%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141220091502+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141220091502+00'00') /Title (Londinopolis: Essays in the cultural and social history of early modern London) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4302 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Londinopolis: Essays in the cultural and social history of early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(modern London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historians of London face many problems, not the least of which is to find a title that adequately expresses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the importance of the subject, the nature of their approach, and its distinctiveness from any preceding work. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It has to be obvious without being banal, and likely to attract attention; it's also helpful if it can be shortened )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to something that still remains striking and sufficient. Paul Griffiths and Mark Jenner, editors of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Londinopolis. Essays in the cultural and social history of early modern London)] TJ ET BT 415.364 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( have thus done well. They )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(borrow the memorable key word of their title from James Howell's 1657 account of )] TJ ET BT 438.104 152.147 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Londinopolis: an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(historical discourse or perlustration of the City of London, the Imperial Chamber and the Chief Emporium )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of Great Britain)] TJ ET BT 111.356 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, though they qualify it with an apparently more modest self-description \()] TJ ET BT 463.316 123.635 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Essays)] TJ ET BT 495.980 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allusion to Howell's book seems to acknowledge the importance to modern scholars of more textual and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literary approaches to early modern London, and the primacy of the cultural is asserted by its leading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(position in the subtitle. The editors explain that Howell usefully stands at the midpoint of the period they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consider - which therefore appears to be post-Reformation to mid-eighteenth century - and that one of their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aims is to 'challenge the conventional distinction between pre-and post-Restoration London' \(p. 4\). Their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(251)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 31 January, 2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paul Griffiths)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mark S. R. Jenner)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719051517)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(16.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(295pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.manchesteruniversitypress.co.uk/catalogue/book.asp?id=1204094)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vanessa Harding)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7673 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction also questions, and by implication indicts, functionalist narratives of growth and expansion, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the reification of 'London' as an object of analysis. To some extent at least they reject the notion, or pretence, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that one can write generally about London at all, and certainly disclaim any idea that the essays in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume 'constitute a comprehensive account of the early modern capital'; rather, they are 'histories about but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not necessarily of London' \(p. 8\). This is more than semantics, in that their choice of methodological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach intends a critique of earlier work on London and urban history. They argue that 'the economic' is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not 'something which is analytically separable from society or culture' \(pp. 8-9\), and though they are careful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to concede \(in a footnote\) that 'we do not claim ... that these criticisms necessarily invalidate the forms of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge produced by positivistic economic history' \(p. 21\), the overall impression is one of distancing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves from the historiographical achievements of the past in the interests of affirming the validity of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their own approach.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are a number of claims here which are worth examining, and one way of doing this is to compare the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aims and offerings of this book with those of the collection of essays on early modern London published in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1986, edited by A.L.Beier and Roger Finlay and perhaps ambitiously titled )] TJ ET BT 396.656 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(London 1500-1700. The making )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of the metropolis)] TJ ET BT 115.352 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. What is new in this new collection? How has the subject evolved over the intervening )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fifteen years? What new perceptions and appreciations do we gain by this 'alternative approach to urban )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history'?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beier and Finlay's was in many ways a ground-breaking volume, arising from a conference in the early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1980s and appearing just in advance of the wave of substantial monographs on early modern London in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(later 1980s and early 1990s. It addressed the fact that there was, at that point, a dearth of books on early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern London, and that no real attempt had been made of recent years to synthesise scattered researches or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to consider London's unique identity and situation in the light of developments in urban historiography. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(editors hoped to remedy this neglect, at least in part; they intended to cover major themes and questions, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(though their main aim was to bring together important new work and indicate possible directions for future )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research \(p. 6\). The editorial introduction, on 'The significance of the metropolis' was itself an important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(summary of the state of the art. The nine papers were grouped into sections on 'Population and disease', )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Commerce and manufacture', and 'Society and change'. What characterised most of the papers in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection was indeed a kind of 'positivistic economic history', based on research, quantification, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(statistical analysis. Several of them have become milestones in the historiography of early modern London, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frequently cited over the intervening years. These include Margaret Pelling on Barber-surgeons, Lee Beier )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on occupations, and Michael Power on social topography. Paul Slack's paper on the response of metropolitan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(government to plague forms an essential complement, for urban historians, to his 1985 book )] TJ ET BT 479.972 330.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Impact of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Plague)] TJ ET BT 68.012 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. The paper by Roger Finlay and Beatrice Shearer on population growth was sadly never followed up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the latter's promised thesis or monograph; nevertheless the paper's conclusions \(from which several, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including this reviewer, have dissented\) have taken a firm grip on our consciousness. If Brian Dietz's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(statistical paper on overseas trade is not more cited now, this reflects the shift in historiographical attention, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not any challenge to the validity of his figures. But the collection was not exclusively quantitative, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(included the socio-cultural and political as well as the economic; Slack's and Pelling's papers certainly share )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the sensitivity to agency and to the cultural and ideological construction of social events and problems that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Griffiths and Jenner seem to imply are a more recent phenomenon. Beier and Finlay indeed acknowledged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the difficulty of writing comprehensively about early modern London, but agreed that 'if we cease to regard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the city as a reified totality, then the need to document all features of its life becomes less pressing' \(p. 6\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which certainly prefigures Griffiths and Jenner's rejection of the reification of 'something called London' \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8\). Nor can Beier and Finlay's collection as a whole be said to suffer from 'chronological enclosure', at least )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at the end of the period: most of the papers extend consideration up to 1700, if not beyond, and several focus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exclusively on the period after the Restoration. It is the early sixteenth century that gets short shrift, here as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Londinopolis, and indeed if there is a chronological problem it is that historians and accounts of the early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to mid-sixteenth century are increasingly divorced from those of the later seventeenth.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Some coincidences and differences between the two collections are immediately apparent. There are eleven )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(papers in Londinopolis, besides the editorial introduction, and the book is divided into four thematic )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7807 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sections. As in Beier and Finlay's collection, the editors contribute a paper each. The only contributor to both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collections is Margaret Pelling; and there are four female contributors to )] TJ ET BT 384.284 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Londinopolis)] TJ ET BT 447.632 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, rather than two. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(real difference, though, is in the focus of the papers and the collection as a whole, and this certainly indicates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the historiographical trend of recent years. The section-titles take a range of new keywords, strikingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different from the largely empirical ones of Beier and Finlay, especially when their section on 'Society and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(change' is seen to comprise quantitative or statistical papers on social topography, migration, and poor relief. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Griffiths and Jenner's sections are entitled 'Polis and police', 'Gender and sexuality', 'Senses of space and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(place', and 'Material culture and consumption'. As the editors note, the sections are not watertight categories, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and indeed most of the papers have something of 'Space and Place' in them. The themes thus signalled are of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(major importance in current historiography, not unique to London, and the collection certainly supports their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contention that most of the essays 'use Londoners' experiences to ... engage in important general debates in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early modern English historical studies' \(p. 9\). The danger that this entails, however, is that the specifically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London aspect of particular issues can almost disappear - something that Margaret Hunt acknowledges, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cannot wholly compensate for, in her excellent paper on marital rights as contested in the Court of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Exchequer.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The topics of individual papers range from popular politics and parish ceremony, to patterns of sexual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immorality and the apprehension of thieves. The focus is on the experience of London, and the way this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constituted and was constituted by Londoners. An implicit theme is the impact that the metropolitan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(environment had on social relations, and how the norms of a traditional society \(or the expectations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians looking for such a society\) were confounded. Social relations were renegotiated under pressures )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and conditions that were themselves new. Londoners recruited new assistants in their personal battle with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crime, by employing professional thief-takers \(Tim Wales's paper\); anxieties about disease undermined )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conventional patterns of household and residence \(Pelling\); London women had to chart the new geography )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the streets to carry on their daily lives \(Laura Gowing\); people living in cramped and expensive lodgings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had to eat out or table their dependants elsewhere \(Sara Pennell\). Faramerz Dabhoiwala reminds us of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(element of barter or even commercial transaction in most marital as well as many sexual relations, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connects the sexual misdemeanours of the elite with issues of honesty and 'whoredom' across the social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spectrum. In London, inequalities of wealth, geographical mobility, economic and occupational uncertainty, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and social institutions such as service contributed to 'fluid relational patterns' and 'the potential insecurity of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marriage' \(p. 91\). The growth in population and spread of early modern London led to new patterns of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neighbourhood and social responsibility in the West End, where the residence of very rich, gathered in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proximity to the court, attracted and to some extent supported the congregation of the very poor \(Jeremy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Boulton\). Likewise, growing numbers of consumers stimulated diversification and discrimination in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supply of water \(Jenner\). The westward flow of commerce and opportunity was a decisive obstacle to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early Stuarts' campaign to restore the goldsmiths to Goldsmiths' Row in Cheapside \(Griffiths\), dearly-held as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that ambition was. Economic and demographic change was a major element in all these issues, but Griffiths )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Jenner's resistance to 'hierarchies of causation that give primacy to the economic or any other single )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(factor' \(p. 17\) can leave the reader short of a satisfactory level of explanation. Though economic change )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could not, in itself, determine contemporaries' perception of or response to the problem \(to that extent I too )] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would agree that 'social problems ... are constituted ideologically, rhetorically, and politically' \(p. 7\)\), I think )] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it deserves more acknowledgement than, on the whole, it receives here.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One feature of recent London historiography that is well-reflected in this collection is an appreciation of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(importance of seeing London as a whole. The City has been a strong focus in the past, as a result of its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considerable activity, which included the generation and maintenance of excellent records. But by 1700 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(three-quarters of London's population lived outside the City; the compact, controlled city that John Stow had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(known had been submerged in an amorphous and challengingly varied metropolis. Pelling's paper explicitly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deals with movement into and out from the urban centre; others that take court records \(ecclesiastical, civil, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(criminal\) as their source implicitly dissolve the distinction between the city and the rest. Boulton focuses on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(St Martin in the Fields in the West End, where population rocketed in the second half of the seventeenth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century, from some 20,000 to over 100,000. Michael Berlin's stimulating examination of the evolution of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parish ritual centres on city parishes but moves easily into the suburbs as well. Ian Archer does concentrate )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7230 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on citizens, for his discussion of popular politics in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, but he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sees them as one category or configuration among many and is careful not to privilege them as typical of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Londoners' in general.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The collection as a whole shows the way that London studies are going, and marks a distinct shift from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preoccupations of ten or fifteen years ago. If the editors are less generous than I think they might be in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acknowledging the achievements of the past, no-one should conclude from this that there is no place or need )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for 'economistic' history in the exploration of early modern London. Although few if any historians would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(now endorse economic determinism, or even a simplistic cultural materialism, we cannot afford to ignore )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic factors if we are aiming to study material culture. Another component of cultural change, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also receives less attention than it might, is religion. Archer and Berlin obviously take account of it in their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(investigations of popular politics and parish ritual, though the latter could make more of the growth of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nonconformity and the gathering of congregations as a solvent of intra-parochial relationships. But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(internalised religious belief and the influence of the church's teaching on the moral horizons of early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Londoners obviously helped to form their perceptions of crime, honour, sexual immorality, and poverty. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is manifest in the reformation of manners campaigns of the later seventeenth century, but a paper or two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focusing on some aspect of the religious culture of an earlier date would have been a valuable marker of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(importance of this topic. A particularly enjoyable feature of all the papers in this collection is the plentiful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(use of quotation of contemporary voices and writing; Londoners speak for themselves, through various )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(media. The last twenty years or so have seen a huge growth in historians' exploitation of court records and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other kinds of depositions and testimonies, and our understanding and use of these certainly owes much to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature scholars' analyses of narrativity, rhetoric, and textuality. Rather curiously, though, the collection is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relatively silent on the alternative approaches of literary and cultural studies to early modern London, though )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these have had a huge impact on the field, and must constitute an important market for this book. It could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have engaged more with this issue, and done more to explain the distinctiveness of cultural history as written )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by historians from new-historicist approaches.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Though most of the papers in)] TJ ET BT 175.004 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Londinopolis)] TJ ET BT 241.352 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( are good, and some of them are very good indeed, it is hard to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(say which of them will become landmarks in the development of the topic. Their close focus and rich detail )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is rewarding, but some, in their anxiety not to make too large a claim, in their emphasis on the particular and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the qualitative, can seem a bit inconclusive. The editors and authors faced a different challenge from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributors to Beier and Finlay in 1986: no longer how to break new ground, but rather, how to position )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves productively in a field already partly marked out and cultivated. Comments and refinements, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reinterpretations, even, don't strike as bold a note as new ventures. There is an obvious sense in which those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who offer us new figures - as Boulton does in his study of the West End poor - are likely to be more quoted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(as above\), and hence more often explicitly acknowledged, than those whose approach is more interpretative. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(And it is in any case a characteristic of the approaches featured in this collection to resist the conclusive as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well as the deterministic. But if I were to single out two or three papers that will make a difference, that will )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be essential reading for students and scholars of early modern London, at least until their author brings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forward a larger work on the same subject, I would probably pick Archer, Dabhoiwala and Boulton. Each, I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(think, offers us in his paper in this collection some striking new insights into a field of enquiry with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enormous potential, in which there is room for others to make a contribution. But all the papers offer us )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(something new, stimulating, useful; the collection will be read with interest and profit in many circles.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(H-Net Reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/reviews/showrev.php)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 146.067 m 271.328 146.067 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 274.328 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 142.735 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 124.955 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 124.955 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/251)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 123.561 m 322.316 123.561 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 98.584 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 84.184 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1987)] TJ ET BT 34.016 69.784 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/reviews/showrev.php?id=5398)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 146.3815 271.3277 158.2615 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/reviews/showrev.php?id=5398) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 123.8755 322.3157 135.7555 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/251) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000581 00000 n 0000000663 00000 n 0000005017 00000 n 0000005126 00000 n 0000005236 00000 n 0000005345 00000 n 0000008906 00000 n 0000009034 00000 n 0000009118 00000 n 0000009183 00000 n 0000016909 00000 n 0000016974 00000 n 0000024834 00000 n 0000024925 00000 n 0000032208 00000 n 0000032335 00000 n 0000032440 00000 n 0000032568 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 32663 %%EOF