%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140721025358+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140721025358+01'00') /Title (The Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century, 1914-1991) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 2702 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century, 1914-1991)] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eric Hobsbawm has written a book which has been rightly acclaimed as setting the standard for accounts of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Twentieth Century. We can expect such books to proliferate as we approach the end of the millennium. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Few will be able to match the powerful analysis and broad sweep of this book. Others may display more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mastery of the specialist historical literature \(into which, Hobsbawm acknowledges, he has only dipped\) but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they will be hard put to address so confidently all the great issues that have occupied intellectual talents over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the century, taking in the arts and sciences as readily as economics and politics. Hobsbawm is best )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approached as much as a political theorist as an historian.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(28)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 March, 1997)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eric J. Hobsbawm)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780718133078)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1994)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(640pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michael Joseph)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lawrence Freedman)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 6184 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For Hobsbawm the Age of Extremes follows those of Revolution, Capitalism and Empire on which he has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(already written at length and with great distinction. This age is further subdivided into `The Age of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catastrophe' \(1914-50\), `The Golden Age' \(1950-75\), and `The Landslide' \(1975 to 1991 and beyond\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Neither the periodization nor the labelling are particularly felicitous. Hobsbawm has confined himself to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(`short Twentieth Century' marked by the start of the first world war and concluding with the collapse of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Soviet Union at the start of the 1990's. In practice he allows his analysis to move on beyond 1991 and he is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well aware of the political forces that need to be understood if 1914 is to be explained. Neither 1950 nor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1975 are obvious punctuation points. While the economic growth between these two points might just be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(termed `golden', if not for all, it is hardly convincing to describe the period since 1975 as a `landslide', as if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(things have been rolling steadily down hill since that point. Such an image does not do justice to a much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more complex picture.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is only from a very particular perspective that the last quarter of this century appears as a significant retreat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the third. Hobsbawm has such a perspective. This is in part because he was born three years into his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period, and thankfully still survives it. His narrative is sprinkled \(although not liberally\) with occasional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reminiscences. More important is the fact that ideologically speaking, Hobsbawm backed the losing side. He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was an active communist for many years and remains notoriously unrepentant. To be sure, he accepts that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communism failed to deliver the goods, but capitalism only survived by the skin of its teeth. When )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communism seemed full of promise, capitalism had to learn to revise itself in order to escape the depression. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(During the first decades of the cold war the two systems played a sort of score draw, with the competition )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obliging them both to raise their economic game. While communism faltered, Hobsbawm appears to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(saying, capitalism too lost its bearings. Completing this book in the immediate post-cold-war period, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sensed a prospect not of the triumph of democratic capitalism, but a form of anarchy, incapable of producing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the conditions for a healthy environment and social stability.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book opens with a sample of twelve observations on the century, which produce a contrast between its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(massacres and wars, and the leaps forward in science and technology, between the nobility of the cherished )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideals that have inspired so many people to attempt to create a better world, and the persistence of the forces )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of unreason and irrationality that have continued to thwart them. A century which includes two world wars, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stalinism and the holocaust, not to mention numerous other acts of genocide and oppression, deserves the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extremist label. However, whether this remain an age of extremism is less clear, and represents the large )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(question raised by Hobsbawm.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He assumes that capitalism is such an unruly force that it is inherently extremist if allowed to operate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unchecked, and this is what he fears has now been allowed to happen as a result of the failure of socialism to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sustain itself and develop as a credible model. Socialism, in all its guises, helped identify a role for the state )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the management of human affairs. Without this guidance, market forces will continue to wreak ecological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and social havoc and will not be subjected to responsible human direction.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Such a gloomy analysis flows naturally from the progressive political tradition, to which Hobsbawm remains )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attached. Part of this is a disdain for the leading capitalist state, the United States, which is treated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unsympathetically throughout, leading to an inadequate grasp of why the `American way? continues to have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such an impact. A more fundamental aspect of this tradition is the view of the state as the natural focus for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analytical attention and the best hope for improving the human condition, for reconstructing economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(activity in the name of a more just society. The course of enlightened change depended on gaining control of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the instruments of coercion and hegemony: without these no political struggle could be won.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 5706 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The experience of the Twentieth Century has undermined confidence in the state, and this has reinforced the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contrary philosophy of liberal individualism against which Hobsbawm wishes to argue. To those of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contrary persuasion, not only has the state's potential for good hardly been fully realised, but also that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic growth has come in spite of the state. Certainly we have been left in no doubt of the malign role of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the state when its means of violence are turned against its own people, or against another, equally endowed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(state, in a cataclysmic war.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The modern state was a product of the ever-increasing demands of warfare - building up the population and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(industrial capacity, to provide ever more men and materiel for the battlefield, improving science and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(technology to ensure a steady stream of new types of weapons, refining the broadcasting and print media to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generate popular support. Even the early stirrings of the welfare state were prompted by the need for a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(healthier and better motivated army. What progressive theorists hoped was that the mobilization and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(directional capacities of the state, as demonstrated in two world wars, could be redirected to more positive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(purposes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The most substantial attempt to demonstrate just what might be achieved by a determined political elite in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(full command of the state apparatus, came once the Bolsheviks established themselves in Russia after the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revolution in 1917. Communist rule had its achievements. It took Russia through civil war and famine and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then a bitter, bloody war with the Nazis. It raised living standards and introduced heavy industry. Yet the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(achievements came at an enormous cost. Whether or not the Great Terror was an inevitable consequence of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vanguard party, a proposition Hobsbawm dismisses, it certainly provided the opportunity for Stalin.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The problem for communist theorists for the four decades after the Russian revolution was to provide an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical rationalization for the use of oppressive means to advance the needs of the people; the problem for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them in more recent decades has been to explain why the needs of the people were still not being advanced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and how the Soviet system fell into cynicism, stagnation and eventual collapse. When the people got their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chance to give a verdict on communism it was thumbs down. In August 1991, virtually at the end of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hobsbawm's period, the Old Guard in the Kremlin proved that they could no longer even organize a decent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coup. To add salt to the Soviet wound, if people had acquired any ideological conviction over the years of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communist rule it was of the innate superiority of capitalism as an economic system.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While it was undoubtedly the case that capitalism got through its mid-century crises through judicious state )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intervention, it seems to have prospered over the last couple of decades through the steady weakening of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(state controls. Erstwhile social democrat parties have come to respect if not yet quite love the free market. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The most formidable opponents of capitalism are now to be found among precisely those elements against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which socialists once recoiled in horror - romantic nationalists and religious fundamentalists, both in their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(own ways seeking to preserve spiritual values in the face of a materialist onslaught.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hobsbawm fears a free-market capitalism that no longer faces a stiff ideological challenge from the left \(or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the right\) and is thus under no obligation to control its excesses. Writing just a few years after the end of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cold war he captures much of the post-euphoric mood. Having rejoiced at the end of the cold war and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(liberation of societies from the communist grip people were startled at the costs of the transition from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(socialism to capitalism \(one for which few theorists had prepared us\) and the apparently sudden outbreak of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ethnic violence and, in the case of the Gulf, even old-fashioned warfare.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 5603 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A few years on things look a little calmer and Hobsbawm?s gloom seems overdone. Of course, events in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Russia remain critical and the potential for a sudden lurch into darkness remains. Given the existence of so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many nuclear weapons, though the arsenals are being reduced and withdrawn from the front-line\) it is hard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ever to feel completely secure. Attempts to assert the primacy of political will over economic development, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially in the drive towards economic and monetary union in Europe, look distinctly shaky, and there is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(now an increasing acceptance, grudging in some cases but enthusiastic in others, that global communications )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and markets have reduced the capacity of government to shape the economic destinies of their people, even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while they have increased the capacities of individuals.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps the real difficulty is that the new political agenda, appropriate for the next millennium, remains )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(curiously unformed. The state is not withering away, and there remains no better vehicle for controlling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organized violence or expressing the character and the concerns of a particular society, but the nature of its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(competence in the economic sphere and its tolerable intrusion into civil society are being redefined. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(process seems to be more the consequence of a series of small decisions than the product of a clear political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(programme. Great powers no longer expect to fight each other, dominate international affairs, or aggrandize )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves at the expense of others, but the corollary of this is that they are not sure as to the range of their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interests and responsibilities in the pursuit of a wider peace and stability. Multilateral organizations have yet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to show themselves to be able to cope with those global problems that cannot be handled at the level of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(state, and the implications of new forms of institutional arrangements are uncertain.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hobsbawm is wary of liberal triumphalism. He will never be convinced that unconstrained free enterprise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(can work to the common good, and he comprehends the distinctiveness of individual cultures and political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(systems sufficiently to know that, even if liberal capitalism was a recipe for a good society, not all can mix )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together the right ingredients in the right mixture at the right time. Nonetheless, while liberalism may not yet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work as a universal ideology it is the great survivor of the Twentieth Century. It continues to show how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enterprise can be rewarded, authoritarianism subverted and cultural experiments can continue.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is hard to celebrate a century which has seen so much misery and tragedy imposed in the name of failed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideologies. This book exudes an added melancholy because Hobsbawm came late to appreciating the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shortcomings of one of these ideologies and has yet to appreciate the quality of the one ideology that has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shown itself thus far to be best able to reflect human aspirations and adapt to changing circumstances.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(First Things)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.leaderu.com/ftissues/ft9511/reviews/bacevich.html)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 307.395 m 336.320 307.395 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 339.320 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Danny Reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://dannyreviews.com/h/Age_Extremes.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 278.883 m 262.004 278.883 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 265.004 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 275.551 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 257.771 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 257.771 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/28)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 256.377 m 316.316 256.377 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 231.400 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 217.000 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/266)] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.600 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.leaderu.com/ftissues/ft9511/reviews/bacevich.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 188.200 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://dannyreviews.com/h/Age_Extremes.html)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 307.7095 336.3197 319.5895 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.leaderu.com/ftissues/ft9511/reviews/bacevich.html) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 279.1975 262.0037 291.0775 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://dannyreviews.com/h/Age_Extremes.html) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 256.6915 316.3157 268.5715 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/28) >> endobj xref 0 26 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000562 00000 n 0000000644 00000 n 0000003398 00000 n 0000003507 00000 n 0000003617 00000 n 0000003726 00000 n 0000007287 00000 n 0000007415 00000 n 0000007499 00000 n 0000007564 00000 n 0000013801 00000 n 0000013866 00000 n 0000019625 00000 n 0000019723 00000 n 0000025379 00000 n 0000025506 00000 n 0000025618 00000 n 0000025745 00000 n 0000025840 00000 n 0000025968 00000 n trailer << /Size 26 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 26062 %%EOF