%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141101041802+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141101041802+00'00') /Title (Elizabeth's Bedfellows: An Intimate History of Elizabeth's Court) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4926 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Elizabeth's Bedfellows: An Intimate History of Elizabeth's Court)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth I \(1533?1603\) has been the subject of many fictional representations, some as early as the 1680s, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(speculating about her private life. Theatre plays, novels and later also films explored the allegations made )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against her during her life-time, such as suggestions that the Queen was infertile, that she was malformed, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in fact, a man or a hermaphrodite \(p. 355\). Other charges against the Queen regarded her sexuality: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggesting that she had not remained a )] TJ ET BT 222.992 202.043 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(regina intacta)] TJ ET BT 290.660 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, but had consumed her relationship with Robert )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dudley, the Master of the Horse; that she was unmarried because of an extreme sexual appetite that could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not be satisfied by only one man; and that she had had several illegitimate children. Such allegations have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continued to inspire the question: was any of this gossip actually true?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scholarship on Elizabeth I gradually adopted the study of the Queen's private life alongside her politics. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whitelock's insightful biography of the Virgin Queen is partly informed by a number of such important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies, such as Susan Doran's )] TJ ET BT 182.828 104.507 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Monarchy and Matrimony: the Courtships of Elizabeth I)] TJ ET BT 454.484 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Christopher )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hibbert's )] TJ ET BT 80.504 90.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Virgin Queen: the Personal History of Elizabeth)] TJ ET BT 334.160 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Carole Levin's )] TJ ET BT 412.976 90.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Heart and Stomach of a King)] TJ ET BT 553.976 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Natalie Mears' )] TJ ET BT 106.820 75.995 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Queenship and Political Discourse in the Elizabethan Realms)] TJ ET BT 403.808 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and Anne Somerset's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth I)] TJ ET BT 86.348 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 89.348 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 89.348 60.345 m 103.340 60.345 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 103.340 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Not the first to focus on Elizabeth's Ladies of the Bedchamber )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 408.116 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 408.116 60.345 m 422.108 60.345 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 422.108 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the book under review )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1609)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 19 June, 2014)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anna Whitelock)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781408833643)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2014)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(480pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bloomsbury)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.bloomsbury.com/uk/elizabeths-bedfellows-9781408833636/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nadia Thrse van Pelt)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 89.3477 60.6595 103.3397 72.5395 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 408.1157 60.6595 422.1077 72.5395 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7678 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offers a detailed reading of a vast quantity of primary sources such as letters, ambassadorial accounts and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(state papers, that bring the Elizabethan court to life. The book is highly accessible and is divided into 62 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(short chapters with ringing titles, such as 'Froggie Went A-Courtin' and 'In Defence of the Queen's Body'.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whitelock offers the reader intimate glimpses of a hidden world, revealing the secrets of the Queen's private )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(body, such as her favourite recipe for 'toilet water' containing majoram \(p. 25\), the 'sour and noisome' smells )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coming out of the Queen's satin and velvet-covered 'close stools' in the Bedchamber \(p. 92\), and the cream )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of white lead and vinegar that the Queen used as cosmetics to give her face its white complexion and to hide )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wrinkles and marks left by smallpox \(p. 191\). The reader obtains insights into the practicalities of dress and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bodily inconvenience, and learns that Elizabeth used 'vallopes of fine holland cloth [linen cloth]' and satin )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(girdles with hooks to which to adjust the 'vallopes' for when she was menstruating \(p. 26\), that John )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hemmingway, the royal apothecary prepared salves to remedy the Queen's early loss of hair \(p. 25\), and that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth ordered her first pair of high heels at the age of 62, having worn flat shoes all her life \(p. 27\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whitelock also draws attention to the Queen's strong demands on those serving her, expecting her welfare to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(go before their own at all times. For example, when Elizabeth continued to suffer from a painful toothache )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but refused to have the tooth drawn, John Aylmer, the Bishop of London, 'offered that one of his few )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remaining teeth might be extracted to reassure the Queen and encourage her to submit to a similar procedure' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 170\). Another instance is Elizabeth's breaking Lady Mary Talbot's finger with a hairbrush in a fit of rage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and later trying to blame the broken finger on an accident with a falling candlestick \(p. 153\), expecting of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(course Lady Talbot's complete loyalty in the matter. Furthermore, as Elizabeth lay in bed with smallpox, she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was nursed through the height of her sickness by Lady Mary Sidney, whose selfless service was rewarded by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her catching the disease herself and it disfiguring and scarring her face. Rather than showing gratitude to her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(loyal attendant, the Queen expressed distaste at Lady Sidney's disfigurement \(p. 71\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is Whitelock's objective not only to give a behind-the-scenes insight into the Queen's personal life and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beauty issues, but rather to emphasise her )] TJ ET BT 236.648 444.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(political)] TJ ET BT 276.656 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( body, and to investigate how the image of this political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(body was constructed, guarded, and controlled by the Ladies of the Bedchamber. The book is chronological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in structure, and opens with the first moment during which Elizabeth's body ? and with that her reputation ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was politicised: Lord Seymour's intrusions into the then princess's bedchamber. The reader is introduced to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the princess's governess Kat Ashley, who is later to become the First Lady of the Bedchamber during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth's reign, and one of the most influential women at court. Kat Ashley is shown chasing Lord )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Seymour out of the bedroom after having reprimanded him that his bare-legged presence was 'such an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unseemly sight in a Maiden's Chamber' \(p. 2\). With this anecdote, Whitelock sketches the importance of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(female companion both as a bodyguard and protector of the princess's reputation, but also as a political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(force. Namely, Whitelock observes that soon after Elizabeth's guardian, the dowager queen Katherine, had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(died, rumours were spread that Elizabeth bore Lord Seymour's child. Kat Ashley was then taken into the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tower of London to be interrogated, but remained loyal to Elizabeth by taking the blame for these rumours )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and confessing to her own 'great folly' of ever having spoken of a potential marital union between Seymour )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Elizabeth' \(p. 4\). As a political force, Elizabeth's governess tested whether a match or alliance would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have met the approval of the ruling parties ? at that time, her brother the King, and the Lord Protector, his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(guardian. Throughout the chapters of her study, Whitelock portrays and analyses this strategy to be a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recurring pattern during Elizabeth's reign: the Ladies of the Bedchamber acted on the Queen's behalf during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(several courtships, so as to test the 'opinion at home and abroad' for specific matches, 'and then blame her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women if it did not meet with a general approval' \(p. 64\). For example, Dorothy Bradbelt, who was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('oftentimes the Queen's bedfellow', and Kat Ashley wrote to the Swedish King's chancellor, Gyllenstierna, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tell him that it would be a good moment for the King to come to England in pursuit of Elizabeth \(p. 62\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth and King Erik started sending each other gifts of appreciation, but when the correspondence was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intercepted by Cecil, Elizabeth blamed her women, calling them 'idle cheats' but giving them unconvincingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(low punishments for their 'interferences' \(p. 63\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A recurring theme in the book is the Ladies of the Bedchamber's role in controlling the physical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representation of the Queen, and their preserving the secrets of her body along with their political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implications, both during Elizabeth's life-time and after, to build and preserve the cult of Gloriana, the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7576 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(powerful Virgin Queen. As Elizabeth was aging, her Ladies daily applied the make-up that Whitelock )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(describes as a 'mask of youth' \(p. 193\). A forever youthful face also featured painted portraits of the Queen. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These portraits were controlled by the Sergeant Painter George Gower, to ensure that artists would not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(represent 'the natural representation of the Queen's person', but rather 'that beautiful and magnanimous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Majesty where-with God hath blessed her' \(p. 302\). As Elizabeth reached the age where child-bearing was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(no longer a possibility, she needed to ensure the loyalty and trust of her subjects, and maintain the idea of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stable, never-changing Queen. Therefore, the reality of her appearance must never be seen by any subject )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aside the Ladies of the Bedchamber. Whitelock observes how unforgiving the Queen was when this rule was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overstepped, by describing how Elizabeth's favourite courtier, Essex, accidentally happened upon the Queen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in her nightdress, her face wrinkled and free of make-up, and her head bald, but with 'wisps of greying hair )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hanging about her ears'. He overstepped a line, having seen the Queen's natural appearance as it should only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ever been seen by her Ladies \(p. 315\). Although Elizabeth is recorded to have responded pleasantly enough )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at first, she changed her mind towards Essex's intrusion later that evening, and Essex was placed under )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(house arrest \(p. 316\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book's last two chapters reflect on the Ladies of the Bedchamber's guarding and protecting the Queen's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(body after her passing. Although it was a custom for monarchs to have their bodies embalmed after death, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth had decided that )] TJ ET BT 163.988 556.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(her)] TJ ET BT 179.984 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( body was not to be opened \(p. 345\). Whitelock explains that it was believed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the size and shape of a woman's womb would show whether a woman had borne children \(p. 344\). By )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not allowing the body to be investigated, and guarding it carefully, the Ladies are likely have acted 'to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suppress questions about Elizabeth's virginity' \(p. 346\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Especially fascinating is the epilogue to the book. Having observed that the image of Elizabeth's persona )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was incredibly well-guarded during her life-time, and just after her death before her burial whilst the Queen's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effigy was displayed to suggest the presence of her royal body after the death of her physical body, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whitelock's epilogue demonstrates that this protection was lost as soon as James I ascended the throne. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whitelock notes how James erected a monument to the glory of Elizabeth, but that this monument was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('deliberately smaller and less costly' \(p. 353\) than the monument he had commissioned for his mother, Mary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Queen of Scots. The figure on Elizabeth's tomb depicted an elderly woman, an image that had never been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tolerated during Elizabeth's reign. Further 'attacks' on the image that Elizabeth so carefully sought to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preserve during her lifetime are, as Whitelock reflects, the poems, and pamphlets that were published just )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(after Elizabeth's death. Examples of these are Thomas Newton's )] TJ ET BT 344.264 359.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Atropoion Delion)] TJ ET BT 428.600 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1603\) and his elegiac )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(verses that describe 'greedy worms' as courtiers penetrating Elizabeth's death body \(p. 354\). Whitelock )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues that 'representations of Elizabeth, her body and her memory, now became public property free to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(used, and abused, and suit new political realities' \(p. 353\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whitelock's exciting and source-driven biography sometimes feels anecdotal, rather than analytical. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, that is likely to be due to the presentation of the information in such short chapters, with analysis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sometimes following in a later chapter. Whitelock )] TJ ET BT 277.316 261.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(does)] TJ ET BT 299.312 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( indeed analyse the importance of the Ladies of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bedchamber as guardians of the Queen's physical and political body. She poignantly demonstrates that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ladies of the Bedchamber's influence ended as soon as their mistress died, by depicting Mary Tudor's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deathbed, surrounded by weeping Ladies of the Bedchamber. Whitelock importantly also refers to Jane )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dormer's 'last significant act as Mary's bedfellow' in the form of her carrying a message from Mary to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth in which the former asked her to 'be good to her servants, pay Mary's debts and maintain the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholic religion in England' \(p. 11\). Just as Elizabeth chose not to fulfil Mary's request about religion, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James I after Elizabeth's death, chose not to maintain Elizabeth's image befitting her motto 'semper eadem'.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Other studies, such as Borman's, provide more detail about the )] TJ ET BT 337.472 135.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(individual)] TJ ET BT 386.144 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Ladies of the Bedchamber, but this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is not Whitelock's aim; She rather presents the Ladies as collective, prone to changes, as some Ladies die or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lose favour, and are replaced by others. The emphasis is on their role as confidantes, bodyguards, and as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political force, not on their private lives. This I believe to be completely in line with the way Elizabeth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(herself viewed her Bedfellows: as ladies who were always at her disposal, regardless of their own families, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pregnancies, and relationships.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R 42 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 5392 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whitelock has risen to the challenge of presenting a stimulating reading of well-known material, both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offering gossip which the reader can relish, as well as explaining the political significance behind the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(creation of such rumours ? some of them originating with Elizabeth herself ? to suit political aims. Apart )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from lending itself very well to the purpose of providing an introduction on the Elizabethan court to student )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers, this captivating book will appeal to a wide range of readers, from specialist academics, to a non-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specialist public interested in Tudor history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 678.291 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 647.674 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 647.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Susan Doran, )] TJ ET BT 131.672 647.669 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Monarchy and Matrimony: the Courtships of Elizabeth I)] TJ ET BT 403.328 647.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1996\); Christopher )] TJ ET BT 64.016 633.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hibbert, )] TJ ET BT 106.676 633.413 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Virgin Queen: the Personal History of Elizabeth)] TJ ET BT 360.332 633.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1990\); Carole Levin, )] TJ ET BT 513.980 633.413 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Heart )] TJ ET BT 64.016 619.157 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(and Stomach of a King)] TJ ET BT 174.020 619.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Philadelphia, PA, 1994\); Natalie Mears, )] TJ ET BT 376.328 619.157 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Queenship and Political Discourse in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 604.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the Elizabethan Realms )] TJ ET BT 180.344 604.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, 2005\); Anne Somerset, )] TJ ET BT 357.656 604.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth I)] TJ ET BT 409.988 604.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1991\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 491.312 604.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 491.312 603.507 m 545.300 603.507 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 590.650 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another excellent recent monograph on Elizabeth I and her ladies at court is Tracy Borman, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 576.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth's Women: the Hidden Story of the Virgin Queen)] TJ ET BT 341.888 576.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2009\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 423.212 576.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 423.212 574.995 m 477.200 574.995 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 550.133 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 535.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Times Higher Education)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 521.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/books/elizabeths-bedfellows-an-intimate-history-of-the-queens-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 520.227 m 534.272 520.227 l S BT 34.016 507.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(court-by-anna-whitelock/2005713.article)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 505.971 m 230.972 505.971 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 233.972 507.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 493.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Independent)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 478.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/reviews/review-elizabeths-bedfellows-by-anna-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 477.459 m 534.248 477.459 l S BT 34.016 464.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whitelock-8640730.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 463.203 m 152.348 463.203 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 155.348 464.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 34.016 450.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Telegraph)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/non_fictionreviews/10077219/Elizabeths-Bedfellows-by-Anna-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 434.691 m 543.620 434.691 l S BT 34.016 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whitelock-review.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 420.435 m 145.664 420.435 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 148.664 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 417.103 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 399.323 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 399.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1609)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 397.929 m 328.316 397.929 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 372.952 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 358.552 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/97474)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.267 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/books/elizabeths-bedfellows-an-intimate-history-of-the-queens-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 329.896 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(court-by-anna-whitelock/2005713.article)] TJ ET BT 34.016 315.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/reviews/review-elizabeths-bedfellows-by-anna-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.240 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whitelock-8640730.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 286.955 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4] http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/non_fictionreviews/10077219/Elizabeths-Bedfellows-by-)] TJ ET BT 530.624 286.955 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anna-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 272.584 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whitelock-review.html)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 491.3117 603.8215 545.2997 615.7015 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj 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