%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140915073336+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140915073336+01'00') /Title (Broadcasting Empire: The BBC and the British World, 1922-1970) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4287 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Broadcasting Empire: The BBC and the British World, 1922-1970)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simon Potter?s second major effort to map out the history of the flow of information within the British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world follows many of the same lines of analysis presented in his first book. While )] TJ ET BT 438.308 244.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(News and the British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(World: The Emergence of an Imperial Press System )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 286.640 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 286.640 229.161 m 300.632 229.161 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 300.632 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( charted the advent of imperial media discourses and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the organizations that sustained them from the late nineteenth century through the First World War, his most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent volume chronicles the role the British Broadcasting Corporation \(BBC\) played in unifying and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developing broadcasting across the British world from the 1920s forward. The BBC had a significant role in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the advancement of public and semi-public broadcasting corporations across the dominions ? especially the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Australian Broadcasting Commission, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation \(CBC\), and the New Zealand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Broadcasting Service \(NZBS\), as well as their predecessors ? and attempts to integrate them into a more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unified imperial broadcasting system. The uneven story of the interactions of these bodies, as well as others )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the colonies and South Africa, is a tale that Potter warns defies a neat chronological or even steady )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(progression. Instead, the piecemeal attempts at empire broadcasting reflected the centralizing goals of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(BBC and the state?s use of the BBC as a ?subcontractor for cultural diplomacy? \(p. 7\), but also resulted in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only intermittent cooperation and irregular exchanges.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1549)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 20 February, 2014)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simon Potter)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780199568963)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(63.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(272pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199568963.do)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brett Bebber)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 286.6397 229.4755 300.6317 241.3555 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7346 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Potter appropriately centres the narrative on the BBC, and all of the interactions it had with the other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(corporations and services from London outward. This isn?t to say that he hasn?t traveled widely to collect )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documents. Potter?s findings are meticulously documented and drawn from a wide array of collections )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across the British world, and will satisfy any skeptical empiricists. But it remains a story of the centralizing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pull and appeal of the BBC, and how the other developing bodies interacted with, rejected, and followed the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British model for technological advancement and cultural improvement. The book is a testament to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author?s ability to find organization in chaos: tracing the development of multiple broadcasting networks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was most certainly a very messy job. Potter has done well with it, playing up the interplay between the BBC )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and its dominion counterparts in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa and elsewhere. The blow-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by-blow account of legislative battles, technological innovation, officers? debates, and programming )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(struggles could drive one mad if not for Potter?s ability to remind the reader of the importance of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(outcomes. While some sections do digress into minute details that might make the uninitiated yearn for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(point at hand, Potter?s usually steady guidance proves effective.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One initial goal, the BBC?s effort to build an ?empire broadcasting network? that would take the high-brow )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(programming produced in London to British expatriates across the world, provides a thread that unites the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first three chapters. In the first, Potter sketches the initiative?s origination under John Reith, the BBC?s first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(general manager and later director-general. Reith was certainly committed to the domestic service first and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(foremost, and to lifting British culture above the American dross and mass culture popular in the early 20th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century. But he also displayed a Victorian imperialist?s spirit, and dreamed of an international role for radio )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that would not only demonstrate the high modernist?s belief in the progress of technology, but also advance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?the structure of civilization? \(p. 35\). The 1920s, then, saw the BBC explore the establishment of imperial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broadcasting in India under the short-lived India Broadcasting Corporation, and more successful efforts in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the dominions. Though hampered in building an actual integrated broadcasting system by the slow )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of short-wave radio, the BBC set up an Empire Department that aimed to find ways to stir up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britannic sentiment among dominion listeners, especially British expatriates.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The interwar period, covered in the second and third chapters, seriously challenged the prospects for success )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of this fledgling dream. New Zealand, Canada, and Australia all established independent or quasi-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(independent broadcasting bodies, more or less patterned after the successful model of the BBC. Potter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adeptly follows industrial documentation here to outline how each body dealt with questions of government )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(independence, funding and licensing schemes, and program development, all with an eye towards measuring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their growth against the BBC. As they developed, each flirted with cooperating with the BBC to borrow its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(technological and industrial acumen. More importantly, they were attending to their own agendas and local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commercial demands. By the late 1930s, the groups had managed to agree on the exchange of programmes, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acceptable prices for transcriptions, and a steady diet of ceremonies, holiday specials, sport, and royal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(speeches. These became the trademarks of a very raw multinational institutional endeavor.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Because of their mutual, yet indeed largely different growth trajectories, the four major broadcasting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(corporations struggled to further practically integrate their services until the Second World War, when all of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the corporations participated heavily in morale building and information services. The BBC expanded its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(target audiences to include the European mainland and the US as well, and flows of information in all circles )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were expedited. The results of Potter?s survey of wartime activity are fairly predictable ? both the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(technology and the funding for transmissions improved as national governments looked to utilize )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broadcasting for a variety of morale-building activities ? and the wartime broadcast schedules were sprinkled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(further with programmes about the Empire and the dominions. This was the height of their cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exchange, as ideas of imperial and wartime unity spread across the British world via radio. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As Potter relays in the fifth and sixth chapters, the BBC?s role in postwar society became clear even as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war ended: to fend off challenges from American private broadcasting and re-institute order by restoring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reith?s mission of ?cultural uplift?. The specter of American media production always loomed as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(potential threat, not only because of its different cultural cache, but also because its commercialization )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(threatened the BBC?s public broadcasting model. Potter notes that at this key juncture, the BBC?s )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 21 0 R 23 0 R 25 0 R 27 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 6591 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commitment to non-commercialism limited the transmission of materials that could further improve the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperial unity the BBC sought. Opportunities to connect with private broadcasters were ignored, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(External Services Unit \(formerly the Empire Service, then the Overseas Unit\) made haphazard progress in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exchanging programming with the dominions. It also turned over the early television market to Hollywood, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concentrating instead on cheaper radio production. By the time Ian Jacob, director-general from 1952?60, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assumed the reins the BBC?s fortunes mirrored Britain?s colonial and international decline. Jacob?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?unadventurous and uninspired? leadership resumed the paternalistic language of high cultural standards and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(failed to ward off the Beveridge Committee?s decision to allow commercial competition \(p. 174\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Potter?s narrative concludes with an evaluation of the 1960s, declaring that the function of the BBC?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(integration with other dominion broadcasters remained, even if it was drained of its imperial fervor. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(final chapter is something of a disappointment. Potter chooses to maintain his focus on the themes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developed in the first half of the book, paying close attention to how the BBC organized conferences to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(promote Commonwealth broadcasting structures and how each entity dealt with increasing commercial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pressures, looking to one another for guidance. But one gets the sense that the 1960s were an important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period that deserved more scrutiny: the BBC took television production seriously, it continued to promote an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evolving national sentiment, and it adopted forms of programming that challenged the propriety of previous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generations. Besides the internal institutional pressures, the BBC?s expanding programming drastically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influenced international standards and interests, even as they adopted more American fare. While Potter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(touches on these themes, the topic cries out for a contextualized interpretation of how the BBC navigated the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1960s, changing and reflecting the multiple cultural attitudes ? including the postimperial anxieties ? that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were circulated and reproduced by its programmes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Throughout the book, Potter?s mapping of the different corporations and their development certainly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(becomes more institutional than imperial. The minutiae of plans and problems with technical and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organizational development take precedence over how the BBC attempted to transmit British cultural unity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across the internal boundaries of the Empire. Because of this focus, he is only intermittently able to gauge )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the influence or effectiveness of this particular attempt at empire-building on Britons domestically and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dominion citizens abroad. That is to say, registering the goals of the BBC, and outlining the jagged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implementation of a partially integrated system is certainly a useful enterprise, but analyzing its actual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influence on building imperial feeling is a more difficult task, one that isn?t entirely finished in this volume. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nonetheless, it?s a staggering achievement on the whole, worthy of attention by scholars of popular culture )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and British imperialism, in addition to those interested in the business of radio and television.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 309.891 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 279.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simon Potter, )] TJ ET BT 133.028 279.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(News and the British World: The Emergence of an Imperial Press System )] TJ ET BT 488.996 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Oxford, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2003\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 263.619 m 149.000 263.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 212.501 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 198.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(H-Net)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 183.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(https://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 182.595 m 245.660 182.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 248.660 183.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 169.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(BBC)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 155.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.bbc.co.uk/ariel/18954392)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 154.083 m 214.340 154.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 217.340 155.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 150.751 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 132.971 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 132.971 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1549)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 131.577 m 328.316 131.577 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 106.600 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.200 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/63867)] TJ ET BT 34.016 77.800 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] https://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=38757)] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.400 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.bbc.co.uk/ariel/18954392)] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 263.9335 148.9997 275.8135 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 182.9095 245.6597 194.7895 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (https://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=38757) >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 154.3975 214.3397 166.2775 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.bbc.co.uk/ariel/18954392) >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 131.8915 328.3157 143.7715 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1549) >> endobj xref 0 29 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000557 00000 n 0000000646 00000 n 0000004985 00000 n 0000005094 00000 n 0000005204 00000 n 0000005313 00000 n 0000008874 00000 n 0000009002 00000 n 0000009086 00000 n 0000009115 00000 n 0000009243 00000 n 0000009279 00000 n 0000009344 00000 n 0000016743 00000 n 0000016848 00000 n 0000023492 00000 n 0000023619 00000 n 0000023674 00000 n 0000023801 00000 n 0000023903 00000 n 0000024030 00000 n 0000024117 00000 n 0000024245 00000 n trailer << /Size 29 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 24341 %%EOF