%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 24 0 R 32 0 R 40 0 R 60 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140930012945+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140930012945+01'00') /Title (Daily Life in Georgian England as Reported in the Gentleman's Magazine) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4351 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Daily Life in Georgian England as Reported in the Gentleman's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Magazine)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Samuel Johnson once remarked that Edward Cave, founder and first editor of the )] TJ ET BT 425.936 237.683 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gentleman's Magazine)] TJ ET BT 536.156 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1731, 'never looked out of the window but with a view to the Gentleman's Magazine.' )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 447.440 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 447.440 222.033 m 461.432 222.033 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 461.432 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This view )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encompassed the diversity of Georgian life, politics and culture. It captivated Cave's readers and established )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the magazine as the leading periodical of its day. The )] TJ ET BT 292.964 194.915 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gentleman's Magazine)] TJ ET BT 403.184 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is an inexhaustible mine of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(information for scholars of eighteenth century life and, in this rich anthology of articles from its first century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of publication, Professor de Montluzin draws on her unique knowledge of the magazine to provide an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indispensable companion to this vast emporium for Hanoverian history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cave's vision was a monthly magazine \(arguably the first to merit the name\) that would provide its readers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with a monthly almanack of useful information. Professor de Montluzin shows us that its contents ranged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from foreign and domestic news, agricultural prices, letters and critical essays, to original poetry, mortality )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tables, lists of bankruptcies, births, marriages, deaths, military, civil and ecclesiastical promotions and titles )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of new publications. Although the title page proudly announced Cave as the printer of the magazine, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disguised his editorship under the fictitious persona of 'Sylvanus Urban', a name encapsulating the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(249)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 1 February, 2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Emily Lorraine de Montluzin)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780773473515)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(59.95)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(388pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edwin Mellen Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.mellenpress.com/mellenpress.cfm?bookid=4645&pc=9)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New York)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Julian Pooley)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 447.4397 222.3475 461.4317 234.2275 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 19 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7670 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(magazine's appeal to both city and provincial readers. Although his successors, \(David Henry from Cave's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(death in 1754 until 1778 and John Nichols, 1778 until 1826\) subtly modified his plan, they maintained the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(editorial pseudonym and the philosophy of editorial integrity that was the foundation of the magazine's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(success.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The army of contributors who served the magazine often followed Cave's example, by writing anonymously )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or cloaking themselves in a pseudonym. Professor de Montluzin's indefatigable work to identify these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writers and chart the network of interests that linked Sylvanus Urban's readership will be familiar to scholars )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through her publications in )] TJ ET BT 166.676 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Studies in Bibliography)] TJ ET BT 280.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and her invaluable database to contributors, uniting and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supplementing the pioneering achievements of Professor James Kuist and a host of other scholars, that is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accessible through the website of the Bibliographical Society of the University of Virginia \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/bsuva)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 640.515 m 193.688 640.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 196.688 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 210.680 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). In so doing she has turned every page of the magazine many times )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and this book is a \(naturally\) subjective anthology of the most typical and arresting articles from its first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century of publication.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book's arrangement will appeal to both scholars and the non-specialist. An Introduction, tracing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(course of the magazine's editorial history, impact upon its readers and summarising research upon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attributions of authorship is followed by nine chapters of extracts illustrating particular topics. Each chapter - )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Crime and Punishment, Medicine, Science Natural History and Archaeology, Preaching the Gospel, The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Debates of the Senate of Lilliput, News from America, The French Revolution, Riots Radicalism and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reform and Literary Judgements, is introduced by a summary of the relevance of that topic to both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary and modern readers. Further brief introductions place each extract in context. The whole is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supported by helpful footnotes, a useful bibliography and a selection of plates that emphasise the role played )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the magazine in disseminating news and the latest scientific and antiquarian discoveries.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cave's journalistic skills enabled him to boost sales with sensational stories and by pushing the boundaries of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political reporting. Professor de Montluzin demonstrates clearly how Cave's vivid accounts of crimes and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(punishments would have scandalised and fascinated his contemporaries as much as they horrify and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stimulate historians today. The hanging, drawing and quartering of Tim Croneen for murder \(GM 1,1731, p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(26\) and the trial of George Baggerly of Leicestershire for mutilating his wife \(GM 7, 1737, pp. 250-1\) are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grotesque examples of eighteenth century brutality and the almost tabloid treatment awarded to Elizabeth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brownrigg's sadistic cruelty to her female apprentices in 1767 shows that Sylvanus Urban continued to offer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(salacious crimes to his readers long after Cave's death in 1754. The extracts selected by Professor de )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Montluzin show how the Gentleman's Magazine is a major source for law, order and social conscience that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complements the primary source material found in quarter session and assize records.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cave's reporting of parliamentary debates was equally daring. Although still illegal in 1732, some news )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sheets risked censure by reconstructing speeches from notes taken by visitors to the gallery or 'leaked' texts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from Members themselves. Cave included one of these reports in July 1732 and, from August, it was his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leading article, often formed by his team of writers from notes they had taken themselves in the public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gallery. When the House of Commons attempted to further restrict this reporting in 1738, Sylvanus Urban )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(retaliated by changing the title of the reports to 'Debates in the Senate of Lilliput' and veiling the names of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(MPs in pseudonyms and anagrams easily decipherable by his readers. Though many of these reports were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prepared during the 1730s by William Guthrie and Thomas Birch, it was Samuel Johnson, solely responsible )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for them from late 1740 to early 1743, who assured their success. He later admitted that that he often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(composed the speeches 'in a garret in Exeter Street' from notes communicated to him by Cave and others )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who had actually heard the debates. Boswell's remark to Sir George Staunton that Johnson 'always took care )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to put Sir Robert Walpole in the wrong' is illustrated here by Johnson's 'Debate in the Senate of Lilliput' that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reported the fall of 'Sir Rub. Walelup' in 1742 \(GM 12, 1742, pp. 344, 466-71 and 507-11\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Though later editors were less brazen in their political coverage,)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 342.608 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 342.608 93.555 m 356.600 93.555 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 356.600 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( the magazine is an important source for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the riots and disturbances that occasionally erupted in Georgian England. Agricultural enclosures, excise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(taxes, turnpikes, high prices, religious sectarianism and the growing clamour for parliamentary reform all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sparked violence that was experienced by the magazine's readership both at first hand and, vicariously, )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 20 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 640.8295 193.6877 652.7095 ] >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/bsuva) >> endobj 21 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 342.6077 93.8695 356.5997 105.7495 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 27 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 8143 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through the magazine. However, while the accounts of events such as the Priestley Riots against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Birmingham nonconformists \(1791\), the Peterloo Massacre \(1819\) and Bristol's riots for parliamentary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reform \(1831\) contain detailed accounts of the violence, Professor de Montluzin shows us that Sylvanus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Urban was not always even-handed in his reporting. The account of Peterloo is as contemptuous of Henry )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hunt and his female followers as it is blind to the excesses of the hussars. Generally, however, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(magazine's editorship was careful to tread the middle way between extremes of popular opinion, anxious not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to lose readers or inflame political authority. As deputy to John Wilkes in the City ward of Farringdon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Without, a prominent liveryman and printer of the )] TJ ET BT 277.652 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journals)] TJ ET BT 319.652 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of the Lords and )] TJ ET BT 404.636 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Votes)] TJ ET BT 431.300 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of the Commons, John )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nichols, editor of the magazine during many of these upheavals, was mindful of his responsibilities. His )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(own account of the anarchy that gripped London during the Gordon riots of 1780 \(GM 50, 1780, pp. 266-8\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was based on his observation of the violence which can be further traced in his surviving personal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(correspondence.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 112.316 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 112.316 638.259 m 126.308 638.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 126.308 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Later, during the controversy caused by the return to London of Queen Caroline for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coronation of George IV in 1820, he urged his son, then a co-editor of the magazine, to 'Take particular care )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that nothing escapes or issues from [the magazine's printing office in] Parliament Street.' He suggested that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any reports they included should give only the names of the witnesses and use an introduction written by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(himself.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 73.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 73.016 581.235 m 87.008 581.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The view from Cave's window was not limited to domestic politics. His coverage of events in America and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(France is an important gauge of English opinion. Both Cave and his successor, David Henry, were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personally interested in the American colonies, and included descriptions of indigenous wildlife alongside )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political reports, details of the suppression of slave revolts and the visit of Chief Tomochichi of the Creek )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nation to the court of George II. Henry's friendship with Benjamin Franklin may explain the magazine's fair )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treatment of the grievances of the colonists and respectful chronicling of the nation's early history. Examples )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(here include the magazine's report of General Oglethorpe's treaty with the Creek Nation \(GM 3, 1733, p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(384\), two views of slavery in the Colonies \(GM 7, 1737, pp. 58 and 187\), a report of the fire that consumed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most of Charleston, Carolina, in 1740 \(GM 11, 1741, p. 55\) and the obituary of George Washington \(GM 70-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(i, 1800, pp. 84\). Professor de Montluzin includes John Wesley's missionary activity among the Chickasaws )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(GM 7, 1737, pp. 318-9\) and Benjamin Franklin's experiments with lightning rods \(GM 20, 1750, pp. 208 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and GM 22, 1752, pp. 560-61\) in her chapters relating to Preaching the Gospel and Science, Natural History )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Archaeology respectively. The )] TJ ET BT 204.968 385.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gentleman's Magazine)] TJ ET BT 315.188 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( also gave much space to the French Revolution. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although, initially, British observers were flattered that France's Constituent Assembly sought to introduce a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constitution closely modelled on their own, Sylvanus Urban quickly realised the potential for bloodshed. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Warning notes were sounded in the magazine's 'Preface' as early as 1791, soon after John Nichols assumed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(editorial control, and throughout the revolutionary period the magazine stoutly defended British 'Religion, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manners, Literature and the Arts'. The extracts selected by Professor de Montluzin provide a harrowing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrative of the last days of the French monarchy and, in the obituary of Robespierre \(GM 64-i, 1794, pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(862-3\) we are given a superb assassination by skilful penmanship of a wily lawyer who, through diligence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and political acumen became the feared director of the Terror only to die on the guillotine with his jaw )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hanging loose after he had failed to shoot himself properly in the head.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Political coverage was, however, only part of the rich diet offered by Sylvanus Urban to his readership. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(magazine's coverage of discoveries in medicine and science reflected the readership's preoccupation with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(health and manufacturing in the same way that its emphasis on historical essays, reviews of new publications )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and obituaries of eminent persons testified to the growing appetite of Mr Urban's audience for news of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural life of Georgian England. With a circulation by the end of the eighteenth century of some 4,450 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(copies a month, the magazine played a central part in disseminating contributors' opinions and provides )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(today's scholars with a compendious source for eighteenth century life.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The pages of the )] TJ ET BT 116.660 118.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gentleman's Magazine)] TJ ET BT 226.880 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, like the letters and papers of the families who read it, are littered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with reports of illness and the cures resorted to by doctors and patients. Ignorant of the role of germs in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spreading infection, they relied on barbaric and almost magical remedies. Although the century witnessed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(widespread disease and fearful mortality levels, it also saw exciting medical discoveries in addition to social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(improvements and regulation by county authorities of the care of the sick. Professor de Montluzin's chapter )] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj [24 0 R /Fit] endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 112.3157 638.5735 126.3077 650.4535 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 29 0 obj [24 0 R /Fit] endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 73.0157 581.5495 87.0077 593.4295 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 35 0 R 38 0 R ] /Contents 33 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Length 8360 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on medicine is one of the largest in this anthology and is guaranteed to tempt the growing number of medical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians to plunder this rich mine of medical detail. Individual case studies, such as that of William Jones )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from Bedfordshire who contracted rabies from a mad dog \(GM 5, 1735, p. 386\) are joined by detailed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(descriptions of analyses of London Mortality Lists and the pioneering work of Edward Jenner in vaccination )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against smallpox. It is not always easy reading: the descriptions of cataract surgery by a knife rather than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scissors with its accompanying plate \(GM 24, 1754, p.325\) and the accidental burning to death of Miss )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Seddon of Aldersgate Street \(GM 69-i, 1799, p. 261\) are not for the squeamish. However, reports of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(copious quantities of dropsical liquid tapped from widow Haggard of Shrivenham, Berkshire \(GM 2, 1732, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(p. 585\), an 'infallible' cure for the Bloody Flux \(dysentery\) \(GM 6, 1736, p. 622\), and use of 'Russia castor', )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(derived from dried follicles from the foreskins of Russian beavers, to treat nervous fits \(GM 22, 1752, pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(495-97\) vividly capture the wonderful diversity of eighteenth century medicine. Local and family historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are becoming increasingly interested in the health of our eighteenth century ancestors: Professor de )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Montluzin ably demonstrates that the )] TJ ET BT 215.672 625.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gentleman's Magazine)] TJ ET BT 325.892 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a rich but neglected source for further study )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in this field, complementing the letters, diaries and household remedies found in many family collections.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sylvanus Urban's audience was as fascinated by science as antiquity and the pages of the magazine are full )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of accounts of eclipses, reports of natural disasters and archaeological discoveries. Much space was also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(given to natural history and the voyages of Captain Cook in the South Seas. But Professor de Montluzin also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shows that the readership could be as credulous as they were sophisticated. In 1737 the 'Historical Chronicle' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(department of the magazine reported the capture of a merman near Exeter \(GM 7, 1737, p. 703\) and there )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was a long debate as to where swallows might disappear to in the winter. The account of Lunardi's balloon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ascent in 1784 \(GM 54-ii, 1784, p711\) vividly captures the scepticism, excitement and fear of the crowds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gathering to witness the event. Throughout the century the excavations at Herculaneum captured the public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imagination throughout Europe and were regularly reported by the )] TJ ET BT 356.288 470.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gentleman's Magazine)] TJ ET BT 466.508 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. The extracts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(given here \(GM 13, 1743, pp. 472, 586-7; GM 19, 1749, pp. 31-2\), recording the undisciplined dispersal of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(numerous artefacts will make modern archaeologists cringe but they testify to the eighteenth century's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fascination for antiquities and the 'curious'.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Literature, antiquities and biography became a fundamental feature of the )] TJ ET BT 390.260 401.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gentleman's Magazine)] TJ ET BT 500.480 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( after the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arrival of John Nichols as editor and printer in 1778. Although Nichols largely maintained the successful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(formula that he had inherited, in building upon modifications that had begun under Cave he ensured the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(magazine's survival long into the following century and enriched its usefulness to historians today. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(move away from reprinted articles digested by an editorial team had begun during Cave's lifetime and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continued under David Henry. Increasingly, articles were contributed by a readership willing to forego )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(payment in return for publication of their work. Nichols encouraged his readers to supply letters, essays, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(poems, illustrations and short notices to an extent not seen before. His office in Red Lion Passage, Fleet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Street, became the focus of a huge correspondence between Sylvanus Urban and an enormous contributing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readership.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 86.996 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 86.996 272.115 m 100.988 272.115 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 100.988 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In 1783 he doubled the length of the magazine to allow more space for essays on historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subjects and reviews of books in place of simple lists of new publications. Not all of his readers were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convinced by this change: Owen Manning \(1721-1801\), the Saxon scholar and Surrey antiquary, grumbled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that he saw little reason to fill his shelves with similar fodder at twice the rate;)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 409.640 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 409.640 229.347 m 423.632 229.347 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 423.632 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( but Nichols had brought )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with him a great many literary and antiquarian connections that enabled the magazine to flourish, more than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ever before, as a place for scholarly debate. By opening the pages of the magazine to the increasingly literary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public, Nichols inextricably linked Sylvanus Urban to the network of amateur writers, antiquaries, book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clubs, and debating, scientific and philosophical societies that flourished in the late eighteenth century. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sylvanus Urban allowed his myriad correspondents in town and country to have their say in the clamour of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(debate about ideas, culture and taste and this is nowhere more apparent than in the reviews of literature that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Professor de Montluzin has selected for her chapter on Literary Judgements. Though Mr Urban's literary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(editors \(John Hawkesworth 1744-1773, John Duncombe 1773-1786 and Richard Gough \(1786-1809\) could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be capricious in their choice of items for review, often ignoring works by Wordsworth, Blake or Scott in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(favour of works that now seem ephemeral to the modern reader, the works that they did notice reflect their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preoccupation with the moral, political and religious sentiments of the authors themselves. Faced with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revolution in France and the growing radical movement at home Sylvanus Urban assured his readers that )] TJ ET endstream endobj 34 0 obj [32 0 R /Fit] endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 86.9957 272.4295 100.9877 284.3095 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 37 0 obj [32 0 R /Fit] endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 409.6397 229.6615 423.6317 241.5415 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 43 0 R 46 0 R 49 0 R 52 0 R 54 0 R 56 0 R 58 0 R ] /Contents 41 0 R >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Length 8604 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nothing subversive or offensive would appear in his pages. Simultaneously, however, his correspondents )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often criticised the growing taste for 'popular' literature. The review of Edward Mangin's )] TJ ET BT 462.404 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Essay on Light )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reading, as it may be supposed to influence Moral Conduct and Literary Taste)] TJ ET BT 413.672 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(GM 78-ii, 1808, pp.914-6\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lamenting the corrupting influence on women of modern novels, ably demonstrates the magazine's value as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(source for gender history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This theme is found again in 'Remarks on the Life of Mrs Godwin' by 'Philalethes' \(GM 68-i, 1798, pp. 186-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7\). Mary Wollstonecraft's agnostic and radical ideas offended contemporaries as much as her campaign to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(educate women and her relationship with William Godwin challenged traditional morals. Despite his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conservatism, however, Sylvanus Urban's obituary of Mary Wollstonecraft is a model of impartiality and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sympathetic assessment of the very human failings of this 'woman of uncommon talents' \(GM 67-ii, 1797, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(p894\). It is significant that this memoir was written by John Nichols himself, for it was in this department of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the magazine that he bequeathed so much to later historians. Under Nichols the magazine's lists of deaths )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(became literary obituaries that fed the eighteenth century appetite for biography and anecdotes and formed a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('body of biography' that continues to provide scholars with a basic tool for research. In the preface to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centenary volume of the magazine in 1830, Sylvanus Urban noted with pride that there was 'scarcely an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eminent individual of this Country' about whom some information could not be obtained and 'not a literary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(person of the eighteenth or nineteenth century whose life could properly be written without a reference to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([these] volumes'.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 115.496 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 115.496 540.723 m 129.488 540.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 129.488 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The contributors to the )] TJ ET BT 245.144 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dictionary of National Biography)] TJ ET BT 408.152 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( at the close of the nineteenth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century clearly agreed, for the CD-ROM version of this work cites the )] TJ ET BT 374.276 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gentleman's Magazine )] TJ ET BT 487.496 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a source )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some 7000 times. But it was not just the lions of literature that were celebrated: readers submitted memoirs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of friends and relatives to Sylvanus Urban in such numbers that details of a huge range of individuals will be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(found in the magazine and, in 1821, Nichols was obliged to beg them to be a little more discriminating.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 530.312 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 530.312 483.699 m 544.304 483.699 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The joy that Nichols clearly derived from preserving these anecdotes led John Walcot to satirize him as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('death-hunter' but, in selecting his extraordinary obituary of William Lewis of Beaumaris \(GM 63-ii, 1793, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(p1215\), Professor de Montluzin shows us that local and family historians owe Nichols an enormous debt.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 539.636 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 539.636 440.931 m 553.628 440.931 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(p>)] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lorraine de Montluzin is not the first to compile an anthology of the Gentleman's Magazine. Edward )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gibbon, who described Nichols as 'the last, or one of the last, of the learned printers of Europe',)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 492.584 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 492.584 386.163 m 512.576 386.163 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 512.576 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( urged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(him to print an edition of the most useful and curious articles, but he had no leisure for this and the task was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(left to John Walker of Oxford to edit A Selection of Curious Articles from the Gentleman's Magazine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between 1809 and 1811 in four volumes \(London, 1814\). At the end of the nineteenth century George )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lawrence Gomme produced his valuable, but increasingly scarce, multi-volume Gentleman's Magazine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Library. Professor de Montluzin's authorative introduction to the magazine and hugely enjoyable selection )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from Sylvanus Urban's panoramic view of Georgian England will be an essential addition to both libraries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and archives. We can only hope that its undoubted success will prompt an enterprising publisher to issue the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complete run of this important periodical on CD-ROM.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 238.611 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 207.994 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(G. B. Hill and L. F. Powell, eds.,)] TJ ET BT 222.020 207.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Boswell's Life of Johnson)] TJ ET BT 347.264 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( vol. 4, \(1934\) p. 409.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 451.592 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 451.592 206.595 m 505.580 206.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 193.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 193.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In 1821 John Bowyer Nichols even questioned the value of such extended parliamentary reports. In a )] TJ ET BT 64.016 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(letter to his father, John Nichols, now in private hands, he complained that the length of parliamentary )] TJ ET BT 64.016 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(debates was now so great that it was impossible to do them justice in the scanty limits of the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(magazine. Although a considerable portion of the volume was devoted to them, he wondered how )] TJ ET BT 64.016 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many people actually read them or would refer to them in future: after all, the coverage was 'much )] TJ ET BT 64.016 122.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fuller and better' in the daily press. Nichols Family Records volume 13, fo. 12. Nichols Archive )] TJ ET BT 64.016 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Database reference: NAD4071.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 214.952 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 214.952 106.803 m 268.940 106.803 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 93.946 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 93.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For details of the accumulation, arrangement and dispersal of the Nichols archive see J Pooley, 'The )] TJ ET BT 64.016 79.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Papers of the Nichols Family and Business: New Discoveries and the Work of the Nichols Archive )] TJ ET BT 64.016 65.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Project' The Library Seventh Series, 2 No 1 \(March 2001\), 10-52.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 379.784 65.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 379.784 64.035 m 433.772 64.035 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 51.178 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 51.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Nichols to John Bowyer Nichols, 10 Oct 1820, in Nichols Family Records vol. 12, fo. 190, )] TJ ET endstream endobj 42 0 obj [40 0 R /Fit] endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 115.4957 541.0375 129.4877 552.9175 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 45 0 obj [40 0 R /Fit] endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 530.3117 484.0135 544.3037 495.8935 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 48 0 obj [40 0 R /Fit] endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 50 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 539.6357 441.2455 553.6277 453.1255 ] >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 51 0 obj [40 0 R /Fit] endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 53 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 492.5837 386.4775 512.5757 398.3575 ] >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 55 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 451.5917 206.9095 505.5797 218.7895 ] >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 57 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 214.9517 107.1175 268.9397 118.9975 ] >> endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 58 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 59 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 379.7837 64.3495 433.7717 76.2295 ] >> endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 26 0 R >> endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 62 0 R 64 0 R 66 0 R 68 0 R 70 0 R 72 0 R 74 0 R 76 0 R ] /Contents 61 0 R >> endobj 61 0 obj << /Length 4050 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(NAD3207.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 117.008 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 117.008 795.075 m 170.996 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 782.218 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For a summary list of some 51 public collections and ten private collections of Nichols papers, many )] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of which include correspondence relating to the Gentleman's Magazine, see Appendixes 2 and 3 of J )] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pooley, 'The Papers of the Nichols Family and Business: New Discoveries and the Work of the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nichols Archive Project' )] TJ ET BT 185.156 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Library)] TJ ET BT 242.828 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Seventh Series, 2 No 1 \(March 2001\), 40-50.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 464.792 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 464.792 738.051 m 518.780 738.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 725.194 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Owen Manning to Richard Gough, 6 Feb 1783, Bodleian Library, Oxford, MS. Gough Gen. Top. 43. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fo. 151.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 101.012 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 101.012 709.539 m 155.000 709.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 696.682 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gentleman's Magazine 100-i, 1830, p. iv.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 262.484 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 262.484 695.283 m 316.472 695.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 682.426 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(General Index to the Gentleman's Magazine \(1821\), 3, p. lxxi.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 361.784 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 361.784 681.027 m 415.772 681.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 668.170 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('A Benevolent Epistle to Sylvanus Urban, Alias Master John Nichols, Printer, Common-councilman )] TJ ET BT 547.148 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Farringdon Ward, and Censore-general of Literature' John Walcot, )] TJ ET BT 386.756 653.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Works of Peter Pindar)] TJ ET BT 64.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1794\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 142.340 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 142.340 638.259 m 196.328 638.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 625.402 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(10.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edward Gibbon to John Nichols, 24 Feb 1792, printed in John Nichols, )] TJ ET BT 409.004 625.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Literary Anecdotes of the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 611.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Eighteenth Century)] TJ ET BT 157.676 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( 8 \(1814\), pp. 557-560.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 268.664 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 268.664 609.747 m 328.652 609.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 565.903 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 548.123 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 548.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/249)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 546.729 m 322.316 546.729 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 521.752 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 507.352 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1978)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.952 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/bsuva)] TJ ET BT 34.016 478.552 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 62 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 63 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 117.0077 795.3895 170.9957 807.2695 ] >> endobj 63 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 29 0 R >> endobj 64 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 65 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 464.7917 738.3655 518.7797 750.2455 ] >> endobj 65 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 34 0 R >> endobj 66 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 67 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 101.0117 709.8535 154.9997 721.7335 ] >> endobj 67 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 37 0 R >> endobj 68 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 69 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 262.4837 695.5975 316.4717 707.4775 ] >> endobj 69 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 42 0 R >> endobj 70 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 71 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 361.7837 681.3415 415.7717 693.2215 ] >> endobj 71 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 45 0 R >> endobj 72 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 73 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 142.3397 638.5735 196.3277 650.4535 ] >> endobj 73 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 48 0 R >> endobj 74 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 75 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 268.6637 610.0615 328.6517 621.9415 ] >> endobj 75 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 51 0 R >> endobj 76 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 77 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 547.0435 322.3157 558.9235 ] >> endobj 77 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/249) >> endobj xref 0 78 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000356 00000 n 0000000393 00000 n 0000000587 00000 n 0000000676 00000 n 0000005079 00000 n 0000005188 00000 n 0000005298 00000 n 0000005407 00000 n 0000008968 00000 n 0000009096 00000 n 0000009180 00000 n 0000009209 00000 n 0000009337 00000 n 0000009373 00000 n 0000009464 00000 n 0000017187 00000 n 0000017314 00000 n 0000017401 00000 n 0000017431 00000 n 0000017558 00000 n 0000017594 00000 n 0000017685 00000 n 0000025881 00000 n 0000025911 00000 n 0000026039 00000 n 0000026075 00000 n 0000026105 00000 n 0000026231 00000 n 0000026267 00000 n 0000026358 00000 n 0000034771 00000 n 0000034801 00000 n 0000034928 00000 n 0000034964 00000 n 0000034994 00000 n 0000035122 00000 n 0000035158 00000 n 0000035284 00000 n 0000043941 00000 n 0000043971 00000 n 0000044099 00000 n 0000044135 00000 n 0000044165 00000 n 0000044293 00000 n 0000044329 00000 n 0000044359 00000 n 0000044487 00000 n 0000044523 00000 n 0000044553 00000 n 0000044681 00000 n 0000044717 00000 n 0000044845 00000 n 0000044900 00000 n 0000045028 00000 n 0000045083 00000 n 0000045209 00000 n 0000045264 00000 n 0000045397 00000 n 0000049500 00000 n 0000049628 00000 n 0000049683 00000 n 0000049811 00000 n 0000049866 00000 n 0000049994 00000 n 0000050049 00000 n 0000050177 00000 n 0000050232 00000 n 0000050360 00000 n 0000050415 00000 n 0000050543 00000 n 0000050598 00000 n 0000050726 00000 n 0000050781 00000 n 0000050909 00000 n trailer << /Size 78 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 51004 %%EOF