%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 25 0 R 51 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141101021022+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141101021022+00'00') /Title (The Battle of Britishness: Migrant Journeys, 1685 to the Present) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4285 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Battle of Britishness: Migrant Journeys, 1685 to the Present)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At a time when billboards have been driven around London urging illegal immigrants to ?go home?, when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(photographs of the arrests of those suspected of breaching their visas were being tweeted by the Home )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Office \(with the hashtag #immigrationoffenders\), and when 39,000 texts stating ?go home? have been sent to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suspected overstayers, the publication of Tony Kushner's )] TJ ET BT 310.796 216.299 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Battle of Britishness)] TJ ET BT 429.140 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is particularly timely. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(billboards, tweets and texting powerfully reveal the extent to which the conflict over controlling Britain's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(borders is as much focused on the hearts and minds of its citizens, as on the bodies of immigrants.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kushner is one of Britain's leading migration historians, whose extensive publications have focused on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impact of refugees, Jewish migration and racism in British history and collective memory. In )] TJ ET BT 483.296 147.275 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Battle of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Britishness)] TJ ET BT 87.356 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( he shows his mastery of the field through interweaving constant connections between past and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(present journeys. Such comparisons highlight both the emerging trends in research \(such as the exploration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Huguenot, Irish and Jewish refugees as more than forced migration\) and the overlaying of different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migratory movements in the construction of collective memory \(as in the claiming of the Huguenot )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience to legitimise the exclusion of Eastern European Jews in the 1890s and early 1900s\). Building on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kushner's earlier analyses of the public histories and collective memory of immigration to Britain, the book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1566)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 20 March, 2014)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tony Kushner)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719066405)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(70.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(320pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.manchesteruniversitypress.co.uk/cgi-bin/indexer?product=9780719066405)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Laurence Brown)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R 23 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8190 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a )] TJ ET BT 53.348 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(tour de force)] TJ ET BT 115.340 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in its balance of breadth and nuance.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 293.960 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 293.960 795.075 m 307.952 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Battle of Britishness)] TJ ET BT 152.360 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( opens with the debates around immigration, asylum and multiculturalism that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marked New Labour at the start of the 21st century. Kushner provides a sensitive discussion of this period, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploring how the positions taken by politicians, intellectuals and activists were often framed within an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imagined past of a homogenous, pre-immigrant England. Charting the conflicts that underlay the invocations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of multiculturalism in the early 2000s, the first chapter provides a much needed counterpoint to David )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Goodhart?s recent polemic on post-war immigration.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 288.644 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 288.644 697.539 m 302.636 697.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter two explores how specific historical migrations have been constructed and understood as journeys, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ranging from the Irish famine to the exodus of Eastern European Jews to the Middle Passage. In drawing on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarship from both sides of the Atlantic, Kushner details how these traumatic voyages have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remembered in specific historical contexts. Choosing population movements formed by violence and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coercion raises questions about how other forms of migration \(such as temporary sojourning, career )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migration or circular migration\) may have different scripts and structures of collective memory than those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(covered in the text.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 125.996 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 125.996 585.747 m 139.988 585.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The remainder of the book is structured around three pairs of chapters contrasting the celebrated and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forgotten journeys of European refugees in the 17th and 19th centuries, of refugees from Nazi Germany, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of post-colonial migrants at the end of the British Empire. Juxtaposing prominent and obscure arrivals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provides a powerful window on how the state, broader British society and migrant groups themselves have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(negotiated debates around inclusion and exclusion. The pairs of chapters work well in allowing the author to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connect the historical experience of migrants with the events shaping the construction of their journey as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collective memory. Together the three sets of case studies chart how the boundaries of integration in British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society have been reconfigured, negotiated and contested by immigrant groups over time.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter three details the physical experience of travel for the estimated 50,000 Huguenot exiles who arrived )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Britain at the end of the 17th century. Kushner contrasts the religious narratives of suffering produced at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the time with the later visions of their economic advancement and liberal asylum that have been central to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their public remembrance as refugees. The 1879 arrival of the mail steamer )] TJ ET BT 398.252 392.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Minho)] TJ ET BT 429.584 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in Southampton opens )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter four, which examines the return migration of ?Volga Germans? from Brazil to the Russian Empire. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Despite the intensity of international diplomatic negotiations over their reception in Britain, Germany and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Russia, the movements of such transmigrants are rarely visible in public histories that are centred on British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tolerance and assistance to elite refugees such as the Huguenots.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In chapters five and six, Kushner examines the construction of refugee identity during and after the Second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(World War through contrasting the celebration of )] TJ ET BT 274.964 294.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kindertransport)] TJ ET BT 352.976 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( as ?the British scheme that saved 10,000 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(children from the Nazi regime? \(p. 147\) with the opposition to receiving the cruise ship )] TJ ET BT 456.620 280.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(St Louis)] TJ ET BT 495.632 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crisscrossed the Atlantic in mid-1939 without being allowed to land its 900 refugees from Nazi Germany. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 55.676 251.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kindertransport)] TJ ET BT 133.688 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has been the focus for considerable official and public commemoration, which has been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(powerfully shaped since the 1980s by the changing visions of the Holocaust and by international public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(memory projects. This prominence is contrasted to the silences over other child refugees \(such as the nearly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4000 Spanish children who arrived in Britain in 1937 fleeing the Spanish Civil War\) or other Jewish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(refugees from Nazi Europe. The voyage of the )] TJ ET BT 260.276 194.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(St Louis)] TJ ET BT 299.288 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( between Latin America and Europe is used to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explore how opposition to refugees was institutionalized in state practices of border control and the tensions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of its remembrance within the wider narratives of the Second World War. Both chapters highlight the trans-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Atlantic movements of refugees and the changing impact of American constructions of the war and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Holocaust on British national memory.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Caribbean and African immigration to Britain amidst the mid-20th century crises of decolonization are the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subject for chapters seven and eight. Kushner analyses the diversity of routes, migrants and experiences )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which have been marginalized by the memorialization of the arrival of the )] TJ ET BT 393.272 82.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Empire Windrush)] TJ ET BT 478.268 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1948 as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marking the origin of mass Caribbean migration. The symbolic power of )] TJ ET BT 385.976 68.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Windrush)] TJ ET BT 432.644 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has come from its being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(claimed for different purposes by both the state and by migrant groups, evading the more problematic )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 293.9597 795.3895 307.9517 807.2695 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 288.6437 697.8535 302.6357 709.7335 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 125.9957 586.0615 139.9877 597.9415 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R 41 0 R 43 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R ] /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 9107 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representation of the violence and forced repatriation experienced by pre-1945 black communities in Britain, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or the double political crises of immigrant exclusion and Caribbean decolonization in the early 1960s. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter eight explores the killing of Nigerian David Oluwale by police in Leeds in May 1969 within a much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broader periodisation of black history in Britain that examines the black communities in British ports during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the early 1900s through the 1919 race riots and the 1920s racial policing of black sailors. The tragedy of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oluwale?s murder reveals the extent to which traumatic episodes of racial violence are powerfully seared )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within the local memories of ethnic groups in Leeds, Cardiff and Liverpool.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A core strength of the book is the way in which Kushner brings together a broad mix of sources in exploring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narratives of migration including autobiographies, television documentaries, academic texts, literature and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(government reports. The depth of these sources enables a sensitive close reading of their narratives, as in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis of how child refugees from Nazi Germany described the )] TJ ET BT 349.268 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kindertransport )] TJ ET BT 430.280 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in terms of the personal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traumas of family separation rather than through the encroaching shadow of the Holocaust that defines its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public memorialisation. Kushner?s nuanced juxtaposition of migrant remembering, state accounts, literary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(texts and contemporary descriptions reveals the dynamic nature of collective memory and the range of forces )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shaping its remaking.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This history of journeys represents a powerful correction to the repeated exclusion of immigrants in British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography and the contemporary mythologisation of the nation?s past as migrant-free. )] TJ ET BT 470.624 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Battle of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Britishness)] TJ ET BT 87.356 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is an intervention in national history, and so its archival and textual evidence are overwhelmingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(based in Britain. This raises methodological questions as to how the trans-national experiences of migration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are conceptualized through the lens of ?collective memory? \(which tends to be used far more often in local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and national histories than for global processes\). The collective memories of these journeys were constructed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not only in countries of arrival, but also in countries of origin and transit, and so it is the shifting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationships between these different sites of memory production that is worthy of much more investigation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by future research.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 123.644 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 123.644 443.187 m 137.636 443.187 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Given the upsurge in interest in how the historical experience of immigration is represented in European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collective memory, )] TJ ET BT 129.668 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Battle of Britishness)] TJ ET BT 248.012 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( needs to be read as more than a contribution to diversifying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British history. By conceptualizing journeys and their remembrance as processes of change and contestation, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kushner?s study represents a profound challenge not only to historians, but also to contemporary policy-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makers and museum practitioners that tend to construct migrants as discrete, stable, cultural groups \(or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?communities?\). Whereas European museums have tended to focus on memories, objects and visual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representations that are seen as embodying ethnic difference or enabling ?participation? by migrant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communities, the narratives analysed by Kushner reveal that such identities are always in process and shaped )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by both the political projects of the migrants themselves and other groups in British society.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 474.992 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 474.992 302.883 m 488.984 302.883 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 243.123 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 212.506 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 212.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tony Kushner, )] TJ ET BT 139.004 212.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Remembering Refugees: Then and Now)] TJ ET BT 328.976 212.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Manchester, 2006\); Tony Kushner, ?Great )] TJ ET BT 64.016 198.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britons: immigration, history and memory?, in )] TJ ET BT 291.356 198.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Histories and Memories: Migrants and Their History )] TJ ET BT 64.016 183.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(in Britain)] TJ ET BT 110.360 183.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Kathy Burrell and Panikos Panayi \(London, 2006\), pp. 18?34; )] TJ ET BT 434.996 183.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Jewish Heritage in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 169.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British History: Englishness and Jewishness)] TJ ET BT 277.352 169.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Tony Kushner \(London, 1992\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 450.992 169.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 450.992 168.339 m 504.980 168.339 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 155.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 155.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Goodhart, )] TJ ET BT 147.668 155.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The British Dream: Successes and Failures of Post-War Immigration)] TJ ET BT 480.980 155.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 141.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2013\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 141.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 139.827 m 149.000 139.827 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 126.970 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mary Chamberlain, )] TJ ET BT 161.000 126.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Narratives of Exile and Return)] TJ ET BT 308.996 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1997\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 390.320 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 390.320 125.571 m 444.308 125.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 112.714 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 112.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Abdelmalek Sayad, )] TJ ET BT 161.000 112.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Suffering of the Immigrant)] TJ ET BT 309.668 112.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, translated by David Macey \(Cambridge, 2004\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 98.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 97.059 m 118.004 97.059 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 84.202 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 84.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.unesco.org/new/en/social-and-human-sciences/themes/international-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 82.803 m 450.620 82.803 l S BT 64.016 69.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migration/projects/unesco-iom-migration-museums-initiative/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 68.547 m 361.340 68.547 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 364.340 69.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 378.332 69.941 Td /F1 12.0 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