%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141228113450+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141228113450+00'00') /Title (Ottonian Germany: The Chronicon of Thietmar of Merseburg) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4420 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Ottonian Germany: The Chronicon of Thietmar of Merseburg)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thanks to the survival of four high quality narratives from the tenth and eleventh centuries, Widukind of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Corvey's )] TJ ET BT 79.172 244.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rerum gestarum Saxonicarum)] TJ ET BT 225.152 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Thietmar of Merseberg's )] TJ ET BT 352.280 244.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chronicon)] TJ ET BT 403.616 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Lampert of Hersfeld's )] TJ ET BT 517.412 244.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Annales)] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and Adam of Bremen's Gesta Hammaburgensis ecclesiae pontificum, we know today much more about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saxon )] TJ ET BT 67.016 216.299 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(gens)] TJ ET BT 89.012 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the newcomer to the Frankish realm, than of the other component peoples of the east Frankish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kingdom which became Germany: the Bavarians, Franconians, Lotharingians, and Swabians. The works of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thietmar and Adam are also rich in information about Scandinavia and about the western Slavs, that is, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Poles, the Abodrites, the Liutizi, the Milzeni, and other Slavic socio-economic groups who were beginning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to adjust to Saxon political pressure, or to resist it, and to the Christian missionary faith in the tenth and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eleventh centuries.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It has long been recognised that in his )] TJ ET BT 218.660 118.763 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chronicon)] TJ ET BT 269.996 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Bishop Thietmar of Merseburg \(1009-1018\) was one of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the more acute observers of imperial politics in their relation to Italy, the papacy, France, and the East; and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the internal state of Germany under the contemporary emperors, Otto II \(976-983\), Otto III \(983-1002\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Henry II \(1002-1024\), the last of whom was a personal friend. Thietmar was also a keen commentator )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on Saxon society, especially in its rather violent confrontation with Slav neighbouring tribes, a process in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(252)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 31 January, 2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David A. Warner)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719049255)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2001)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(432pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.manchesteruniversitypress.co.uk/catalogue/book.asp?id=1204108)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Benjamin Arnold)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7826 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which he was personally involved as a Saxon aristocrat and as a bishop of Merseburg. Much of his text is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(involved with the spiritual and political life of the )] TJ ET BT 275.672 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reichskirke)] TJ ET BT 331.652 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the imperial church. Thietmar himself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exemplified the model of a young nobleman trained for those ecclesiastical careers which were so powerful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in local and imperial politics; in many ways the bishops and richer abbots were the mainstay of imperial rule )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Germany at this time. His percipience breaks through again and again in the text, to reveal the personal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inner and outer conflicts he suffered as an inadequately spiritual pastor; as a servant of the crown which had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in fact done damage to his own see, suppressed for obscure reasons in 981 and then restored in 1004; and as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a proud member of a rich Saxon dynasty with connexions into the highest society of Franconia and Swabia )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as well.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thietmar's concern for everything around him that he could usefully observe and record renders him one of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the most interesting of all medieval chroniclers to read today. Not only is he informative and instructive on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what he ought to know about, that is, imperial business, ecclesiastical politics, the Saxon scene, and the view )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beyond, into the Slav, Scandinavian, and Italian spheres, but he is also sensitive to manifestations that make )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medieval life real to modern people: the piety of his contemporaries, gossip about the women and men of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time, the shockingly violent feuds amongst the members of the magnate class, judicial duels and offhand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(homicides, extraordinary phenomena of a medical nature, and so on. Once he was put in charge of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diocese of Merseburg in 1009, there is a good deal of material about the running of his priests and his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(episcopal lands, most of the time proving a great trial to him. There is, for example, even a rising by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peasants when a miscreant 'dared to attack and destroy one of my estates with a servile mob' \(p. 374\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Before delving further into the text, we should consider what Professor Warner offers us in this successful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and well-produced translation. It matches other good volumes in the Manchester Medieval Sources Series )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as Timothy Reuter's )] TJ ET BT 158.168 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Annals of Fulda )] TJ ET BT 259.508 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1992\). Warner's introduction is quite long, sixty-four pages, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and helpfully expounds themes so prominent in Thietmar's text: Ottonian government and society; the office )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the emperor and the imperial church; kingship, politics, and the sometimes disruptive effects of royal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(power; and Thietmar's life and career. Warner also writes about Thietmar's awareness of social distinctions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and of the political role of women in his time.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Taken with Karl Leyser's)] TJ ET BT 155.144 389.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Rule and Conflict in an early Medieval Society)] TJ ET BT 383.120 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. )] TJ ET BT 389.120 389.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ottonian Saxony)] TJ ET BT 469.448 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1979\), Timothy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reuter's )] TJ ET BT 75.836 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Germany in the Early Middle Ages c. 800-1056)] TJ ET BT 303.800 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1991\) parts 2 and 3, and Boyd Hill Jr's )] TJ ET BT 498.944 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Medieval )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Monarchy in Action. The German Empire from Henry I to Henry IV)] TJ ET BT 359.960 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1972\) pp. 17-59, Professor Warner's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Introduction: Thietmar, Bishop and Chronicler' provides a thoroughly useful survey of the Ottonian era \(919-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1024\) in German history. In the translation, the frequent footnotes are extremely helpful. For example, long )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(passages of the Annals of Quedlinburg are quoted where they run parallel to and flesh out Thietmar's own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(text. We also get Gallus Anonymous' twelfth-century version \(pp. 184-85, note 131\) of what was supposed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to have happened in Poland during the visit of Emperor Otto III in the year 1000. And there are other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examples such as citations from the letters of Brun of Querfort. The genealogical tables, maps, bibliography, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and index provide what one would expect from a translated text done to high standards.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One benefit of such translations is that they assist in opening our ear to the thought-world of medieval times. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For instance, Thietmar reports \(p. 170\) a monstrous birth that was supposed to have occurred in southern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germany in 994 or 995. The infant had the appearance of a goose from the waist down, and was deformed in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(various ways in the upper part of its body. The creature was baptised, and died four days later. We are told )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that 'because of our misdeeds, this monster brought a great pestilence'. In this manifestation and in other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(events, Thietmar shared a common belief in celestial signs portending misfortune. Many times in his text he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reports dreams, visions, and daylight apparitions experienced by important persons, secular and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ecclesiastical, which indicated to them the proper courses of action to be taken forthwith, or were in other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ways minatory. He also believed that animals might be sent by divine direction to punish humans for their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(misdeeds. So we need to ask whether educated churchmen such as Thietmar were superstitious, or merely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reflected the usual mental modes of the tenth and eleventh centuries.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As a writer, Thietmar exhibited a flair, probably unconscious, for set pieces, dramatic interludes which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(function more or less as fine stories detached from the main flow of the text. For example, he introduces Ch. )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 18 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7455 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(23 of Book II \(pp. 108-09\) with 'Although I may rightly be blamed for disturbing the order of events, it will )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be useful to add here an account of how .' and then the author goes on to tell an extraordinary tale of how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Archbishop Brun of Cologne, Otto the Great's brother, was misled into a plot to hand back Lotharingia to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(French, a foolish plan scotched in the nick of time by the archbishop's sagacious secretary. The explanation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for this story remains lost. Another good example is the account of the battle in 982 against the Arabs in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Calabria, a disaster from which Otto II barely escaped by the sea \(pp. 143-46\). This thrilling episode has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(already been translated by Boyd Hill Jr. in his)] TJ ET BT 254.324 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Medieval Monarchy in Action)] TJ ET BT 400.964 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(pp. 169-72\). Another is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(story of how Archbishop Adalbert of Magdeburg and Duke Hermann Billung of Saxony temporarily fell out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of favour with the emperor because the archbishop had received the duke with royal honours at Magdeburg )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(pp. 112-13\). It was Thietmar's maternal grandfather, Count Henry of Stade, who was so shocked that he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(travelled to Rome to report the pair to Otto the Great. Then there was the trial by combat in 979 when, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(according to Thietmar, Count Gero of Alsleben was wrongfully done to death after failing to be able to fight )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the combat to the finish \(pp. 133-34\). Emperor Otto II was legally in the right to have him executed, but was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(upbraided for it by his counsellors, Duke Otto of Bavaria and Count Berthold of Schweinfurth.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Not surprisingly, Thietmar took a professional interest in condemning the pagan superstitions of his Slav )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neighbours. One of the best pieces concerns the Redarii and the Liutizi \(pp. 252-54\): 'Although I shudder to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(say anything about them, nevertheless, in order that you, dear reader, may better understand the vain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(superstitions and meaningless worship of this people, I will briefly explain who they are and from whence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they have come'. So we hear about their holy forest, their castle-temple of Riedegost with its decorations and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(idols, the habits of their priesthood, the nature of the sacrifices and the casting of lots, and so on. Such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ethnographic information is very valuable because Slavic religious custom of this nature was to die out by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the twelfth century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thietmar took good care to defend the status of bishop throughout his text. He thought it right that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emperors 'who, after the model of the Lord, exceed all other mortals through the glory of the benediction and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crown' \(p. 87\) should govern the bishops in the pre-Gregorian mode and protect their interests from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploitation by counts, margraves and dukes, so many of whom come up as a bad lot throughout the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chronicon. Probably this is why Thietmar interpolated the vita of a favourite holy bishop, Ansfrid of Utrecht )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(pp. 174-78\) who reigned from 995-1010. He put up bird-tables in the winter. But then our author, ever )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quirky, almost left out his own kinsman, Brun of Querfort. Brun, a good friend of Otto III and Henry II, was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a missionary bishop martyred in Prussia, his story nearly 'omitted owing to my forgetfulness' \(p. 299\). We )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then get a short account of Brun's education, his consecration as bishop, and execution in 1009. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significance of Brun's life and work is now highlighted by Ian Wood in his new )] TJ ET BT 419.132 330.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Missionary Life. Saints )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(and the Evangelisation of Europe 400-1050)] TJ ET BT 244.340 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2001\) pp. 226-44.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although Thietmar was only a bit over forty when he died, his humble sense of personal failure recurs more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often as the text progresses; 'In regard to my misdeeds, I am a wretch. In terms of my abilities, I am a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pauper. In either case, however, I am far worse than all men of my order' \(p. 377\). He claimed to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Impeded by that pest, lethargy' \(p. 378\) but we can only perceive this in comparison with the shining )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reichsbischfe of the previous generations, Ulrich of Augsburg and Brun of Cologne, Wolfgang of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Regensburg and Egbert of Trier, and so on. Thietmar was perceptive about the growing religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sensibilities of his time, which would culminate in the Age of Reform \(1046-1216\) and in the new religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(orders. In his generosity he was always looking to his own people. In the last year of his life, he recorded )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that 'In those days, seven serfs of my diocese ate poisoned mushrooms and quickly died from a burning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fever' \(p. 381\), a grim reminder to all countryfolk.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Since Professor Warner's translation of the)] TJ ET BT 239.132 135.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Chronicon)] TJ ET BT 293.468 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and the attendant apparatus, are so successful in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bringing out the richness of Thietmar's talent, it would be a great service if he could be persuaded to turn )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Widukind of Corvey and Lampert of Hersfeld into English as well.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The English Historical Review)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/117/471/443.full.pdf+html)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 50.787 m 340.784 50.787 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 343.784 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 51.1015 340.7837 62.9815 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/117/471/443.full.pdf+html) >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 657 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 805.999 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 788.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 788.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/252)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 786.825 m 322.316 786.825 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 761.848 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 747.448 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1990)] TJ ET BT 34.016 733.048 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/117/471/443.full.pdf+html)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 787.1395 322.3157 799.0195 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/252) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000559 00000 n 0000000641 00000 n 0000005113 00000 n 0000005222 00000 n 0000005332 00000 n 0000005441 00000 n 0000009002 00000 n 0000009130 00000 n 0000009214 00000 n 0000009279 00000 n 0000017158 00000 n 0000017242 00000 n 0000024750 00000 n 0000024875 00000 n 0000024990 00000 n 0000025074 00000 n 0000025783 00000 n 0000025911 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 26006 %%EOF