I have already mentioned the word )] TJ ET BT 344.288 249.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sweeping)] TJ ET BT 388.952 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. In )] TJ ET BT 407.948 249.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Revisionist Histories)] TJ ET BT 507.620 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incantatory recital of names and examples hardly gives the reader time to establish the connexion in any line )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of argument. For example, summarising her analysis of wall murals, she concludes:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Davis Street is literally a transit corridor. While many of the images on that street contribute )] TJ ET BT 64.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broadly to a republican view of the Troubles, they hardly liberate us from the complexities of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the past. Images are refreshed on a short cycle, and set down connections between local events )] TJ ET BT 64.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and either perceived global freedom fighters or the activities of local taxi companies. We may )] TJ ET BT 64.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(use linear models to explain the operation of revision in history making, but the examples in this )] TJ ET BT 64.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter suggest that we are yet to ?tame?, as Foucault puts it, ?the wild profusion of existing )] TJ ET BT 64.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(things? ... It remains to be seen, though, whether that ?wild profusion?, like the stable spaces of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history non-places, also renders us susceptible to ethical surrender. In the next chapter, we will )] TJ ET BT 64.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consider this point further by considering whether digital histories are a ?prison? or a ?caf? that )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 25 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 7995 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(we use to escape the burden of confronting the ghosts of the past that haunt us.\(pp. 53?4\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 758.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another particular feature of Hughes-Warrington?s style is a kind of indeterminate giving with one hand, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 743.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(taking with the other. For instance, no sooner does she suggest ?[h]istory making might be seen as a form of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pausing? than she immediately gives credit in the next paragraph to the openness of any specific articulation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 53\). Call me old fashioned but Hughes-Warrington?s argument here is not a line of reasoning present and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persuasive, but is a sort of flaky deconstructionist flip-flopping. I feel dreadfully epistemological making )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such points, an old-fashioned revisionist demanding a new conclusive interpretation to replace the mistaken )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revisionist doctrine of yore, yet this convulsive type of presentation is dubitable in its effect. )] TJ ET BT 479.636 672.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Revisionist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Histories)] TJ ET BT 78.020 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a hectic tour of an inchoate area of study, on which assertions are flung at the reader and names )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are dropped from Foucault to Nietzsche to Habermas. A central narrative is missing. The reader is never )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(taken )] TJ ET BT 63.008 629.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(to)] TJ ET BT 72.344 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( somewhere, to a point of enlightenment at which something has been shown to be the case)] TJ ET BT 34.016 603.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The question that one is left with after reading this book is: where?s the beef? If Hughes-Warrington?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(central contention is that history is ?a bitterly contested battle? \(p. 89\), then )] TJ ET BT 398.972 589.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Revisionist Histories)] TJ ET BT 498.644 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( certainly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reinforces the point. The work never fails to leave the impression that historians are nothing but artful and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manipulative \(terms in this context which do not necessarily have negative connotations\), and that their texts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are sites of constant reception and intervention. Indeed, the band of brothers and sisters called historians take )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a back seat in )] TJ ET BT 101.996 532.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Revisionist Histories)] TJ ET BT 201.668 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(; they are not privileged subjects. There is a plentiful supply of non-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hierarchical history generators who pitch into the historical process to make history what it is. This essential )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(free-for-all is a sociological picture of knowledge that those who are not minded to err in the direction of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nave correspondence notion of truth recognise and show approbation towards. But to so labour the point )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that various histories are essentially floating signifiers occasionally and imperfectly appropriated by history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makers \(as Hughes-Warrington does over the course of her liturgy to the openness of history\) is not an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overly constructive entrance into the field of revisionist historiographic studies for the reason that in its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constant animation of history?s indeterminacy, )] TJ ET BT 261.992 432.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Revisionist Histories)] TJ ET BT 361.664 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( does not give any significant insight )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into the conditions in which )] TJ ET BT 171.020 418.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(periodic determinacy)] TJ ET BT 273.332 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the grounds for revision, are set. ?History?, notes Hughes-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Warrington, ?is revision? \(p. 110\). This may be so. But surely it is also a product of certain revisionist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frameworks which are fixed according to certain truth-making practices. While history making is an ethical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(struggle, it is also a technical, often institutional craft that establishes facticity. As a reader of )] TJ ET BT 484.280 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Revisionist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Histories)] TJ ET BT 78.020 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, I did not feel challenged to rethink revision along the more thought-provoking lines, for example, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the historico-epistemological approach \(that is the neo-Kantian tradition of delimitating how we as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subjects perceive and order our )] TJ ET BT 186.968 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(datit)] TJ ET BT 214.976 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) of Kuhn \(whom Hughes-Warrington mentions but does not do justice )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to\), or of the archaeologically-minded Foucault. Both individuals were fascinated by how truth comes to be, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and both, in their intellectual bequest of paradigms and discursive practices respectively, gave insightful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theoretical accounts of truth-telling and the acceptable and unacceptable modes of rejecting that account: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?[s]o, why are some debates noticed, and others not?? \(p. 119\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Revisionist Histories)] TJ ET BT 133.688 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( contains a wealth of examples of history?s plasticity, but Hughes-Warrington does not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convincingly outline any means to establish the rules of these morphing games. By ephemerally iterating a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(list of case studies that demonstrate history somewhat speaks to epistemic items outside its ?traditional? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academic purview, )] TJ ET BT 127.652 206.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Revisionist Histories )] TJ ET BT 230.324 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does not so much deliver a case for the prosecution or defence of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiographic revisionist studies as make an opening statement ? history is tractable ? again and again and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(again.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 143.331 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 112.714 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 112.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(R.G. Collingwood, )] TJ ET BT 158.360 112.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Principles of History and Other Writings in Philosophy of History)] TJ ET BT 497.036 112.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 98.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1999\), p. 24.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 125.012 98.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 125.012 97.059 m 179.000 97.059 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 81.727 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 63.947 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 63.947 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1545)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 62.553 m 328.316 62.553 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 37.576 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 125.0117 97.3735 178.9997 109.2535 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 62.8675 328.3157 74.7475 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1545) >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 154 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.354 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/72839)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 29 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000531 00000 n 0000000620 00000 n 0000005062 00000 n 0000005171 00000 n 0000005281 00000 n 0000005390 00000 n 0000008951 00000 n 0000009079 00000 n 0000009163 00000 n 0000009192 00000 n 0000009318 00000 n 0000009354 00000 n 0000009419 00000 n 0000017503 00000 n 0000017568 00000 n 0000025312 00000 n 0000025403 00000 n 0000033451 00000 n 0000033578 00000 n 0000033633 00000 n 0000033759 00000 n 0000033855 00000 n 0000033920 00000 n trailer << /Size 29 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 34126 %%EOF