%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140722021122+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140722021122+01'00') /Title (Sex, Sin and Suffering. Venereal Disease and European Society since 1870) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3895 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Sex, Sin and Suffering. Venereal Disease and European Society )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(since 1870)] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Research on the history of venereal diseases \(VD\), syphilis, gonorrhoea, sexually transmitted diseases \(STDs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in more recent parlance\), has flourished in recent years. Both the editors of the current volume have recently )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published books on the topic, Davidson on VD policy and practice in Scotland, Hall a more general )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(synthetic work. When I mentioned to a colleague that I was reviewing this book, she enquired whether there )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was anything left to write about. Its contents demonstrate that quite clearly there is.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The main concentration of currently published work has been in two areas-studies of the British response to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Contagious Diseases Acts and their repeal in the second half of the nineteenth century; and country )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specific studies \(focussing on Britain and the US\) of the role of science and the development of VD policy in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the early decades of the twentieth century. This was the history which has had some recent policy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significance. It was drawn upon when AIDS came on to the scene in the 1980s. The history of STDs seemed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to offer a model, in England at least, of the defeat of punitive policies and the rise of a voluntaristic model. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain's rejection of the penal regulation of the Contagious Disease Acts in favour of medical regulation via )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(248)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 31 January, 2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Roger Davidson)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lesley Hall)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780415234443)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2001)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(85.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(272pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Routledge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.routledge.com/books/Sex-Sin-and-Suffering-isbn9780415234443)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London and New York)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Virginia Berridge)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7217 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the post World War one clinic system offered a template for anxious policy makers. Historical 'lessons' from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(VD were, if only temporarily, centre stage in the 1980s and historians developed a policy advisory role )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which has had later ramifications for their public image.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This volume covers a wider chronological range. It starts in 1870 when major challenges had emerged to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extension and operation of the Contagious Disease Acts model, and takes the story into the post Second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(World War years, with chapters on policy development in Scotland and England in the last half century and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on Hamburg in the immediate post war period. This wider time span is paralleled by a country specific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach, which sees chapters on a variety of European countries, ranging from France to Sweden and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Russia, but also on the links between VD control, colonialism and imperialism. Here there are chapters on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Far East, and on Uganda, as well as a general discussion of the interrelationships in a chapter by Philippa )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Levine.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A wide ranging editorial introduction touches on the broader historiography as well as some of the issues )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(raised by the individual chapters. Davidson and Hall are concerned to place responses to VD in the context )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of changing ideas about public health and what were considered to be appropriate forms of regulation and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intervention. They also discuss the impact on those patterns of regulation of the significant developments in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scientific knowledge about VD which emerged from the late nineteenth century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The policing of prostitutes, a strategy related to nineteenth century quarantine responses to infection control, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was widespread in the late nineteenth century. Originating in France, it spread throughout much of Europe, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even to the Netherlands, which later instituted liberal responses to VD. But increasingly this police response )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to control came under attack from an emergent 'preventive' medico-moral discourse at the turn of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century. This had its roots in a multitude of factors. VD, and syphilis in particular, also formed a powerful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(component of fin de siecle unease about the future of the race. It was one of those 'racial poisons' which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seemed to vouch for the veracity of eugenic and degenerationist theories. An international abolitionist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement emerged which opposed the 'double standard' embodied in the regulationist agenda. Increased )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medical surveillance by the state and insurance based health systems underlined that agenda's failure. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Medical advance - the differentiation of gonorrhoea from syphilis in the 1870s, the discovery of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(etiological agent of syphilis, treponema pallidum in 1905, the introduction of the Wassermann test and of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Salvarsan as a 'magic bullet' treatment in 1909 - enabled VD to be identified and treated. Changing responses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were part a wider move towards laboratory based models of scientific investigation of disease.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But to draw connections between scientific advance and policy change would be simplistic. The chapters in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this book show how the new preventive public health response had very different country specific histories. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In France, for example, police regulation of prostitution lasted until 1960. The well known British history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this period - of the First World War Royal Commission on VD leading to the institution of a clinic system )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(based on voluntary, confidential and open access - was not a universal model. In Spain the abolition of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regulation and medicalisation came with the Second republic in the mid 1930s. Davidson and Hall relate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these differing responses and the different models of regulation adopted to differences in political culture; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the relative identification of VD with concerns about national efficiency; the nature of the military system; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the relative influence of the abolitionist movement.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Policy and public health change is one dimension of the historical picture. But, as this book shows, VD )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encompasses a broader range of social and cultural responses. Bernstein's chapter on revolutionary Russia )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uses public health posters to demonstrate the fundamentally different position of health education after the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Revolution and the states' recognition of its importance in the remaking of society. The posters stress the role )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the male doctor on his white coat - or the health of the young working class male. Class and gender )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dimensions were important in responses to VD more generally. Chapters on Germany in the nineteenth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century, and on post war Hamburg are among those which emphasise how women who crossed boundaries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of acceptable behaviour were perceived as polluting and as reservoirs of infection. The classic 'innocent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(victim' in this respect was typically male. The class dimension of societal fears focussed on the role of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('working girl' and how she could be rescued and appropriate standards of middle class behaviour inculcated. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Male sexuality and assumptions about male sexual behaviour were also embodied in responses to VD. )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7359 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapters by Hall on the UK and by Wanrooij on Italy point to the idea of infection as a rite of passage into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manhood. Such cultural norms underwent significant change; by the time of the second World War; the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('manly man' was one who took precautions against infection.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Protecting the health of the armed forces had been the initial impetus behind contagious disease legislation. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The military impetus behind regulation remained strong, although again differing according to country. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(role of war in stimulating prevention and control has been considerable; and the protection of the army also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(involved the military presence in the colonies. This book valuably includes chapters relating responses to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexuality to the role of medicine and imperialism. Philippa Levine's chapter shows how contagious disease )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legislation tended to be more wide ranging in its colonial incarnations than its British counterpart. It was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(critical prop for British imperial rule in the nineteenth century. Because medical care was aimed at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(protecting the British colonial residents, policies were always more preventive in their orientation. Levine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(therefore traces a line of 'policy transfer', not just from Britain to its colonies, but also the other way round )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with colonial approaches transferring the Mother country. Macpherson, in her chapter on campaigns against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(VD in Shanghai, Hong Kong and Singapore, also criticises the notion that universal 'mother country' models )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of policy were applied without consideration in the colonial context. She shows how, in her three locations, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the implementation of the CD Acts varied according to local conditions and there were different responses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(among the local communities to the controversies they inspired. She uses a Far Eastern tour by members of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the NCCVD \(National Council for Combating Venereal Disease\) in the early 1920s to highlight these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(differing responses.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Davidson and Hall make the obvious point that medical and moral discourses round sexuality were, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continue to be, entwined. The response to AIDS in the UK for example, saw prostitutes identified as 'vectors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of infection' and the language of the 'innocent victim' revived. There has also been a continuing strand of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compulsion embodied even within ostensibly medical responses. Davidson shows in his chapter how the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interwar Scottish tradition of 'civic authoritarianism' in VD control was modified post war with a new focus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on health education and on epidemiological contact tracing. David Evans' chapter on the same period in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English policy shows how the VD services were incorporated into the NHS; the continuing low status of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(venereology \(redefined as genito urinary medicine or GUM\) and the changing clientele of the clinics with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immigrant and homosexual populations using them in the post war years.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Writing such reviews, it is easy enough to identify areas on which one might like to have read more, or to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(make statements about how strange that the editors have not considered including a particular area of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research. The chapters cover many issues which could have been given separate consideration - for example )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the changing status and nature of the specialisms which deal with VD. How the response to HIV/AIDS )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intersected with existing traditions of VD control is little considered - yet again, this appears to have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(depended on country specific cultures and traditions of medicine. One particular 'spectre at the feast' is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(international aspect of regulation and control. At several points, both the editors and their authors draw )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attention to the strong international dimension to abolitionism in the late nineteenth century. It would have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been valuable to have had a chapter taking forward this aspect of developing 'global health governance' into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the era of the League of Nations and post war United Nations/ WHO activities. Little has so far been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published on these aspects; yet the international dynamic was an important component of the later response )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to HIV/AIDS.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This book indicates that there is indeed more work to be done on the history of STDs. The cross national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach is clearly one way forward; this has been demonstrated by earlier cross national comparisons, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example Milton Lewis et al's study of STDS and HIV/AIDS in Asia and the Pacific, which is not mentioned )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the introduction to this book. The previous absence of studies at the European level reflects on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relatively underdeveloped state of social history of medicine and health in some European countries as well. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editors of this volume have rightly avoided adopting a 'one size fits all' model of country by country )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparison, and thus constraining the authors within chapter models which might not suit all they wanted to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(say. The book's genesis was aided by a conference for the various authors, and that has clearly aided the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(process of production and interaction. The editorial introduction is a valuable lead into the many and varied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(issues raised by studies of sexually transmitted disease. The recent efflorescence of 'sexual histories' has )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 1726 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been underpinned by many issues, the earlier rise of interest in womens' history and the later advent of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(HIV/AIDS among them. The production of this volume shows that the area now has a growing European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and international critical mass of historical interest which should sustain research interest. 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