%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 33 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150227141253+00'00') /ModDate (D:20150227141253+00'00') /Title (Modern Women on Trial: Sexual Transgression in the Age of the Flapper) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4285 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Modern Women on Trial: Sexual Transgression in the Age of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Flapper)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In London between 1918 and 1924, the social, economic, and ? crucially ? sexual freedoms of six young )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women became the conceptual battleground on which the outcomes of a series of high-profile criminal and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(civil trials for libel, murder, drug-taking, and divorce were determined. I say ?conceptual? because, as Lucy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bland persuasively demonstrates in her new book )] TJ ET BT 275.648 194.915 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Modern Women on Trial)] TJ ET BT 394.640 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, it was the exaggerated, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eroticized, and sometimes entirely fabricated imaginings of these women?s apparently transgressive sexual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(behaviour rather than substantive evidence of their actions that dictated both their representation in the press )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(and)] TJ ET BT 52.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( the manner in which they were examined and judged, when testifying in the courtroom. Bland uses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these trials to expose how young women?s agency in expressing or exploring their sexuality and choosing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexual partners was challenged by contemporary commentators, who viewed with growing consternation the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?liberating?, emasculating effects of women?s wartime experiences employed in jobs left vacant by absent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(soldiers and of their partial enfranchisement in 1918. She thereby highlights broader anxieties circulating in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain during the early 1920s about the nature of modernity: centring on the potential for a greater number )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of relationships crossing traditional boundaries of class, race, and \(in relation to allegations of lesbianism\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gender; on the extent to which men?s social and political power rested on their increasingly tenuous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1554)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 27 February, 2014)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lucy Bland)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719082634)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(70.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(272pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.manchesteruniversitypress.co.uk/cgi-bin/indexer?product=9780719082634)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eloise Moss)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7967 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monopoly of sexual knowledge, at a time when many young men had returned from the war emotionally and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(physically scarred and facing high unemployment that imperilled their role as breadwinner; and on the future )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Britain?s perceived national and international strength in the face of these destabilizing factors.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bland?s writing certainly displays here the same elegant interweaving of narrative and analysis, as well as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the flair for recognising a good dramatic story, that made her first single-authored book )] TJ ET BT 456.272 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Banishing the Beast: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(English Feminism and Sexual Morality 1885?1914)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 282.008 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 282.008 711.795 m 296.000 711.795 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 296.000 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( so readable. The book is organised into five core )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapters that are each orientated around a particular case/type of sexual transgression. The chapter titles )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alone give a flavour of the incredulity and sensationalism that greeted new insights into women?s sexuality, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about revelations both biological and psychological. For example, chapter one, entitled ?The case of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Cult of the Clitoris?: treachery, patriotism and English womanhood?, deals with the 1918 libel trial in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which the famous dancer of the exotic ?Vision of Salome?, Maud Allan, sought unsuccessfully to refute her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alleged lesbian relationships after admitting to understanding that the term ?Cult of the Clitoris? served as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(euphemism for female homosexuality. More than this, her apparent knowledge of the anatomy of female )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(genitalia and its functions was taken as further evidence of ?deviant? sexual practices, despite the recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(popularity of Marie Stopes? middle-class marriage manual )] TJ ET BT 318.968 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Married Love)] TJ ET BT 385.292 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, explaining in detail women?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anatomy and propounding the importance of mutual sexual pleasure between couples \(p. 26\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Contextualising the case?s significance against politicised fears over the nature of Allan?s influential )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(friendship with the Prime Minister?s wife, Margaret Asquith, and suggestions that both women were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German sympathisers, Bland nonetheless suggests that it was the spectacle of two women confidently using )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their sexuality and intelligence to achieve employment and status in the upper ranks of society that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ultimately lost Allan the case. This is a theme that recurs in chapter three, examining the trial and execution )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of successful 28-year-old businesswoman Edith Thompson for the murder of her husband, in collusion with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her 19-year-old lover Freddie Bywaters, in 1923; the case was subsequently considered a gross miscarriage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of justice. Again, argues Bland, it was Thompson?s independent material prosperity \(manifested visibly in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(court by her fashionable dress sense and by her using the opportunity to act as a mannequin for the hats she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sold, consciously modelling a new one at each appearance\), as well as her passionate affair with Bywaters in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the face of a monotonous, childless marriage to a man widely considered her inferior in character and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(achievements \(in sum, her ?modernity?\) that condemned her. With multiple witnesses attesting to the fact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Thompson played no physical part in the fatal stabbing of her husband, press and officials colluded to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(represent Thompson as the architect of the crime by her subversion of her class background, disregard for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditional wifely duty, seduction of Bywaters, and lively imagining of what her life could be if her husband )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(died in letters to her lover. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In contrast, chapters two and four explore how the modern urban phenomena of nightclubs, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cosmopolitanism, and interracial relationships were blamed for creating the cultural conditions that led )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(young women to ruin. Thus the former chapter analyses how the inquests into the cocaine-related deaths of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Billie Carleton \(1918\) and Freda Kempton \(1922\) were conducted, showing the emphasis placed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(respectively on Carleton and Kempton?s association with members of the Chinese community in London?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(East and West Ends, and how this was informed by ?orientalised? characterisations of Chinese men as drug-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dealing seducers of young white women in fiction, cinema, and the press. It is in this chapter that Bland )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduces us to the contemporary trope of the ?butterfly woman? \(p. 56\); ?like the ?flapper?, of which she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was a sub-species?, the butterfly woman was viewed as ?flighty? and irresponsible, yet her culpability for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her actions was viewed as lesser than that of the wilful flapper because it was attributed to her nave )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enchantment with the city?s dazzling night life and unwitting susceptibility to bad influences. Effectively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offering young women a useful stereotype to appropriate, or appeal to, when seeking to excuse their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sometimes criminal activities in court, the idea of the ?butterfly woman? also undermined claims that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women were suitable subjects for the same rights of citizenship, education and employment opportunities as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(men, at a time when those under the age of 30 continued to be disenfranchised. The two-pronged nature of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this version of womanhood is exemplified in the acquittal of Frenchwoman Madame Fahmy for shooting to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(death her wealthy Egyptian husband in a London hotel in 1923, which Bland discusses in chapter four. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Unlike the case of Edith Thompson, the trial of Madame Fahmy heard overwhelming evidence to the effect )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that she was guilty of the crime in every respect, but the defence managed successfully to cast her as a )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 282.0077 712.1095 295.9997 723.9895 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 25 0 R 28 0 R 31 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 8415 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?butterfly woman? forced to defend herself violently against the sexually-sadistic foreign man who had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?ensnared? her. Finally, chapter five returns to considering the alignment of greater sexual knowledge with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the emergence of a ?dangerously? independent modern woman, demonstrating how this was challenged by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1922 divorce case of Christabel Russell, vivacious wife of the second Lord Ampthill, who had given )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(birth to a son despite believing she was still a virgin. In this instance, the sexual ignorance of the couple at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the heart of the scandal contributed to making the courtroom examination an exercise in explaining the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mysteries of conception, forcing officials to exert censorship over press reportage of the case while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confronted by the apparent innocence of a nightclub-frequenting woman who had capably overseen 2,000 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(munitions workers at Woolwich Arsenal during the war. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book?s subject-matter and set of analytical foci do feel slightly over-familiar. As Bland herself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acknowledges throughout, several of the cases she studies here ? particularly those of Billie Carleton and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Freda Kempton, as well as Edith Thompson ? have been the focus of works by historians including Marek )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kohn and Matt Houlbrook, both of whom have drawn attention to the relationship between press coverage of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the trials and the articulation of broader fears over young women?s new attitudes, aspirations, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experiences following the Great War.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 214.292 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 214.292 583.491 m 228.284 583.491 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 228.284 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( An additional concluding section following the core five chapters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entitled ?Afterlives?, in which Bland charts the later lives of the women featured in the trials she examines )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(or, in the case of those who died such as Thompson, Carleton and Kempton, how they were remembered in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subsequent decades\), does not historicise their later ?lives? in any detail. One feels an opportunity may have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been lost here to think about the cultural currency of the term ?flapper? in changing historical contexts. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Similarly, although the idea of the ?butterfly woman? offers a fresh nuance to the existing scholarship on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how women?s agency was curtailed by the rise of a middle-class conservative discourse promoting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domesticity over independence during the 1920s, this book offers no significant departure from previous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accounts of the expectations placed on young women in this period highlighted by scholars such as Alison )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Light, Marcus Collins, or Susan Kingsley Kent.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 263.012 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 263.012 455.187 m 277.004 455.187 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indeed, Bland?s claim in the introduction that )] TJ ET BT 256.664 430.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Modern Women on Trial)] TJ ET BT 375.656 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( breaks new ground by foregrounding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explicitly negative portrayals of ?modern? women in the interwar press alongside those viewed either as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambiguous or more positive is in many ways underdeveloped \(p. 7\). First, this is because Bland does not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(build upon studies like those by historians Judith Knelman and Elizabeth Carolyn Miller analysing how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(criminal or ?deviant? women were represented in the Victorian and Edwardian press, fiction, theatre, and on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(film.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 57.020 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 57.020 357.651 m 71.012 357.651 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 71.012 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Miller?s excellent work especially anticipates many, if not most, of the points Bland makes for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(later period, albeit prior to the impact of the war. It would be fascinating to learn more about how press )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(portrayals of young women?s lives, and sexual behaviours, had evolved from those ideas circulating before )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the war. Second, it is disappointing to see that in a book which asserts the key role of more sophisticated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(newspaper photography in lending unprecedented visual illustration to the stereotypical versions of young )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women?s behaviour generated by journalists, there is no attempt to analyse those press images that figure in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book beyond noting the clothes the women were photographed wearing. Bland?s work therefore does not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shed any new light on the visual culture of the inter-war press and the active relationship between text and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(image. Nor does it suggest how photography as a medium may have evolved in response to the need to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capture new gendered forms of physical attitude and dress, as older types of staged photography gave way to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the more relaxed interaction with the camera that marked its becoming a commonplace technology.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Modern Women on Trial)] TJ ET BT 153.008 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( provides an engaging and lucid survey of attitudes towards women and sexuality in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1920s Britain, and certainly draws upon extensive primary research in the form of press reports, trial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transcripts, official papers, fiction, and memoirs. It is intriguing to note that several of the autobiographies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Bland references in chapter two for recollections of drug-taking, or its policing, were published during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1950s, and it would have been interesting had these been used to analyse how cultural perspectives on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1920s night-club culture were altered by the lens of historical distance. However, methodologically the book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does not seek to offer a new framework for understanding histories of sexuality, which again limits its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(claims to originality in contrast with recent books on the same era and field by Angus McLaren and Laura )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Doan, published in 2012 and 2013 respectively.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 263.324 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 263.324 74.787 m 277.316 74.787 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 277.316 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( As such, )] TJ ET BT 324.644 76.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Modern Women on Trial)] TJ ET BT 443.636 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( will be a highly useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(text for readers wishing to understand how the historiography on women?s sexuality in interwar Britain has )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 214.2917 583.8055 228.2837 595.6855 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 263.0117 455.5015 277.0037 467.3815 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 57.0197 357.9655 71.0117 369.8455 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 263.3237 75.1015 277.3157 86.9815 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R 41 0 R 43 0 R 45 0 R ] /Contents 34 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Length 4398 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(progressed during the last two decades, while serving to nuance, rather than dramatically revise, that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarship. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 747.315 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 716.698 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lucy Bland, )] TJ ET BT 126.344 716.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Banishing the Beast: English Feminism and Sexual Morality 1885?1914)] TJ ET BT 474.332 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1995; )] TJ ET BT 64.016 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2nd edition, 2002\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 152.348 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 152.348 701.043 m 206.336 701.043 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 688.186 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marek Kohn, )] TJ ET BT 131.000 688.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dope Girls: the Birth of the British Drug Underground)] TJ ET BT 396.332 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1992\); Matt )] TJ ET BT 64.016 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Houlbrook, ?A pin to see the peepshow: culture, fiction, and selfhood in Edith Thompson?s letters, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1921?22,? )] TJ ET BT 116.672 659.669 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Past and Present)] TJ ET BT 198.668 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 207, 1 \(2010\), 215?49.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 313.988 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 313.988 658.275 m 367.976 658.275 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 645.418 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alison Light, )] TJ ET BT 131.024 645.413 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Forever England: Femininity, Literature, and Conservatism between the Wars)] TJ ET BT 508.328 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1991\); Susan Kingsley Kent, )] TJ ET BT 205.676 631.157 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Aftershocks: Politics and Trauma in Britain, 1918?1931)] TJ ET BT 476.684 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Basingstoke, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2008\); Marcus Collins, )] TJ ET BT 178.016 616.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Modern Love: An Intimate History of Men and Women in Britain, 1900?2000)] TJ ET BT 64.016 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 2003\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 142.340 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 142.340 601.251 m 196.328 601.251 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 588.394 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Judith Knelman, )] TJ ET BT 146.348 588.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Twisting in the Wind: The Murderess and the English Press)] TJ ET BT 433.352 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Toronto, 1998\); )] TJ ET BT 64.016 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth Carolyn Miller, )] TJ ET BT 190.004 574.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Framed: the New Woman Criminal in British Culture at the Fin de Sicle)] TJ ET BT 64.016 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Ann Arbor, MI, 2008\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 177.992 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 177.992 558.483 m 231.980 558.483 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 545.626 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Angus McLaren, )] TJ ET BT 148.328 545.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reproduction by Design: Sex, Robots, and Test-Tube Babies in Interwar Britain)] TJ ET BT 64.016 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Chicago, IL, 2012\); Laura Doan, )] TJ ET BT 228.644 531.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Disturbing Practices: History, Sexuality, and Women?s Experience )] TJ ET BT 64.016 517.109 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of Modern War)] TJ ET BT 138.008 517.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Chicago, IL, 2013\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 239.324 517.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 239.324 515.715 m 293.312 515.715 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 500.383 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 482.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 482.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1554)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 481.209 m 328.316 481.209 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 456.232 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 441.832 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/76903)] TJ ET endstream endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 152.3477 701.3575 206.3357 713.2375 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 313.9877 658.5895 367.9757 670.4695 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 142.3397 601.5655 196.3277 613.4455 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 177.9917 558.7975 231.9797 570.6775 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 239.3237 516.0295 293.3117 527.9095 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 30 0 R >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 46 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 481.5235 328.3157 493.4035 ] >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1554) >> endobj xref 0 47 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000572 00000 n 0000000654 00000 n 0000004991 00000 n 0000005100 00000 n 0000005210 00000 n 0000005319 00000 n 0000008880 00000 n 0000009008 00000 n 0000009092 00000 n 0000009176 00000 n 0000017196 00000 n 0000017226 00000 n 0000017354 00000 n 0000017390 00000 n 0000017495 00000 n 0000025963 00000 n 0000025993 00000 n 0000026121 00000 n 0000026157 00000 n 0000026187 00000 n 0000026315 00000 n 0000026351 00000 n 0000026381 00000 n 0000026507 00000 n 0000026543 00000 n 0000026573 00000 n 0000026699 00000 n 0000026735 00000 n 0000026854 00000 n 0000031305 00000 n 0000031433 00000 n 0000031488 00000 n 0000031616 00000 n 0000031671 00000 n 0000031799 00000 n 0000031854 00000 n 0000031982 00000 n 0000032037 00000 n 0000032165 00000 n 0000032220 00000 n 0000032348 00000 n trailer << /Size 47 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 32444 %%EOF