%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R 35 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150901020102+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150901020102+01'00') /Title (Women and English Piracy, 1540-1720: Partners and Victims of Crime) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4396 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Women and English Piracy, 1540-1720: Partners and Victims of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Crime)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the last two decades numerous maritime historians have answered Daniel Vicker's call ?to integrate what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(we now know about life at sea with our increasingly sophisticated understanding of life in port?, and began )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(researching the complex connections between life aboard ships and societies ashore.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 438.920 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 438.920 207.777 m 452.912 207.777 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 452.912 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The followers of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?new maritime history? have challenged the stereotype of the distinctly masculine sailor ?Jack Tar?, living )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(largely in isolation from society, and produced a rich amount of research on hitherto neglected or little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explored topics such as gender, sexuality, the role of women in maritime enterprises, and the complex )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domestic ties of seafarers.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 158.648 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 158.648 150.753 m 172.640 150.753 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 172.640 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( While the topic of piracy has attracted much attention from scholars, little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research has been done on the experiences of women with piracy ? besides a few studies about famous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(female pirates such as Anne Bonny and Mary Read. John C. Appleby's )] TJ ET BT 377.456 123.635 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women and English Piracy)] TJ ET BT 509.108 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( sets out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to fill these gaps and explores how the lives of early modern women intersected in various and nuanced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ways with maritime plundering.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book is clearly structured into five chapters, with a brief introduction and an epilogue. The first chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provides the context for the followings analysis of female experiences of piracy and offers a broad )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1632)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 31 July, 2014)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John C. Appleby)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781843838692)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(280pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Boydell Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.boydellandbrewer.com/store/viewItem.asp?idProduct=14339)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Woodbridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Daniel Lange)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 438.9197 208.0915 452.9117 219.9715 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 158.6477 151.0675 172.6397 162.9475 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7577 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chronological survey on English piracy, including small-scale coastal plundering as well as river piracy in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and around the British Isles in the mid-16th century, the long-distance plundering voyages in the Atlantic at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the end of the century, the buccaneering and privateering expeditions against the Catholic Spanish Empire in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Caribbean in the second half of the 17th century, the pillaging voyages of American sailors around the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tip of Africa into the Indian Ocean in the 1690s, and the short-lived peak of radical piracy in the Atlantic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(after the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. Appreciating the permeable and repeatedly shifting boundary between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illicit piracy and licit reprisal ventures, the study applies a broad understanding of piracy and considers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(various forms of seaborne plundering. Appleby has published widely on piracy, particularly in the Tudor and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jacobean era, and the chapter clearly demonstrates his vast knowledge on the subject.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second chapter focuses on the dense socio-economic integration of piracy within coastal communities in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 16th and early 17th century. Appleby starts the chapter with the story of the pirate John Piers, captured in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dorset in 1582, and his mother Anne, who was not only accused of fencing her son's plunder but also of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(witchcraft, thus providing a striking example of the criminal partnership between male pirates and female )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supporters. Although early modern piracy was a highly gendered criminal activity and direct involvement of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women in maritime raiding was extremely rare, the chapter shows that women maintained and supported )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(piracy in diverse ways. Working mainly with legal records from the High Court of Admiralty and official )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(correspondence from the State Papers, Appleby discusses how wives, mothers and widows acted as receivers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and dealers of stolen goods along the coasts of England, Wales and Ireland. Although the number of women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supporting pirates was rather small and their activities were part of wider patterns of local support for piracy, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their involvement is an intriguing example of female agency in relation to piracy. Yet, their activities often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(put them at great risks. Anne Piers was cleared of the allegations of witchcraft in the following official )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(investigation, but the accusations against her illustrate the particular vulnerability of women in such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(partnerships.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The commercial relations between pirates and women often emerged out of existing family bonds. Like most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sailors, many pirates had a wife and a family ashore and a respectable number of them maintained these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domestic relations and a sense of responsibility even when they were thousands of miles away. Some of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these men went through considerable efforts to provide for their family and used existing seafaring networks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to send home gifts or parts of their booty. In return, some wives and female relatives of pirates tried to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(protect their loved ones by helping them to escape arrest or to conceal their stolen goods, thus becoming )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accessories in crime. The chapter provides various examples of female agency and female victimisation and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrates the ambiguous relationship between women and piracy.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the following chapter, Appleby observes a general ?narrowing of female agency? \(p. 88\) as a result of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considerable changes the character of piracy underwent during the 17th century. It was particularly the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(growth of long-distance plundering that caused a growing social and economic detachment of pirates from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English maritime communities and stretched their domestic relations, although some pirates still retained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(close bounds to their wives and families ? as, for example, a letter by Charles Swan suggests. Chasing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spanish treasure galleons in the Pacific in the 1680s, he wrote to his father in England asking him to assure )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his wife of his enduring love and care. The relations between pirates and women became even more unstable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the increasing criminalisation of maritime plundering and prosecution of pirates in the late 17th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century. Authorities began to collect information about the domestic relations and marital circumstances of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pirates in order to locate the criminals' whereabouts, as in the case of the manhunt that London officials )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(launched on Henry Every and his crew after their attack on the Indian treasure ship )] TJ ET BT 435.572 175.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ganj-i-Sawai )] TJ ET BT 503.240 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mouth of the Red Sea in 1695. Another factor that, according to Appleby, further diminished the agency of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women was the development of the distinct masculine and boisterous buccaneering culture in the Caribbean, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which often reduced the roles of women to that of temporary sexual partners, prostitutes and victims. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was also the case with the opportunistic and short-term liaisons pirates developed with native women in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Caribbean, the Pacific and around Africa when they began ?sailing the globe in search of plunder and sex? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 101\). While such cross-cultural contacts are particularly difficult to assess due to the sparse and often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fragmented historical evidence, travel narratives suggest that these kinds of relationships were often highly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploitative. Nevertheless, Appleby argues that the situation was more complex, but not necessarily less )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7629 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambiguous, in Madagascar where several pirates settled down in the late 17th and early 18th century. There, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the relations with native women were usually part of wider patterns of trade and contacts that these pirates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(established with the local Malagasy, and marital arrangements could help them to gain access to local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(societies and economic networks.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another, short-lived form of relationship that Appleby discusses in chapters two and three are the frequent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contacts between pirates and prostitutes, providing us with anecdotes of pirates who lavished all their booty )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within days on alcohol and sex. However, a considerable number of similar descriptions of squandering and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(promiscuous behaviour can be found about ordinary sailors who returned to a port town after months or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(years at sea without seeing a woman. Appleby thus rightly reminds us that the relations between pirates and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prostitutes ?operated within the broader context of seafaring culture and community? \(p. 75\). Similar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considerations might also be applicable to other observations Appleby makes about piracy and women. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instance, the increase of long-distance seafaring ventures in the 17th century stretched the domestic relations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of many ordinary seafarers as well ? it would have thus been interesting to discuss the impact of long-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distance plundering on the relations of pirates in this broader context. In the end, piracy was often an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opportunistic activity that ordinary sailors pursued for a short time before returning to other, less violent, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maritime occupations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A refreshing and insightful perspective on female agency is offered in chapter four when Appleby examines )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the upsurge of North-African piracy in the 17th century and its impact on English women. Although only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(few women were taken captive themselves, the captivity of their seafaring husbands and sons had profound )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic \(and emotional\) consequences for hundreds of English women. The chapter shows that a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surprising number of women were petitioning to the Privy Council, the parliament, or the local magistrate to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(raise attention for their severe circumstances and gain assistance in the redemption of their husbands or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relatives. However, the petitions to the Trinity House of Deptford suggests that these channels of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communication were largely limited to women of higher social status, as the petitioners were usually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(partners or relatives of respected members of the maritime communities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Despite these examples of female agency, Appleby observes a growing victimisation of women as results of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the changing characteristic of piracy during the later 17th and early 18th century. He argues that it was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularly the decline of localised piracy with its close link to coastal communities and the generally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shifting attitudes in society towards maritime plundering that caused the relations between pirates and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women to become ?increasingly arbitrary and ambivalent? \(p. 123\). Providing a number of examples, largely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from sensationalised or even partially fictionalised accounts such as A. O. Exquemelin's )] TJ ET BT 460.112 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Buccaneers of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(America )] TJ ET BT 77.672 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or Charles Johnson's )] TJ ET BT 179.492 318.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(General History of Pyrates, )] TJ ET BT 315.812 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Appleby suggests that a ?growing number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women suffered pirate violence more directly' \(p. 169\). However, given the scant amount of sources and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highly ambivalent nature of the remaining historical evidence, Appleby duly admits that the extent of pirate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(violence against women is in the end impossible to estimate.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The last chapter discusses the active involvement of women in piracy and debunks some of the popular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(myths about the famous female pirates Grainne O'Malley, Mary Read and Anne Bonny. Born as daughter of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a chieftain of a clan with a long tradition in maritime plundering, O'Malley has been portrayed as a fierce )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(warrior battling the English colonial invaders in the 16th century. While she figures prominently in folklore )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of later centuries as Irish rebel and pirate queen, Appleby suggests that her piratical activities may have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(less spectacular and of rather little significance as she is barely mentioned in contemporary Gaelic sources )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and most surviving contemporary accounts are written from a condescending English perspective. A similar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argument is made for Anne Bonny and Mary Read, who attained lasting fame through their sensationalised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(portrayal in Johnson's )] TJ ET BT 141.836 135.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(General History of Pyrates)] TJ ET BT 272.156 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. While trial records confirm the involvement of the two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women dressed in men's clothing in a short and little successful pirate raid under Jack Rackam in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Caribbean in 1720, Johnson's entertaining collection of pirate biographies invents picaresque background )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stories and dramatises their behaviour as bolder and more masculine than that of their male crewmates. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, eyewitness accounts of their pirate raids offer a contrary picture and describe the role of the two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women as merely auxiliary. They also suggest that their cross-dressing was rather a practical necessity and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(did neither serve as lasting masquerade nor as expression of a fluid gender identity. Appleby thus argues that )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 27 0 R 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 7941 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Johnson's image of Bonny and Reid was intended to shock and entertain readers by challenging existing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gender norms. In the end, the early modern sailing vessel was a highly gendered social space, characterised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by masculinity, and it is thus little surprising when Appleby concludes ?that women's direct participation in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(piracy was an exceptional occurrence? \(p. 223\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women and English Piracy )] TJ ET BT 168.668 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrates a complex pattern of multi-faceted and ambiguous relations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between women and piracy. The books findings are supported by an index, six maps and seven illustrations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? yet, one has to wonder why the popular print of Stede Bonnet's execution in Charleston in 1718, showing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(several women among the spectators, is not included even though Appleby discusses this particular image at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some length in his introduction. More problematic is that the actual subject of his book ? women?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience with piracy ? is hardly touched upon in the 42-page first chapter which provides important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context for the following analysis but takes up almost one-fifth of the book. It might have been helpful to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(divide the chapter up completely and provide the necessary context separately in the relevant chapters; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps this may have also avoided a few redundancies.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The brief introduction \(seven pages\) would have certainly benefited of a more detailed discussion of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book's key terms. Appleby is rightly careful in acknowledging the shifting and permeable boundary between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illicit piracy and licit private reprisal ventures and points out that ?Caribbean plunder was characterized by a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deep-seated confusion between buccaneering, privateering and piratical activity? \(p. 207\). However, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confusion about these activities and the appropriate terminology did not end with contemporaries and still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(affects most recent scholarly works on piracy. As with numerous historians before him, Appleby )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anachronistically applies the term ?privateering? to private reprisal ventures in the 16th and early 17th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century \(e.g., p. 26\), even though the term only came into existence during the Dutch Wars in the 1650s and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1660s when the High Court of Admiralty began issuing a new form of commissions to private warships ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(now called ?privateers?. The grand naval historian N. A. M. Rodger recently warned of such confusion in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terminology of early modern naval warfare and urged all historians to pay more attention to the deeply )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intertwined issues of language and law in order to achieve a better description and understanding of piracy.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 414.675 m 48.008 414.675 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.008 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( A clearer outline of terminology might have also helped the reader to understand why Appleby includes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grain seizures on the river Thames into his considerations of piratical activities, even though these actions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were, as he makes clear, not even considered piracy by the victims of the attacks.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Despite these very minor issues, )] TJ ET BT 191.996 361.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women and English Piracy )] TJ ET BT 326.648 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a well written, insightful, and long-overdue )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(study of the various roles women played as supporters and accessories of pirates, uncovering an ? at times ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surprising range of female agency. Appleby successfully demonstrates that collaborative relations with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women were usually part of the broader patterns of support sea rovers received in maritime communities and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that women's involvement was usually motivated by family relations, showing that economic integration and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domestic relations often went along in the seafaring world. His observation that female agency diminished )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the changing nature of piracy at the end of the 17th century is plausible, even though his argument has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to rely on ambivalent sources due to the lack of other historical evidence. In sum, Appleby not only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(successfully uncovers the often-overlooked involvement of women in piracy, he also clearly demonstrates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how closely maritime plundering was intertwined with the societies ashore.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 198.099 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 167.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 167.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Daniel Vickers, 'Beyond Jack Tar', )] TJ ET BT 233.960 167.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The William and Mary Quarterly)] TJ ET BT 393.284 167.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 50 \(1993\), 418?24.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 490.604 167.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 490.604 166.083 m 544.592 166.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 153.226 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 153.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Some of the most notable works include Margaret S. Creighton and Lisa Norling, )] TJ ET BT 458.312 153.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Iron Men, Wooden )] TJ ET BT 64.016 138.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women: Gender and Seafaring in the Atlantic World, 1700?1920)] TJ ET BT 377.660 138.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Baltimore, MD, 1996\); Margarette )] TJ ET BT 64.016 124.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lincoln, )] TJ ET BT 107.348 124.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Naval Wives and Mistresses)] TJ ET BT 242.336 124.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2007\); Cheryl A. Fury, 'Seamen?s wives and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 110.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(widows', in )] TJ ET BT 121.844 110.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Social History of English Seamen, 1485-1649)] TJ ET BT 362.168 110.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Cheryl A. Fury \(Woodbridge, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012\), pp. 253?75.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 154.340 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 154.340 94.803 m 208.328 94.803 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 81.946 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 81.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(N. A. M. Rodger, 'The law and language of private naval warfare', )] TJ ET BT 385.244 81.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Mariner?s Mirror)] TJ ET BT 493.244 81.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 100 \(2014\), )] TJ ET BT 64.016 67.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5?16.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 90.344 67.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 90.344 66.291 m 144.332 66.291 l S endstream endobj 26 0 obj [24 0 R /Fit] endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 414.9895 48.0077 426.8695 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 490.6037 166.3975 544.5917 178.2775 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 154.3397 95.1175 208.3277 106.9975 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 90.3437 66.6055 144.3317 78.4855 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 26 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 37 0 R ] /Contents 36 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Length 685 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is pleased to accept this review without any further comment.)] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 767.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 749.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 749.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1632)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 748.569 m 328.316 748.569 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 723.592 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 709.192 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/90863)] TJ ET endstream endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 748.8835 328.3157 760.7635 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1632) >> endobj xref 0 39 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000576 00000 n 0000000672 00000 n 0000005120 00000 n 0000005229 00000 n 0000005339 00000 n 0000005448 00000 n 0000009009 00000 n 0000009137 00000 n 0000009221 00000 n 0000009250 00000 n 0000009378 00000 n 0000009414 00000 n 0000009443 00000 n 0000009571 00000 n 0000009607 00000 n 0000009672 00000 n 0000017302 00000 n 0000017367 00000 n 0000025049 00000 n 0000025154 00000 n 0000033148 00000 n 0000033178 00000 n 0000033304 00000 n 0000033340 00000 n 0000033468 00000 n 0000033523 00000 n 0000033650 00000 n 0000033705 00000 n 0000033830 00000 n 0000033885 00000 n 0000033969 00000 n 0000034706 00000 n 0000034834 00000 n trailer << /Size 39 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 34930 %%EOF