%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 30 0 R 47 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141220185600+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141220185600+00'00') /Title (Chaplains in Early Modern England: Patronage, Literature and Religion) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3773 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Chaplains in Early Modern England: Patronage, Literature and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Religion)] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The three editors are all senior lecturers at the University of Birmingham in the department of English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Literature and the volume is the result of a one day colloquium that was held at Stratford by the department )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in June 2010 under the auspices of the Centre for Reformation and Early Modern Studies at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Birmingham.The intention of the interdisciplinary day was to study the cultural significance of chaplains in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the early modern period. Tom Lockwood, in his own essay on the poet William Lewis \(1627?76\), who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(served as a chaplain in Ordinary to Charles I from June 1628 until February 1642, calls this ?cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agency?, a term with which David Crankshaw is demonstrably unhappy.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The overview that this gives of hitherto often neglected areas of the Church?s ministry is critical for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions that it throws up where work still needs to be done, and it is a pity that the editors have not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(articulated this more strongly in their preface. They do acknowledge the need for a similar enterprise, that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might look at other establishment chaplains such as those in the forces or in schools and colleges, which I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1565)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 20 March, 2014)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hugh Adlington)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tom Lockwood)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gillian Wright)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719088346)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(70.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(256pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.manchesteruniversitypress.co.uk/cgi-bin/indexer?product=9780719088346)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.683 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nicholas Cranfield)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 5507 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would echo.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Not that the research is necessarily straightforward, not least as not all serving chaplains were ordained in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Church of England for instance, which makes rather different demands for searching records than simple )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recourse to the Clerical Database. John Thornton, who served the fifth Earl and first Duke of Bedford as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domestic chaplain, was a non-Conformist, and a frequent correspondent.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 382.280 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 382.280 726.051 m 396.272 726.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although the last senior appointment of a layman in the Church of England was that of Sir Adam Newton as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dean of Durham on 16 September 1605 \(he resigned 25 April 1620\) laymen continued to serve in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(households as lay chaplains.Where the duty of a chaplain was simply to read the prayers daily and lead )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family worship such an appointment would make little difference. Besides, not all aristocratic households )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had consecrated chapels for the performance of the sacrament.Others, such as the Talbots of Shrewsbury )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who held the manor of Sheffield, opted to use the parish church as their chapel. Sheffield remains an unique )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example where the 16th-century chapel within the church ? now a cathedral ? remained consecrated for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholic worship long after the Reformation and was only ceded, ?for the use of parishioners?, in 1933 for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anglican usage.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bishops were required to consecrate chapels and it would be interesting to know how many of the more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scrupulous among them resisted doing so in order to maintain a closer control over a family or an estate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through the more transparent structures of the parish.In his essay Professor Fincham finds Archbishop Neile )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of York refusing to consecrate a chapel for one baronet as he had ?express command not to consecrate any, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(least it may be occasion of conventicles?, a fear that may have been encouraged by Archbishop Laud?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attempt to prevent the gentry from maintaining ?common-law? chaplains who might be laymen or puritans.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The ten papers are arranged in near chronological sequence and offer studies of chaplains who served at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Court, in noble households and in the service of bishops. That even the term chaplain carries a broad range )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of expectation and deployment is an obvious point, but it is one that needs re-iterating and that is tellingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developed by Mary Morrissey in her chapter on the bishop of London?s chaplains as censors.A chaplain to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the nobility and the upwardly mobile gentry might be expected to offer pastoral support as well as to provide )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for the learning of the family beyond catechesis, whereas a bishop?s chaplain would often act as part of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bishop?s staff, assisting at visitations and ordinations in preaching and in examining ordinands. Where the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(former might allow for some latitude and could be carried out by a locally beneficed clergyman the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(episcopal chaplain would become rather more of an ecclesiastical civil servant who was readily promoted.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A chaplain in the royal household, whether serving in Ordinary or ?Extraordinary?, however, had rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more defined duties, to supply sermons and a monthly eucharist at the direction of the Lord Chamberlain, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and in the period under review James VI and I added to the duties of the chaplains by insisting on a second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(weekly sermon during Lent.As sermons preached at Court, whether before the sovereign or the household, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had a greater chance of publication than those given in parish churches or even in the houses of the nobility )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this may distort the level at which surviving printed instances can be seen as representative of literary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(changes. As recipients of patronage and as seekers of preferment royal chaplains followed a rather more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exalted path than other chaplains.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 382.2797 726.3655 396.2717 738.2455 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 25 0 R 28 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 6696 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In 1610 James VI and I provided 24 chaplains to serve monthly in pairs in his son?s household at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(creation of Henry as Prince of Wales )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 214.292 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 214.292 768.819 m 228.284 768.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 228.284 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, an arrangement that derived from his own household in which 48 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chaplains served ?in Ordinary?, four by four. More than 70 clergymen served James VI & I in this office, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(number of men ?inherited? from Elizabeth I.For many, as I have shown earlier )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 417.260 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 417.260 740.307 m 431.252 740.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 431.252 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, this was a ready path to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an early Stuart bishopric. In an appendix to his paper Grant Tapsell shows that such a pattern continued after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Restoration; of the 81 bishops who served under Charles II and James II, 66 had definitively served as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chaplains)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 82.340 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 82.340 697.539 m 96.332 697.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 96.332 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 57 of whom had been chaplains to the king or another member of the royal family.By contrast )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(less than 20 per cent appear to have served in bishops' households. He cites D. R. Hirschberg?s 1976 PhD )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thesis that showed that between 1660 and 1674 28.5 per cent of those raised to the episcopate had earlier )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been chaplains in such households themselves, a figure that falls to just 8 per cent for the remaining period )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1675?88.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Professor Fincham opens with an examination of the influence of household chaplains before the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Restoration, and the last essay examines the career of Archbishop William Sancroft who had abhorred the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prospect of becoming a chaplain when he was safely ensconced as a Cambridge don.As might be expected )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from his research to date, Fincham gives most attention to chaplains who served in the king?s household and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for bishops. The dispensation rolls provide only partial evidence but his findings are based on a wide )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(survey.In the early Stuart period alone, when the number of sees remained fixed at 27 and the aristocracy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(doubled in size from 55 at Elizabeth?s death to 126 at the start of the period of Personal Rule, the rolls report )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(215 chaplaincies for bishops and 415 for the nobility.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James?s reign is interesting by way of contrast to that of his successor for the number of its royal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(households. Whereas Charles I only had his own to supply as his heir was a minor \(Henrietta Maria )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maintained her own catholic chaplains\), James, his wife Anna of Denmark and, after 1610, the successive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(princes of Wales each had household chaplains.This observation points up one regret that I have, as none of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the authors has sought to address the appointments necessitated by having two monarchs regnant. How many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appointments were jointly made and how many were individually licensed to the Dutch Stadtholder or to his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stuart wife after 1689? The immediate aftermath of the Glorious Revolution led to its own ecclesiastical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(turmoil although it was not until August 1691 that Archbishop Sancroft was finally forced out of Lambeth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into his exile; ?I must be my own chaplain?, as he wrote to a friend.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edward Young was a Fellow of Winchester College, and licensed to preach at Winchester between 1680 and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1691. In 1693 he preached the Easter Day sermon before Queen Mary at Whitehall and later in the same )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(year he could proudly claim that he was ?chaplain to Their Majesties? on the title page of a sermon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concerning the Wisdom of Fearing God preached on 30 July at the Assize in Salisbury.Other royal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chaplains served both sovereigns jointly; a fine portrait, attributed to Thomas Murray, of Thomas Lynford )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1650?1724\) hangs in his )] TJ ET BT 158.672 278.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(alma mater)] TJ ET BT 213.668 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( at Christ?s College Cambridge, where he had been a Fellow before )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(becoming Canon of Westminster and later Archdeacon of Barnstaple who was a chaplain in ordinary to both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monarchs, as were the bishops William Beveridge and Francis Atterbury \(Atterbury continuing in royal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(service under Anne\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second essay by David Crankshaw uses his own database of 809 chaplains who served in noble )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(households and shows how many encouraged their patrons to be leading figures in literature, the arts and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scientific development. Under the Earls of Pembroke Wilton House was a virtual college in its own right, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and included Dr Thomas Moffet who was a Paracelsian physician when he was not rescuing his daughter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from arachnophobia, as well as a number of Calvinist theologians.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 214.2917 769.1335 228.2837 781.0135 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 417.2597 740.6215 431.2517 752.5015 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 82.3397 697.8535 96.3317 709.7335 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R 41 0 R 43 0 R 45 0 R ] /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 7352 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dr Morrissey confines her study to the chaplains who served at London and at Lambeth as press censors for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Bishop of London and the Archbishop of Canterbury. The 1586 Star Chamber decree delegated all press )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(censorship to both bishops and by the 1630s this brought the domestic chaplains to prominence in the debate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between Arminians and the avant-garde conformist party. After 1638 it was the bishop?s chaplains rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than the Master of Revels who licensed all plays and Morrissey shows that Laud and Juxon as bishop of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London were not politically neutral in the 1630s when it came to licensing books for publication.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hugh Adlington has examined the role of embassy chaplains and considers Daniel Featley who was the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anglican chaplain in Paris alongside the career of John Sandford, who accompanied Sir John Digby to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Madrid \(1610?13\). As we learn more about travellers across Europe )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 363.596 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 363.596 657.027 m 377.588 657.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 377.588 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( we can hope that other such studies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will follow. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 617.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William Lewis is not particularly widely known among Caroline poets but his office of chaplain to the king )] TJ ET BT 34.016 603.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allowed him to seek earnestly for ?a prebende, and two Livinges? in 1630, the allowance offered to all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chaplains under the Henrician statute of 1527. More famous as a poet \(often scurrilous\) is Bishop Richard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Corbett, and Christopher Burlinson shows him using his versifying to seek patronage from the new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chancellor of Oxford University who happened to be Archbishop Laud.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William Rawley \(d. 1667\), a disgraced fellow of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, who had been ordained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in September 1611, became chaplain to Francis Bacon in 1617/8 and in his household served the Lord )] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chancellor until his death in 1626 as his amanuensis \(alongside Thomas Hobbes and George Herbert\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(secretary and editor. Angus Vine uses his commonplace book to shed valuable light on Bacon and to offer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(further apothegms.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 451.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Two further chaplains in noble households form the core of the papers by Erica Longfellow, writing about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 437.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Isham family of Lamport House and their all-too-familiar chaplain Daniel Baxter, and Professor William )] TJ ET BT 34.016 422.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gibson who has studied the seventh earl of Huntingdon and his chaplain from1660, Samuel Willes, who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 408.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(died aged 44 in 1685 and is interred in All Saints? Derby where his epitaph mistakenly claims he had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ministered for 25 years. Clerical Database 60855 reports his appointment there from 1676 but Gibson shows )] TJ ET BT 34.016 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that he had moved to Derby in 1671 by way of an exchange that also commended a friend to be the earl?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chaplain in his stead.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 339.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These prosobiographical studies suggest that the nature of chaplaincy had already begun to evolve and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 325.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(later 18th-century pattern of an extended household in which the chaplain was a tutor was already taking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 311.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(root.These ten essays should provoke much thought and suggest afresh the need to research the ministry of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Church of England as broadly as possible at every stage.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.891 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 231.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 231.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(R. A. Beddard 'Nonconformist responses to the onset of Anglican uniformity, 1661?1664,' )] TJ ET BT 500.960 231.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bodleian )] TJ ET BT 64.016 217.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Library Quarterly)] TJ ET BT 151.016 217.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2000\), pp 106?49.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 245.336 217.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 245.336 215.619 m 299.324 215.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 202.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 202.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(BL. MS. Harl., 641, fo. 241.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 200.012 202.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 200.012 201.363 m 254.000 201.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 188.506 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 188.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(N. W. S. Cranfield, 'Chaplains in Ordinary at the early Stuart court: the purple road', in )] TJ ET BT 483.944 188.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Patronage and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 174.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Recruitment in the Tudor and Early Stuart Church)] TJ ET BT 307.016 174.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. C. Cross\(York, 1996\), pp. 120?47)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 499.664 174.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 499.664 172.851 m 553.652 172.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 159.994 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 159.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(From entries in the ODNB Tapsell found that only 66 can definitely be regarded as Chaplains in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 145.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ordinary. His )] TJ ET BT 133.004 145.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Appendix)] TJ ET BT 178.328 145.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, p. 205.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 217.328 145.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 217.328 144.339 m 271.316 144.339 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 131.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 131.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edward Chaney and Timothy Wilks, )] TJ ET BT 243.332 131.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Jacobean Grand Tour: Early Stuart Travellers in Europe )] TJ ET BT 64.016 117.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 2013\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 142.340 117.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 142.340 115.827 m 196.328 115.827 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 90.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editors accept this review and do not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 74.239 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 56.459 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 56.459 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1565)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 55.065 m 328.316 55.065 l S endstream endobj 32 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 363.5957 657.3415 377.5877 669.2215 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 245.3357 215.9335 299.3237 227.8135 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 200.0117 201.6775 253.9997 213.5575 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 499.6637 173.1655 553.6517 185.0455 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 217.3277 144.6535 271.3157 156.5335 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 142.3397 116.1415 196.3277 128.0215 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 32 0 R >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 46 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 55.3795 328.3157 67.2595 ] >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1565) >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 48 0 R >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Length 226 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 784.354 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 769.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/82667)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 49 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000579 00000 n 0000000661 00000 n 0000004486 00000 n 0000004595 00000 n 0000004705 00000 n 0000004814 00000 n 0000008375 00000 n 0000008503 00000 n 0000008587 00000 n 0000008671 00000 n 0000014231 00000 n 0000014261 00000 n 0000014389 00000 n 0000014425 00000 n 0000014523 00000 n 0000021272 00000 n 0000021302 00000 n 0000021430 00000 n 0000021466 00000 n 0000021496 00000 n 0000021624 00000 n 0000021660 00000 n 0000021690 00000 n 0000021816 00000 n 0000021852 00000 n 0000021978 00000 n 0000029383 00000 n 0000029413 00000 n 0000029541 00000 n 0000029577 00000 n 0000029705 00000 n 0000029760 00000 n 0000029888 00000 n 0000029943 00000 n 0000030071 00000 n 0000030126 00000 n 0000030254 00000 n 0000030309 00000 n 0000030437 00000 n 0000030492 00000 n 0000030618 00000 n 0000030714 00000 n 0000030779 00000 n trailer << /Size 49 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 31057 %%EOF