%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140722192309+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140722192309+01'00') /Title (Travel and Ethnology in the Renaissance: South India through European Eyes 1250-1625) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3952 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Travel and Ethnology in the Renaissance: South India through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(European Eyes 1250-1625)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This impressively erudite, well researched, and eloquently written book by Joan Pau Rubis analyses the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of Iberian and Italian travellers' accounts of south India over three hundred years. Beginning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the medieval merchant travellers Marco Polo in the thirteenth century and ending with the humanist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(antiquarian Pietro della Valle in the early seventeenth century, the book in ten detailed chapters traces the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(course of travel narratives, providing major new interpretations of the more well known narratives figures )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nicol Conti, Duarte Barbosa, Domingos Paes, Ferno Nunes and Roberto de Nobili, as well as treating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(largely neglected figures like Lodovico Varthema, or previously inaccessible sources, like Antonio Rubino's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hitherto unpublished Account of the main things of the kingdom of Vijayanagara \(1608\). The book provides )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the most exhaustive account in English of Portuguese travellers in India to date. It will be of keen interest as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much to scholars of early modern India, who have been rethinking the dynamics of this period, as to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians of Europe and the early colonial encounter.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At the most general level, the book makes an important and convincing argument, more demonstrably than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(polemically, that the popularly used paradigm of 'Orientalism', in which European knowledge of the Orient )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(239)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 January, 2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joan-Pau Rubis)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780521770552)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(70.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(443pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.cambridge.org/uk/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=9780521770552)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Daud Ali)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7432 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is seen as a mere instrument of 'power' hopelessly caught up in a solipsistic fantasy of the 'other', is deeply )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inadequate for any historical understanding of the nature of these accounts. Rubis eschews the idea that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(travellers \(much like historians\) are hopelessly trapped by their own assumptions determined by their class )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(positions, irrational prejudices, or own subjective consciousness. Rubis opposes these views, in particular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the latter position of 'radical relativism', by suggesting a model of 'language games'. This model does not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ignore the specific 'interests' and predispositions of the traveller \(and indeed, the informer\), but rather poses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them as domains within which cultural understanding may occur. Cultures are usefully understood as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('language games', rules of communication specific to social situations. Cross cultural representation may )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then be understood, within the framework of 'translation' - that is, of learning language-games of other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peoples.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This perspective allows Rubis to pose the central problem of his book as 'under what conditions did travel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature become a form of translation'. The answer to this question is dependent on a two-fold )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contextualisation. First, Rubis places his accounts within the contexts of both expanding European trading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(networks in the Indian ocean and particularly with the evolution of Portuguese interests in the subcontinent, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and also the empire of Vijayanagara \(1346-1565\) the predominantly 'Hindu' power of South India during a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time when large parts of northern and central India were ruled by independent Muslim sultanates. Second, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and perhaps more importantly, Rubis places his sources within the intellectual and historiographical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditions of both renaissance Europe and early modern India. Though the author has navigated the waters of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medieval south Indian history with remarkable perceptiveness, the most valuable parts of the book remain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his acute observations about the intellectual contexts and discursive categories operating in his own sources. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He brilliantly demonstrates how, for example, Marco Polo's ability to serve a pagan lord is not justified by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any separation of politics and religion, but through an idea of providence - that where ever there is power )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and law there also must be faith. Later, in introducing the Portuguese accounts of Vijayanagar, he points out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very perceptively that an obvious, but very consequential difference between the chronicles written at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperial centre and the historical accounts by the agents of the king in India is the diminished role that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(king plays as an actor in the traveller's narratives. It is these sort of observations, everywhere apparent in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book, that will make it a landmark in the study of 'early modern' representations of the Orient.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps the most important argument the book makes, presaged by its title, is that travel writing in Europe )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was an important source of the Enlightenment science of 'ethnology'. This bold claim connects travel writing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within the larger intellectual and political transformations in Europe between the Renaissance and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enlightenment. Crucial is the figure of traveller, independent from direct religious and imperial authority, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exercising his rational critical powers to 'translate' the language games of foreign cultures. Rubis's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(formulation is quite sophisticated here. He maintains that while the horizons of travellers' discourse were not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(determined from within, but instead made possible by the legitimising power of changing attitudes among )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humanist-educated lites, it is also the case that travel literature came to mediate between the philosophical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions debated by humanists, and the 'empirical reality of human diversity which had now become )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essential to any answers'. By the 17th century travel writing was a powerful voice liberated from economic, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious and political concern, and would become a new authority in the emerging Enlightenment 'science )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of mankind'.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter by chapter, Rubis shows that the evolution of travel writing and its contexts was gradual. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Varthema's narrative, for example, though positing itself as the creation of an independent and de-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contextualised individual, still required a humanist interlocutor. This independent persona was subjected to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new pressures by Iberian imperialism, which brought with it new administrative exigencies requiring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge production as well as reading publics at home in Europe. But the political context also allowed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new possibilities. Rubis argues that the Portuguese empire builders articulated shifting political identities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with local powers which departed from the idealist emphasis of traditional ideologies and which indicated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that a new secularly defined space of understanding was gradually emerging in which other cultures could be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(classified. The travellers accounts, even within the penumbra of empire, deployed an increasingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparative approach to human diversity, relying on the authority of observation alone order to establish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(truth claims. In his readings of the famous accounts of Nunes and Paes, Rubis shows how this vision )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 18 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 6649 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acquired chronological depth and addressed fundamental problems of historical interpretation through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(naturalistic and secular rather than metaphysical frameworks of order. Rubis sees the 17th century figures )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Nobili and Della Valle as exemplifying two different responses to human diversity at the threshold of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enlightenment, which, while in different camps, both shared a common challenge to the older conventional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way of describing behaviours without analysing beliefs.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rubis has provided a masterful integration of his sources with the main currents of European thought. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Though he provides an extremely complex picture of the European intellectual context, and the role of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traveller's account within it, there is a tendency toward seeing a general shift in intellectual environments )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from clerical/religious/traditional to secular/scientific/critical. Rubis' distinctions are often subtle, as in his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argument that the writings of the missionary Roberto di Nobili reveal a changed environment within )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious discourse which allowed for a new understanding of gentile religions as part of their own cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(systems. But such subtleties aside, one occasionally wonders how convincing Rubis overall narrative of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European thought can really be. Rubis clearly doesn't see the stated claims of humanist science as a set of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideological claims in their own right, as some have done. Rather, he celebrates humanist scientific values as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the most effective mode of coming to terms with 'the fact of human diversity'.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The implicit value judgements of this study are revealed by certain remarks in the author's otherwise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commendable and largely sympathetic treatment Hindu and Muslim sources. While finding many cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(similarities between Deccani Muslim and Vijayanagar accounts on the one hand and those of the Portuguese )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the other, Rubies nevertheless concludes that the Portuguese had a clearly 'superior' approach to cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding than either Hindus, dominated by mythic 'cyclical time' or Muslims, preoccupied with a jihad )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centred way of writing history. For the South Asian historian, these images are as unfortunate as they are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stereotyped, and despite Rubies commendable attempt to read the Persian and Sanskrit/Telugu sources in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(translation, don't really tell us enough about indigenous knowledge systems.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But to return to Europe, one wonders why critical approaches to humanism and enlightenment values, now )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(widely debated, have not been addressed, even by way of disagreement, in such a deeply contextualising and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sensitive book. There are those thinkers, for example, who have suggested that the rising discourses of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empiricism, historicism, humanism and 'enlightenment' in complex ways actually 're-occupied' some of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transcendental roles which they had sought to displace. And like the 'ideologies' from which these currents )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sought to distance themselves, they too had their own boundaries, coercions, and 'rules' of play. In this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(respect, Rubies' structural typology for understanding cultural contact is perhaps not radical enough. Though )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding cultures as 'language games' - coherent systems of meaning - Rubies tends to see translation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a universal process, a rational negotiation of 'human diversity'. But can we not gain something important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by seeing 'translation' itself as a 'language-game', or more properly, following Foucault, a 'truth game' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(governed by its own assumptions and rules of operation? The 'fact' of human cultural diversity in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(framework would not necessarily be a 'fact' at all, but an a priori assumption coherent within a particular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(language game. Foucault in his The Order of Things suggested that in medieval knowledge systems )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difference was not perceived within the framework of self and other, nor the diversity of discrete and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incommensurable objects, but rather through a hieratic order of resemblances. Foucault went on to provide a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical account and critique of the 'classical' and humanist system which replaced this order. Though the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author may not agree with such methods or conclusions, some treatment of this scholarship, and more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(importantly, knowledge itself as a language game could open up his material to new perspectives and add )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(another dimension to an already impressive and powerful book.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 130.735 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 112.955 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 112.955 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/239)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 111.561 m 322.316 111.561 l S endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 111.8755 322.3157 123.7555 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/239) >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 306 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 784.354 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 769.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1951)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000587 00000 n 0000000669 00000 n 0000004673 00000 n 0000004782 00000 n 0000004892 00000 n 0000005001 00000 n 0000008562 00000 n 0000008690 00000 n 0000008774 00000 n 0000008839 00000 n 0000016324 00000 n 0000016408 00000 n 0000023110 00000 n 0000023238 00000 n 0000023333 00000 n 0000023398 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 23756 %%EOF