%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141026080442+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141026080442+00'00') /Title (Lloyd George and the Lost Peace: From Versailles to Hitler 1919-1940) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3975 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Lloyd George and the Lost Peace: From Versailles to Hitler 1919-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(1940)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A. J. Sylvester, David Lloyd George's private secretary from 1921 until 1945, and who therefore should have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had a better opportunity than most to reach a judgement, was, like most historians who have tried to come to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terms with the Welshman's energetic and enigmatic character, baffled by it. In the space of a week he was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(torn between his view of Lloyd George as 'a very wonderful man' and the less flattering thought that 'I am so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemptuous of him I have hardly any patience'. \(p107\) Professor Lentin's collection of essays concentrates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mainly on the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, but there are two later chapters investigating Lloyd George's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(visit to Hitler in 1936 and his reactions to the fall of Poland in the early days of the Second World War. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(study illustrates well why Lloyd George caused, and continues to cause, such confusion.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With his characteristic panache and eye for the telling quotation Lentin, in 'Lloyd George at the Paris Peace )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Conference', surveys a number of episodes which demonstrate Lloyd George's perception, instinctive grasp )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of critical issues and essentially liberal philosophy and yet also reveal his lack of scruple and willingness to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deceive. His record on national self-determination was generally, though not universally, good and he fought )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hard, particularly over the Polish frontiers, to include as few Germans as possible in the new Poland. His )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(242)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 31 December, 2001)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anthony Lentin)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780333919613)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2001)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(80.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(200pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.palgrave.com/products/title.aspx?PID=262387)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alan Sharp)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7479 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(admirers, most notably Professor Kenneth Morgan, argue that he was a force for moderation in Paris and that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the settlement would have been worse but for his influence. There is indeed much to admire in the vision and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frankness of the Fontainebleau memorandum of March 1919 and Lloyd George did wish to see a stable and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prosperous Europe. Yet as Lentin neatly puts it, 'The idealism of the Fontainebleau Memorandum, calling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for reconciliation in a Europe of sovereign national states, attracted liberals; at the same time it was wholly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in accord with British interest in a balance of power'. \(p21\) This he would see as typical of one who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('believed firmly in Britain and its empire as a force for order and civilisation in the world, [who] at all times )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(placed its interests first, and fought, without stint and sometimes without scruple, to make those interests )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prevail'. \(pxii\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yet at the same time he left his fellow negotiators with the impression that he was slippery, unstable and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lacking clear aims and objectives - as one despairing American diplomat complained - 'I wish Mr Lloyd )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(George could tell us just what he finally wants'. \(p20\) Perhaps it did not matter, Lloyd George enjoyed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(himself in Paris, leaving one with the feeling that he relished negotiation for its own sake almost as much as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the satisfaction in bringing together positions and policies that were apparently irreconcilable. To achieve )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this his methods were often mendacious or, more charitably, less than frank.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He was, for example, prepared to dazzle the French premier, Georges Clemenceau, with his promise of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Channel tunnel to bring British troops to France more swiftly in any future confrontation with Germany. Yet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he knew that his careful last-minute emendation of the text of the Anglo-French treaty of guarantee on 27 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(June 1919 on the eve of its signature would mean that there could be no possibility of Britain alone bearing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the burden and only an outside chance of any obligation at all. Only if the Americans ratified their parallel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commitment would Britain's guarantee become operative, and, if the Americans did pledge themselves to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defence of France, then the likelihood of any future German assault would be hugely reduced. Nor \(it might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be added\) was his commitment to building the tunnel as firm as his statement suggested. 'Heads I win, tails )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(you lose' was always Lloyd George's watchword and Lentin's chapter on 'The Treaty that Never Was: Lloyd )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(George and the French Connection' offers an excellent example of the spin of a Lloyd George coin. Yet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there was a cost because the French did not forget this confirmation of their distrust of perfidious Albion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(even if it should have been perfidious Pays Galles.\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In what is the most important and perceptive chapter of this impressive collection, 'Reparations and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reputations: Lloyd George and Lord Cunliffe', Lentin analyses the relationship between Lloyd George and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lord Cunliffe, one half of the 'Heavenly Twins'. Together with his 'sibling' Lord Sumner, the prime minister )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cast as the pair as the villains of the reparations settlement in his inaptly entitled memoirs of the conference )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('The Truth about the Peace Treaties' and his verdict endorsed the views of earlier impressive witnesses such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as Harold Nicolson and John Maynard Keynes. The implication was that Cunliffe and Sumner stood )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between his preferred option of a possible reparations settlement rather than an impressive but impossible )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German bill. This view has persuaded some historians \(including Lentin himself in earlier writings\) that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there was a real difference of approach. Yet, as Lentin now shows with great clarity, the reality was very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different. It was much more that Cunliffe mirrored Lloyd George's belief that Germany did indeed deserve to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pay, and much less that he represented an inconvenient barrier to the reduction of Germany's account that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many of the prime minister's colleagues pressed him to negotiate in June 1919. Lentin argues that Lloyd )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(George's 'curious reluctance' to revise the reparations clauses, noted by Robert Cecil at the time, was really )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence of a longer-term consistency on the matter. Indeed he believes Lloyd George was already )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intentionally acting insincerely when he agreed to the 5 November 1918 Lansing Note which specifically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ruled out the possibility of an indemnity. 'He was never', Lentin suggests, 'in thrall to the Twins: they were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the obedient agents of his bidding.' \(p39\) And Lloyd George did not show much gratitude, as Cunliffe )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complained to Lord Riddell, the press magnate, 'You are ordered here and ordered there, do this and do that. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But no-one ever says "Good dog!"' \(p45\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lentin returns to the theme he first explored in his 1984 book )] TJ ET BT 331.988 92.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Lloyd George, Woodrow Wilson and the Guilt )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of Germany)] TJ ET BT 91.004 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 'The Worm in the Bud: "Appeasement" at the Peace Conference'. Here he charts the growing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(body of disapproval within the British delegation at the direction the conference was taking and of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implications of its decisions. These doubts about the vindictive nature of the treaty were shared by some )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7604 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American experts, though many of the French feared that the treaty was insufficiently harsh. Some of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British delegation became increasingly sympathetic to the Germans, and many became increasingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(antipathetic to their French allies - an interesting commentary on the fate of victorious alliances. James )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Headlam-Morley, drafted to Paris to act as a bridge between the Foreign Office, of which he was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(temporary member, and Lloyd George's entourage, believed that the treaty had not sufficiently taken account )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the changes within Germany and thought that it did not offer enough support and encouragement to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new Weimar regime. Jan Christian Smuts, the South African statesman and former Boer commander who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had a great influence on Lloyd George, was scathing about the settlement, fearing that it carried the germ of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(future, and far worse, conflicts. The British Treasury official, John Maynard Keynes, quit the conference in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(June 1919 and within six months had published )] TJ ET BT 265.352 668.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Economic Consequences of the Peace)] TJ ET BT 468.308 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which gave )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many Anglo-Saxons a bad conscience about the treaty. There was a striking demonstration of British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domestic and imperial unease when the Cabinet and Empire delegation met in Paris in June 1919 to review )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the draft settlement. They empowered Lloyd George to seek substantial revisions of that draft and, even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(when he did not succeed \(or indeed, in terms of reparations, did not try\) they did not see the set-back as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(final. Lentin argues that 'many, perhaps most, in Lloyd George's delegation' did not accept the treaty 'in more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than a formal sense.' \(p73\). Thus there was, from the start, amongst much of the British elite the conviction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the treaty should be revised in Germany's favour but whether 'Balliol and appeasement' \(two-thirds of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the delegation staff were Balliol men \(p85\)\) was quite the same thing as the later 'All Souls and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appeasement' may be doubted.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final two chapters skip the best part of a generation and arrive in the mid- and late-1930s. Lloyd )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(George's visit to Hitler at the Berghof in 1936 was condemned by Churchill as a monumental misjudgement, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Welshman's intuitive grasp had failed him. Yet Lentin asks, 'Who fooled whom in this Alpine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encounter?' \(p99\) and he suggests that the two men shared many characteristics and attributes of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(showmanship and statecraft. He could have added that both were consummate liars but there was always the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(saving grace that, despite Lloyd George's public praise for Hitler's achievements, he never approved his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(methods - political and religious persecution and concentration camps were all 'a terrible thing to an old )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Liberal like myself'. \(p103\) Was there anything more to it than a mutual admiration session? Hitler in 1942 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggested that, had Lloyd George had the power, there might have been an Anglo-German understanding in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1936, and Frances Stevenson, Lloyd George's secretary, mistress and second wife, agreed. Lloyd George )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(himself had no doubt and Lentin believes 'that Lloyd George could have saved the peace' \(pxiii\) but the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions of upon what terms such an agreement could have been reached and what its implications might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been do not permit easy, nor, it must be said, very optimistic answers. Given Hitler's insatiable appetite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for conquest it seems unlikely that there could have been lasting peace between the sort of Britain in which, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lentin argues, Lloyd George believed and wished to safeguard, and the Nazi regime.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There was no agreement, and Lentin's final chapter \('"A Conference Now": Lloyd George, Chamberlain and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Churchill, 1939-40'\) reviews the reactions of Lloyd George to the outbreak of war, the fall of Poland and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political situation within Britain during the 'phoney war.' It was his behaviour in this period that drove )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sylvester to believe that Lloyd George was a defeatist and made him despair for his master's career and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reputation. From outside the government \(into which many had expected the energetic 76-year-old to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(called\) Lloyd George sniffed at the possibilities of a negotiated peace in the wake of Poland's collapse. He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had already published an article in the )] TJ ET BT 219.644 202.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sunday Express)] TJ ET BT 295.964 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( on 24 September 1939 criticising the Polish regime )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and, of course, he had asked in Paris in 1919, if Britain was prepared to 'die for Danzig'? In the House of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Commons after the Polish surrender of 3 October he had hinted, in a speech which conveyed an impression )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(far beyond the words he used, at the possibility of a conference with Germany. \(pp113-4\) Now he toyed with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the idea of a dramatic gesture calling for a peace conference but, in the end, he played to all sides in his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constituency speech on 21 October. As Lentin reminds us, the myth of an absolutely determined and resolute )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain in 1939-1940 was, at least in part, just that, a myth, and there were many who believed that reason )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and reality called for a less heroic stance. \(pp119-20\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Such a policy might also bring him back to power, but he would have no truck with any government that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(included Neville Chamberlain. Without Chamberlain, however, there could be no guarantee of Conservative )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 3141 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(support and any government would need that backing - the revisitation of Lloyd George's uncomfortable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political situation in 1919. Churchill's first offer of a post in May 1940 foundered on the necessity for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chamberlain's approval, his second in June on Lloyd George's refusal to serve with Chamberlain - 'I won't )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(go in with Neville.' \(p126\) Lentin considers that the offers may have been made because Churchill 'did after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all envisage an alternative to total victory other than total defeat.' Lloyd George might be able to do what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Churchill would never do, negotiate with 'That Man'. \(p128\) As it was, events saved Lloyd George from any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(danger of becoming Britain's Petain, but Lentin suggests that he would not have been averse to emerging )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the ruins to seek a settlement had Britain fallen.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Professor Lentin writes with verve and engagement and, although he does not hide Lloyd George's faults, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has obvious admiration for the jovial figure 'full of a baffling fascination and disquiet' captured in William )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Orpen's brilliant peace conference portrait. This excellent collection of insightful, entertaining and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provocative essays may not solve the enigma of Lloyd George - as Lord Birkenhead remarked in 1924 'In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mr Lloyd George there are always so many facets that a new study at a fresh angle inevitably and always )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggests a new conclusion' \(px\) - but the reader is given plenty of information to guide a quest for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elusive Welshman.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(H-Net Reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 528.723 m 240.992 528.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 243.992 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 525.391 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 507.611 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 507.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/242)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 506.217 m 322.316 506.217 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 481.240 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 466.840 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1959)] TJ ET BT 34.016 452.440 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=6167)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 529.0375 240.9917 540.9175 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=6167) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 506.5315 322.3157 518.4115 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/242) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000571 00000 n 0000000653 00000 n 0000004680 00000 n 0000004789 00000 n 0000004899 00000 n 0000005008 00000 n 0000008569 00000 n 0000008697 00000 n 0000008781 00000 n 0000008846 00000 n 0000016378 00000 n 0000016443 00000 n 0000024100 00000 n 0000024191 00000 n 0000027385 00000 n 0000027512 00000 n 0000027612 00000 n 0000027740 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27835 %%EOF