%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140706125637+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140706125637+01'00') /Title (Sex, Gender and Social Change in Britain Since 1880) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4485 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Sex, Gender and Social Change in Britain Since 1880)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is a relatively short book by Britain's leading historian of sexuality, but it has a big agenda. Drawing on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a wide range of primary and secondary sources, Lesley Hall discusses the shifts, the continuities and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(changes in sexual custom and practice that prevailed between 1880 and the present day. All the key elements )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are here: marriage and divorce; the increasing separation of sex from reproduction; same-sex relationships; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the growth of sexual knowledge; prostitution and its attendant activities; sexually transmitted diseases; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legislation and censorship. We are given a deft and scholarly overview of sex, gender and social change )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during the period by a pioneering writer in this area of research.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book is engagingly written - it is refreshing to read such a polished text at a time when History often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seems besieged by unreadable texts and dense, specialist language. Hall's elegant, witty prose is a delight. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is old-fashioned history writing of the best kind, a narrative account rather than a theoretical treatise and is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much the better for it. There are some wonderful vignettes of real people caught up in the vicissitudes of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexual politics in late nineteenth century and twentieth century Britain. Indeed, this is emphatically a book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the ordinary lives of individuals who breathed, lived and experienced the period as much as grand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical themes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book is organised chronologically so readers can see events within the social and cultural context of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(day. Hereby, Hall has been able to chart the symbiotic, and often dialectic, relationship between sexual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(progress and other forms of social reform, placing sexuality within a wider context of change: in education, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in employment, in politics, in medicine and in the law. Sexual beliefs, Hall argues, were neither monolithic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nor consistent: at one and the same time women were believed to be natural homemakers and home-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(breakers. Thus at the time when motherhood was thought to be a naturally biological state for women, it was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(174)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 February, 2001)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lesley Hall)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780333650530)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Macmillan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paula Bartley)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 6624 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commonly believed that once women were educated not only the family but indeed the human race itself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would be at risk: educated women would not want to be mothers. As one might expect, the strength in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organising the book in this way, decade by decade, is also its weakness. Not only is there a tendency for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some stories to remain incomplete \(for example the continuities within abortion reform are not altogether )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developed\) but the political context sometimes appears rather sketchy.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of course there is much here that will be familiar to the expert reader: the Married Women's Property Acts, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Divorce Acts, the Contagious Diseases Acts, the Oscar Wilde trials and so on. But other less well known )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pieces of legislation \(e.g. the Indecent Advertisement Acts\) are also examined and individual cases are used )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to illustrate current opinion and practice - like Edith Lanchester who in 1895 was incarcerated in a lunatic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(asylum by her parents when she announced that she wanted to live in a free union with a socialist railway )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clerk. Only after the intervention of several high profile socialists, including John Burns, was she released to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continue her attachment to her lover.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scandals too are well covered and Hall does not shrink from dealing with West End establishments which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offered erotic massages to their customers. The massage parlours which flourished at the end of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nineteenth century may well have been a response to the Criminal Law Amendment Act 1885. This denied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prostitutes the opportunity to work on the streets, and they had little option but to set up trade in alternative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(locations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By the twentieth century ideas about eugenics had come to inform the sexuality debate. Lesley Hall shows )] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that both the left and the right wing were sympathetic to eugenic beliefs. Almost 50% of the Eugenic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Education Society were women, of whom many were single working in professional occupations. Indeed a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(number of key suffragists such as Mrs Frances Swiney joined the Eugenic Education Society and eugenic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideas may have been even more widespread among leading suffragists than Hall suggests - for instance it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(known that Emmeline Pankhrust was sympathetic to the cause of eugenics and that she campaigned with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mary Dendy to set up institutions for those children deemed to be 'feeble-minded'. Of course, as Hall points )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out, much of the concern was heightened by the panic surrounding the spread - or the perceived spread - of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(syphilis, with its legacy of 'miscarriages, stillbirths, deaths in early infancy and the birth of wizened puny )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(babies' \(p69\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lesley Hall has fun challenging some of the long-cherished stereotypes of men and women from the late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victorian period. 'Under the crinoline' she writes, 'the Victorian female was a hot little number' \(p16\). Not all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(men were 'pestiferous rous, harassing brutes or chivalrous defenders of womanhood' \(p53\), for many were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as much victims as women. The tragic case of John Hindson who was sentenced to death for helping to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(procure an abortion for his girlfriend resonates poignantly across the centuries. Reform of this kind, as with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(so much sexual reform, was a long time in coming. For while in 1936 the much-needed Abortion Law )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reform Association was founded, it was not until 1967 that an Abortion Act \(which essentially gave )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(statutory force to the Bourne case of thirty years before\) allowed a woman some rights over the unborn child )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in her body. But a great many sexual stereotypes remain. Hall shows how even in the third millennium )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women can still be categorised by their sexual conduct; how single mothers can still be stigmatised for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(giving birth to babies without the right sort of ring on their left hand; and how homosexuals can still be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regarded as second class sexual citizens, denied equal sexual status with heterosexuals.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What is novel about this book is that all discussions about sexual attitudes and behaviour are conducted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within a coherent framework of transgressive sexuality. Indeed, Lesley Hall underlines the point that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transgressive sexuality and what was considered 'normal' existed side by side in Victorian London, and that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such cohabitation exposes the myth of the Victorian era as primarily characterised by prudery and sexual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(restraint.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Among the benefits of such a wide-ranging book is the clear identification of what issues needs further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elaboration and indeed further research. As Lesley Hall affirms, the book focuses on London, and certainly, )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 18 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 3338 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there is a dearth of knowledge about sexuality in the provinces - the experiences in the capital might well be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interestingly different from those in Birmingham, Newcastle or even Torquay. Religious influences on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexual conduct, such as the influence of Ellice Hopkins, might add an interesting dimension to our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding of sexuality in this period. Other researchers might investigate how exactly did the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(established, and indeed non-established churches, respond to the changes in sexual mores which constitute )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the focus of this brilliant little book. Others yet could examine the effect that race had on sexual politics and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vice versa - one remembers that the 20th century immigration laws were bound up with issues of alleged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexual immorality. Clearly, Lesley Hall can only touch on individual sexual reformers, some of whom, like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stella Browne, deserve a book of their own. Indeed the book's cover, which shows two women in a public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(house, one a barmaid dressed in the conventional garments of the trade, the other a customer wearing a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pinstriped suit, suggests another research avenue to be explored - the history of cross-dressing.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is one of a few rare books which can be enjoyed by the general reader, used as an undergraduate text, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offer fresh insights to social historians and indicate further lines of enquiry for future researchers. It is an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entertaining, judicious and insightful discourse by a well-established author who has, over the years, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influenced a generation of students and academics. As always, her scholarship is unquestionably good and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her skill in sharing her vast knowledge of her subject with so much enthusiasm and style is exceptional. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is history written with transparent warmth and humanity - it will undoubtedly give pleasure to all who are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fortunate enough to read it.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 496.879 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 479.099 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 479.099 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/174)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 477.705 m 322.316 477.705 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 452.728 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 438.328 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1139)] TJ ET BT 34.016 423.928 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 478.0195 322.3157 489.8995 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/174) >> endobj xref 0 20 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000547 00000 n 0000000629 00000 n 0000005166 00000 n 0000005275 00000 n 0000005385 00000 n 0000005494 00000 n 0000009055 00000 n 0000009183 00000 n 0000009267 00000 n 0000009332 00000 n 0000016009 00000 n 0000016093 00000 n 0000019484 00000 n 0000019612 00000 n trailer << /Size 20 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 19707 %%EOF