%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140921014611+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140921014611+01'00') /Title (The British Seaside: Holidays and Resorts in the Twentieth Century) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4339 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The British Seaside: Holidays and Resorts in the Twentieth Century)] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published as part of Manchester University Press's new Studies in Popular Culture series, John Walton's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(latest addition to his incomparable canon of seaside studies forms part of a concerted effort by new social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians to question what makes appropriate and important history. Reflecting on why the cotton industry )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather than the seaside industry, both products of mid-nineteenth century Lancashire, has attracted the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attention of historians, Walton suggests that:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [("The seaside's significance and capacity for survival have yet to generate a historiography to challenge that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of cotton; but that is not for want of importance or scope for posing big questions. Rather, it reflects the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enduring preoccupation of economic historians with production rather than consumption, the predominance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of class conflict in manufacturing industry among the chosen themes of social history, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(condescension of the political history establishment towards popular culture. Only in the last two decades )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have the orthodox agenda been seriously challenged, and this book is the product of those times." [195-6])] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the process of challenging this orthodoxy, Walton ploughs his familiar line on the social and economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significance of the seaside displayed in his many publications on Blackpool, but also branches out into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural history. Thus, the Introduction opens up the idea of the seaside as a liminal space, both an unstable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(boundary between the sea and land and a space beyond the rules of respectable urban society where one can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explore other identities. However, this element is not central to the book, which still concentrates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overwhelmingly on the very historiographical orthodoxy and themes which Walton claims his book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenges, the seven substantive chapters dealing with the seaside resort system, the holidaymakers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(233)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 30 November, 2001)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John K. Walton)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719051703)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(224pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Barry Doyle)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7055 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves, travelling to the coast, and seaside pleasures, environments, economies and politics.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book begins by mapping the resorts, travelling around the coast outlining the scale and importance of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seaside towns in the various parts of the country, assessing the demographic trends for the period up to 1951 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and then looking at changes in visitor numbers, asserting all along that these are imperfect even for recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(times. He notes the relatively small and insignificant nature of seaside resorts in Scotland, apart from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(links villages of the 'Golf stream', as well as exploring the development of the original 'bungalow' towns of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inter-war Essex, Kent and Sussex and the democratic element in their occupation of the coast with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ramshackle homes made from railway carriages, timber and iron buildings. In looking at the period of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stagnation and dispersal in the fifties and sixties, he asserts that decline was slow and to some extent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compensated for by the rise of the retirement resorts, especially along the south coast, emphasising that rapid )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and complete decline was a feature of the seventies and eighties, especially in northern resorts like New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brighton.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Holidaymakers' highlights the fact that as holidays were constrained by cost, even for the lower middle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(class, most classes and ages went to British seaside resorts in the first half of the century, either as long-stay )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(visitors or day-trippers. Such social diversity resulted in ongoing battles over the issue of 'social tone' - with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many coastal towns struggling to maintain middle class vacationers looking for peace and quiet yet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attempting to attract the free spending trippers and working class holiday makers after entertainment \(a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theme returned to often in subsequent chapters\). Given the importance of cost, decline is seen largely as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(product of affluence, with first the middle classes, but soon the lower middle class and workers abandoning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the resorts for independent travel in the undeveloped coast and hinterland of areas like Devon and Cornwall, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in a variety of inland holiday locations from historic cities to the wilds of Scotland, or even ultimately to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resorts abroad.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Travelling to the Coast' makes clear Walton's belief that the decline of rail was central to the collapse of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resorts and the shift in their physical and cultural character - a theme he returns to in subsequent chapters. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shows how railhead resorts maintained their dominance to the 1950s when motor bikes and cars joined buses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and coaches in changing resorts and their environs, whilst planes allowed escape to Europe and beyond. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular, motor vehicles demanded car parking space and caused jams on the inadequate roads, prompting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the promotion of major urban change, as well as changing resorts by decanting the beds from guest houses to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(caravans, chalets, cottages and tents in the surrounding countryside. Furthermore, they facilitated a shift in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the way people used coastal resorts, freeing them from the constraints of the town and beach so that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resort became just one part of the holiday. With these changes the coastal resorts once again became a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(location for day-trippers, or increasingly for resident retirees and suburbans.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As might be expected, Walton is at his best surveying 'Seaside Pleasures', describing with passion and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(affection the opulence and splendour of Victorian and Edwardian piers, winter gardens and pleasure palaces. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is here that he returns to the theme of the seaside as a liminal place where people could and did do things )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they wouldn't do at home - even when most of the folks from home were also there. [96-7] Most liminal of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all was the pier, as he explains \(possibly a little tongue in cheek\):)] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In principle it is the essence of liminality, with more convincing credentials as phallic symbol than the tallest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tower, as it points a stiff masculine technological probe into the mysterious feminine world of the sea, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(linking the elements to generate the special frisson of pleasure and the privileged gaze that go with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(occupying the bridging-point of two worlds. [104-5])] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Walton is highly critical of the resorts failure to make the most of their Victorian pleasure heritage, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially Brighton's shift to an emphasis on its Regency past and the antiques trade, or even Blackpool's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resort to kitsch capital of the north which, whilst owing something to the traditional liminality of the seaside )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resort, is predominantly focused on the bars and clubs of the town centre. As he shows, by the end of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century the British population were much more inclined to go to in land theme parks with only Blackpool )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pleasure Beach rivalling the pulling power of the likes of Alton Towers. This, Walton feels, need not have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been if resort politicians and entrepreneurs had acted to capture such ideas in the beginning and fit them into )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7426 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the overall seaside experience. This failure is seen as part of a broader failure to look after the seaside )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(environment, which deterred visitors and changed the character of the resorts.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus, 'Seaside Environments' covers interesting ground, discussing attempts to regulate resorts, battles with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the sea through expensive sea defences, endeavours to manage traditional seaside economies and lifestyles, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially those of fisherfolk and their homes, and the long running war with sewerage. Walton places )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular emphasis on the 'degradation of the built environment' with architecture losing its distinctiveness, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emblems of seaside pleasures demolished or allowed to decay, whilst shopping precincts and sea-front flats )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(typical of 'up-market south-eastern retirement resorts...reduced the visual sense of seaside place identity'. Yet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this is an essentially northern, populist conception of what the seaside town was or should be. For one of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very distinctive features of the seaside in the twentieth century, and especially along the south coast, was the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way it encouraged a rare willingness in the English to live on one level, whether in bungalows or low-rise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(blocks of private flats along the seafront. Whilst Blackpool and similar northern resorts may not have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adopted such architectural styles so readily, the wide esplanade with white blocks of flats is as emblematic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the seaside to most southerners as the pier or the amusements. But this is a relatively minor point, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should not detract from an interesting chapter, which raises some important general issues about urban )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(environments in the twentieth century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Linking a number of the chapters together, 'Seaside Economies' highlights their highly volatile nature, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centrality of casual labour, much of it seasonal, high levels of small proprietorship, low wages, long hours )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and rampant winter unemployment. These generic problems were aggravated first by the changes in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resorts between the 1950s and the 1970s, with the commensurate decline of the guest houses, then made )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much worse by the collapse of the domestic seaside holiday in the seventies and eighties which saw )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(populations increasingly dominated by retirees on fixed incomes with low expenditure patterns, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unemployed who gravitated to the seaside drawn by the prospect of casual work and the lure of extensive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bedsit accommodation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The nature of resort economies greatly influenced the structure of 'Seaside Politics', giving Walton one of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most original chapters. Here he explores how politics operated in what were essentially one party towns. He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(finds that, like Liberal dominated nineteenth century towns, the battles were between spenders and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economisers, between those who wished to maintain 'social tone' and those who looked to increase the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entertainment side. In general these political divisions mapped onto the two or three main resort )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constituencies - holiday trade, retirees and suburbans - with the former group often backing the spenders, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whilst the latter groups tended to favour low rates and high social tone and thus supported the economisers. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In fact what Walton shows is that 'ideology' had little to do with urban politics in much of Britain certainly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(until the sixties, with Tory administrations in places like Blackpool and Scarborough embarking on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extensive public investment and municipal trading, especially on leisure provision, which would have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(criticised as extravagant in towns not dependent on the holiday trade. Furthermore, Walton brings the history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of seaside politics into the late twentieth century, attempting to unpack the collapse of seaside Toryism in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eighties and nineties as first Brighton then Blackpool succumbed to New Labour, and providing a humorous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussion of the final triumph of Brighton over Hove at the end of the twentieth century, a marriage which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appeared to unite all aspects of the twentieth century seaside town.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are few significant criticisms of this book. It does seem to privilege Blackpool and the northern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seaside experience over that of the rather more complex southern coastal towns. In particular, Brighton )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(receives few generous comments, except in relation to its annexation of Hove, whilst Southend and Margate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are a little under-represented. In a related criticism, this distrust of the southern seaside leads him to draw too )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much of a distinction between seaside towns as holiday resorts and retiree 'Costa Geriatricas'. He downplays )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the links between the two - that many retirees may have holidayed in the town for years, or that retiring to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the coast is just an exaggerated form of holiday. Overall neither the reasons why people have chosen the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seaside as a main place to retire to nor the positive aspects of the development of older populations in coastal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(towns are fully explored, whilst the growth of coastal suburbs receives little attention. As suggested earlier, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this northern image of the seaside also colours how a resort should look, with the red or white brick )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victorian town, with central station, beach, pier, and amusements regarded as archetypal and the southern )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 3362 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tendency towards modern blocks of flats on wide esplanades rejected as insufficiently seaside.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yet these are minor criticisms and do not detract from the merits of what is a highly innovative exercise in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(urban history. For this stands as the first survey of the impact of a single industry on the urban environment )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during the twentieth century and is unique in its coverage of the secular social, economic, political, transport )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and environmental history of a large number of towns of differing sizes from the substantial boroughs like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brighton and Blackpool, to the small but significant towns of Devon and Cornwall. These towns which were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often the fastest growing places in the late nineteenth century and even well into the twentieth century, have, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as Walton re-emphasises in his conclusion, been ignored by most historians for their failure to make things, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their absence of class conflict, their Tory politics and their dominance by the middle class and by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumption. Yet as this book makes clear, these were paradigmatic urban environments of the mid-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(twentieth century, and Walton both fills in their largely missing history and provides a template for urban )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history in the coming years, combining traditional methods and concerns with the new methodology of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural history in a broad comparative sweep.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lynne Truss Reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.lynnetruss.com/pages/content/index.asp)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 557.235 m 283.004 557.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 286.004 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford Journals)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://tcbh.oxfordjournals.org/content/14/1/83.2.full.pdf+html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 528.723 m 331.124 528.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 334.124 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 525.391 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 507.611 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 507.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/233)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 506.217 m 322.316 506.217 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 481.240 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 466.840 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1279)] TJ ET BT 34.016 452.440 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.lynnetruss.com/pages/content/index.asp?PageID=19)] TJ ET BT 34.016 438.040 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://tcbh.oxfordjournals.org/content/14/1/83.2.full.pdf+html)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 557.5495 283.0037 569.4295 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.lynnetruss.com/pages/content/index.asp?PageID=19) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 529.0375 331.1237 540.9175 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://tcbh.oxfordjournals.org/content/14/1/83.2.full.pdf+html) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 506.5315 322.3157 518.4115 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/233) >> endobj xref 0 26 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000569 00000 n 0000000651 00000 n 0000005042 00000 n 0000005151 00000 n 0000005261 00000 n 0000005370 00000 n 0000008931 00000 n 0000009059 00000 n 0000009143 00000 n 0000009208 00000 n 0000016316 00000 n 0000016381 00000 n 0000023860 00000 n 0000023958 00000 n 0000027373 00000 n 0000027500 00000 n 0000027611 00000 n 0000027738 00000 n 0000027852 00000 n 0000027980 00000 n trailer << /Size 26 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 28075 %%EOF