%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141221034603+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141221034603+00'00') /Title (Imagining Early Modern London: Perceptions and Portrayals of the City from Stow to Strype, 1596-1720) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4426 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Imagining Early Modern London: Perceptions and Portrayals of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(the City from Stow to Strype, 1596-1720)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(That grand old patron saint of London historians, John Stow, currently seems to be inspiring a new wave of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical and literary studies. As well as this collection of essays and the conference which inspired it, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(another conference on Stow has been held recently - papers from which are soon to be published - and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(number of other studies have appeared in the past few years.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 324.272 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 324.272 193.521 m 338.264 193.521 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 338.264 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( If this collection is a fair representation, then )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this renewed fascination is no bad thing. For Julia Merritt has assembled an impressive array of authors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whose interests and expertise range widely, indeed it is something of a star ensemble.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The essays in this collection aim head on at the issues that are inspiring this renewed interest in Stow and his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(antiquarian peers. On the one hand, a necessary, if sometimes slightly fusty, extension of academic interest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to history's earliest practitioners and their antiquarian kin.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 310.808 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 310.808 110.241 m 324.800 110.241 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 324.800 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( On the other, a growing concern with how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporaries perceived and understood the locations and events they experienced. In this latter regard, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sprawling, mobile and fluid setting of early modern London, which more than doubled in population during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the seventeenth century, presents a particular interpretative challenge. Few historians are now happy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(speaking of metropolitan experience in the singular. Current writing on the city emphasises pluralities, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(281)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 1 April, 2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. F. Merritt)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780521773461)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2001)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(70.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(318pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Pres)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.cambridge.org/uk/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=9780521773461)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Patrick Wallis)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 324.2717 193.8355 338.2637 205.7155 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 310.8077 110.5555 324.7997 122.4355 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 26 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 8062 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fragmentation, and personalisation - not one London but many. Smaller communities, networks and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neighbourhoods have survived on the pages of some recent studies, as in the work of Jeremy Boulton, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these are almost defined by their limited relationship to any city-wide identity.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 410.648 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 410.648 766.563 m 424.640 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 424.640 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Older works on the city )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were not wholly dominated by a lumping approach to mentalities, but at present it seems that the splitters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have the party to themselves.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(No surprise then to find that few of the essays published here are without an elegant apology for the limits of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretation. In their various approaches to how contemporaries knew and understood the city, these pieces )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expose weaknesses in older assumptions about collective portrayal and description as they seek to construct )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an alternative, less fragile understanding. But the price of a more grounded vision is a reduction in scale and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reach. London or its inhabitants understood as a whole or perceived by a collectivity appears in only in a few )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(places here. Interestingly, this tends to occur in the essays on more literary subjects, suggesting that - if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians continue to follow a theoretical trajectory to some extent prefaced in the experiences of literature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(departments - then generalisation may soon reassert itself. However, it is to be hoped that the subtler point )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the bounded nature of contemporary and historical understandings made implicitly in various of these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essays survives any blending process. The interrelations of the limits of vision, perception and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comprehension, of localised rather than local knowledge, are too often neglected.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is worth running through these essays individually. Stow and his work are the subjects of the first pair of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essays, by Patrick Collinson and Julia Merritt. Collinson sensitively scrutinizes Stow's 'selective nostalgia' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and its relationship to his conservative religious position, and compares this to the interaction of faith and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focus in other antiquarian writings of the day. The )] TJ ET BT 277.976 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Survey )] TJ ET BT 313.628 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emerges as a moralising, even mythicising work, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imbued with a religious sensibility that fuels its tendency to condemn recent changes in the city. However, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there was no inevitability about its tone or content, as demonstrated by the very different approaches of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Carew and Lambarde to Cornwall and Kent respectively. The religious nostalgia that suffused Stow's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(version of London presented a problem for his later, and more Protestant, editors and revisers, as Merritt )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shows. From Munday's firmly Protestant gloss of the 1630s to Strype's equally Protestant but more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sympathetic reworking in the early eighteenth century, those who reused Stow's )] TJ ET BT 420.116 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Survey)] TJ ET BT 452.768 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( simultaneously )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remade it to serve their own confessional concerns and to respond to current events. But, as Merritt )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emphasises, this was not a crude process; nor was it the only factor. New genres, most importantly the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(guidebooks that appeared in response to the expansion of the city, and new approaches, especially the later )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seventeenth century fascination with quantification, played their part.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Among Stow's greatest hatreds were the iconoclastic breakers of tombs and monuments. These and many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other aspects of contemporary memorialisation - stained glass windows, paintings, sermons - are examined )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Ian Archer's contribution in relation to benefaction and charity. Something of a fixture in the emergent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(field of Stow studies, Archer argues here that charity remained tied to posthumous reputation and godliness )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in a way that suggests a continuity with pre-reformation traditions.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 353.984 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 353.984 274.371 m 367.976 274.371 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 367.976 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Devices for remembrance multiplied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across the city's religious and civic fabric. In fact, there seems to have been a growth in memorialisation, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(running in parallel with charity. How this relates to the Reformation's rupturing of traditional religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(memory-work remains an open question. While the main focus here is on these devices as memorials for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dead, much of this glass, plate and portraiture was given while company members were alive - and this was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not necessarily just in anticipation of their death. Pictures could legitimise power, as Archer emphasises.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Archer's essay, like Collinson's, highlights continuities of perception and practice over the early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period. Not all change - particularly cultural and religious change - was rapid or complete. Much was, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nonetheless, dramatic, as Vanessa Harding's essay on the spatial transformation of the city shows. Over the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seventeenth century, London accommodated an exploding population in its congested inner parishes and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sprawling suburbs. In the process, the old scaffolding of community, particularly the parish, was shaken by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(urban growth, and the city was increasingly divided along lines of wealth, health and social difference. Yet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the conclusions that Harding is able to offer about the fabric and social composition of the city can, she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues, have only a partial connection with the idiosyncratic understandings of the city that each Londoner, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like the inhabitants of any locale, developed. A city becoming ever more divided by health and environment )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is also a central theme in Laura Williams's study of green spaces in the city. One way in which citizens )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 410.6477 766.8775 424.6397 778.7575 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 353.9837 274.6855 367.9757 286.5655 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 29 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Length 7292 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responded to the growth of the city, she suggest, was to use nature to maintain a balance, in the process )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(laying the foundation of many of the green spaces that still grace the capital. But as the urban green space )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moved from suburban field to city park, it also became more exclusive, exemplified best in the railed-in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eighteenth-century square.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Shoemaker starts with much the same question as Harding - how Londoners perceived the city - but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instead of space, he targets gender. His delineation of the factors that influenced mobility \(adopted as an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unsatisfying but necessary substitute for perception\) exposes some striking and unexpected results, most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notably the higher levels of mobility among women than men at some social levels. However, in the final )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(section of his paper, Shoemaker self-consciously undermines his own method by emphasising the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(importance of social preconceptions to perceptions recorded in diaries, ending up at a similar point to that of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harding - although by a rather different route.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A rather different London, one despised and largely ignored, is analysed by Tim Hitchcock in his essay on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the lives and strategies of the poor - and their depiction by the elite. Interestingly, Hitchcock's explanation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the different responses evoked by the various begging strategies he describes shares the emphasis on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continuity of responses apparent in Collinson and Archer: beggars traditionally moving from house to house )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were more acceptable than those who adopted a stationary public pitch. Moreover, in what should prove to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be a provocative argument, Hitchcock suggests that this new, more visible public poor made carceral, non-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(residential responses possible: a fascinating argument that brings the re-making of the city and the responses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the poor into debates about the development of the poor law.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Many of these pieces talk about imagined communities - borrowing Benedict Anderson's term, if not his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theoretical standpoint - in an attempt to articulate contemporary perceptions. But it is the imagined city as an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entirety that emerges in Peter Lakes' study of order in London. His attempt to identify what about London )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frightened and alarmed people unpicks the binaries of praise and condemnation in contemporary texts, such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as sermons and crime pamphlets, to suggest that depictions of London faced a problem: the fonts of its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(glories were often its sins. What one person saw as wealth and magnificence could as easily be seen by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(another - or the same person at another time - as greed and covetousness. Without an unambiguous language )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to praise commercial wealth, portrayals of the city naturally possessed an ability to slip between two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extremes, and the city itself became a landscape in which opportunity and danger, advancement and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(corruption seemed equally likely. Ambiguities also surrounded political crowds, Tim Harris argues. A )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(schizophrenic attitude among contemporaries to crowd action and petitioning can be explained by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uncertainties about the status and composition of the crowd, and the \(shifting\) relationship between the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public and the political nation. Status, honesty, orderliness, and party affiliation could legitimate or de-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legitimate a crowd, according to the observer's own alignment.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final essay in the volume takes up the physical, prophetic and spiritual fires that so constantly threatened )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(survival - whether spiritual, physical or both - in the early modern city. Moving in a unique manner from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hollywood apocalypse of )] TJ ET BT 160.328 249.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Terminator II)] TJ ET BT 225.992 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to the fiery biblical destruction that, sermons warned, faced the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(citizens of London, Nigel Smith explores aspects of the relation between the literal and figurative in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience and language of fire and destruction.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Overall, this is a good collection. It is particularly fruitful in its integration of textual and historical studies of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London. Not all the essays are equally well developed or convincing, but all are of value. No edited volume )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(can ever be complete, and it would be cheap to complain about areas that are omitted here. However, it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worth pointing out that all these imagined Londons are those of Londoners: these are views from within. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(city was also the centre of imperial or mercantile networks, and the object of admiration, fear, praise and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scorn from outsiders in the provinces and abroad. It is also strange that the river plays such a small part in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this history. Early modern London was a port city in a way that is difficult to imagine now, as the present-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(day city largely turns its back on the river that winds through it. A more telling area that remains unresolved )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is the degree to which metropolitan life was experienced in ways that were unique to itself. By the end of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seventeenth century, London was more populous than either Liverpool or Sheffield is today. Did this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provoke a set of conceptions that were as definitively metropolitan as its royal parks or the scale of its trade? )] TJ ET endstream endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R ] /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 5024 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Or was the metropolis just another seventeenth-century urban experience on a larger scale?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 761.571 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 730.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The conference 'John Stow \(1525-1605\): author, editor & reader' was held on 30 March - 1 April 2001 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at Corpus Christi College, Oxford and is the basis of a collection edited by Ian Anders Gadd and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alexandra Gillespie, )] TJ ET BT 166.328 702.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(John Stow \(1525-1605\) and the Making of the English Past: Studies in Early )] TJ ET BT 64.016 688.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Modern Culture and the History of the Book )] TJ ET BT 280.004 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(British Library; London, forthcoming\). See also B. L. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beer, )] TJ ET BT 92.672 673.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tudor England Observed: The World of John Stow)] TJ ET BT 337.664 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Alan Sutton; Stroud, 1998\); M. J. Power, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('John Stow and his London', )] TJ ET BT 202.340 659.669 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Historical Geography)] TJ ET BT 360.668 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 11 \(1985\), 1-20; and Ian Archer's )] TJ ET BT 64.016 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essays cited below. One might also mention the title of Mark Jenner's and Paul Griffiths' recent )] TJ ET BT 64.016 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection of essays on London, borrowed from one of Stow's successors: P. Griffiths and M. Jenner, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eds, )] TJ ET BT 86.012 616.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Londinopolis: Essays in the Cultural and Social History of Early Modern London)] TJ ET BT 478.364 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Manchester, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2000\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 601.251 m 149.000 601.251 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 588.394 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Probably the best recent work in this area is R. Sweet, )] TJ ET BT 326.312 588.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Writing of Urban Histories in Eighteenth-)] TJ ET BT 64.016 574.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Century England)] TJ ET BT 146.348 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford University Press; Oxford, 1997\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 347.984 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 347.984 572.739 m 401.972 572.739 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 559.882 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. P. Boulton, )] TJ ET BT 132.032 559.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Neighbourhood and Society: A London Suburb in the Seventeenth Century)] TJ ET BT 489.668 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge )] TJ ET BT 64.016 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University Press; Cambridge, 1987\). Cf. J. P. Ward, )] TJ ET BT 316.664 545.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Metropolitan Communities: Trade Guilds, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 531.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Identity, and Change in Early Modern London)] TJ ET BT 287.672 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Stanford University Press; Stanford, 1997\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 502.652 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 502.652 529.971 m 556.640 529.971 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 517.114 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 517.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I. W. Archer, 'The Nostalgia of John Stow', in D. L. Smith, R. Strier, and D. Bevington, eds, )] TJ ET BT 509.636 517.109 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 64.016 502.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Theatrical City: Culture, Theatre and Politics in London, 1576-1649)] TJ ET BT 394.700 502.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge University Press; )] TJ ET BT 64.016 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge, 1995\), pp. 17-34. Archer also has a chapter on 'John Stow, Citizen and Historian' in the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 474.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forthcoming volume cited in note 1, edited by Gadd and Gillespie.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 382.652 474.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 382.652 472.947 m 436.640 472.947 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 448.085 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 429.103 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 411.323 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 411.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/281)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 409.929 m 322.316 409.929 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 384.952 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.552 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2607)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.152 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 601.5655 148.9997 613.4455 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 347.9837 573.0535 401.9717 584.9335 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 502.6517 530.2855 556.6397 542.1655 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 382.6517 473.2615 436.6397 485.1415 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 25 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 410.2435 322.3157 422.1235 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/281) >> endobj xref 0 42 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000603 00000 n 0000000699 00000 n 0000005177 00000 n 0000005286 00000 n 0000005396 00000 n 0000005505 00000 n 0000009066 00000 n 0000009194 00000 n 0000009278 00000 n 0000009307 00000 n 0000009435 00000 n 0000009471 00000 n 0000009500 00000 n 0000009628 00000 n 0000009664 00000 n 0000009755 00000 n 0000017870 00000 n 0000017900 00000 n 0000018028 00000 n 0000018064 00000 n 0000018094 00000 n 0000018222 00000 n 0000018258 00000 n 0000018323 00000 n 0000025668 00000 n 0000025780 00000 n 0000030857 00000 n 0000030984 00000 n 0000031039 00000 n 0000031167 00000 n 0000031222 00000 n 0000031350 00000 n 0000031405 00000 n 0000031533 00000 n 0000031588 00000 n 0000031716 00000 n trailer << /Size 42 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 31811 %%EOF