%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140922010456+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140922010456+01'00') /Title (German National Identity after the Holocaust) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4588 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(German National Identity after the Holocaust)] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is an admirable feat of constructive compression. It achieves synthesis without sacrificing clarity, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(feature that has become one of the author's hallmarks. What makes this book the more impressive is that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within small confines it argues so effectively against reductionism in the study of national identity. To begin )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with one of Fulbrook's conclusions, we see that, contrary to the beliefs of Germanophobes on the terraces in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(international football matches and in Westminster, the German nationalism\(s\) of today are as much shaped )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by unification as )] TJ ET BT 117.008 244.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(vice versa)] TJ ET BT 165.320 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. National identity, it follows from this collection of diverse thematic and case )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies, may not therefore be considered static, and it is certainly not monolithic. Rather it evolves along a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(multitude of trajectories, and is more the collective product of smaller, sometimes amorphous communities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than of the simple dichotomies - particularly the east-west one with which readers will be best acquainted - )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that have all too frequently been presented to us.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For a start it is good to read someone taking the GDR 'seriously'. This has happened too rarely since 1989 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with its comfortable western assumptions about final victory in the ideological war with communism. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fulbrook's expertise in east German history means that she is capable of studying both sides of the divide )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with equal precision, and thus she does not settle for what is effectively criticism of the east and admiration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the west, or for the equation of 'objectivity' and liberalism which is often inherent to that position. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advantage )] TJ ET BT 85.664 90.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(German National Identity after the Holocaust)] TJ ET BT 305.324 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has, for instance, over the work of Jeffrey Herf \()] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Divided Memory: the Nazi Past in the Two Germanies)] TJ ET BT 295.328 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) is its greater attention to detail and history from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(below. As well as the pronouncements of German elites, non-official voices are listened to extensively here, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(164)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 1 January, 2001)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mary Fulbrook)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780745610455)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1999)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(255pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Polity Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Donald Bloxham)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7566 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(if always with Fulbrook's caveats about the impossibility of garnering those elusive 'private' thoughts for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which social historians long.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clearly the process of picking and choosing from the past )] TJ ET BT 313.976 755.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(was)] TJ ET BT 332.648 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( heavily manifest in the early years of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(GDR, with the emphasis on non-Jewish, non-homosexual victims, and particularly on the communist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elements of the opposition to Nazism, beyond all proportion to the actual scale of that resistance. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Conversely, the 'sandwich principle' employed by some of the more courageous eastern historians ensured )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that beneath the Marxist gloss their works contained much that would be considered respectable beyond the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(iron curtain. As for the Federal Republic, while the official line has long been one of contrition, its citizens )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were happy to glean the message of general innocence in the crimes of Nazism from the elite-centred )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nuremberg trials in the 1940s-50s, and some of its finest scholars were prepared to swallow Helmut Kohl's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agenda of drawing a 'final line' \(Schlustrich\) under the German past in the 1980s.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One phenomenon which Fulbrook touches upon is worthy of greater enquiry. She repeatedly and correctly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mentions that the fate of the Roma and Sinti has for the most part been ignored everywhere. This is even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more true of the largest single category of victims of Nazism outside direct military combat: non-Jewish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Soviet citizens. The three million plus POWs murdered outright or indirectly, and the millions of civilians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who died as a result of bombardment, starvation, 'anti-partisan' and 'pacification' actions are almost never )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mentioned in public mantras of remembrance, right down to the multinational conference on Holocaust )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(memorialisation in Stockholm at the beginning of 2000. For obvious reasons the Jewish fate has assumed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centrality in the memory of Nazi crimes, but when so many deaths are ignored, the question arises - with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(repercussions for the development of German identity 'after the Holocaust' - as to what extent the focus upon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that genocide as a totemic moral reference point has created blinkers to other crimes against humanity. \(The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(institution of a Holocaust memorial day in Britain appears set fair to blind participants to the other murders )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Nazis and to the genocides committed elsewhere throughout the Twentieth Century.\) Insofar as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(past was reshaped on both sides of the iron curtain, however, this is yet one more illustration that the use of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('history' in 'democratic' and authoritarian regimes respectively is to be differentiated more in terms of degree )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than of nature. Fulbrook strongly reinforces that point.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As is inevitably the case in a work of this scholarly scope but of such comparatively diminutive physical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dimensions, however, there are episodes which individual readers will deem worthy of more attention, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularly if, as the book's billing informs us, it is to be of widespread use to postgraduates and established )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars as well as members of the public and advanced undergraduates. For instance, the very brief )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subsection 'contested cultural representations' \(pp. 75-77\) only really considers Rolf Hochhuth's )] TJ ET BT 497.096 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Der )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Stellvertreter)] TJ ET BT 97.340 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(The Deputy / Representative\) as contrasted over one paragraph with Peter Weiss's )] TJ ET BT 501.068 318.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Die )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ermittlung)] TJ ET BT 86.024 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(The Investigation\). These have both been examined much more extensively elsewhere, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rich vein of which they are only a small part is scarcely tapped here.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is also noteworthy that the Ulm Einsatzgruppen trial of 1958 was not the first legal accounting with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actions of those killing squads, as the author avers. \(p.69\) One of the earliest war crimes trials of the Second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(World War, conducted by the Soviet Government at Kharkov in the Ukraine in 1943, also concerned mobile )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(police units and local collaborators. More relevantly, one of the trials conducted at Nuremberg under )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American auspices subsequent to the better-known trial of Gring )] TJ ET BT 353.624 206.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(et al )] TJ ET BT 377.624 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was exclusively devoted to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Einsatzgruppen. During the war, and therefore in its immediate aftermath at least, more was probably known )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Germany about the shooting massacres of the SS and police than about the extermination camps. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(greater numbers and diversity of people - including soldiers of the Wehrmacht - directly associated with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these crimes than those of the eastern camps might be one of the several reasons why the former have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(submerged and the latter promoted in the 'memory' of genocide.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indeed, a book concerned as this is with 'landscapes of memory' \(chapter two\) would certainly have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(benefited from consideration of that roving feature of the German landscape for the past few years, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exhibition 'Vernichtungskrieg: Verbrechen der Wehrmacht 1941 bis 1944' \('War of annihilation: crimes of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Wehrmacht 1941 to 1944'\). However, the exhibition receives only cursory mention \(p. 230\) in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(closing lines of the penultimate chapter. This is arguably the most important of the many modern German )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7930 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(museums and memorial centres concerning Nazism and its crimes because more than any other didactic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(device it challenges notions of the breadth of participation in mass murder. And participation, in this case, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implicated not just out-and-out Nazis, or the SS, but also one of the pillars of pre-Nazi German society. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reactions to the exhibition - the usual liberal hand-wringing and self-abasement \(often sterile and predictably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(present at every periodic 'rediscovery' of a different element of Nazi-German criminality\), but accompanied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across a spectrum incorporating condemnations and vehement criticisms from ex-servicemen, and even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terrorist action - would both have complemented one of Fulbrook's ongoing themes about the accepted locus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of guilt in German society, and problematised further any assumption that Germany has fully 'come to terms' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the Nazi period.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Further to the point about omissions, key publications and decisions on the Berlin Holocaust memorial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presumably materialised too late for incorporation into this volume, for the shape the project has finally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assumed - incorporating plans for a vast library on the crimes of the Hitlerzeit - would to an extent nullify, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this particular case, Fulbrook's criticisms of an obsessive 'memorial culture' less concerned with questions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('sober pedagogy'. \(We might also consider here the fact that much of the most penetrating recent research on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nazi 'Vernichtungspolitik' is being conducted by non-Jewish German scholars.\) The debates around the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focus of the memorial - whether it should concern the perpetrating society or the victims - would also have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provided an interesting counterpoint to the author's earlier discussion \(pp. 40-41\) of concentration camps as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lieux de mmoire.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On a more general plane, though in the main the author's observations of dissonance are very well employed, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there is an argument for allowing some generalisations about the related processes of memory and identity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(formation. It may be the case, as the aforementioned Jeffrey Herf has argued, that the Holocaust provided no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(useful grounding for what have elsewhere been called 'foundation myths' of the post-war world; and thus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the worst parts of the Hitlerzeit would have been elided anyway, regardless of the precise, diverse )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(courses of developments on the micro level.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Similarly, we must not downplay the function fulfilled by political elites in successfully shaping and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legitimating particular interpretations of the past. The work of Norbert Frei \()] TJ ET BT 401.288 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vergangenheitspolitik: Die NS-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vergangenheit und die Anfnge der Bundesrepublik)] TJ ET BT 283.652 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), and Frank Buscher \()] TJ ET BT 391.292 389.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The US War Crimes Program in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Germany)] TJ ET BT 78.668 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET BT 85.664 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrate the key role of CDU politicians, representatives of the military and the German churches )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the 1950s in pressing for that most crassly-labelled of all political aspirations in the FRG, the 'final )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(solution of the war criminals question', when, in the first instance at least, the general public was not overly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concerned about the issue. Meanwhile, Robert Moeller \(in his )] TJ ET BT 333.632 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(War Stories: the Search for a Useable Past in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the Federal Republic of Germany)] TJ ET BT 195.320 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) has shown how adept Adenauer's government was in anticipating and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploiting concerns about German victims of the war: turning the focus on the 'Volksdeutsch' expellees from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eastern Europe, and prisoners-of-war still incarcerated in the USSR, not to mention the rapes perpetrated by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Soviet forces in 1945, provided a counterpoint of German suffering and perhaps a spurious equation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(victimhoods with Jews, while bolstering anti-communism. This agenda also anticipated some of Andreas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hilgrber's meta-contentions in the )] TJ ET BT 206.156 247.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historikerstreit)] TJ ET BT 280.160 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( arguments of a later decade, and while citing it is not to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(denigrate the very real suffering involved, or to suggest that communities were not themselves actively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mourning their own fate, it is to observe that elites did have the power markedly to alter the context in which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grieving took place, and the larger meaning attached to it. It is a fact, after all, that Armistice Day assumes a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bigger role than ever in the public consciousness in Britain today as a result of the successful campaigning of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the British legion.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fulbrook, as is her prerogative, is not though prepared to admit what she calls a 'postmodernist view' of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history. \(p. 104\) Nevertheless, she is admirably and cogently 'deconstructionist' in her dismantling of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(metanarratives of political development and public consciousness of the Nazi past. It is perhaps the chief )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strength of the book that she attacks the generalisations that were for so long )] TJ ET BT 404.624 106.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(de rigeur)] TJ ET BT 448.952 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in examinations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(national development - it is by no means to subscribe to the )] TJ ET BT 322.664 92.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sonderweg)] TJ ET BT 375.992 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( theory though to state that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germany's path through the Twentieth Century has been sufficiently singular to make it an ideal study for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the debunking of any quasi-universal explanation. \(And the opening essay 'National identity and German )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history could stand alone as an introductory survey and critique of the major trends in intellectual thought on )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 2725 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nationalism.\) The idea of the 'imagined' community, which has for some time been at the centre of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sociological thought on nationalisms and nationhood, is here applied and modified without the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(homogenising effect that the approach can elicit. Thus, along with the breadth and intertextuality of her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work - landscape is examined alongside historiography, ritual presented with opinion poll and individual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recollection juxtaposed with high-political pronouncement - Fulbrook creates a remarkably variegated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(picture of the meanings and uses of the past over time and between individuals, groups, regions and regimes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is refreshing to read a work of the survey type which is honest enough to have as its central message 'this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is complicated', rather than 'here is the answer'. Fulbrook's work is the more valuable for that. The benefit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that will be accrued by reading this book vastly outweighs the limitations that size has imposed upon it. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Moreover, the slight haziness as to its target audience does not stretch to one group: time-pressed young )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lecturers such as this reviewer will gladly reach for )] TJ ET BT 282.284 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(German National Identity after the Holocaust)] TJ ET BT 501.944 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. It is an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insightful yet concise survey of the key areas of enquiry in this ever-more popular field, and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bibliographical references make it an ideal point of departure for further study.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 568.159 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 550.379 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 550.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/164)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 548.985 m 322.316 548.985 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 524.008 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 509.608 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1121)] TJ ET BT 34.016 495.208 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 549.2995 322.3157 561.1795 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/164) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000547 00000 n 0000000629 00000 n 0000005269 00000 n 0000005378 00000 n 0000005488 00000 n 0000005597 00000 n 0000009158 00000 n 0000009286 00000 n 0000009370 00000 n 0000009435 00000 n 0000017054 00000 n 0000017119 00000 n 0000025102 00000 n 0000025186 00000 n 0000027964 00000 n 0000028092 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 28187 %%EOF