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endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 6507 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.000 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Renaissance in Europe)] TJ ET BT 165.668 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is an ambitious enterprise. It includes five volumes, at least five disciplines )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(history, art history, history of science, music and literature, in French and Spanish as well as in English\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and a team of twenty-three people, from the course manager to the picture researchers and of course the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thirteen authors. One of the five volumes is an anthology of 91 short extracts from texts written by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Renaissance authors and another is a reader, comprising 34 selections from books and articles on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Renaissance, but the three principal volumes are the work of the course team themselves.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These three volumes, dealing respectively with `The Impact of Humanism', with `Courts, Patrons and Poets', )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and with `Challenges to Authority', accompany an interdisciplinary course at the Open University `designed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for students who are new to cultural history and the Renaissance'. The importance of teamwork may be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrated by the fact that a number of chapters have been produced in collaboration, sometimes by as many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as four authors who work on different countries or in different disciplines. In the Open University tradition, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the authors try to present scholarly debates in as accessible a manner as possible. The books contain many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrations, some of them in colour, including maps. Care has been taken with the layout, including the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(headings and the typefaces, in order to make the books easy to use. Chronologies, genealogical tables and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(glossaries reinforce the information given in the text, Each chapter begins with a bulleted list of `objectives' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and many of them include exercises for students. A typical exercise invites readers to turn to a particular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(passages from the anthology or from one of the books recommended for the course and to answer questions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about it, while the following section, headed `discussion', lays out a model answer.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Together, the three principal volumes are intended to allow the readers to view Renaissance culture as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whole. The first volume focuses on humanism, describing the movement and discussing its influence or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(`impact' on scholarship, music, philosophy and politics, mainly in Italy. In the second volume, the authors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(turn to the culture of the Renaissance court, emphasising the visual arts and literature and also four cities: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Florence, Milan, Buda in the age of Matthias Corvinus, and London in the age of Elizabeth and James I. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(third volume, bolder in conception, discusses the German Reformation, the Spanish picaresque novel, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(science, the occult, and the essays of Montaigne under the general title of `challenges to authority'.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Throughout )] TJ ET BT 93.680 263.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Renaissance in Europe)] TJ ET BT 225.332 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the different authors make a point of discussing new approaches to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the subject, noting for example how the Renaissance affected everyday life \(one section is entitled `Fonts, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forks and fireworks'\). To keep the balance, they also devote a good deal of space to more traditional views of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the movement. Volume one begins with a chapter on Jacob Burckhardt, sympathetic but also critical, while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(references to Burckhardt's interpretation of the Renaissance recur in later chapters, on Machiavelli, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, on court culture, and on science. Throughout these volumes the exposition is both lucid and even-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(handed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leaving the anthology and reader to one side, the three volumes run to nearly a thousand pages. Given this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generous allocation of space, it may be useful to look for what isn't there, or what receives relatively slight )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emphasis. In the more than 350 pages allocated to Italy, vernacular literature is virtually absent. Ariosto, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instance, is barely mentioned, despite the importance of his )] TJ ET BT 321.644 109.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Orlando Furioso)] TJ ET BT 403.316 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( as a model for narrative poems )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in many parts of Europe.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What I missed here was comparative analysis, for example a general discussion of the question whether and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to what extent the Renaissance was a pan-European movement, in which \(for example\), the Netherlands, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Keith Whitlock)] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yale University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Haven, CT)] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Burke)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7552 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.000 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Poland, Denmark, Portugal and other countries participated while the region which was Orthodox in religion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remained largely unaffected. Even the French, German and Spanish renaissance are not discussed as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whole, but only via Montaigne, Luther and )] TJ ET BT 242.996 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Lazarillo de Tormes)] TJ ET BT 340.340 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. More than sixty pages are devoted to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Montaigne, for instance, but only two sentences to Francis I as a patron, while Ronsard is not even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mentioned.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Again, the chapter on the story of )] TJ ET BT 197.984 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Lazarillo de Tormes)] TJ ET BT 295.328 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( refers to the Spanish humanist Juan Luis Vives, as if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trying to make a link with volume one - but unfortunately, in the humanism volume, Vives is not even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mentioned. An even more distinguished casualty of the division of labour is Petrarch, who receives only a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(few casual references in the humanism volume, together with a brief discussion of his sonnets in the courts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume in a chapter devoted to his British followers. There is a danger that the reader new to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Renaissance, the kind of reader for whom the volumes were written, will fail to see the wood for the trees.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another more or less missing topic, despite its importance in traditional accounts of the Renaissance, is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(republic. Following new trends, the authors and organisers place their emphasis on courts. A brief reference )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is made to Hans Baron and his idea of `civic humanism', but the Florence discussed at length is the Florence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Medici, just as Machiavelli's )] TJ ET BT 205.160 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Prince)] TJ ET BT 237.152 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is privileged at the expense of his )] TJ ET BT 403.796 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Discorsi)] TJ ET BT 444.464 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, while Venice is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(virtually absent from these volumes. This neglect of republics, and more generally of civic patronage, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(amounts to a serious imbalance.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although the introduction to the first volume refers to the reception of the Renaissance as a `key area' of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent research, the topic is not treated very often or at any length, despite its importance in any `European' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account of the Renaissance. The reader will find little discussion of translation, either in the literal sense )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(despite the importance of translations into Italian, French, Spanish, English and other languages in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Renaissance movement\), or in the sense of `cultural translation', the conscious or unconscious adaptation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural items to a new environment. Nor will readers of these volumes come away with much sense of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(changes in the movement over time, the `curve of development' as Alfred von Martin called it, from early to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(`high' and late Renaissance. Topics and regions are emphasised at the expense of phases. Given the claim )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the volumes are contributing to cultural history, this limitation is a serious one.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The omissions I have mentioned appear to be linked to the practical problems of organising the volumes. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The course team does not seem to have had a leader; at any rate, the three main volumes have different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(editors. It looks as if individuals or small groups wrote their chapters in their own way, even if they did this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the knowledge of the general framework. Some topics may have been omitted because everyone thought )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that someone else was dealing with them. Some links were not made, perhaps for similar reasons. Despite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the clear and vigorous introduction to volume one, readers may finish the course with a sense of fragmented )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge rather than a vision the Renaissance as a whole. The broth has not been spoiled, and there may )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not have been too many cooks, but it might have been a good idea to appoint a head chef. The chapters in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume two in particular would have benefited from being pulled somewhat closer together.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The three main volumes are each intended to be 'self-sufficient', but this is not completely the case. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impact of humanism, for example, is analysed in volume one without reference to the visual arts, because )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they would be discussed in detail in volume two, although this risks giving readers of volume one alone a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(false impression of the scope of the humanist movement. Short linking passages and cross-references might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have solved the problem in this case, but it seems to have been no one's responsibility to provide them.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Humanism and patronage are relatively conventional aspects of the Renaissance which are treated here in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relatively conventional way - which is no criticism of volumes which are intended not to innovate but to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(make scholarly debates accessible to a relatively wide audience. The third volume, on the other hand, is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more original and also takes more risks by including under the umbrella of the `Renaissance' not only magic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and science but also witchcraft \(neatly linked to humanism via Gianfrancesco Pico and to English literature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(via the play )] TJ ET BT 93.008 82.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Witch of Edmonton)] TJ ET BT 206.672 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), and the Reformation. The chapter on `Renaissance and reform' brings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out the connections between Luther and the German humanists very clearly, though - curiously enough, in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(text intended as a guide to scholarly debate, it does not explain why some scholars have presented the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 3776 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.000 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reformation as the antithesis of the Renaissance. The concept underlying this volume, that of `challenges to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authority', might have been subjected to rather more critical scrutiny. Did Luther, for example, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Copernicus, or Vesalius challenge authority willingly or reluctantly? Vesalius, for example, greatly admired )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ancient medical writer Galen, and found it difficult to contradict him \(a point duly made in the discussion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the scientific renaissance in chapter five\). Was there one `Authority' to challenge? Luther criticised more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent traditions in the name of older ones, and Copernicus was at pains to point out that in disagreeing with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ptolemy, he had other ancient writers on his side. The Bible, the ancients, and local traditions were not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(infrequently in conflict. Once again, then, general issues arise from the individual chapters that are not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussed anywhere in the volume, despite their importance. A longer, stronger introduction to volume three )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would have been useful, to say the least.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(All the same, )] TJ ET BT 100.676 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Renaissance in Europe)] TJ ET BT 232.328 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( will be of considerable value to readers who have no connection )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the Open University, as well as those who take its courses. Scholars too might well learn from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(techniques of presentation exemplified in these volumes, ranging from the use of headings to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(combination of surveys with case studies.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(H-Net)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 542.979 m 240.992 542.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 243.992 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([6])] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.000 RG 34.016 541.522 m 561.264 541.522 l 560.514 540.772 l 34.766 540.772 l f 0.160 0.160 0.160 rg 0.160 0.160 0.160 RG 34.016 540.022 m 561.264 540.022 l 560.514 540.772 l 34.766 540.772 l f 561.264 541.522 m 561.264 540.022 l 560.514 540.772 l 560.514 540.772 l f 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.000 RG 34.016 541.522 m 34.016 540.022 l 34.766 540.772 l 34.766 540.772 l f BT 34.016 522.617 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 522.617 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/178)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 521.223 m 322.316 521.223 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 496.246 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 481.846 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1146)] TJ ET BT 34.016 467.446 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1148)] TJ ET BT 34.016 453.046 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1150)] TJ ET BT 34.016 438.646 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1152)] TJ ET BT 34.016 424.246 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([5] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1154)] TJ ET BT 34.016 409.846 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([6] http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=5240)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 543.2935 240.9917 555.1735 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=5240) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 521.5375 322.3157 533.4175 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/178) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000548 00000 n 0000000630 00000 n 0000003955 00000 n 0000004064 00000 n 0000004174 00000 n 0000004283 00000 n 0000007844 00000 n 0000007972 00000 n 0000008056 00000 n 0000008121 00000 n 0000014681 00000 n 0000014746 00000 n 0000022351 00000 n 0000022442 00000 n 0000026271 00000 n 0000026398 00000 n 0000026498 00000 n 0000026626 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 26721 %%EOF