%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 27 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140723105144+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140723105144+01'00') /Title (Solomon's Secret Arts: the Occult in the Age of Enlightenment) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4057 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Solomon's Secret Arts: the Occult in the Age of Enlightenment)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This important work provides the first informed, well-researched and highly nuanced account of the fortunes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of ?occult? thought and practice in England from the middle decades of the 17th century to its demise at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(end of the 18th century. Building on the work of a wide range of scholars from various disciplines \(not just )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians\), Paul Monod has produced a highly readable account of an important, though often marginalised, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subject within the broader history of the period.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book itself is structured around a tripartite arrangement in which the fortunes of the occult are argued to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have peaked in the second half of the 17th century, dipped in the period from the Glorious Revolution to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1760, and then re-emerged in the last four decades of the 18th century in somewhat different but revitalized )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(form. There is much to commend this broad chronological overview, though I have to express some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reservations as to the depiction of the second half of the 17th century as encompassing the golden age or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(zenith of occult speculation in England. While there is little doubt that the outbreak of the civil wars and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(onset of religious and political division culminating in the Restoration provided the opportunity for occult )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theorists and practitioners to flourish, it is arguable that similar peaks were reached in the late 16th and early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(17th centuries. The promotion of occultists at the courts of Elizabeth I and James I would appear to stand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1564)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 20 March, 2014)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paul Kleber Monod)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780300123586)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(27.50)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(412pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yale University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://yalepress.yale.edu/yupbooks/reviews.asp?isbn=9780300123586)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Haven, CT)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Elmer)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7538 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparison with similar developments at the restored court of the ?Merry Monarch?. Here, the claim for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(later period is made mainly on the grounds of the boom in publication of occult titles after 1640, and while I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would not wish to dismiss this fact, it should not be forgotten that much of the occult tradition was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disseminated not in print, but rather in a thriving market for manuscript writings on the subject ? one many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considered more suited to the esoteric and potentially powerful nature of the material.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, with this minor quibble put to one side, I have no qualms in acceding to the major claims of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work on behalf of the place of the occult in early modern Britain. As Monod shows convincingly here, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(occult \(defined broadly as alchemy, astrology and natural magic\) was rarely perceived as a uniform )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement of ideas, its adherents frequently picking and choosing those elements of the ?occult? which most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appealed to them. It was thus a protean body of ideas, susceptible to frequent re-interpretation according to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the personal preoccupations of the initiated. At the same time, while some of its adherents may have \(in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(earlier period especially\) seen it as a body of ideas capable of replacing older systems of science and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(philosophy, it more often than not was studied and developed alongside other, competing systems of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thought. This much has been evident to scholars of the earlier period for some time. What is invigoratingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(original here is Monod?s application of the same accommodating features of occult thinking with regard to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Newtonianism and the Enlightenment in the later period. While he leaves open the intriguing question )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regarding the existence of an ?occult enlightenment?, he has surely made the case for further exploration of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the potential importance of the relationship between the various strands of occult thinking in the 18th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century and those which dominated the thought of the ?disciples of reason? in the same period. Whatever the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(case, it is hard to disagree with his conclusion that ?the assumption of many historians, that occult thinking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was debunked by experimental science ? is essentially wrong? \(p. 341\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As a scholar whose main interests lie in the field of witchcraft, I was also struck by another of Monod?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusions, namely that all the arguments against astrology, alchemy and natural magic had been fully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developed long before 1650. This is equally true of witchcraft, and strongly suggests that neither it nor the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(occult owed their demise to the ability of opponents to expose the deficiencies of the logical assumptions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(upon which both were based. The occult was not simply argued out of existence. Only wider factors can help )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to explain this process. Here, I found myself in complete agreement with Monod?s claims that in order to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understand this process, we need to pay more heed to the wider social, religious and political context in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which these ideas were promoted and debated. This is, however, a contentious and tricky subject, where )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many have been prone to seek over-simplistic explanations equating one set of religious and political beliefs, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and their proponents, with either a credulous or skeptical position. In the period between 1660 and 1715, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, I would argue that, with regard to witchcraft at least, it is impossible to depict one individual party )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? Whig or Tory ? as belonging in a single camp. More often than not, positions changed dependent upon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which group or party was in power at any given time. In the period before 1688, for example, mainstream )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anglicans and their Tory supporters exhibited very little interest in witchcraft, which was largely promoted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by Whigs and their dissenting allies. After 1688, when the tables were turned, a different pattern emerges so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that by 1715 it was the Tories and their nonjuring allies who seem to have been more receptive to the reality )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of witchcraft. In both cases, it would seem that belief in witchcraft and the promotion of witch cases was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(predominantly attractive to those who felt themselves marginalized within the body politic. Much the same )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(process is suggested by Monod, especially after 1715 when the exponents and apologists of the occult )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tended to be drawn from the ranks of disaffected Tories, non-jurors or Protestant evangelicals.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While much more work needs to be done in teasing out evidence for such theories \(I hope to publish, at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(length, on this aspect of witchcraft in the near future\), it is good to see such thinking being applied to other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(areas of intellectual life in 17th- and 18th-century Britain. What is particularly exciting is the extent to which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars like Monod are keen to resurrect a large cast of extraordinary characters ? many of whom, no doubt, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would have been dismissed as a bunch of idiosyncratic cranks by earlier generations of historians ? and to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explore their connections with writers, artists, politicians, clerics and patrons drawn from the ranks of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(establishment. The picture that emerges here is of a fascinating mix of ideas and peoples who cannot be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readily pigeonholed into fixed positions or backgrounds.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monod?s work is essentially one of synthesis, bringing together the disparate work of others in this field )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 18 0 R 21 0 R 23 0 R 25 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7192 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over two centuries, and he does a fine job of demonstrating the many layers of interconnectedness )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(underscoring any discussion of the occult. Two approaches are highlighted here, which are well worthy of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(further study if historians of the occult are to shed further light on the history of this movement of ideas and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people. Firstly, there is the significance of networking, and a need to understand more about how such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(networks of interested individuals came together in order to share their knowledge of occult wisdom. One )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(area that I am currently exploring in this respect relates to the attempt to create a Society of Chemical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Physicians in Restoration London \(see my collection of biographies of the Society?s members at )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practitioners.exeter.ac.uk/sample-data)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 695.283 m 216.296 695.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 219.296 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 233.288 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). If successful, the Helmontian reformers would have overthrown )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the monopoly exercised by the Galenic-dominated College of Physicians, and may, in due course, have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(steered English medicine on a very different path. Defeated, they nonetheless continued to exert )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considerable influence at the court of Charles II, where new networks of alchemical reformers sprang up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(under the patronage of the King. There is little doubt that Charles? passion for chemistry was shared by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many other luminaries of the court, including the archbishop of Canterbury, Gilbert Sheldon, who almost )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(certainly encouraged many chemical physicians to achieve legitimacy through the grant of ecclesiastical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medical licences. The end result was an efflorescence of alchemical and iatrochemical speculation and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experimentation at the court of Charles II, which still awaits a major study. Of course, in order to uncover )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(networks, one has first to know more about the individuals who make up such networks. Here, a vital tool is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prosopography, made increasingly possible by the advance of electronic methods of locating and gathering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical and biographical information. Combined, these two approaches will, I am convinced, shed further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(light on some of the important issues raised by Monod in his work.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One example will do to suffice. Monod himself refers to Daniel Defoe?s encounter with a mysterious Dr )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Boreman, whom Monod depicts as a ?learned cunning man? \(pp. 174?5\). Boreman, however, was a far more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting and complex figure than your average rural conjuror. William Boreman was an early adherent of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chemical medicines \(he signed the petition of the Chemists in 1665\) and a founder member of the early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Philadelphian group in London that coalesced around the celebrated Behmenist mystic John Pordage. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1683, Boreman, with the assistance of Jane Lead and a medical colleague named Edward Hooker, helped to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bankroll the publication of Pordage?s Behmenist manifesto, the )] TJ ET BT 342.320 413.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Theologia Mystica. )] TJ ET BT 437.984 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, Boreman was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not an ivory tower thinker. A radical Whig, who claimed to have known John Lilburne, he was frequently in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trouble with the authorities for his outspokenness and made a living from assisting the victims of witches, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many of whom he lodged at his house at Wilmington in Kent. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 333.668 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 333.668 369.651 m 347.660 369.651 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is still much work to be done, but there is little doubt that Monod?s work has laid impressive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(foundations for anyone wishing to engage with the broad appeal of occult thinking in England between 1650 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and 1800. In particular, he has helped to shift historical discussion of these issues into the 18th century, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to have ably demonstrated in the process that much like the 17th century, the Enlightenment was a fluid )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(battleground of ideas in which occult speculators played their part. Monod is to be praised for the highly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readable way in which he has made some of these writers and thinkers accessible to mainstream historians of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Enlightenment. In doing so, he is surely following in the footsteps of the late, great E. P. Thompson, who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(so movingly wrote of ?the enormous condescension of posterity? with regard to the fate of working men in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early industrial England. We now have no excuse to impose a similar disregard on those men and women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attracted to occult speculation as a means of understanding a world that was changing rapidly before their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(own eyes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 167.331 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 136.714 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For a prcis, see my edition of Defoe?s )] TJ ET BT 254.972 136.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A System of Magick )] TJ ET BT 352.952 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1727\), \(London, 2005\), pp. 13?14.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 522.596 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 522.596 135.315 m 550.256 135.315 l S BT 64.016 122.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 121.059 m 90.344 121.059 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is very happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 695.5975 216.2957 707.4775 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.practitioners.exeter.ac.uk/sample-data) >> endobj 20 0 obj [16 0 R /Fit] endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 333.6677 369.9655 347.6597 381.8455 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 522.5957 135.6295 550.2557 147.5095 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 20 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 121.3735 90.3437 133.2535 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 20 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 29 0 R 31 0 R ] /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 1135 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(History Today)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.historytoday.com/blog/2013/11/occult-age-enlightenment)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 766.563 m 368.672 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 371.672 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 763.231 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 745.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 745.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1564)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 744.057 m 328.316 744.057 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 719.080 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 704.680 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/64745)] TJ ET BT 34.016 690.280 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.practitioners.exeter.ac.uk/sample-data)] TJ ET BT 34.016 675.880 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.historytoday.com/blog/2013/11/occult-age-enlightenment)] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 766.8775 368.6717 778.7575 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.historytoday.com/blog/2013/11/occult-age-enlightenment) >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 744.3715 328.3157 756.2515 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1564) >> endobj xref 0 33 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000564 00000 n 0000000646 00000 n 0000004755 00000 n 0000004864 00000 n 0000004974 00000 n 0000005083 00000 n 0000008644 00000 n 0000008772 00000 n 0000008856 00000 n 0000008921 00000 n 0000016512 00000 n 0000016617 00000 n 0000023862 00000 n 0000023989 00000 n 0000024090 00000 n 0000024120 00000 n 0000024248 00000 n 0000024284 00000 n 0000024412 00000 n 0000024467 00000 n 0000024593 00000 n 0000024648 00000 n 0000024739 00000 n 0000025927 00000 n 0000026054 00000 n 0000026171 00000 n 0000026299 00000 n trailer << /Size 33 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 26395 %%EOF