%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 25 0 R 35 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140722153653+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140722153653+01'00') /Title (Crime, Justice, and Discretion in England 1740-1820) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4353 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Crime, Justice, and Discretion in England 1740-1820)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Crime and the law, particularly during the period of the Hanoverian Bloody Code, has been a popular area of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research for a quarter of a century. The publications that emerged from Edward Thompson and the young )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars who gathered round him at Warwick in the late 1960s and early 1970s were the inspiration for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much of the recent work, and though they were first published in the mid 70s, it remains difficult for anyone )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(working in the area to avoid some reference to, or assessment of, Thompson's )] TJ ET BT 409.772 202.043 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Whigs and Hunters)] TJ ET BT 502.436 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Douglas Hay's essay 'Property, Authority and the Criminal Law'.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 345.128 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 345.128 186.393 m 359.120 186.393 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 359.120 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Peter King's )] TJ ET BT 423.608 187.787 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Crime, Justice, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Discretion in England 1740-1820)] TJ ET BT 195.680 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is on a par with the groundbreaking research of Thompson and his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(students. It has been a long time in coming, but every paragraph teems with evidence of King's mastery of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the secondary sources, his painstaking archival research, and judicious consideration of the material he has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assembled.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book is rooted in the Essex experience though it ranges much wider than that county. The time span )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(covers the period that, in King's estimation, constitutes 'the golden age of discretionary justice' in England )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 355\) and he sets out to chart the pattern of crime and the path of victims and the accused through the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(criminal justice system. This system, in an analogy used by King, was like a corridor of interconnected )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(168)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 31 December, 2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter King)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780198229100)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(118.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(396pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780198229100.do#.Ui2stcakpbU)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clive Emsley)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 345.1277 186.7075 359.1197 198.5875 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 23 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7834 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rooms - judicial spaces that moved from pre-trial procedures at one end to punishment at the other. Each )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(space had a different shape according to different legal constraints and different customary expectations. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Different social groups had different roles and hence varying influence in the different spaces. The law )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regarding the appropriation of property was slanted against the poor, yet it was never an instrument that was, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or could be, employed solely in the interests of the ruling elite. Indeed, the social group that played a key )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(role as both prosecutors and jurors was, King convincingly argues, the middling sort. But this group was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(never homogeneous, moreover it seems probable that members of the middling sort, when victims, exercised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their discretion by pardoning, sometimes in conjunction with other informal sanctions, many more offenders )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than they ever brought before the courts.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The issue that seems most to vex contemporary commentators, politicians, and the general public is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extent of crime. The British Crime Survey purports to give a more accurate assessment than the police )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(statistics for the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, but neither existed for the eighteenth century. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Recognising the problems with first, the construction of crime statistics from indictment membranes and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(second, the nebulous 'dark figure' of crime, King begins with a courageous attempt at a form of victim )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(survey based on his reading of a collection of diaries; he moves from here to assess the options open to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(victim of a crime during the long eighteenth century. This first judicial space in his corridor through the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(criminal justice system is the least judicial of all; magistrates, constables, thief-takers, prosecution )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(associations all might assist the victim, but it was the victim's choice whether to involve them, and it was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also the victim's choice whether or not to let the matter drop, to seek to use the law, or to look to some other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(form of satisfaction. The discussion of this last option leads on to what is, perhaps, the least explained part of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book - what was it that prompted the decline of the informal, extra-judicial sanction? Was it simply the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(changes in the law introduced from the 1820s? Did the changes in the magistracy, particularly the image )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shift from patriarch to patrician as described by Norma Landau )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 339.944 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 339.944 469.443 m 353.936 469.443 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 353.936 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and largely accepted by King, play an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important part? And if so can the experience of William Hunt in the Wiltshire of the 1740s be comfortably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compared with Samuel Whitbread's practice in early nineteenth-century Bedfordshire? Were there perhaps, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as Franois Ploux has detected for the rather different context of the Haut-Quercy, increasingly fewer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individuals of any weight within the communities where infrajudicial practices thrived, who were prepared )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to bring victims and offenders together and to organise agreements? )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 363.284 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 363.284 398.163 m 377.276 398.163 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 377.276 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( And if so, how might this be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explained?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The middle section of the book focuses on crime indictment patterns and the offenders, but always stressing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the impact of the discretionary nature of the system which produced both the patterns and those who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emerged labelled as offenders. Here King revisits some of the most hotly contested debates regarding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eighteenth-century crime, but he finds something new to say particularly about the interrelationship between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war, want and crime, and about offending peaks and the lifecycle of the eighteenth-century poor. Poverty, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(King concludes, 'provides the foundations for an analysis of the relative vulnerability of different groups to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indictment for theft, [yet] the core explanation for many prosecutions probably lay elsewhere, most centrally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps in the changing reactions to victims and magistrates to the group most affected by war, recruitment, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and demobilisation - unattached, unskilled, mobile young men' \(p. 217\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historians are always at the mercy of their sources, and King is particularly good in his discussion of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(usefulness of various forms of documentation and the serious lacunae that exist. Much of his discussion of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the impact of war is based on material from the 1780s and focuses upon concerns about crime in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aftermath of the disastrous American War. It is tempting to wonder whether these concerns might have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exacerbated by the fact of defeat - the only war which the Hanoverian regime lost against Bourbon France - )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and also by the internal unrest and dissension of the early 1780s. Moreover the wars which followed, against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Revolutionary and Napoleonic France, were qualitatively and quantitatively different from their eighteenth-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century predecessors and, sources permitting, the concerns about crime during this period with its peaks of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(popular radicalism, serious food shortages, massive industrial unrest, increasing concerns about tax rates, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Malthus's hard-headed, rational explanation of the plight of the poor, perhaps merits a more detailed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(investigation at some stage. Whether the scale of these wars and the concerns that they generated hastened )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(changes in policing and penal policy are not questions that can readily be answered, but they warrant some )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 339.9437 469.7575 353.9357 481.6375 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 363.2837 398.4775 377.2757 410.3575 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 27 0 R 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R ] /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 7070 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examination.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The third section of the book addresses the most dramatic and public moments of the process through the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(judicial system: trial, verdict, sentence and the ritual of punishment. Again discretion played a central role )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the pious perjury of juries, who, often in collusion with the judge, saved offenders from the gallows by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(finding them guilty of lesser offences than those for which they were charged, through to the crowds that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gathered around the punishment scaffolds and, regardless of the expectations of authority, chose to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commiserate with those they regarded as unfortunate, usually humble property offenders, while they abused )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(murderers and sexual offenders. This section also provides an interesting window on the practices of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(petitioning for pardon concluding forcibly that the pardoning process was not something that simply )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(belonged to, or met the needs of the Hanoverian elite. Pardons, King suggests, were ultimately motivated by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(two different, and potentially conflicting forces: first, the perceived needs of the social context regarding a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular kind of crime - if there were serious public concerns about, for example, burglary at a particular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moment, then a convicted burglar was unlikely to be reprieved; and second, the nature and personal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(circumstances of the offender - age, gender, good character, infirmity, poverty, the perceived potential for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reform, could all play a role here.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The concluding chapter revisits some of the key debates of the past twenty-five years by exploring the role )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the criminal law in social relations during the long eighteenth century. The law, King stresses, had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different meanings for different people; moreover, the meanings understood by an individual or a group in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one context, could be rather different in another. In King's perception the law in Hanoverian England was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not simply a means of class control, but nor was it neutral. Its workings could result in people suffering a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(long, agonising death jeered at and abused by a crowd; but its discretionary elasticity could enable victims, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(jurors, judges and others to massage situations into what they as individuals, or as groups, saw as a fair )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resolution to an offence. All social classes sought to use the law and it thus became an arena of struggle and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(negotiation within which accommodation appears as generally far more important than mystification.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In sum, the book is well researched, cogently argued and stimulating to read. I have two complaints, neither )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of which King could do much about. This book should be on the shelf of every library where eighteenth-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century English history, not to mention criminal justice history, is taught; but in this day when budgets are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(always under pressure I suspect that some institutions will balk at paying 55.00. Second, the publisher's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rationale for the price is, doubtless, that this is primarily an academic monograph rather than a student text; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however, while the book is thoroughly referenced, there is no bibliography. This means that if you want to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pursue a reference it is essential to find the first footnote mention of a particular book or article, and this can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(take some time and cause not a little frustration in a book of nearly 400 pages.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(January 2001)] TJ ET BT 34.016 257.379 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 226.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 226.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(E.P. Thompson, )] TJ ET BT 144.356 226.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Whigs and Hunters: The Origin of the Black Act)] TJ ET BT 376.340 226.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, London: Allen Lane, 1975; Douglas )] TJ ET BT 64.016 212.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hay, 'Property, Authority and the Criminal Law' in Douglas hay, Peter Linebaugh, EP Thompson, et )] TJ ET BT 64.016 198.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(al, )] TJ ET BT 78.680 198.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Albion's Fatal Tree: Crime and Society in Eighteenth-Century England)] TJ ET BT 421.232 198.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, London: Allen Lane, 1975.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 183.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 182.595 m 118.004 182.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 169.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 169.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Norma Landau, )] TJ ET BT 142.328 169.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Justice of the Peace)] TJ ET BT 258.968 169.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 1679-1760, Berkeley, Cal.: University of California Press, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 155.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1984.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 91.016 155.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 91.016 154.083 m 145.004 154.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 141.226 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 141.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Franois Ploux, 'L' "arrangement" dans les campagnes de Haut-Quercy \(1815-1850\)', )] TJ ET BT 475.532 141.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Histoire de la )] TJ ET BT 64.016 126.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Justice)] TJ ET BT 97.340 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, V \(1992\), 95-115.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 189.992 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 189.992 125.571 m 243.980 125.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 100.709 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 86.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(H-Net)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 72.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/reviews/showrev.php)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 70.803 m 271.328 70.803 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 274.328 72.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 67.471 526.499 1.500 re S endstream endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 182.9095 118.0037 194.7895 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 91.0157 154.3975 145.0037 166.2775 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 189.9917 125.8855 243.9797 137.7655 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 71.1175 271.3277 82.9975 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/reviews/showrev.php?id=5679) >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 37 0 R ] /Contents 36 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Length 572 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/168)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 795.075 m 322.316 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 770.098 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.698 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1129)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.298 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/reviews/showrev.php?id=5679)] TJ ET endstream endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 795.3895 322.3157 807.2695 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/168) >> endobj xref 0 39 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000554 00000 n 0000000643 00000 n 0000005048 00000 n 0000005157 00000 n 0000005267 00000 n 0000005376 00000 n 0000008937 00000 n 0000009065 00000 n 0000009149 00000 n 0000009178 00000 n 0000009306 00000 n 0000009342 00000 n 0000009433 00000 n 0000017320 00000 n 0000017350 00000 n 0000017478 00000 n 0000017514 00000 n 0000017544 00000 n 0000017672 00000 n 0000017708 00000 n 0000017813 00000 n 0000024936 00000 n 0000025063 00000 n 0000025118 00000 n 0000025245 00000 n 0000025300 00000 n 0000025428 00000 n 0000025483 00000 n 0000025608 00000 n 0000025713 00000 n 0000025797 00000 n 0000026421 00000 n 0000026549 00000 n trailer << /Size 39 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 26644 %%EOF