%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818113702+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818113702+01'00') /Title (Edward Roland Sword: The Diary and Despatches of a Military Attach in Warsaw, 1938-1939) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4441 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Edward Roland Sword: The Diary and Despatches of a Military )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Attach in Warsaw, 1938-1939)] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I know from my own research into the pre-First World War activities of the British military attachs in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Berlin just how difficult it is to find archival material that illuminates the role of these elusive soldier-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diplomats.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 84.356 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 84.356 250.545 m 98.348 250.545 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 98.348 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Not only did few of these individuals keep extensive collections of private papers, but the War )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Office, taking the view that intelligence materials dated rapidly and were consequently of only transient )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(value, failed to appreciate the long-term historical significance of this class of official papers. Accordingly, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Army's own copies of attach reports - which included the dockets on which General Staff officers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commented upon their content and recorded the actions that they took in response to them - were rarely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(earmarked for archival preservation. Instead, more often than not, they were pulped when their immediate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(usefulness was at an end. Elizabeth Turnbull's discovery of her late father's private diaries as military attach )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Warsaw in the run up to the Second World War is, therefore, a discovery of considerable interest. While )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she modestly records that "the diary and notes do not constitute 'great' history" \(p. 9\), for many military and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diplomatic historians Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Roland \('Roly'\) Sword's papers will, in fact, prove a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fascinating addition to the documentary record. Merely by virtue of existing they plug a gap in a section of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the archives that is currently all too riddled with holes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another aspect of the Sword papers that will make them valuable to the historian is the great variety of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different source materials contained therein. This diversity has enabled Elizabeth Turnbull and her co-editor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(258)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 1 May, 2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth Turnbull)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andrzej Suchcitz)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780850652345)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2001)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(168pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Polish Cultural Foundation)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matthew Seligmann)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 84.3557 250.8595 98.3477 262.7395 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7443 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andrej Suchcitz to put together a volume that consists of several different elements. The main component is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made up of Colonel Sword's private diary for the crucial period from 8 January 1939 through to 4 September )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the same year. This is supplemented by a short retrospective document containing the Colonel's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reminiscences of the social dimension to life as a service attach at the Warsaw Embassy. There then follows )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some papers of a more strictly professional nature. First, there is the text of a lecture on the politico-strategic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(situation in Poland given by Colonel Sword in January 1939 at the Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Then comes an additional and shorter diary of Sword's experiences during the early part of the German )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(invasion; and, finally, there is a selection of the Colonel's official reports from 1938 and 1939 taken from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(papers deposited at the Public Record Office. In addition to the primary sources, the volume begins with a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(useful introduction by Suchcitz that contextualizes the various documents both in general historical terms, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and also, more importantly for English language readers, in relation to the extensive, but little known, Polish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical literature.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Each of the different sections in this volume offers something of value to the historian. The diary, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, is a mine of information concerning the range of sources that were available to the attach, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different contacts that he was able to make, and the extent to which an officer in his position was able to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(travel around and inspect military installations. From its pages it can be determined that Colonel Sword was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(able to socialize widely among the upper echelons of the Polish military establishment and that he did travel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extensively through the country. It is also clear that, as a result of both of these facts, he was in a good )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(position to make informed judgements about Polish affairs in his reports. On top of this, his diary entries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(make it clear that he was well integrated into the British diplomatic establishment. This was true both with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(respect to the Warsaw embassy - with whose members he was on close terms - as well as with the senior )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diplomats in London. Certainly, Sir Robert Vansittart, for instance, felt no compunction about speaking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(openly to Sword, as a diary entry from early January makes very clear: "3.30.p.m. call on Sir R. Vansittart. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He was most outspokenly critical of Henderson, saying he had led us all down the garden path, was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grievously misinformed over German intentions.. Altogether 'a bloody man' to quote Sir R.V." \(p. 31\). That )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vansittart, the chief diplomatic advisor to the cabinet, felt able to impart derogatory comments about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambassador in Berlin to Sword, makes clear the extent to which Sword was persona grata among some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(senior foreign service personnel. It also provides further illustration of the alienation from government )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(policy of appeasement-skeptics like Vansittart.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The short section of reminiscences from the Warsaw Embassy is also a mine of information, albeit of a very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different type. In this document the emphasis is less on the details of the various diplomatic procedures and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meetings and more on the private workings of the embassy itself. Thus, in addition to pen portraits of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(various members of staff, including the servants and secretarial personnel, the piece also provides )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(amplification on the miscellanea of embassy life. Among the issues covered are the hand over arrangements )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that existed \(or rather failed to exist\) to facilitate the arrival of a new military attach, and the living )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arrangements of a diplomat in Warsaw. As information on such matters is hard to come by - understandably, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such minutiae rarely made it into the official record - these recollections provide a useful guide to the social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of this part of the diplomatic service.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The next section of the volume shifts the focus away from day to day occurrences and towards the actual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(information supplied by Colonel Sword. The first document presented here is a lecture delivered by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attach at the Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst in January 1939. Taking the form of a summary of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then-existing military-political situation in Poland, it offers an unusually clear and condensed version of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Colonel's wider ideas and, therefore, allows one to evaluate the fundamental quality of his work. Such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scrutiny does Colonel Sword considerable credit. Naturally, it took no particular insight to discern, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Colonel Sword duly did, that Nazi Germany represented the major threat to Polish security in 1939 and that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Poles were neither sufficiently well prepared nor adequately equipped to meet the powerful German )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(military machine. Nevertheless, looking past these all too readily apparent facts, Sword was conscious of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Polish determination to remedy the deficiencies in their military establishment and to do all in their power to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(make ready for the coming storm. As a result, he was confident of the courage, endurance and cohesion of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Polish forces and was certain that, if fighting took place on home soil, they would give a good account of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 21 0 R 23 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 5798 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves \(pp. 77-8\). Such, of course, was to be the case in September 1939, a fact that Colonel Sword )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would also record in his brief notes on the Polish campaign.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The volume concludes with a useful selection of official papers taken from the surviving attach materials in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Public Record Office. The majority of the documents come from two well-worn series within the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Foreign Office papers, in particular from the political files \(FO 371\) and the Confidential Prints for Poland )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(FO 417\). However, the editors have also succeeded in unearthing some despatches and telegrams from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(among the records of the British Military Missions in Europe \(WO 202\), a more obscure collection within )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the War Office files that could easily have been overlooked. In some small respects the various documents )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assembled in the final part of the book are not as illuminating as they might have been. The memoranda are, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for example, reproduced without any marginalia and there is, thus, no indication as to how they were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(received upon their receipt in Whitehall. However, this is but a minor quibble. More important is the fact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the presence of these documents in the same volume as the Colonel's diary does provide useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opportunities for cross-referencing and this can cast some light upon the origins of particular reports. Thus, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for example, the volume includes an interesting despatch from 5 April 1939, entitled 'a summary of the main )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(military considerations of Poland's war effort in the event of a German attack' \(pp. 114-8\). Not only is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writing of this report mentioned in Sword's diary, but the diary also provides a guide to Sword's interlocutors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the days prior to the report, as well as indicating the establishments that he visited at that time. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(background to the memorandum's information and ideas can, therefore, be reconstructed reasonably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accurately, a circumstance that is all too rare with attach reports.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Taken together, therefore, the Sword papers make it clear that Great Britain had an industrious and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conscientious informant on Polish military affairs stationed in Warsaw in 1939. As his diaries make plain, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Colonel Sword searched widely for information that would be useful to his superiors and was able to report )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(widely as a result. His despatches included, among other details, information on the morale of the Polish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(citizenry, the ethnic and ideological cohesion of the army, and the productive capacity of the nation's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(military-industrial complex. This, therefore, is a useful collection that will help contribute additional details )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the military and diplomatic history of the immediate run-up to the Second World War. It is worth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(purchasing on that basis and as an insight into the operation of the attach service.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 366.915 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 336.298 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matthew S. Seligmann, 'A View from Berlin: Colonel Frederick Trench and the Development of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British Perceptions of German Aggressive Intent, 1906-1910', )] TJ ET BT 364.472 322.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Journal of Strategic Studies)] TJ ET BT 519.140 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, XXIII )] TJ ET BT 64.016 307.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2000\), 114-147; idem., '"A Barometer of National Confidence": a British Assessment of the Role of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Insecurity in the Formulation of British Military Policy before the First World War', )] TJ ET BT 470.816 293.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(English )] TJ ET BT 64.016 279.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historical Review)] TJ ET BT 150.344 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, CXVII \(2002\), 333-355.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 273.656 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 273.656 277.875 m 327.644 277.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 253.013 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 234.031 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 216.251 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 216.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/258)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 214.857 m 322.316 214.857 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 189.880 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.480 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.080 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 273.6557 278.1895 327.6437 290.0695 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 215.1715 322.3157 227.0515 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/258) >> endobj xref 0 25 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000584 00000 n 0000000673 00000 n 0000005166 00000 n 0000005275 00000 n 0000005385 00000 n 0000005494 00000 n 0000009055 00000 n 0000009183 00000 n 0000009267 00000 n 0000009296 00000 n 0000009422 00000 n 0000009458 00000 n 0000009523 00000 n 0000017019 00000 n 0000017110 00000 n 0000022961 00000 n 0000023089 00000 n 0000023144 00000 n 0000023272 00000 n trailer << /Size 25 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 23367 %%EOF