%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818064608+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818064608+01'00') /Title (Worlds Between Historical Perspectives on Gender and Class) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 1947 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Worlds Between Historical Perspectives on Gender and Class)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(26)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 April, 1997)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leonore Davidoff)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780745609843)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1995)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(45.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(276pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Polity Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.polity.co.uk/book.asp?ref=9780745609843)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mary Chamberlain)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7539 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Re-reading some of the earlier essays in this fine collection was to re-visit the site of previous excitements. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Age, in this case, has not withered them. They retain a freshness and originality, and are wonderfully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complemented by some of the more recent essays published here for the first time. As Davidoff says in her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction, some of the essays focus on domestic activities, some on domestic relations. All, however, are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concerned with social order, with the issues of super- and sub-ordination, of power and powerlessness. All )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are concerned with what have often been considered the margins of both social activity and historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inquiry, performed by the least influential in society, by women and often children. If, now, domestic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(activity, the household and family, is considered a legitimate and fruitful area of research, we must )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remember that it was partly due to the efforts of Leonore Davidoff that this is so. Working from the margins, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as were most feminist historians in the 1970s, in subjects considered themselves of marginal historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(importance and interest, Leonore Davidoff succeeded in bringing them into the centre, and demonstrating in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the process why they had traditionally excluded from enquiry and demonstrating with equal dexterity their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical value. It is often from the margins, from those areas of human activity hidden from view, that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many of the historical insights on values and perceptions, status and roles are thrown into sharp relief. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her historical subjects are caught, as it were, off balance.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This collection brings together some of the most influential essays in feminist history. Taken as a whole, it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a fitting tribute to the seminal contribution Leonore Davidoff has made in this field, not least in bringing to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the forefront the importance and pervasiveness of gender as an organizing category, in the subtle shapings of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(class, society, and subjectivity, in political and legal philosophy, in the natural and the built environment. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is unfortunate that collections of this kind often take second place to the scholarly monograph in the policies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of review editors, for they deserve far wider publicity and a good critical reception. They make a unique )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contribution to historiography, by charting the development and thinking over the last twenty one years or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(so, from conception to a recognisable coming of age.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The arena which Davidoff entered was the traditional heartland of gender and class: the home and, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular, the middle class servant-keeping home of the late 18th and 19th centuries, redolent and riddled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with hierarchies of class and gender and increasingly refined rituals and behaviour to guarantee the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recognition and maintenance of status and power - of husbands over wives, fathers over children, sons over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(daughters, mistresses over servants, servants over servants, indoors over outdoors, civilisation over nature, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reason over emotion. In many ways, that home is a microcosm of Victorian society. Leonore Davidoff )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(invites us not only to peer through the microscope, but also to view it through a wide angle lens, to see how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it both reflects society, and is refracted through society, above and below stairs. Airing the dirty laundry in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public says as much about attitudes, relationships and the social order as the presses piled with neatly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(laundered shirts and sheets. Arguably more, for the clean shirt hides from view the agencies and activities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(involved in its production, the stains and blots considered inappropriate to the public gaze, the patterns and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assumptions of housekeeping, the family secrets and relationships. The cult of domesticity, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oppositions established to justify and sanctify it, are themes which run through many of these essays: the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sanctity of home and the beau ideal, the blasphemy and disorder of the town, the private world of sexual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(control, the licentiousness of the city street, order, disorder, morality, immorality, cleanliness, filth. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oppositions they may be, but they exist symbiotically rather than autonomously. Above all, they \(and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moral values associated with them\) exist courtesy of culture, society and history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the most original essays is \(still\) the first in this collection 'Mastered for Life', first published in The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Social History in 1974. Base dirt, given the Davidoff alchemy, becomes intellectual gold. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Domestic servants and working class wives, the women engaged in the relentless pursuit of cleanliness, were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(excluded from many of the legislative and social debates of the 19th century, and also from much of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical endeavour of the 20th century. But it is precisely from the pursuit of, and meanings given to, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cleanliness throughout the 19th century that Davidoff produces her insights. It was not cleanliness per se but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the meanings ascribed to cleanliness that were vital, for they realized as well as symbolized an increasing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(separation of work from and within the home, a separation linked with the growth of the middle classes and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the need to establish status through deference, order and ritual. Ideas of citizenship began to devalue and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(finally discredit the role of the \(male\) servant, as debasing of 'manhood', but the notions of super and )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7517 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subordination retained their power over women. And, one might add, in the Colonies, over the native, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subordinate par excellence.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The theme is returned to in later essays, where Davidoff's fine sociological instinct marry with those of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historian. The function of domesticity, she argues \(in 'The Rationalization of Housework'\) is to impose order )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on disorder, to transform the anarchy of raw material into acceptable cultural artifacts, to maintain the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(boundaries between nature and civilization. Those boundaries are themselves historically and culturally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specific, as is the process of boundary definition and maintenance, and the delegation of those responsible. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While patterns of consumption had been the most common marker of status until the eighteenth century, this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had, by the end of the nineteenth century, become only one of a range. Of far more significance as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(statement of class and status was the equation of class with cleanliness, and the equation of cleanliness with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(godliness, in which the boundary makers and retainers were women whose standards of femininity were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(judged to be in direct proportion to their standards of domestic cleanliness. That this should be associated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with class in not surprising. Dirt contaminates; the middle class woman who could afford domestic servants )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rose, necessarily and literally, above the dirt. Dealing with dirt remained the 'natural' milieu of the daughters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the great unwashed. As such, it neatly and tidily put the classes in their place. At the same time, it became )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the woman's primary role \(and became her prettily when she conducted it well\) to provide a safe haven from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a world increasingly characterized by squalor and disorder. The middle class domestic house was to become )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the model of domestic rationality as much as the nineteenth century entrepreneur was the model of economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and business rationality. And both created in their wake a form of public chaos, whether sanitary or social. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Landladies and their lodgers \(particularly working class ones, another neglected area of historical enquiry, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the subject of another essay in this collection\) similarly came to offend bourgeois sensibilities by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(flaunting the private/public boundaries, by compromising the autonomy of the household, by contaminating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the sanctity of the home with the filth of the market place and the sanctity of the family with the anarchy of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the young, male stranger.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But forbidding dirt, banishing it to the realms of sin, and those who dealt in it to the nether areas of society, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(did little to reduce its allure. For as purity assumed a sexual as well as a sanitary connotation and both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(became a metaphor for morality, and civilization, the impure, the uncivilized became the focus of attention, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the objects of missionary endeavour and sometimes the missionary position. The poor in the cities, as much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as the natives in the empire, lived in conditions in which dirt and the environment, men and women, flowed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in and out with promiscuous disregard for acceptable bourgeois boundaries. It was a source of fascination for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many Victorians, as the working classes \(and the natives, one might add\) became both demonized and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eroticized, a theme explored with finesse in 'Class and Gender in Victorian England: the Case of Hannah )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Culwick and A.J.Munby' \(first published in 1979 in Feminist Studies\), that exemplary couple who lived out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an elaborate, extraordinary and \(for us\) enlightening Victorian parlour game of class and gender.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The richness of a cross disciplinary approach emerges in one of the more recent essays in this volume on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(role of siblings in historical enquiry, a plea to move beyond the nucleated triad to recognize the importance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of kin and, in particular collaterals, in the creation and maintenance of social networks and in the shaping of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(loyalties and psyches. It is an area more commonly associated with social anthropology than history and, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like all the essays in this volume, has an immediate and contemporary significance. It complements in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(striking ways the essays which deal with more empirical detail on the 19th century creation of the household )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the ideological framework of the family. Arguably, much of the contemporary political concern on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decline of the family and family values - which so often ignores the demographic and social factors of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(last hundred years which have changed family composition - has as much to do with the apparent decline in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexual morality as a subtle shifting of the relations of power within families: single-parent female-headed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(households clearly flaunt the sensibilities of gender positioning while the re-creation of elaborate \(and fluid\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kinship patterns through the establishment of, for instance, step-families or, indeed, the emergence of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notion of 'families of choice', shifts the balance away from vertical hierarchies of deference and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responsibility towards more horizontal and \(perhaps\) egalitarian sets of family relationships and even fictive-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kin. Although there is no direct historical antecedent for contemporary changes in the family, it is always )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well to be reminded that who constitutes family and household, why and with what effect has never been a )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 4150 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constant, even within modern and early modern British society. Many of the protagonists in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary debate over the decline of the family and family values could do well to consider the historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(antecedents of the family.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final essay in this volume, 'Regarding Some "Old Husbands' Tales": Public and Private in Feminist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(History' is a highly sophisticated analysis of the growth and development of that old binary the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public/private, its increasingly nuanced \(and complicated\) gendered implications as applied to, and reflected )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in, the practice of philosophy, politics, economics, citizenship, science, medicine, art, culture, language, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well as sensitivities, subjectivities and identities, the entire panoply of what we know of as society and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture. With impressive detail Davidoff argues how many of our commonplace assumptions which have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(guided, and continue to guide, the organization and study of society, have been premised on masculinist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concepts which at once excluded women \(and children, and foreigners\) while rendering them both neutral, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commonsensical, irreproachable, their gendered bias invisible.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is little scope in this review to do justice to the depth and richness of this excellent collection. Indeed, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only some of the essays have been touched on here, and then only partially. Each essay is a deeply )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thoughtful, provocative and formative contribution to the intellectual topography of class and gender )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between 1780 and 1914, and will undoubtedly continue to do so for generations to come. One of the especial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(delights of the collection is the invitation it affords to travel with its author through feminist historiography, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to chart the moves from the early archeological essays which dug through the muck of middle class brass )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into a contemplation of the gendered intellectual dualisms still lingering in contemporary society. Virtually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(no stone has been left unturned: whether the issue is citizenship or cooking, status or sex, the body politic or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the body sexual, all are appropriate clues and revealing subjects for Davidoff in her analysis of this, the long )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nineteenth century. 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