%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150825183242+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150825183242+01'00') /Title (The Anglo-American Paper War: Debates about the New Republic, 1800?1825) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4035 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Anglo-American Paper War: Debates about the New Republic, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(1800?1825)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Buried deep within the endnotes of Joseph Eaton?s book is a wry comment on the art of reviewing by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19th-century author Sydney Smith, ?I never read a book before reviewing it; it prejudices a man so? \(p. 199, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(n. 32\). Although a rather alarming beginning for a book review, it is an apt apophthegm for )] TJ ET BT 475.280 209.171 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The)] TJ ET BT 496.280 209.171 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Anglo-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(American Paper War)] TJ ET BT 136.664 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, a study of the deliberately intemperate reading of literature produced by or about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(United States of America in the formative years of the early Republic. As Eaton reveals in this well-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(researched book, the cut and thrust of writing and reviewing between sections of the American and British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(press was a literary battlefield in a wider struggle for national self-awareness. To review a work was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political act as much as a cultural one; the purpose not merely to discuss the merits of particular travel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accounts, state of the nation apologetics, or reformist manifestos, but to hold up a mirror to the perils )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(besetting the reviewer?s own society.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The subtitle clearly defines the book?s chronological remit, the awkward years of the post-revolutionary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationship from the presidency of Thomas Jefferson until the maturing self-confidence of American )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature in the 1820s. Although much has been written on this era, especially for the bicentenary of the War )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1570)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 27 March, 2014)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joseph Eaton)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780230294325)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(248pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave Macmillan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.palgrave.com/products/title.aspx?pid=499648)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thomas Rodgers)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7664 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of 1812, Eaton?s contribution provides welcome coverage of the relatively neglected topic of Anglo-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American cultural relations in the aftermath of independence. This is a rich seam for exploration and Eaton )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has mined the periodical literature on both sides of the Atlantic to good effect; from books, pamphlets, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(periodicals he traces the presentation of the image of America, both at home and abroad. In this respect the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notion of a ?Paper War? is successful in delineating a rounded picture of the process of America?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transformation from an initial period of cultural dependence upon Britain to greater self-confidence. Four )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(case study chapters provide the specific battlefields of the war.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The first chapter, ?Travelers, Reviewers, and Jeffersonian-era America?, establishes the broad intellectual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context of the debate between writers and reviewers. Early travel accounts are identified as displaying the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tropes of English condescension toward American manners, or more specifically the lack of them \(p. 12\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book?s concern is not so much with the nature of the images presented in such works, or their validity, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but in their reception. President Jefferson?s democratic Francophile administration alarmed not only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conservative travellers, but also the now politically marginalised Anglophile Federalists; chief amongst )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these, Joseph Dennie of Philadelphia, editor of the monthly )] TJ ET BT 321.656 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Port-Folio)] TJ ET BT 372.992 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Reliant on British models and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemptuous of rude manners, nevertheless, the rising hostility fomented by the treatment of American )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shipping forced even these writers into guarded criticism of British sneers \(p. 31\). Eaton argues that these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developments provided the foundations of American cultural nationalism. In the second half of the chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the focus shifts to the way British periodicals used writing on and about the United States to fight domestic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(battles. On the one hand Whigs and radicals looked favourably upon the republican experiment and saw )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lessons for reform; on the other Tories saw Federalist allies against French ideals and religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disestablishment. Eaton clarifies later that ?the Paper War cannot be understood as a binary conflict, as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most contentious debates were intra-British or between Americans? \(p. 93\). The domestic audience and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(response to the periodicals is clearly demonstrated, what is less clear is the intended effect that they were to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have across the Atlantic. Items were published and republished back and forth, but it seems something of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stretch to call these early printed barbs a war.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second and third chapters of the book are arguably the most successful in conveying the relationship )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between actual hostilities and literary responses; defending national honour took on renewed importance and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(combined with other forms of nation making. Chapter two investigates the way Charles Jared Ingersoll?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Inchiquin?s Letters)] TJ ET BT 127.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1810\) precipitated a meaningful transatlantic debate about the virtues of America. Eaton )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highlights the regional nuances of the American response, as New England Federalists were incensed at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(being tarred with the same brush as the Middle and Southern states \(p. 70\). Chapter three is primarily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concerned with the British press reaction to an experimental English settlement in south eastern Illinois. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a time its radical precepts and lure to British emigrants alarmed the Tory press, underscoring, Easton claims, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?the unease in post-war Britain and the centrality of the United States to those anxieties? \(p. 98\). Critics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would have enjoyed the benefit of hindsight, for the settlement was an abject failure, but even then was not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entirely forgotten \(p. 124\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final chapter moves past the heightened tensions of the War of 1812 to reveal the development of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more national, as opposed to regional, self-confidence about American letters, exemplified in Robert )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Walsh?s )] TJ ET BT 77.672 218.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(An Appeal from the Judgements of Great Britain Respecting the United States of America)] TJ ET BT 507.968 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1819\). A )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wide-ranging rebuttal of British calumnies, Walsh?s )] TJ ET BT 287.648 204.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Appeal)] TJ ET BT 321.644 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( attracted widespread praise \(p. 141\). The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common enemy ? Britain ? had provided an Other against whom Americans could unite whatever their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political persuasion. British reviewers no longer had the urge to be as critical and sought to improve ties of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(friendship \(p. 161\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eaton?s study achieves the difficult balance of providing due weight to the internal political debates in both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(America and Britain. The concentration on the travel genre and the cream of the periodical literature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provides a sharp focus, albeit one circumscribed by literary fame in metropolitan centres. Scholars of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American nationalism and British politics will gain from a work that demonstrates the role of external )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examples in these debates. Yet there is a sense that Eaton rather holds back from exploring more fully the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way in which this Paper War reshaped the English-speaking Atlantic World. In the acknowledgements Eaton )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(references both the trans-Atlantic content of the book and the ?trans-Pacific dimension? of its creation \(p. )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 19 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 8530 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vii\). Early on the nature of the work is identified as ?cis-Atlantic? \(p. 4\), but there is no explicit discussion of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Armitage?s typology of Atlantic history.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 261.332 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 261.332 780.819 m 275.324 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 275.324 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( As the book is published in the British Scholar Society?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain and the World series the emphasis on trans-Atlantic or international history is understandable. Eaton )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues that the older post Second World War historiography was too optimistic in its view of transatlantic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relations; the rancour of the Paper War demonstrating the brittle connections between the two nations \(p. 5\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yet throughout the book Eaton reveals the cultural dependence of certain American writers on Britain and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British literary modes; even Ingersoll?s pro-American tract drew on the tradition of satire \(p. 57\). Equally, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many British perspectives were informed by a sense that the Americans remained sympathetic to Britain \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(40\) and their interests were closely allied. Eaton?s work is certainly an important addition to the growing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature on post-independence Anglo-American cultural relations, but given this is such an Atlantic World )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work; it would have been interesting to see a little more on the re-shaping of this world in a more self-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consciously Atlantic framework. The immediate post-war Atlantic World has received insufficient attention )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the literature, although P. J. Marshall?s )] TJ ET BT 237.332 625.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Remaking the British Atlantic: The United States and the British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Empire after American Independence)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 217.304 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 217.304 609.747 m 231.296 609.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 231.296 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a recent remedy to this lacuna. Eaton?s book adds a new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dimension and a longer perspective; it will be important in any future attempt to rethink the dynamics of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English-speaking Atlantic, but there are wider connections to be made to Canada and the Caribbean in such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an endeavour.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A consistent theme throughout the book is the role of slavery in these Anglo-American debates. With a rich )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature on the debates over slavery in the New Republic Eaton keeps the focus specifically on the role of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slavery in the polemics of the Paper War. By locating the theme of slavery within these wider debates of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British or American virtues, the degree of compromise is revealed. A revealing incident on the British side is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the manner in which the antislavery Henry Brougham of the )] TJ ET BT 325.964 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Edinburgh Review)] TJ ET BT 414.956 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( defended American slavery )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the attacks of a travel account \(p. 46\). Similarly, Americans downplayed their own responsibility for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slavery, or presented it as unproblematic. Timothy Dwight?s review of )] TJ ET BT 376.628 456.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Inchiquin?s Letters)] TJ ET BT 469.628 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( echoed the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jeffersonian notion that a slave owner could not be culpable for inheriting slaves, a fault forced on the nation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the British. Moreover, Dwight?s defence had a regional dimension, absolving New England from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stain of slavery entirely \(p. 89\). The national purpose behind Walsh?s )] TJ ET BT 371.624 413.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Appeal)] TJ ET BT 405.620 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( overrode the author?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(antislavery views, or at least led him to adopt an overly-optimistic view of its future role in the United States )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(pp. 150?2\). The combination of nationalism and moral myopia is effectively argued.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Arguably the most telling contribution of this book is in its depiction of the evolution of a certain strand of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American print nationalism during the politically boisterous years of the early republic. Prevailing European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attitudes and arrogance, notably the Comte du Buffon?s views on the degeneracy impelled by the American )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(climate, were particularly aggravating to a literary cadre self-conscious of the marginal position of American )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(letters in the Atlantic World. Another callous remark by Sydney Smith from 1820, ?who reads an American )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book?? rankled American literary scholars long after any validity it may have had had faded \(p. 2\). It was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against this backdrop \(although not the specific quote\) that patriotic commentators, such as Ingersoll, praised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American literary productions. Reviewing took on an urgent patriotic role, leading to overblown paeans to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early works such as John Marshall?s )] TJ ET BT 212.648 244.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Life of Washington)] TJ ET BT 324.992 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and Joel Barlow?s poem )] TJ ET BT 448.640 244.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Columbiad)] TJ ET BT 522.980 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(57\). Eaton sustains the focus on the merits of American literature throughout the book. Whilst there was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considerable anger in American periodicals over slighting British criticism, even nationalist writers were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unable to point decisively to home grown talent comparable to the giants of metropolitan literature. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Concluding a point made by Robert Walsh, Eaton remarks, ?British critics aside, Americans needed to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(realistic. A national literature would come only after other aspects of civilization matured? \(p. 134\). On this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(point Eaton lends, perhaps, a little more weight to the pessimistic view, both of the time and in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography, that the United States had still not achieved its full cultural independence from Britain \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(168\). Yet in searching for the martial context of the nationalist discourse, Eaton has provided a valuable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(picture of the international dimensions of a developing American identity.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 55.676 90.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Anglo-American Paper War)] TJ ET BT 190.988 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( provides a coherent account of the formative tussles amongst commentators )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on both sides of the Atlantic; it enriches understanding of the cultural development of a newly independent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nation and an imperial power coming to terms with this new relationship. This focus is quite sufficient in )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj [16 0 R /Fit] endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 20 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 261.3317 781.1335 275.3237 793.0135 ] >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 21 0 obj [16 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 217.3037 610.0615 231.2957 621.9415 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 2629 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(itself, but the medium of the press invites speculation about the treatment of other formative events and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problems shaping Anglo-American identities: the development of British North America, the Louisiana )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Purchase, and the Haitian Revolution. These may fall outside of Eaton?s specific case studies, but suggest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the traffic of ideas was not simply a two-way process between Philadelphia and Boston and London and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edinburgh. This, however, is simply a case of wanting more. Students and scholars of the early republic will )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(find plenty to enjoy in a study which firmly locates the development of the United States in its international )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 676.035 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 645.418 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Armitage, ?Three concepts of Atlantic history?, in )] TJ ET BT 340.628 645.413 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The British Atlantic World, 1500?1800)] TJ ET BT 528.308 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Armitage and Michael J. Braddick \(Basingstoke, 2002\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 364.640 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 364.640 629.763 m 418.628 629.763 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 616.906 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(P. J. Marshall, )] TJ ET BT 136.016 616.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Remaking the British Atlantic: The United States and the British Empire after )] TJ ET BT 64.016 602.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(American Independence)] TJ ET BT 180.308 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 2012\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 258.956 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 258.956 601.251 m 312.944 601.251 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 585.919 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 568.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 568.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1570)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 566.745 m 328.316 566.745 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 541.768 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.368 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/65744)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 364.6397 630.0775 418.6277 641.9575 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 18 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 258.9557 601.5655 312.9437 613.4455 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 567.0595 328.3157 578.9395 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1570) >> endobj xref 0 32 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000574 00000 n 0000000656 00000 n 0000004743 00000 n 0000004852 00000 n 0000004962 00000 n 0000005071 00000 n 0000008632 00000 n 0000008760 00000 n 0000008844 00000 n 0000008909 00000 n 0000016626 00000 n 0000016717 00000 n 0000025300 00000 n 0000025330 00000 n 0000025458 00000 n 0000025494 00000 n 0000025524 00000 n 0000025652 00000 n 0000025688 00000 n 0000025786 00000 n 0000028468 00000 n 0000028596 00000 n 0000028651 00000 n 0000028779 00000 n 0000028834 00000 n 0000028962 00000 n trailer << /Size 32 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 29058 %%EOF