%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141001042539+01'00') /ModDate (D:20141001042539+01'00') /Title (The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union 1917-1991) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4675 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union 1917-1991)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is a wide-ranging collection of sources that aims to cover the whole sweep of Soviet history: Richard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sakwa's work on the politics of the Soviet Union makes him well placed to produce such a volume. )] TJ ET BT 514.460 330.347 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sources )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(in History)] TJ ET BT 82.352 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the series in which the book appears, sets as one of its aims to merge source material and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commentary into a single integrated narrative. This book admirably fulfils this objective and hence the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author's introductions to each document - alongside the selection of sources themselves - give a coherent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(view of Soviet history. The material is arranged chronologically, using conventional periodisation, dividing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the history of the Soviet state into ten separate topics from the rise of Bolshevism to the fall of the Soviet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Union. The emphasis of the chapters focuses on domestic affairs, apart from the sections dealing with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period between 1939 and 1953 which concentrate on the war and its aftermath.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The material that Sakwa has selected presents a well-knit view of the Soviet Union. This book is clearly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(orientated towards giving an account of Soviet history that recognises political developments as lying at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heart of the experience of the state and its people. There is an unusual emphasis on Soviet political ideas, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allowing readers to gain some insight not just into the well-trodden paths of Lenin's thought, but also into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(later ideological developments. The debates in the 1920s over the course that the Soviet state should take are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reflected at length with interesting extracts from key figures in the leadership, as well as its critics - such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lukacs \(pp. 135-7\) and Nadezhda Mandelstam \(pp. 173-5\). Stalin's ideas are well represented, both in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crucial period of the 1920s and early 1930s, and also in the last years of his life. Extracts from later figures )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the Soviet leadership also help to illuminate the course of the state's development. Khrushchev's and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brezhnev's very different styles and ideas are given full exposure, and the dead hand that characterised the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(later rulers of the USSR is made very evident. At the same time, the trends of opposition to the state's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(186)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 1 April, 2001)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Sakwa)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(415122899X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1999)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Routledge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Waldron)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7647 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leadership are also given full exposure. Trotsky's 1936 writings on )] TJ ET BT 356.468 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Revolution Betrayed)] TJ ET BT 475.784 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( provide a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(starting point to consider the nature of Stalin's regime, and there are also extracts from foreign observers of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Soviet Union, such as Richard Crossman. The dissident movement reached its fullest extent during the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(last decades of the Soviet Union's existence as Solzhenitsyn, Sakharov, Medvedev, Amalrik and others each )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(launched attacks upon the USSR. Their opinions are given full and clear expression in this volume. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach has important benefits. The Soviet Union saw itself as a state that was based explicitly upon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideology, and political theory played a much more significant part in the life of the state - and of Soviet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society - than in the West. At a time when political ideology has been largely discredited in the West as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(means of discourse, it is very helpful to be reminded of the ways in which theoretical approaches shaped the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of the twentieth century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Soviet Union attempted to give the impression that it was a monolithic structure in which political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(differences had disappeared, and that a state and society had been created which were entirely cohesive. But, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(internal debate continued to flourish. Discussion within the leadership was as fierce as inside any governing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elite, tempered only perhaps by fear during the 1930s. While some of these discussions were carried on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(behind closed doors, wider Soviet society had to be kept in tune with the thinking of its leaders if social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cohesion was to be maintained and there was to be appropriate adherence to the state's objectives. Political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(debate could not, therefore, be contained to the elites but they did seek to minimise its transparency by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(utilising language and terminology that was often opaque. Much official writing on Soviet politics is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difficult to comprehend and, as a result, much of the work of the opposition is equally awkward. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(utilisation of so much formal political writing in this volume gives an insight into the nature of Soviet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics, but it is not always easy for the untutored reader to gain a full understanding of the issues that are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(being debated. Sakwa's introductions to the extracts are helpful in providing a context for the issues that they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discuss, but there are times when the complexity of the issues and the awkwardness of Soviet political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(language mean that a fuller commentary could have made the subject matter more accessible.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The volume's concentration on politics, while producing a coherent view of the history of the USSR, means )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that it falls short of - what is perhaps the impossible task - of giving a comprehensive picture of the Soviet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Union. The approach that Sakwa has taken is one that suggests that political elites occupy the commanding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heights of both state and society and that their activities and utterances do actually determine the course of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history. The material dealing with the crucial processes of industrialisation and the collectivisation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agriculture at the beginning of the 1930s focuses overwhelmingly on the official interpretation of events. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stalin's speech on 'liquidating the kulaks as a class' \(pp. 179-80\) is followed by observations from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kravchenko on his own experience in the countryside \(pp. 180-3\), but this is the only element of 'popular' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reaction to the events that were tearing rural society apart as collectivisation was implemented. A similar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pattern is followed in the presentation of industrialisation. While Sakwa sees cultural transformation as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(being 'an essential part of [this] revolution from above', he adopts an approach that concentrates on changes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the intellectual atmosphere in the Soviet Union - literature and history in particular - rather than focussing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the impact that Stalin intended his revolution to have on the attitudes and behaviour of the population as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whole. The experience of terror in the 1930s is also portrayed in a way that gives limited evidence of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impact of these tumultuous events on the population of the Soviet state. It is not altogether easy to divine the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience of 'everyday Stalinism', to use Sheila Fitzpatrick's phrase, from the extracts in this volume. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sakwa's approach deliberately eschews this way of looking at Soviet history: he states in the introduction to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the volume that he selected material 'through which a theoretical appraisal of its [the Soviet Union's] rise and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fall can be made' \(p. xx\). This is an entirely defensible way of approaching the topic, and has much merit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(since it suggests that the USSR was a state that is open to normal methods of political analysis, rather than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(laying stress on the supposed uniqueness of the Soviet state.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Soviet experience from 1917 until the eventual collapse of the state in 1991 was, however, one that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encompassed many moments of high drama, of great excitement as well as demonstrations of both popular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enthusiasm and of iron will by Soviet rulers. The selection of material in this volume gives only brief direct )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(glimpses of the earth-shattering course of Soviet history. There are occasional pieces of material that grip the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reader, and illuminate an issue by conveying a sense of the excitement that should pepper the study of Soviet )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7186 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history. Akhmatova's )] TJ ET BT 139.172 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Requiem)] TJ ET BT 181.160 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( suggests something of the awful nature of the 1930s and there are significant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sections of the material dealing with the 1941-45 war that send a chill down the spine. Beria's secret )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(memorandum of 1940 to Stalin describing the 25,000 Polish officers captured after the Soviet occupation as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('inveterate, incorrigible enemies of Soviet power' and recommending that they all be shot gives a clear view )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the simple brutality of Stalin's regime \(pp. 249-50\). But it would be useful to be able to read descriptions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the tumult of 1917 and its aftermath and of the growing chaos that gripped the Soviet Union in its final )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(years to appreciate the dramatic circumstances in which the regime both came into existence and then )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perished.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sakwa's approach does allow us to grasp an essential feature of the Soviet Union - and one that is often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(misunderstood by students. The level of central direction in the Soviet state gave it an exceptional quality )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and this collection of documents is very good at exemplifying this feature of Soviet existence. The section of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book that deals with Khrushchev and the problems of reform in the post-Stalin environment demonstrate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very clearly how the centralised nature of both state and society had created problems that were to prove )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intractable. Agriculture was the focus of Khrushchev's attempts to bring about change. Stalin's policy of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collectivisation had clearly failed to enable Soviet farming to prosper. Sakwa includes an extract from an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appeal to Khrushchev that condemns Soviet agricultural policy for resulting in 'only crab meat and green )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peas' being on sale in many regions \(p. 314\). Collectivisation represented the epitome of central control, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(giving farmers little latitude in what and how they could cultivate. But Khrushchev's solutions had to operate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through the same prism of centralisation. Soviet rulers recognised very clearly that their political power )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(depended upon strong central control of the economy. In political terms, Khrushchev could not go too far in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(denouncing the appalling excesses of Stalinism; his speech to the Twentieth Party Congress in 1956 \(pp. 316-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(22\) was made in secret and had to tread the difficult line of condemning the 'cult of personality' that Stalin )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had constructed, while insisting that the essential structures of state and society that had developed during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his nearly 30 years in power were truly Soviet and must be maintained. This was the position taken by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Soviet rulers for another 30 years, until Mikhail Gorbachev came to power and began to comprehend that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ossified nature of the Soviet state was dragging its economy into the dust.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Even though Sakwa's main focus is on domestic matters, this selection of documents is also good at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illuminating the development of Soviet foreign policy. The Soviet state had come into existence in 1917 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(determined to promote its model of revolution abroad. The impact of this position both on the USSR itself, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and on foreign states, was immense and long lasting. This selection of documents allows the reader to trace )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this development from the early days of the Comintern \(pp. 105-7\) through the isolationism of the early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1930s to Soviet fighting in the Second World War. A particular strength of Sakwa's approach is the way in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which he integrates the discussion of foreign policy into the domestic context of Soviet history. The extracts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relating to the 'Cold Peace' between 1945 and 1953 combine analysis of the Soviet Union's international )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(position with Stalin's attempts to re-impose orthodoxy at home by imposing greater control over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nationalities, science and art. The treatment of the last years of the Soviet Union gives equal insight into the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interaction of domestic and foreign policy. Gorbachev's 1988 speech to the United Nations \(pp. 461-4\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ranged widely across issues that were relevant to both the Soviet Union's place in the world and to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(internal politics of both his own state and the Soviet satellites of Eastern Europe.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This collection will prove useful to students taking courses on the history and politics of the Soviet Union. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will certainly help them to understand the nature and significance of a once-mighty state that disappeared )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the map almost overnight. The ease with which the Soviet Union was dismantled has, perhaps, led to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the development of a view among students today that the USSR was a weak and feeble entity, destined for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oblivion from its inception. Sakwa's selection of sources, together with his illuminating commentaries, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should help to dispel that view and to allow readers to gain insight into the reasons why the Soviet state )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attracted both admiration and opprobrium in almost equal measure over three quarters of the twentieth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 59.455 526.499 1.500 re S endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 551 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/186)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 795.075 m 322.316 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 770.098 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.698 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1172)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.298 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 795.3895 322.3157 807.2695 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/186) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000550 00000 n 0000000632 00000 n 0000005359 00000 n 0000005468 00000 n 0000005578 00000 n 0000005687 00000 n 0000009248 00000 n 0000009376 00000 n 0000009460 00000 n 0000009525 00000 n 0000017225 00000 n 0000017290 00000 n 0000024529 00000 n 0000024613 00000 n 0000025216 00000 n 0000025344 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 25439 %%EOF