%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140721210559+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140721210559+01'00') /Title (Slavery, Atlantic Trade and the British Economy, 1660-1800) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4330 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Slavery, Atlantic Trade and the British Economy, 1660-1800)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The relationship between slavery, colonialism, capital accumulation and economic development has long )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been an issue that has exercised political economists and economic historians, though it is perhaps fair to say )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that it tends to be neglected in standard university courses for undergraduates. Kenneth Morgan's booklet in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Cambridge New Studies in Economic and Social History series should go some way towards redressing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this imbalance between academic research and undergraduate appreciation of recent work in this field. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indeed, it provides a useful and accessible introduction for undergraduates to what has been one of the most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provocative modern theses relating to British industrialization, namely that articulated by Eric Williams in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his most famous work )] TJ ET BT 143.348 159.275 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Capitalism and Slavery)] TJ ET BT 256.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Published in 1944, Williams's study set out the explore the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impact of African slavery on British economic development, his most celebrated claim being that profits )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from slavery helped to fertilize the British Industrial Revolution. Although not the first to discern a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connection between slavery and capital accumulation - Marx and Hobson, among others, had been there )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(before him - Williams was perhaps the first explicitly to attribute British industrialization to the gains from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enslavement of Africans in the Americas. A second, equally provocative, theme articulated by Williams )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(involved the impact of industrialization on British attitudes and policy towards the slave trade and slavery )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and included the claim that, contrary to then received interpretation, it was economic self interest, not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(259)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 30 June, 2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kenneth Morgan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780521582131)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2001)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(30.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(136pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.cambridge.org/uk/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=9780521582131)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Richardson)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7537 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humanitarianism, that drove nineteenth-century British antislavery. Seen in the context of wider academic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and political concerns in the West over issues relating to race, inequality and economic development from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the late 1950s onward, it is perhaps not surprising that Williams's work has attracted widespread and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continuing interest among historians over the last forty years, provoking various debates over the impact of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slavery on British industrialization and over the nature of British antislavery from the 1780s onward. It is on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the first set of issues that Morgan focuses in his booklet.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Given the intensity of historians' reaction to Williams's work and the centrality of British industrialization to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical scholarship, it is curious that there has not been until now a publication relating to Caribbean )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slavery, Atlantic trade and British industrialization in this popular Cambridge series. This may partly be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explained by the fact that the majority of scholars working on British industrialization tend to be highly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(skeptical of the ?Williams thesis'. As Morgan himself observes, the "insights and evidence" offered by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Williams in )] TJ ET BT 93.356 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Capitalism and Slavery)] TJ ET BT 206.024 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( are "much contested", though the study still remains "seminal" \(p. 113\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There remain, however, scholars for whom Williams's claims about the profits from slavery and British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capital accumulation retain much merit. Moreover, others, including Morgan, have sought to explore more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thoroughly than Williams other possible lines of connection between slavery, external trade and British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(industrialization. In this respect, the debate between slavery and the British Industrial Revolution that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Williams helped to ignite almost sixty years ago remains very much alive. Whether, as Morgan hopes, his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(booklet succeeds in prompting fresh research \(p. 5\) rather than simply providing an accessible summary of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(current debates for students, is open to question.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Morgan's purpose is to enquire into connections between the growth of the Atlantic empire and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of the British economy between 1660 and 1800. His goal is "to keep students and teachers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abreast of the leading debates" but also to produce a synthesis that "has something of its own to say" and that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is, therefore, a contribution to "an ongoing discourse about the economic benefits of imperial trade and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slavery" \(p. 2\). Specifically, he seeks to address three questions. What financial rewards did Britain reap )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from slavery and Atlantic trade in the century or so after 1660? To what extent did the gains from such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(activity stimulate British industrialization? And how far did the Atlantic trading complex provide an impetus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for economic change in Britain? As Morgan admits these "seemingly straightforward questions ? are not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(susceptible to easy answers".)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(His search for answers to these questions leads Morgan to explore various issues as he reminds us that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British Atlantic trade not only grew substantially in scale and relative importance between 1660 and 1800 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but also became "more complex, specialized and interdependent". Two chapters deal specifically with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationship between the profits and wealth generated by slavery and the American plantation complex and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British capital accumulation and industrial investment. In another chapter he explores linkages between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American markets and British industry, arguing that "a strong case" can be made for exports to America "as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a generator of growth in the second half of the eighteenth century" \(p. 70\). In yet further chapters he focuses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the impact of Atlantic trade on British financial institutions and commercial practices and on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic fortunes of particular British ports, notably Bristol, Glasgow, Liverpool and London. In the course )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of his discussion, he accepts that Eric Williams and his followers probably exaggerated the profitability of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the slave trade and slave plantation complex. But he also takes issue with so-called ?small ratios' arguments )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that purport to deny slavery and colonial trade a major role in British capital accumulation and industrial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(growth, claiming that such arguments rely on estimates of profits from slavery that are "subject to regular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revision" and have limited value conceptually in understanding the dynamics of change in eighteenth-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century Britain. He also makes a plea for more detailed studies of slave prices \(sometimes used to estimate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slave trade profits\) and of financial links between trade and industry, while also suggesting that the links )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between slavery, colonial trade and British industrialization extended well beyond issues of capital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accumulation. For Morgan, the real significance of Atlantic trade lay in its impact on institutional change, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regional and city growth, and the expansion of new industries whose dependence on export markets for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sustained growth was evident even before the close of the eighteenth century. Recognizing that claims that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slavery and sugar made a substantial contribution to British capital accumulation have yet to be proven \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(95\), he nevertheless argues that slave-based Atlantic trades made "an important, though not decisive, impact )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 6281 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on Britain's long-term economic development", though as much for their stimulus to industrial, commercial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and financial innovation as for "their direct impact on capital investment and national income".)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Morgan accepts that many of the institutional effects of Atlantic trade "are not always quantifiable", but still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insists that they "contributed much to the commercial dynamism of Britain" \(p.74\). Evaluating the impact of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Atlantic trade - and more specifically transatlantic slavery - on British industrialization, however, involves )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more than quantification or accumulating examples of how Atlantic slave-based trades appear to have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stimulated growth in certain industries, whether in the manufacturing or service sector. It also involves )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conceptual issues that Williams and his followers tend to neglect and that, sadly, Morgan bypasses in his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(otherwise useful review of the literature. A critical problem for Williams was his failure properly to locate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the British experience of colonialism, transatlantic slavery and industrialization into comparative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspective - an issue that, for example, Robin Blackburn \()] TJ ET BT 316.964 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Making of New World Slavery: From the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Baroque to the Modern 1492-1800)] TJ ET BT 201.332 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1997\)\) and David Eltis \()] TJ ET BT 368.312 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Rise of African Slavery in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Americas)] TJ ET BT 79.340 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 2000\)\), albeit from different points of view, have recently sought to address. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Williams's failure was perhaps excusable, if only because data on the scale and profitability of transatlantic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slavery were very patchy at the time he wrote. But the quantitative revolution that since the 1960s has swept )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through studies of transatlantic slavery, the Atlantic slave trade and economic history more generally means )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that there is now much less excuse for not trying to place the relationship between British capitalism and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial slavery into a wider international context. A crucial test for the Williams thesis, as Stanley )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Engerman observed in 1975 \(?Comments on Richardson and Boulle and the "Williams Thesis"', )] TJ ET BT 498.596 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Revue )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Francaise d'Histoire d'Outre-Mer)] TJ ET BT 197.132 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, LXII, p. 333\) and reminded scholars again in 1995 \(?The Atlantic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Economy of the Eighteenth Century', )] TJ ET BT 215.492 499.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of European Economic History)] TJ ET BT 405.476 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 24, p. 169\) is to explain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [("Britain's lack of uniqueness" in relation to transatlantic slavery but its "uniqueness" in terms of early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(industrialization. In fairness to Morgan, he does acknowledge this challenge. Indeed, he recognizes that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other European nations were involved in transatlantic slavery and accepts that this "had very small effects" )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on their industrialization \(p. 34\), yet at no stage does he seek to address this issue further or even to place )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain's relationship to colonial slavery and the slave trade in comparative perspective. In this respect, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(misses a real opportunity to move forward the debate about the Williams thesis and thus to make the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contribution to debates over imperial trade, slavery and the British Industrial Revolution to which he aspires. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Students reading this booklet will undoubtedly acquire a good overview of much of the literature provoked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by Williams's )] TJ ET BT 102.848 371.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Capitalism and Slavery)] TJ ET BT 215.516 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, but it is an overview largely framed by Williams's own original )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspective rather than one influenced by the broader, Western European perspectives adopted by some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more recent scholars.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Economic History)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://eh.net/book_reviews/slavery-atlantic-trade-and-british-economy-1660-1800)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 286.371 m 427.616 286.371 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 430.616 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 283.039 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 265.259 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 265.259 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/259)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 263.865 m 322.316 263.865 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 238.888 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 224.488 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 210.088 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://eh.net/book_reviews/slavery-atlantic-trade-and-british-economy-1660-1800)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 286.6855 427.6157 298.5655 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://eh.net/book_reviews/slavery-atlantic-trade-and-british-economy-1660-1800) >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 264.1795 322.3157 276.0595 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/259) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000554 00000 n 0000000636 00000 n 0000005018 00000 n 0000005127 00000 n 0000005237 00000 n 0000005346 00000 n 0000008907 00000 n 0000009035 00000 n 0000009119 00000 n 0000009184 00000 n 0000016774 00000 n 0000016865 00000 n 0000023199 00000 n 0000023326 00000 n 0000023457 00000 n 0000023585 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 23680 %%EOF