%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 25 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141128032553+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141128032553+00'00') /Title (Cambridge History of the First World War) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4393 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Cambridge History of the First World War)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Timing counts for so much in publishing and that is never clearer than when a major anniversary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approaches. With the centenary of the First World War not yet actually upon us, there has already been a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rush of publications. Meanwhile, just as many of the grandest television and radio programmes promised by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the BBC have already been aired. Do we know anything we did not know a year or two ago? Have new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspectives been aired? Similarly, the big question for many centenary-type publications is how far they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advance understanding, or perform a useful summative role, or merely take advantage of public interest?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The initial signs from the First World War centenary are encouraging. Of course, it is hard to distinguish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(books published specially for the centenary from those which were planned in the normal course of research. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Quite possibly some were due out some years ago, but after all, it has been known for academics to miss )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publisher deadlines. However, among those published in 2012?14 we have already seen very significant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributions on the causes of the war from, for example, Christopher Clark and Sean McMeekin.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 503.600 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 503.600 88.857 m 517.592 88.857 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 517.592 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( A )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(number of books which are proving very influential on the way the war is being commemorated were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published a little further back, such as William Philpott?s Somme study )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 381.344 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 381.344 60.345 m 395.336 60.345 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 395.336 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which is perhaps a very good )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1618)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 3 July, 2014)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jay Winter)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780521763851)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2014)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(90.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(771pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.cambridge.org/gb/academic/subjects/history/twentieth-century-regional-history/cambridge-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history-first-world-war-volume-1?format=HB)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Grayson)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 503.5997 89.1715 517.5917 101.0515 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 381.3437 60.6595 395.3357 72.5395 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 8222 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example of forward planning yielding impact. Meanwhile, a number of important monographs issued in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(past few years, often as the result of the development of PhD theses, have already started to affect, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, media agendas on covering the war, notable examples including those by Heather Jones and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catriona Pennell.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 117.344 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 117.344 752.307 m 131.336 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Such work keeps coming and there is a thus a danger for any attempt to synthesise existing work \(and this is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part, though only part, of what )] TJ ET BT 183.332 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Cambridge History of the Great War)] TJ ET BT 381.992 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( aims for and achieves\), at the start )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a centenary period. That danger is of course that volumes will miss some of the most crucial work which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appears during the centenary and render themselves obsolete rather quicker than the publishers would wish. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As Jay Winter says in his opening words to the general introduction, ?Writing history is always a dialogue? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(vol. I, p. 1\). Is there a risk then that such a study will conclude part-way through the conversation, out of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(date and talking about yesterday?s issues by 2018?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(No doubt there will be some chapters which will, four years on \(or sooner\) be in need of some amendment. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, what is fundamentally timely about these volumes is that they represent a statement by a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generation of historians of a type which has never been offered before in First World War studies. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Characterised by Winter as the fourth ?transnational generation?, and writing now for decades, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generation has taken a ?global? approach to the war, both in terms of what they study and where they have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(based their own academic careers. Not only has that meant attention to conflict beyond Europe, but also to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the global ramifications of the war: revolution, decolonisation and economic crisis. This is different from an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(international approach in which nation states are still the building blocks. Instead, the fourth generation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emphasises themes and issues which cut across national boundaries and experiences. Indeed, in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach, there is often no such thing as a single national experience of mutiny, logistics or command \(vol. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one, pp. 6?7\). Consequently, to find out much ?national history? of the First World War requires regular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reference to the index, of which there is \(very helpfully\) a cumulative one covering all three volumes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This fourth generation of historians is contrasted by Winter to the first, those with direct )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge/experience of the war, the second, ?fifty years on?, and third, ?Vietnam generation? \(vol. one, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pp. 1?4\). The very existence of )] TJ ET BT 185.972 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Cambridge History of the Great War)] TJ ET BT 384.632 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is suggestive of a crucial aspect of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the fourth generation which is that it has self-consciously been a school of thought, approaching the war in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different way to earlier writers, referential to \(but not necessarily always reverential of\) earlier schools of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thought. It has even contributed to its own institutional manifestation, the Historial de la Grand Guerre at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pronne in the Somme department of Picardie. Unsurprisingly, the link between that museum and the )] TJ ET BT 524.300 347.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History)] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is close, with Historial?s Comit directeur providing members of the editorial board.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 55.676 306.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History)] TJ ET BT 91.676 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is comprised of three volumes, )] TJ ET BT 245.324 306.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Global War)] TJ ET BT 302.324 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 308.324 306.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The State)] TJ ET BT 353.324 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and )] TJ ET BT 379.652 306.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Civil Society)] TJ ET BT 440.648 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Volume I, )] TJ ET BT 498.308 306.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Global War)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, tackles the war?s military history in four parts. The first offers a narrative history, beginning with long-term )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(origins and considering the war on a year-by-year basis in six chapters. Volker R. Berghahn skilfully and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with brevity considers issues ranging from imperialism to European optimism/pessimism, concluding that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Berlin and Vienna remaining the ?best places for historians to look closely for clues as to why war broke out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1914? \(vol. one, p. 37\). His prediction that the role of other powers in the causes of the war will continue )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to be scrutinised is borne out by recent publications already mentioned. It is foresighted that he picks out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Russia for special mention as it has probably been the recipient of the most important fresh attention by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McMeekin. In their subsequent chapter on 1914, Jean-Jacques Becker and Gerd Krumeich conclude that war )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was not inevitable. The idea of )] TJ ET BT 184.988 178.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(agency)] TJ ET BT 218.972 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, if not stated in those terms, runs throughout this chapter as it does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through Clark?s )] TJ ET BT 114.008 163.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sleepwalkers)] TJ ET BT 177.332 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. In the chapters on 1915?1918 we see the merits of the transnational approach )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at their strongest. The stages of the war ? stalemate, impasse, global and endgame ? are considered as they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(applied across nations. However, this does not prevent appropriate consideration of specific national issues, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(down to the level of key individuals, for example in Robin Prior?s discussion of British generalship \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(101?8\). There is also, in Christoph Mick?s chapter on 1918, consideration of the relationship between the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(home fronts and the fighting fronts \(pp. 154?7\). Winter mentions the considerable doubt over when the war )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ends \(p. 15\) and Bruno Cabanes concludes the first narrative part of the volume by saying ?When did 1919 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(end? No one knows? \(p. 197\).)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 117.3437 752.6215 131.3357 764.5015 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R ] /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 6655 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The narrative approach of volume one?s first part is supplemented by three more thematic sections. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Theatres of War)] TJ ET BT 112.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the three European fronts and the Ottoman are analysed in a broadly narrative manner, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(usefully burrowing deeper into issues raised in the earlier overtly chronological chapters. Both Paul )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kennedy?s chapter on the war at sea, and John H. Morrow Jr.?s chapter on the air war veer more to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thematic while maintaining a chronological spine. One is reminded of the Muse de l?Arme in Paris, with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its progress through technological change year by year. Gary Sheffield and Stephen Badsey provide a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(valuable analysis of the strategic command problems across theatres. They highlight the extent to which the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(First World War saw problems which had never been seen before due to the scale of industrialised warfare, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and would not be seen in the same way in future wars due to post-war developments. Part three moves )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beyond Europe to address the global war, both in terms of imperialism in general, and with specific chapters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on Asia, Africa, the Ottoman Empire, and the Americas. Running through all these chapters is the thread that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the war was to have long-term global consequences, indeed right down to the end of the Soviet Empire in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early 1990s. Some of the chapters which are most likely to challenge students to think beyond the more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditional approaches to the war are in the final section of volume one, dealing with issues such as atrocities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and law. John Horne writes effectively about the end of the distinction between soldier and civilian, pointing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out that related issues would re-emerge in response to the Second World War \(p. 584\). Indeed, the issue?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reach goes far beyond that and is one faced across the globe by thousands if not millions today.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Volume two deals with issues around )] TJ ET BT 216.668 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The State)] TJ ET BT 261.668 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: politics, armed forces \(crossing over with several chapters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in volume one\), the economics of war, and peace-making, in a further 24 chapters. Winter sets out the aim of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the volume as being to tell the story of the war ?as a test of state and imperial power? \(p. 1\). It is also a story )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(state/imperial collapse, and above all of change and growth in the role of states as they sought to organise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(life within their borders in unprecedented ways. A crucial chapter in the section on politics is Stig Frster?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on ?Civil-military relations?. A series of short case studies on major combatants explores the veracity of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clausewitz?s argument that war was politics ?carried on with other means? \(p. 92\), and examines the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conflicts between military and civil power. Where victory was gained, Frster concludes, it was ?in part by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sheer luck? \(p. 125\). In part two, on the armed forces, it is recognised that supposedly new trends such as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(use of heavy artillery had been developed in some cases 50 years earlier. However, the First World War saw )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their application on an unseen scale, with new intensity and the dominance of defensive warfare over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defensive \(p. 148\). These factors made the ?ideological conflict? discussed in Alexander Watson?s chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on morale a new and important dimension of the war. They also saw the logistics discussed by Ian Brown )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more demanding than ever before in wartime.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part three examines the ?sinews? of war: economics, workers, cities, agriculture, finance and science, with a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theme of strain \(on war economies\) throughout. In these areas, as Antoine Prost points out, ?The Allied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nations retained their legitimacy because they had won the war on the home front and on the battle front.? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(357\) Stefan Goebel thoughtfully links wartime cities to ?Commemorative cityscapes? as recently as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?memory boom? of the 1990s \(pp. 377?81\) The final section of volume two deals with attempts to find )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peace, with Gerd Krumeich reminding us that throughout the war, all belligerents claimed to be sincere )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peace-seekers. More than any other section of the three volumes this one recognises that much more work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(needs to be done on its subject matter. Krumeich urges future researchers to focus on ?mental frameworks or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(mentalits)] TJ ET BT 83.348 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? to help understand more about the failure of peace efforts. Should that happen, it will be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting to see whether much can be said to challenge the view put forward by, for example, David )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stevenson, that no side gave up hope of winning at crucial stages of the war when they might have done.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 536.936 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 536.936 174.579 m 550.928 174.579 l S endstream endobj 27 0 obj [25 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 536.9357 174.8935 550.9277 186.7735 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 7271 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps the greatest service done by the publication is in volume three, )] TJ ET BT 378.296 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Civil Society)] TJ ET BT 439.292 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, where the issues )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tackled are those which are often much harder to find work on than, for example, generalship or the causes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of war. The material drawn on in volume three is far more likely to be found in a very wide range of journals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(often not history ones as such\), or in edited volumes with a small circulation. Certainly for anyone teaching )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the First World War at university level, this volume will be an invaluable shortcut around limited library )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(budgets. The most marked example of that is probably Anne Rasmussen?s chapter in the )] TJ ET BT 462.956 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bodies in pain)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(section on ?The Spanish flu?, a truly global feature of the war. However, the same can be said of the other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(five sections covering private life, gender, populations, culture, and outcomes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Highlights from volume three include two pieces translated from French which draw on much work not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(available in English: Manon Pignot on children, and Nicolas Beaupr on ?Soldier-writers and poets?. Adrian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gregory?s ?Beliefs and religion? assesses the war?s impact on religion, with much of interest on the ways in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which those of faith both endured the war and carried out acts seemingly at odds with their beliefs. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concluding section includes an important chapter on the living, so often forgotten in today?s popular mind )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and often unduly neglected even by many historians. In this chapter John Horne points out that, ?The dead ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defined the living? \(p. 592\), but the ways in which that happened were heavily mediated by the result of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war. If the result justified the sacrifice, then that not only affected how the dead were seen, but also how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those who served viewed their own experiences. That was partly affected by different judgements made by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people about when the war had ended \(p. 617\), a theme running through so many of chapters in all three )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volumes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aside from the subject sections in each volume, all three contain well presented illustrations, many of which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will be unfamiliar even to specialists. These are accompanied by visual essays, and each chapter is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accompanied by a short bibliographical essay. It is unclear whether the essay format will be the most useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(format for those looking to find titles. By its nature, such a book includes references under some fairly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unpredictable themes and over three volumes. One of the few criticisms which can be made of this project, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and it is a very small one, is that perhaps a more traditional bibliography, under a more limited list of subject )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(headings, would have been a little more user-friendly.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This leads to a question as to whether this magnificent achievement will get the use it deserves simply )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because of its price. Retailing at 90 a volume, or 240 for the set, this is going to be beyond almost all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individuals, even specialists in relevant fields. For some libraries it will be a subject of discussion rather than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an automatic purchase. At the very least, CUP need to rush out paperback editions for something closer to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the price of its )] TJ ET BT 106.004 320.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Capital Cities at War)] TJ ET BT 209.024 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( series which are broadly comparable in length. But the reality is that for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many potential readers one or a few articles in most volumes will be all they will wish to purchase for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regular use. That raises a question for publishers about these sorts of volumes. As a reader and reviewer, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there is something special about owning such an important and well produced collection, but one has to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wonder whether the future is not digital for such volumes? Perhaps making individual chapters or sections )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(downloadable for, say, 5 a chapter or some multiple thereof for sections, might be more effective at giving )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the work the attention and impact it deserves.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Notwithstanding such considerations for the publisher, the three-volume series )] TJ ET BT 414.632 208.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Cambridge History of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the Great War)] TJ ET BT 103.340 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is an astonishing achievement. It is a comprehensive, insightful and challenging collection, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beautifully produced. The range of authors is impressive. Some edited volumes can drift towards nepotism, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but these truly reach across the profession and the editorial committee is to be commended on that. New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work will be produced in the next few years which will revise some of the conclusions of the chapters in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these volumes. There will also be new dimensions on remembrance, not least because the digital revolution )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will profoundly affect the ways in which the public engages with remembrance of the war, especially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through genealogy. However, those developments are still to take place and even when they have done, these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(three volumes will remain an important testimony to the fourth generation of First World War historians. If )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there is ever a fifth generation, it will owe a considerable debt to its forebears.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R 42 0 R 44 0 R ] /Contents 33 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Length 3178 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 775.827 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 745.210 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 745.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christopher Clark, )] TJ ET BT 156.344 745.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Sleepwalkers: How Europe Went to War in 1914)] TJ ET BT 411.656 745.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2012\); Sean )] TJ ET BT 64.016 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McMeekin, )] TJ ET BT 122.672 730.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(July 1914: Countdown to War)] TJ ET BT 268.004 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2013\) and )] TJ ET BT 369.656 730.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Russian Origins of the First World )] TJ ET BT 64.016 716.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(War)] TJ ET BT 84.680 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, MA, 2013\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 207.332 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 207.332 715.299 m 261.320 715.299 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 702.442 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William Philpott, )] TJ ET BT 150.368 702.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bloody Victory: The Sacrifice on the Somme)] TJ ET BT 363.668 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2010\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 444.992 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 444.992 701.043 m 498.980 701.043 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 688.186 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Heather Jones, )] TJ ET BT 137.660 688.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Violence against Prisoners of War in the First World War: Britain, France and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 673.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Germany, 1914?1920)] TJ ET BT 168.668 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 2011\); Catriona Pennell, )] TJ ET BT 355.652 673.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Kingdom United: Popular Responses to )] TJ ET BT 64.016 659.669 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the Outbreak of the First World War in Britain and Ireland)] TJ ET BT 348.680 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 2012\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 427.328 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 427.328 658.275 m 481.316 658.275 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 645.418 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Stevenson, )] TJ ET BT 151.676 645.413 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1914?1918: The History of the First World War)] TJ ET BT 382.676 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2004\), pp. 320?70.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 523.328 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 523.328 644.019 m 550.988 644.019 l S BT 64.016 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 629.763 m 90.344 629.763 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 614.431 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 596.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 596.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1618)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 595.257 m 328.316 595.257 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 570.280 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 555.880 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/71507)] TJ ET endstream endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 207.3317 715.6135 261.3197 727.4935 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 444.9917 701.3575 498.9797 713.2375 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 427.3277 658.5895 481.3157 670.4695 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 523.3277 644.3335 550.9877 656.2135 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 630.0775 90.3437 641.9575 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 595.5715 328.3157 607.4515 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1618) >> endobj xref 0 46 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000550 00000 n 0000000646 00000 n 0000005091 00000 n 0000005200 00000 n 0000005310 00000 n 0000005419 00000 n 0000008980 00000 n 0000009108 00000 n 0000009192 00000 n 0000009221 00000 n 0000009348 00000 n 0000009384 00000 n 0000009413 00000 n 0000009539 00000 n 0000009575 00000 n 0000009659 00000 n 0000017934 00000 n 0000017964 00000 n 0000018092 00000 n 0000018128 00000 n 0000018212 00000 n 0000024920 00000 n 0000024950 00000 n 0000025078 00000 n 0000025114 00000 n 0000025179 00000 n 0000032503 00000 n 0000032622 00000 n 0000035853 00000 n 0000035981 00000 n 0000036036 00000 n 0000036164 00000 n 0000036219 00000 n 0000036347 00000 n 0000036402 00000 n 0000036530 00000 n 0000036585 00000 n 0000036711 00000 n 0000036766 00000 n 0000036894 00000 n trailer << /Size 46 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 36990 %%EOF