%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141221070344+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141221070344+00'00') /Title (Consumers and Luxury: Consumer Culture in Europe 1650-1850) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4578 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Consumers and Luxury: Consumer Culture in Europe 1650-1850)] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Economists are peculiar people. They all recognise the importance of consumption, but most seem loath )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to discuss the details. Occasional general observations might be made, such as those contained in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theories of marginal utility or the elasticity of demand, but specific goods are only mentioned in a number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(asides which seem to reflect more the tastes and prejudices of the economist than some objective criterion of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worth or value. In fact, economists could be quite fussy shoppers: John Stuart Mill did not like pineapples or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(champagne, though he was quite keen on work coats; Alfred Marshall preferred cabbage to green peas in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(month of March; and William Thompson desired more hearty bread instead of ?prancing horses and gay )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clothing?. No wonder current introductory textbooks prefer the homogenous ?utils? to this riot of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(idiosyncrasy. Instead, cultural critics ? and British ones especially ? are given the task of telling consumers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what to buy. John Ruskin and William Morris drew up lengthy shopping lists of virtuous taste for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(working classes, J. B. Priestley explained exactly where to buy the best tobacco, and George Orwell even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(informed his unfortunate readers on how to make a decent cup of tea.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Delving into this detail is what Berg and Clifford?s edited collection is all about. In the eleven chapters an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis can be found of coffee and sugar, tulips and colours, jewellery and silver plate, food and clothing, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paintings and travel guides, and a whole host of fashionable items commercially produced for the first time )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the eighteenth century. Together, the contributions seek to extend the work on the concept of luxury and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examine how it was applied to discussions of the middling orders from the late seventeenth to the early-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nineteenth centuries. )] TJ ET BT 136.328 75.995 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Consumers and Luxury)] TJ ET BT 248.324 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( sees the concept of luxury not as a problem in political thought )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or as a literary issue, but as a very real and practical contemporary discussion about the meaning of goods )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(162)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 1 January, 2001)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Maxine Berg)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Helen Clifford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1999)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(272pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matthew Hilton)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7527 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and their social function for those who were neither elites nor plebeians. In their introduction, Berg and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clifford consider such an approach as part of a new interdisciplinary project which owes much to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influential edited collections of John Brewer and his various collaborators. Here, in a conspicuous case of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academic fratricide, they deliberately fail to mention the bouncing, spending, emulating, baby of Neil )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McKendrick?s prolonged metaphor in his contributions to )] TJ ET BT 315.656 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Birth of Consumer Society)] TJ ET BT 463.652 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Instead, in a rich )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussion of Adam Smith, Daniel Defoe and Malachy Postlethwayt, they argue that ?alongside a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary debate on luxury, social and economic writers of the period were investigating the class )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structures, psychological assumptions and aesthetic values which underlay a widely observed expansion of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumer expenditure? \(10\). The means to understand consumer society in the eighteenth century, therefore, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is not to ascribe some monocausal explanation to economic change, but to examine the complex variety of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(associations attached to goods and their users at a time when the numbers of both consumers and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commodities expanded enormously.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The three best essays in the collection are grouped together in an opening section on ?luxury and necessity?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Neil De Marchi attempts to resolve the apparent contradiction in Adam Smith?s recognition of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(importance of consumption ?as the sole end and purpose of all production? and his personal high-handed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dismissal of the ?trinkets? and ?baubles? of commerce \(he was even ready to burn his pants on a point of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(principle\). Speculatively, yet persuasively, we are told that Smith was in fact able to maintain a coherent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attitude to consumption: fashionable goods he may have found ?frivolous and useless? but largely harmless; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(savings and expensive possessions were useful since they could be exchanged for living labour at some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(future date; and, according to what De Marchi calls the principle of ?fitness?, Smith could appreciate the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(virtues of skill and ingenuity in goods and the application of mental invention to produce useful objects. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what is, whatever the title may suggest, largely an anglocentric volume, Rebecca Spang and Colin Jones )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extend the field of inquiry to France. Combining both an intelligent analysis of the archival detail and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(masterly grasp of the scholarly debates, they demonstrate the fluctuating boundary between necessity and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(luxury throughout the eighteenth century, so that even the most heroic revolutionaries and renouncers of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(luxury were possessors of many goods and were acutely fashion conscious. It was the middling rank of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(goods that had become important: riots were not about the price of bread but over sugar and coffee; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robespierre always needed his hair powder; and the sans-culottes could not imagine life )] TJ ET BT 460.940 373.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sans tabac)] TJ ET BT 511.940 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The most comprehensive overview of new goods and their middling consumers is offered in Berg?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individual chapter on what she identifies as semi-luxuries. These were not simply the psychoactive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(substances of Goodman, Lovejoy and Sherrat?s )] TJ ET BT 265.640 292.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Drugs in History)] TJ ET BT 346.976 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the exotic produce of James Walvin?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fruits of Empire)] TJ ET BT 114.020 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, or the )] TJ ET BT 150.680 278.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(genusmittel)] TJ ET BT 206.012 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of Wolfgang Schivelbusch?s )] TJ ET BT 349.988 278.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tastes of Paradise)] TJ ET BT 439.328 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. They were printed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(calicoes, light furnishings, ceramics and glass, clocks and watches and countless decorative objects ? goods )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which had appeared formerly as luxuries but had been ?imitated? by British manufacturers for a wider )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(market. ?Imitation? in production was not done simply to encourage emulation, since it also involved the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adaptation of ancient or exotic principals and designs, stimulating novelty and invention. Berg thus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduces a potentially important concept, but it requires much further elaboration to be entirely convincing, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(though we can usefully add it to the other studies which have demonstrated the range of reasons accounting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for middle-class taste in the eighteenth century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At this point in the book, the subjects for analysis begin to shoot off in all directions, though a few remain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(committed to the editors? aim of exploring luxury and the middling orders. Emma Spary provides a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fascinating examination of the debates over food in post-revolutionary France, at a time of the rise of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bourgeois consumer. Bringing together the history of science, culture and politics, she is able to make )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convincing claims such as the following: the language of food ?had a genuine political message: hunger )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(created an honesty which prevailed over the contrived excesses of Republican heroes, ancient or modern; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(food unravelled the tightly controlled self-representations of Sparta and exposed them as absurd.? Helen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clifford, in a meticulously researched contribution on precious metalwork in early modern England, argues )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7413 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that there was an important shift in attitudes from valuing silver for its intrinsic quantitative worth to one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where craftsmanship and decoration could be appreciated on the less-expensive silver plated decorations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the fashionable urban tea-table. Stena Nenadic, following Colin Campbell?s )] TJ ET BT 402.296 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Romantic Ethic)] TJ ET BT 476.624 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, takes the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(debates into the nineteenth century. She neatly sets out the range of books, pianos, tourist routes, art manuals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and nationalist ideas through which the middle classes could consume a Biedermeier version of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domesticated Romanticism in which the fashionable literary concerns with loss \(of love, of life, of riches, of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(causes\) could be resolved through material possessions rather than religious belief. Charlotte Klonk brings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the volume to a close with an examination of London?s National Gallery. In such nineteenth-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(institutions, art no longer served the rather aristocratic function of improving sensory and social refinement. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Instead, it was said to improve morally its middle-class observers, both through raising consciousness to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(higher purpose in life abstracted from daily reality and by creating an awareness of the nation?s artistic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(achievements.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Many of the other essays, however, do not seem to tie in so closely with the editor?s concerns and could well )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been published in any number of the collections that have appeared on the eighteenth century in recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(years. Indeed, the articles by Marcia Pointon \(on jewellery\) and Fiona Ffoulkes \(on fashion and luxury )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clothing\) return to the social elites as the focus of their studies. Pointon principally considers mourning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rings, night earrings and buckles for stays and, although she repeats the consumer culturalists? mantra that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there is more to commodity-use than the conspicuous displays of Veblen and Bourdieu?s analyses, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frequency of diamonds and gold in her objects suggests a limited social diffusion which is, in any case, not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussed. At times, the fashion historian Ffoulkes? article descends into a list of the nobles, queens and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empresses of Europe catered for by the exceptionally elite Parisien )] TJ ET BT 357.272 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(marchand des modes)] TJ ET BT 458.588 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Louis Hippolyte )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(LeRoy. Two further articles by Bianchi \(on tulips\) and Lowengard \(on colour\) hardly offer profound insights )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into consumption. Bianchi tells us that novelty is a crucial stimulant to consumption and Lowengard proves )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the past was not in black and white since colour was important in the eighteenth century too. No doubt )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the latter?s ongoing research will produce a useful and welcome contribution to the growing history of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(senses, but the former?s lack of research suggests that her contribution was essentially a means to voice a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(criticism of economists than to offer a historical essay. Her point is that economists have failed to take )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account of novelty since they dismiss it as irrational ? that may be so, but does she really expect them to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incorporate such a concept into their models?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Consumers and Luxury)] TJ ET BT 146.012 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is the result of the first workshop \(in 1996\) organised by the Warwick Eighteenth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Century Research Centre. As such, we can expect more publications on their ?luxury project? which are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(committed to the editors? agenda of making the middling orders the principal focus of intellectual and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literary history, but also of cultural and economic history. However, the project is by no means as distinctive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as is made out in the introduction. Since that workshop was held, several important contributions have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emerged which offer similar analyses, most significantly Victoria de Grazia and Ellen Furlough?s )] TJ ET BT 506.600 235.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Sex of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Things)] TJ ET BT 66.692 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Berg and Clifford?s collection is thus unlikely to achieve the same status as Brewer and Porter?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Consumption and the World of Goods.)] TJ ET BT 219.356 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Other universities have also created their own interdisciplinary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eighteenth-century studies departments and the publication of a source book ? E. Mackie, )] TJ ET BT 466.268 192.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Commerce of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Everyday Life: Selections from ?The Tatler? and ?The Spectator? - )] TJ ET BT 360.656 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggests that the interest in the middling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(orders is by no means confined to Warwick. But in the core of essays based around the editors? main )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concerns, )] TJ ET BT 82.664 149.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Consumers and Luxury)] TJ ET BT 194.660 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( offers some high quality research and a number of ideas \(principally: De )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marchi on Smith and ?fitness?; Spang and Jones? stress on the fluctuating boundary between necessity and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(luxury; and Berg?s emphasis on ?imitation?\) that deserve to be read and tested by further research in future )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(years. Berg and Clifford are to be praised for making more ?real? the rather too abstract categories of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eighteenth-century political and economic thought.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 604 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 805.999 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 788.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 788.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/162)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 786.825 m 322.316 786.825 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 761.848 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 747.448 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/809)] TJ ET BT 34.016 733.048 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 787.1395 322.3157 799.0195 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/162) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000561 00000 n 0000000643 00000 n 0000005273 00000 n 0000005382 00000 n 0000005492 00000 n 0000005601 00000 n 0000009162 00000 n 0000009290 00000 n 0000009374 00000 n 0000009439 00000 n 0000017019 00000 n 0000017084 00000 n 0000024550 00000 n 0000024634 00000 n 0000025290 00000 n 0000025418 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 25513 %%EOF