%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140417065930+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140417065930+01'00') /Title (A History of the Sudan from the Coming of Islam to the Present Day) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 2600 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(A History of the Sudan from the Coming of Islam to the Present Day)] TJ ET BT 34.016 358.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(First published in 1961, Holt's )] TJ ET BT 182.192 358.859 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Modern History of the Sudan)] TJ ET BT 322.184 358.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( deservedly established itself as the standard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction to the subject. Holt revised the work in 1963; since 1979 he has collaborated with Martin Daly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on further - slightly retitled - editions, of which this is the most recent. The collected prefatory notes of these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(various editions, all reproduced here, provide in themselves a sombre reminder of the continuing political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(turmoil of the years since the early 1960s, and this new edition offers a summary of events up to 1998 which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will be welcomed as a guide to the multiple twists - as well as the tragic continuities - of the history of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sudan.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(172)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 February, 2001)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Holt)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(M. W. Daly)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Longman`)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Justin Willis)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7449 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The new edition has the same strengths and weaknesses as its predecessors. Holt and Daly are scholars of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remarkable, and in many ways complementary, knowledge and abilities. Daly's unrivalled knowledge of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archival sources on the period of British rule has supplemented the mastery of Arabic sources, and firsthand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(familiarity with northern Sudan in the late-colonial period, which were the strengths of Holt's original work; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their collaboration provides a concise and readable summary of around 1400 years of history. They begin )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their story with the initial Muslim contacts - and conflicts - with the Christian Nubian states, and follow the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disintegration of those states and the establishment of a variety of Muslim, and largely Arab, communities in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what is now the north of the Sudan; and then trace the dramatic changes of the nineteenth and twentieth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centuries, during which the Sudan was subject to Turco-Egyptian imperialism and saw a war of resistance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against that imperialism in which General Gordon died \(supplying late-Victorian Britain with one of its most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(famous colonial martyrs\). The subsequent conquest of the whole of the country by the British, in a nominal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alliance with Egypt, led to the unique arrangement of 'Condominium' rule over a territory which, crucially, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extended over an area which stretched farther south and west than effective Turco-Egyptian rule ever had, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into territories which were neither Muslim nor Arabized.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Holt and Daly show how British control over this vast territory was constantly complicated by the larger )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperial issue of relationships with Egypt, and Sudan's independence at the end of 1955 - coming before that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of any other of Britain's African possessions - was driven by these complex politics, which soon swept away )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vague British schemes for separating off the southern portions of the Condominium. Thus was created an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(independent state embracing north and south, in which political power lay largely in the hands of Muslim )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(northerners; the latter section of the book devotes considerable space to the political conflict over the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unequal distribution of power and resources between north and south, which has fuelled a protracted and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appallingly destructive war which has run - with an interlude from around 1972 to 1983 - since the early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1960s, compounding the manifold problems of the post-colonial state in the Sudan. This book is especially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(damning about the abuses and incompetence of Gaafar Nimeiri's lengthy rule; that it has rather less to say )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the current regime \(which has continued to prosecute a bloody war in the south in the name of Islam )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the state, and has reduced many societies in northern Sudan to ever-greater poverty\) is presumably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because sources are so scanty.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To summarise this remarkable and diverse history is a considerable achievement; inevitably the task of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(summary requires decisions about what to include, and about the perspective of the work. The weakness of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this work arguably lies in those decisions, and while Holt's original 1961 work has been much revised over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the years, the structure and assumptions of that first edition still permeate the book. It is not simply that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some of his original prose reads a little quaintly now \(is it really enough to explain Baqqara involvement in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Mahdi's revolt by describing them as 'fickle' and 'light-hearted'; or to designate certain political factions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as 'moderate'?\). More importantly, the tone of the original work has been maintained in two crucial ways: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this is, overwhelmingly, a political history of local elites and foreign rulers, in which Sudanese societies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(especially those in the south\) apparently only come into historical existence through their subordination. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(And it is a history which emphasises the uniqueness of the Sudan, and refuses to draw on any of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparative or theoretical insights on colonialism, and the post-colonial situation, across the rest of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(African continent.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(When Holt wrote the first edition, the academic study of African history in the UK had only recently begun, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and comparative insights were hard to come by. But there has been a great deal of good historical work done )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on Africa in recent years, and it seems decidedly obtuse that the discussion of nineteenth-century societies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should not draw on this work, or that the discussion here of the colonial policy of Indirect Rule - a policy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whose ironies and contradictions Daly has explored in splendid and often impassioned detail -should make )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(no reference at all to the wider importance of this in British imperial thought at the time. While it may be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(true that - as this book argues - many members of the Sudan Political Service interacted little with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(administrators of other territories, it is also true that there were crossovers of personnel and ideas, with a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(number of administrators and technical officials serving in other African territories before coming to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sudan: Symes and Tothill are obvious examples. Similarly, the discussion of the post-colonial state here )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would surely have benefited from a brief dip into the very extensive literature on the 'neopatrimonial' politics )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 18 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 3324 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of late twentieth-century Africa.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This book reads then, very much as the history of the Sudanese state, understood as a unique phenomenon. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(That means that there is an implicit teleology here about the story of the Sudan, derived from Holt's first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(edition, which is evident in the choice of the 'coming of Islam' as the starting point. This is a narrative in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which conquest is called pacification \(curiously, since Daly has elsewhere written with exceptional detail )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and clarity on the violence of this process\), and in which coming to history is identified with subordination )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to a state whose forms and political orientation were northern, riverain and Islamic. The south, as the text )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(says, was a place of a 'bewildering variety' of tribes; presumably the implication is that only the imposition )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of state control from the north could reduce such societies to comprehensible order. The comment that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinction between north and south was and is being 'modified by the processes of history' is surely of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(central importance: the assumption is that historical inevitability is making the south more like the north )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(and, presumably, is making the marginal parts of the north more like the riverain political centre\). On the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(last page of the book - a page appropriately sombre in tone - the authors return explicitly to the theme of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('spread of a northern riverain culture' to 'peripheral peoples' whose ability to 'withstand the onslaught is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seriously in question'. This theme is indeed an important one; but is it really safe to present the history of all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the societies living in what is now the Sudan solely as the narrative of this process, and so to present their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience as unique and their fate as inevitable?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is pleased to accept the review and will not be responding further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 484.879 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 467.099 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 467.099 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/172)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 465.705 m 322.316 465.705 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 440.728 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 426.328 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1135)] TJ ET BT 34.016 411.928 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 466.0195 322.3157 477.8995 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/172) >> endobj xref 0 20 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000562 00000 n 0000000644 00000 n 0000003296 00000 n 0000003405 00000 n 0000003515 00000 n 0000003624 00000 n 0000007185 00000 n 0000007313 00000 n 0000007397 00000 n 0000007462 00000 n 0000014964 00000 n 0000015048 00000 n 0000018425 00000 n 0000018553 00000 n trailer << /Size 20 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 18648 %%EOF