%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 25 0 R 27 0 R 29 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140930064752+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140930064752+01'00') /Title (Sport, Leisure and Culture in Twentieth-Century Britain) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4274 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Sport, Leisure and Culture in Twentieth-Century Britain)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In October 2001 the IHR organised a one-day conference, 'Historians on Sport', inviting the editor of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(New DNB)] TJ ET BT 82.352 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to give the keynote address. Brian Harrison happily confessed to a poverty of sporting knowledge, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but readily conceded the centrality of sport to our understanding of the changing nature of British society )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over the past two hundred years or more. Assembled to hear Harrison were specialists in the history of sport )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as well as those who, like the plenary speaker, have come late to the field. The more jaundiced sports )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historian might suggest that too many of the late arrivals have been dragged there kicking and screaming. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nevertheless, the conference confirmed what a growing number of historians were already well aware of, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that in Britain the history of sport has at last come of age. Not that there has been, with sport studies still a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(buoyant recruiter, a dearth of students discovering how and why their chosen subject has come to secure )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such a prominent place in all our lives, whether we like it or not. More recent is the phenomenon of sport )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(establishing its credentials as an appropriate topic for historical inquiry within what might loosely be termed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the mainstream curriculum. For obvious reasons sport could scarcely be ignored by social historians, and yet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for too long it was rarely studied in its own right: in contrast to North America and Australasia, multi-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disciplinary sport studies departments remained very much the focal point for historical investigation. Unlike )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their colleagues in sociology, with certain notable exceptions, British historians were hesitant to pick up the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(287)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 June, 2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jeffrey Hill)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780333726860)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(256pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.palgrave.com/products/title.aspx?is=0333726871)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Adrian Smith)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R 23 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8249 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ball and run. With hindsight this is baffling - try teaching the history of New Zealand without reference to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the unique role of sport within both Pakeha and Maori cultures. Or nearer to home, imagine a panoramic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(view of industrial life in either the Pennines or the Welsh valleys that failed to encompass the respective )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributions of rugby's twin codes. The significance of sport in comprehending the dynamics of class is of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(course signalled strongly throughout )] TJ ET BT 212.672 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Classes and Cultures: England 1918-1951)] TJ ET BT 417.344 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, its author implicitly - or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even explicitly - acknowledging that a sea change has occurred in British historiography. It's no coincidence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps that Ross McKibbin is an Australian, and his invitation to the IHR conference signalled the book's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(success in repositioning sport and leisure at the heart of any discussion of social stratification in mid-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 70.352 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 70.352 681.027 m 84.344 681.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Within the British Isles the history of sport is still sufficiently young as a sub-discipline for its pioneers to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remain active and productive. Two key figures over the past two decades, Richard Holt and Tony Mason, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recently combined forces to construct a carefully nuanced but very informative overview of the postwar era, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sport in Britain, 1945-2000)] TJ ET BT 167.360 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, a worthy successor to Holt's pioneering essay, )] TJ ET BT 397.484 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sport and the British)] TJ ET BT 497.828 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 500.828 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 500.828 612.003 m 514.820 612.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 514.820 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Martin )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Polley, prominent amongst a younger generation of British sports historians, had previously produced a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(largely thematic commentary upon the events of the past half century: )] TJ ET BT 372.956 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Moving the Goalposts)] TJ ET BT 478.952 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( eschewed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(straight narrative, its discourse constructed around discreet explorations of sport and class, nation, ethnicity, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(finance, and gender. Like Holt a decade earlier, Polley took the opportunity to reflect upon the state of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(art, generously acknowledging the contribution of enthusiasts beyond the academic community \(note my )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reluctance to describe the latter as 'amateur' - not surprisingly, sports historians were the first to trace the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adjective's rapid transition from ultimate accolade to definitive insult\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 371.804 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 371.804 512.211 m 385.796 512.211 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 385.796 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Polley's textbook reflected sports )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarship's healthy interaction between history and sociology, with the latter discipline invariably setting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the intellectual agenda \(witness the contribution of Eric Dunning to the 'civilising process' debate, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jennifer Hargreaves' pioneering work on women and sport\). That heavy debt to sociology is readily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acknowledged by Jeffrey Hill, in his extended essay upon the British at play across the full stretch of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(twentieth century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hill is in a unique position to write on sport and leisure, having succeeded another founding father, Wray )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vamplew, as Director of De Montfort University's International Centre for Sports History and Culture. Not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only does he head a major focal point for the study of sport in Britain and Ireland \(hence Leicester hosting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the IHR conference\), but he boasts an enviable familiarity with most facets of cultural theory. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consequence, Hill can engage sympathetically with the more unsettling charges of the postmodernist sceptic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while still maintaining, in his own words, 'a fairly traditional empirical approach' to his subject. Unlike )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Polley, or Holt and Mason, Hill embraces the full panoply of sport and leisure provision, tracing a nation's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capacity to enjoy itself from the Indian summer of manufacturing industry at the start of the century, through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the 'post-Fordist' society that so enthusiastically embraced globalisation and the communications )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revolution at the end. In this respect Hill has more in common with influential commentators on nineteenth-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century leisure, such as Hugh Cunningham and Paul Bailey, and he duly acknowledges their importance, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(along with that of Gareth Stedman Jones, in identifying class tensions over leisure within late Victorian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society. Thus Bailey's thesis of 'rational recreation', depicting a guilt-ridden bourgeoisie fruitlessly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encouraging the semi-educated masses to spend their precious spare time in worthy self-improvement, is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seen to cast a long shadow over more recent attitudes towards publicly-funded recreational provision.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hill takes nothing for granted, and he spends some valuable time at the outset defining his terms, not least )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his three keywords: 'leisure', 'sport', and 'culture'. He avoids a semantic minefield, reminding his reader that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the simple Victorian concept of 'leisure' as being any time other than when working \(or sleeping, as refined )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the Eight Hours movement\) has proved remarkably resilient. Hill offers a succinct and informed critique )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of this simple definition, noting that for the unemployed many non-working hours are by no means )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recreational, and that contemporary work practices and attitudes to work, blur the edges. Importantly, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(points out how issues of gender and race have encouraged a less hardnosed approach to our understanding of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leisure, citing research on the experience of British Muslim women constrained by prevailing socio-cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attitudes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hill establishes his working definitions while at the same time revealing how much his methodology owes to )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 70.3517 681.3415 84.3437 693.2215 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 500.8277 612.3175 514.8197 624.1975 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 371.8037 512.5255 385.7957 524.4055 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 7731 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Weber and Veblen at the start of the century and the French structuralists nearer the end. Sport and leisure )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are processes that have an all-pervasive influence over even the least athletic member of the community. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus, 'The practices and texts of sport and leisure exist not simply as something shaped by other forces, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as cultural agencies with a power to work on their participants and consumers ideologically . they are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(processes from which we derive )] TJ ET BT 191.636 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(meaning)] TJ ET BT 232.964 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.'[author's italics] Drawing on 'this eclectic ensemble of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(philosophical postmodernism' \(Bourdieu, Barthes and Baudrillard are joined by influential American cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anthropologist, Clifford Geertz; and somehow or other the umbrella even extends to Gramsci, 'a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(postmodernist )] TJ ET BT 105.020 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(avant la lettre)] TJ ET BT 172.352 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('\), the author invites his reader to explore these 'practices and texts' in a variety )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of contexts, most predictably in his discussion of the cinema. Hill's capacity for intuitive and refreshingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(jargon-free deconstruction is seen at its best in the chapter on the 'holiday as a cultural text', not least when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he leaves Barthes behind and, flying solo, skilfully decodes a riding school leaflet picked up on holiday in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Malaga. More of this would have been welcome, and yet too much could easily have undermined the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(primary purpose of the book.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is after all a textbook, and in terms of organisation, design and presentation it fulfils its task admirably. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As the title suggests, this is a volume that ranges far and wide, but the information contained within is easily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accessible. Three self-contained parts - 'Commercial sport and leisure', 'Leisure, the home and voluntary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(activity', and 'Public policy: the role of the state' - cross-reference neatly, and the constituent chapters each )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offer a valuable introduction to study of their chosen topic. In other words, this is as good a place to start as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any, not least because Hill tells you where to go next. Each chapter is broken up in to key sections, boasts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(full and helpful footnotes, and concludes by listing the key texts drawn upon in the preceding discussion as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well as a one-page 'Chronology of events'. An annotated bibliography is equally informative, even if the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relentless praise might have given way to an occasional burst of Marwickian spleen \(albeit for the author )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wholly out of character\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anyone teaching British social history would have little hesitation in recommending Hill's book to her/his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(students. Having said that, its strength is also its weakness with regard to its credentials as an undergraduate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(textbook. Hill is unashamedly discursive and reflective, offering a clear exposition of relevant sociological, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anthropological and historiographical debates. There is an overarching discourse, and as such students are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encouraged to think for themselves. This is of course wholly laudable, but the downside is that when it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comes to content, individual chapters are not always as comprehensive as one might expect. No doubt the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author had a Palgrave editor repeatedly whispering 'word length' in his ear, but there are moments when one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is left crying out for more. This feeling of being short-changed is compounded by the problem encountered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by any commentator on contemporary Britain, that of being overtaken by events. This is clearly the case )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with regard to television, not least coverage of sport, but the minimal treatment of post-war radio is less )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(excusable. A similar complaint applies to the press and sport, but it would be carping to list every omission )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as the strengths so heavily outweigh the weaknesses.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus, where Hill does discuss television and sport he explains for the lay person how cricket has been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remoulded by the demands of the cameraman and the programme scheduler; and in explaining how the mass )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(media can deliberately trivialise a sport he offers a chilling reminder of just how much damage the BBC )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inflicted upon rugby league in the 1960s \(for younger readers of this review, outside its northern heartland )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rugby league was synonymous with Eddie Waring, a jokey and eccentric commentator whose catch phrases )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were easily mimicked, not least by the impressionist Mike Yarwood on his prime-time TV show\). Hill writes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a 'discourse of sport', with the capacity to shape social attitudes, and here the role of mass media is of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(course critical.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The flag of cultural studies flutters bravely as he moves beyond print and broadcast journalism to explore the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(less obvious influence popular literature has exerted on a mass audience. Not surprisingly he focuses upon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cricket, with familiar names such as Cardus, Arlott, and James looming large. He notes the timelessness of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wodehouse's )] TJ ET BT 100.496 92.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mike)] TJ ET BT 124.484 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, a feature of so much cricket fiction until the Packer revolution of the 1970s. Some of us )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may lament the unpardonable absence of any reference to Roy Race and the rest of the Melchester Rovers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(side \(it would be interesting to know if )] TJ ET BT 223.340 64.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tiger)] TJ ET BT 249.344 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('s Charlton-esque cover hero predated the 1958 Munich plane )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crash\); but the brief aside on comic book heroes notes the presence of Alf Tupper, 'The Tough of the Track', )] TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 6585 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alongside )] TJ ET BT 83.012 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sergeant)] TJ ET BT 125.672 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Braddock VC in the )] TJ ET BT 227.996 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Hotspur)] TJ ET BT 267.332 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( - clearly something was happening in Fleet Street )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(basements in the early 1960s to signal the demise of )] TJ ET BT 287.324 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Eagle)] TJ ET BT 315.320 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('s officer class, role-model heroes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(After a decade of Ealing comedies and stiff upper lip war movies, similar stirrings were evident in the film )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(industry: witness the northern-based social realism that signalled a fresh decade and fresh attitudes. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nevertheless, Hill emphasises the inherent conservatism of British cinema, with its capacity for self-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(censorship, and at moments of commercial and critical uncertainty, its readiness to fall back on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unthreatening 'feel good' films like )] TJ ET BT 203.984 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Notting Hill)] TJ ET BT 261.668 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Hill qualifies his claim that, 'as a leisure form, cinema in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain worked successfully as a force for conservatism', suggesting that the jury is still out on the extent to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which film operated 'as a means of social control'.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of course the late S. G. Jones argued persuasively that interwar cinema was a powerful agent of social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(control, and Hill similarly points to the films of Gracie Fields as a conscious morale-boosting vehicle at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(height of the Depression. Arguably Fields deserves closer attention than she attracts here, not least because )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she was the first genuinely multi-media star: she triumphed in films and on stage, as well as selling records )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and sheet music in unprecedented numbers. She attracted voluminous newspaper and newsreel coverage, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like all great stars her fall was rapid \(marrying an Italian on the eve of war, thereby opting for Capri over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rochdale, and later being upstaged by Vera Lynn and Ann Shelton\). Hill can call on the likes of 'our Gracie', )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(George Formby, and Hugh Grant as ready evidence that commercial films in Britain have rarely taken risks; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but perhaps he overstates his case, ignoring those directors capable of achieving box office success without )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sacrificing their radical credentials, notably Lindsay Anderson, Ken Loach, and Mike Leigh.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As already suggested, the chapter on holidays is excellent, and here there really is an abundance of useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(information: witness the quantitative and qualitative appraisal of interwar holidaymaking. Hill shows how, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contrary to popular assumption, British seaside resorts remain remarkably resilient, not least because of their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capacity for reinvention whenever a terminal crisis looms. He makes an interesting observation that, unlike )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the early 1960s, when lower middle class families venturing abroad planned for every eventuality \(the AA )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supplied drivers with street by street directions for touring France - I recall my father dumping his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(voluminous instructions just outside Calais\), modern tourism is a de-skilling phenomenon as so many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(travellers have everything done for them.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Predictably, the most disappointing chapter is on youth culture, notwithstanding a sensitive treatment of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Hoggart's despairing view of the threat posed by milk bars \(and Macmillan\) to the finest values of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an industrial working class well in to its twilight years. Historians rarely write well about rock'n'roll, Arthur )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marwick being a prime example. Sociologists are only marginally better, although Simon Frith remains an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obvious exception. One problem is a lack of empathy, and another is a failure to read the best writers. Thus, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hill gives punk only a passing mention, which isn't surprising given the absence of Jon Savage and Greil )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marcus from the bibliography. In truth there is almost nothing on music, while the 'drugs problem' attracts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only brief mention \(again the absence of contemporaneity\). While rightly calling for more 'bottom-up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history', the author is clearly happier analysing how the great and the good have repeatedly agonised over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('young people', but singularly failed to come up with any answers. In the late 1950s, for example, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Albemarle Committee generated plenty of worthy suggestions, yet never thought to consult anyone under )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the age of 25. To be fair, although reluctant to immerse himself in sex and drugs and rock'n'roll, Hill does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrate his talent for offering a fresh perspective on familiar territory. Nowhere is this more apparent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than when exploring gender issues, for example his argument that for much of the past fifty years youth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture has been a male-dominated phenomenon.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R ] /Contents 30 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Length 3358 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sport, Leisure and Culture in Twentieth-Century Britain)] TJ ET BT 305.036 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( fulfils a useful role in tackling a presumed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undergraduate deficit in cultural capital. Jeffrey Hill pulls off a difficult task, prompting debate among his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peers in a number of key areas, while at the same time convincing his student audience that the story of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nation at play can be both interesting and intellectually challenging. Provocative and illuminating, polemical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and instructive, Hill's book is genuinely engaging, sending the reader off in a number of different directions. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In this respect it fulfils its remit admirably, and the author is to be congratulated on his skill in maintaining )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(throughout the volume a rare blend of empirical inquiry and postmodernist commentary.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 664.035 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 633.418 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 633.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ross McKibbin, )] TJ ET BT 145.688 633.413 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Classes and Cultures: England 1918-1951)] TJ ET BT 350.360 633.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998\). )] TJ ET BT 64.016 619.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In actual fact illness prevented McKibbin from giving his lecture.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 378.632 619.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 378.632 617.763 m 432.620 617.763 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 604.906 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 604.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Holt and Tony Mason, )] TJ ET BT 216.668 604.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sport in Britain, 1945-2000)] TJ ET BT 350.012 604.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford: Blackwell, 2000\); Richard Holt, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 590.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sport and the British. A Modern History)] TJ ET BT 257.684 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 459.320 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 459.320 589.251 m 513.308 589.251 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 576.394 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 576.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Martin Polley, )] TJ ET BT 136.352 576.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Moving the Goalposts. A History of Sport and Society Since 1945)] TJ ET BT 450.668 576.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London: Routledge, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1998\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 560.739 m 149.000 560.739 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 545.407 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 527.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 527.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/287)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 526.233 m 322.316 526.233 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 501.256 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 486.856 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2689)] TJ ET endstream endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 378.6317 618.0775 432.6197 629.9575 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 459.3197 589.5655 513.3077 601.4455 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 561.0535 148.9997 572.9335 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 526.5475 322.3157 538.4275 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/287) >> endobj xref 0 39 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000565 00000 n 0000000647 00000 n 0000004973 00000 n 0000005082 00000 n 0000005192 00000 n 0000005301 00000 n 0000008862 00000 n 0000008990 00000 n 0000009074 00000 n 0000009172 00000 n 0000017474 00000 n 0000017504 00000 n 0000017630 00000 n 0000017666 00000 n 0000017696 00000 n 0000017824 00000 n 0000017860 00000 n 0000017890 00000 n 0000018018 00000 n 0000018054 00000 n 0000018119 00000 n 0000025903 00000 n 0000025968 00000 n 0000032606 00000 n 0000032711 00000 n 0000036122 00000 n 0000036250 00000 n 0000036305 00000 n 0000036433 00000 n 0000036488 00000 n 0000036615 00000 n 0000036670 00000 n 0000036798 00000 n trailer << /Size 39 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 36893 %%EOF