%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140819032617+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140819032617+01'00') /Title (The Fall of the GDR Germany?s Road to Unity) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4172 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Fall of the GDR Germany?s Road to Unity)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In )] TJ ET BT 47.012 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Fall of the GDR)] TJ ET BT 145.676 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, David Childs discusses the collapse of the GDR up to unification. He begins by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussing the leadership structure of the GDR, and notes in particular the relative longevity and the geriatric )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(age structure of the )] TJ ET BT 129.320 230.555 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Politbureau)] TJ ET BT 186.656 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in the 1980s. This is complemented by a discussion of the administrative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structure of the state, its mass organizations, and the potential for opposition in the mid-1980s.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If the first chapter has set the scene for the impending collapse of the GDR, the second chapter presents an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overview over the history of the GDR. The author emphasizes in particular the structural deficits that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(burdened the state. These deficits were compounded by the economic policies of the communist regime. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a result, the GDR was forced, in 1983 and 1984, to accept massive loans to keep the whole state afloat. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(section then lists other elements in the state?s ?Flawed Development?: its inadequate housing stock, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lack of a separate GDR identity and the failure to develop one in the face of the glamorous and evidently )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more consumerist Federal Republic. These factors can be taken as reasons why, according to studies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conducted by the Central Institute for Research on Youth, by May 1988 only 28 per cent of young people )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(asked identified themselves as proud citizens of the GDR. Those who were left identifying with the state )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were primarily those bound together by a ?community of fate? \(p. 34\), those who had descended from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(280)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 30 June, 2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Childs)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780582315686)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2001)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(14.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(205pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Longman)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.pearsonhighered.com)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(N/A)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jan Palmowski)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 6662 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Weimar Communists, and those whose loyalty earned them good jobs.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The third chapter discusses the Stasi, its historical evolution and its position in the machinery of the state. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Interestingly, Child goes into detail here, through individual cases such as Klaus Gysi \(former Minister of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Culture and Secretary of Church Affairs and father of a current Senator of the State of Berlin\), and through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the cases of victims like Robert Havemann and Wolfgang Biermann. The author then goes on to note the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extraordinary lengths to which the Stasi went, to create an intelligence network that had made plans for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(every eventuality. This is quite proper, because many accounts of that period tend to pass over the real )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(danger faced by the protestors in the late summer of 1989.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The following chapter engages with the transformation of the external context in which GDR leaders )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(operated. It begins by discussing the advent of Gorbachev as party leader in the Soviet Union, moves on to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discuss the political transformations that led to the destruction of the fence between Hungary and Austria, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and finally charts the events in Poland. It is perhaps a little odd that to this are added accounts of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revolutions in Prague and Romania, which are then followed by the revolt of Tianamen Square in China. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Prague and Budapest came after the fall of the Berlin Wall, while their impact on the dissolution of the GDR )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is debatable. If these events are considered for a general overview of what happened in Eastern Europe, then )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adding Tianamen Square at the end of this is bizarre. These are minor question marks that simply highlight a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bigger problem of the book, which is that its structure is not always clear.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The following chapter contains a chronological account of the events of 1989 leading up to the celebrations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the fortieth anniversary of the GDR. It notes the growing rumblings of protest in the early months of 1989 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leading up to the electoral fraud committed at the local elections of 1989. It rightly emphasizes the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(astonishing inability of the GDR?s gerontocracy to respond to the growing discontent in its fixation to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(celebrate the country?s fortieth anniversary. This is essentially a narrative chapter, but no less important for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that. Timing was everything in a drama that included the exit of East Germans via Hungary and Prague, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fortieth anniversary celebrations and the demonstrations leading up to the fall of the Berlin Wall.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Following a very brief chapter on the nascence of the New Forum and other opposition groups, the next )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter looks in considerable detail \(given the length of the book\) at the GDR under the leadership of Egon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Krenz. Krenz and Modrow came between the fall of Honecker and the first democratic elections in March )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1990. Consequently, many narratives relegate them to the sidelines. For this reason, the re-evaluation of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(role of Krenz is important. At the same time, Childs makes clear that, by this point, events had developed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their own dynamic and were pretty much beyond central party control. The 4 November demonstration in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(East Berlin, which attracted up to one million people, and the en masse resignation of the Politbureau on 8 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(November indicate the impotence of the ruling authorities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is followed by a consideration of the international events surrounding the fall of the Berlin Wall, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrates quite clearly the genuine surprise of the leading politicians in Paris, London and the Soviet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Union. It also highlights the dramatic levels of political improvisation performed, as leaders who could not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(see unification as a realistic prospect had reversed their opinions within months.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The next chapter examines the period of the Modrow government, its negotiations with the evolving political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(groups in the GDR, and the run-up to the GDR?s first free elections in March 1990. It also charts the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(growing dismantling of the barriers between East and West Germany, especially in Berlin. The next chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discusses the March 1990 elections in greater detail. It considers the programmes of the individual parties, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and looks at why the Alliance for Germany, which largely consisted of the CDU, turned out to be so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(successful.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 113.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final chapter takes the reader from March 1990 to the realization of German unity on 3 October 1990. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is some welcome detail here about nature and composition of the first and last freely elected People?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chamber of the GDR, but otherwise there is a fast-paced account of the domestic German and international )] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(negotiations that surrounded unification.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7120 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Before evaluating the book, it is worth considering its ambition. It is clearly not a monograph, but it is not a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(straightforward textbook either. The write-up at the back summarises the book?s character well: ?It greatly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(benefits from the author?s decades of involvement with East Germany, including personal friendships there, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and his eye-witness account of many of the events during 1989?. Any doubts about this are dispelled in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preface, in which Childs ponders his own experience in the GDR, the events leading up to his ?highly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(successful? book, )] TJ ET BT 121.664 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The GDR: Moscow?s German Ally)] TJ ET BT 289.640 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(George Allen and Unwin; London, 1983\), and his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accurate predictions during the 1980s that the end of the GDR was not far off \(pp. xii-xiii\). In other words, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the author is never very far from the story he tells. This is the book?s strength, but it is also at the root of its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(weaknesses.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Among the strengths are some of the idiosyncrasies that one would not have expected in a book of this kind. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On a number of occasions, there is clearly an urge to tell it ?as it really was?. This makes the book readable, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it varies the pace of the narrative, and it will benefit readers who know very little about the GDR. The rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(long passage about the ossification of the leadership, for instance, or the detail Childs provides about how a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vote was actually cast in the GDR before 1990, is the kind of detail which is often lost in other books of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kind. In other words, the reader gets a very different ?feel? for the GDR here, compared to other books of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this length. As mentioned earlier, it is also interesting to have a relatively substantial section on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leadership of Krenz and Modrow, including an assessment of their personal leadership styles.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At times, the urge to give the reader an impression of what it was like in the GDR may go a little far. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(events leading up to the fall of the Wall in 1989 are introduced by a long passage in which Childs muses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about what the workers must have thought in January 1989 on their way to work. As they took the ?S-Bahn? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to work, they ?probably? day-dreamed about their summer vacations, and whether they would be lucky )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enough to go to Romania that summer \(p. 64\). The passage goes on in this style, and emphasises both how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remote the events of November 1989 were from a perspective of early 1989, and it re-emphasises the fact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that workers could not go to Greece or Spain.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whether such conjecture belongs into a history book is a matter of opinion. It can be explained, of course, by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the nature of the book as a personal-cum-historical reflection. At times, however, this goes too far. When the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brandenburg Gate was formally opened on 22 December 1989, Childs noted that the East German border )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(guards were ?dazed by the dream-like quality of the event. The more thoughtful of them must have realised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that their days were numbered.? \(p. 110\) This is not merely conjecture, it is also misleading. The role of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(border guards was subject to intense internal discussion when Hungary opened its border. Its future was cast )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in doubt, privately and openly, from 9 November at the latest. The whole point of the border guards, whose )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mission had been to protect the inviolability of the GDR border, was undermined at precisely the moment )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(when the border between the two Germanies had become porous.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The imaginary anecdotal style may break up the narrative, but it is problematic as such. When discussing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resignations of the old guard from the )] TJ ET BT 218.324 251.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Volkskammer )] TJ ET BT 286.640 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(parliament\), Childs concludes: ?The remaining leaders )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(must have asked themselves, "Where will it all end? Will I be on the next list of those to be expelled and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arrested?"? This is the kind of sentence one dreads finding in undergraduate essays, but with authors using )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this style it is increasingly difficult to blame the students for this.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are a number of evaluations here that are striking. Krenz gets a rather positive write-up \(pp. 47-8, 73, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(89\). Although he has been burdened by his hard-line reputation, and was limited by his own lack of vision, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he should, as the author concludes, be given credit for the peaceful transitions that took place under his brief )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reign \(p. 90\). This is an interesting argument, but it is at this point that it becomes difficult for the reader to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinguish between the account of Childs the historian and Childs the involved spectator. In this case, it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not clear whether this evaluation is based on the author?s own favourable personal impressions of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conversations with Krenz, or whether this is based on hard evidence.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hans Momper, the mayor of West Berlin, also gets a good write-up in these pages. Once again, this is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surprising. Momper famously missed the public mood when he welcomed the East Germans to West Berlin )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 4181 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as the ?people \()] TJ ET BT 108.992 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Volk)] TJ ET BT 130.988 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) of the GDR?. Despite being the mayor of unification in Berlin, Momper actually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(managed to lose the 1990 state elections: quite an achievement, especially given the addition of a naturally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(left-leaning voting public to the franchise. Once again, therefore, it is not quite clear where this positive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assessment of Momper is coming from \(p. 89\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A final sphere where the personal might have taken over unduly is the importance accorded to meetings and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(statements made by visitors to Nottingham University \(pp. 92, 148, 149\). Visits by Margaret Thatcher or the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(GDR ambassador there were undoubtedly important events, but it is not clear that they belong to a brief )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account of the fall of the GDR. They do underline the author?s first-hand involvement with his subject )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(matter, however, so that once again it is difficult to decide whether these are strengths or weaknesses of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is a final comment to be made about the overall argument of this book. There is none. There is no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overarching thesis, no engagement with particular historiographical debates. It starts with the military band )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(goose-stepping its way past the GDR leaders on 7 October 1988 \(p. 1\), and ends with the elections of late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1990 \(this is discounting a final paragraph on ?United Germany in 2000?\). The author clearly has not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intended to place this book into a historiographical context. Once again, if this is in part a personal account, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this was arguably not necessary. This book, then, makes a contribution to our knowledge of the GDR )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because of the author?s own experience, and not by the way in which he seeks to refine existing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiographical debates. 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