%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 25 0 R 41 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140722202849+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140722202849+01'00') /Title (The Origins of the First World War: Controversies and Consensus) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4539 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Origins of the First World War: Controversies and Consensus)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The First World War is a seminal historical event; an historical caesura whose aftershocks still resonate. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eric Hobsbawm, it began the ?Age of Extremes? ? the start of the ?short? twentieth century lasting from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1914 to 1991 in which fascism, communism and liberal democracy clashed for world hegemony.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 499.616 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 499.616 229.161 m 513.608 229.161 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 513.608 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contest for power dominated world history in the twentieth century and resulted in two world wars, the Cold )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(War and the end of European empire. For Sir Michael Howard, the Great War shattered the ?hopes and self-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confidence with which the century began.?)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 239.960 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 239.960 186.393 m 253.952 186.393 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 253.952 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( One has only to open general history textbooks to see that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1914 has become the established jumping-off point for most examinations of the recent past. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(periodisation, with 1914 marking a break between an old and new world, is contestable. The )] TJ ET BT 480.608 159.275 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(fin de sicle)] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mood embedded in Edvard Munch?s ?The Scream? \(1893\) or Pablo Picasso?s ?Les Demoiselles )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(d?Avignon? \(1906-7\) suggests a world in motion long before 1914. Indeed, the idea of pre-war change is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well expressed in books such as George Dangerfield?s )] TJ ET BT 298.616 116.507 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Strange Death of Liberal England )] TJ ET BT 486.620 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Constable & )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Co.; London, 1936\) and Modris Eksteins? )] TJ ET BT 238.676 102.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rites of Spring: The Great War and the Birth of the Modern Era )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Bantam; London, 1989\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, notwithstanding the debate on continuity and change, the war that erupted in 1914 still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(291)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 31 August, 2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Annika Mombauer)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780582418721)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(20.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(272pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Longman)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.pearsoned.co.uk/Bookshop/detail.asp?item=100000000006372)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matthew Hughes)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 499.6157 229.4755 513.6077 241.3555 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 239.9597 186.7075 253.9517 198.5875 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7754 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reverberates, arousing passionate and on-going debate among historians. Over the years, all aspects of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(First World War have come in for intense scrutiny: experience, memory, tactics, operational method, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strategy, gender, empire, race, consequences and, of course, the origins of the war. Indeed, the origins of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war were the first entry point for scholars examining the First World War. Even before the guns fell silent in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1918, books were being published ? many \(most?\) partisan and biased ? that sought to provide an answer to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the question of why such a terrible event had happened. There followed a deluge of books on the origins of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the war that has continued to this day. The origins of the Great War have become one of the key debates in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary history. The linkage between 1914 and the contemporary debate on a united Germany and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(future in Europe has only heightened interest in the origins of the Great War.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The corpus on the origins of the war is a daunting prospect, even for the fastest reader. Thus, do we really )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(need another book on the subject? Annika Mombauer of the Open University has produced a volume that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(synthesises the existing scholarship on the origins of the war into one handy tome. This is no mean feat and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her volume bears obvious comparison to John Langdon?s excellent )] TJ ET BT 359.636 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(July 1914: The Long Debate )] TJ ET BT 499.952 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Berg; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford, 1991\). But, crucially, Langdon?s hardback volume is out of print. \(Which begs the question: why )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has Berg Publishing not produced a reprint in paperback?\) As with Langdon, Mombauer has combined )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brevity with depth to produce a book with intellectual clout that stretches beyond the seminar study format )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(without straying into the specialist monograph field.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 285.008 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 285.008 554.979 m 299.000 554.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 299.000 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Mombauer has digested and processed a mass of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(information and produced a readable, informative and lucid account of the war?s origins. It is to be highly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recommended. Her work broadens the discussion from Langdon?s focus on the events of July 1914, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(includes the latest debates that Langdon?s slightly dated account unavoidably omits. The volume under )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(review also benefits from Mombauer?s command of the German-language material.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mombauer?s book works on two inter-connected levels. Firstly, it is an account of the changing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiographical perspectives on the origins of the war. Mombauer takes the reader on a journey through the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ups-and-downs of who or what was responsible for war in 1914. For the initiated, this examination will not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be new but for the reader coming at this subject for the first time ? the obvious market for such a book ? this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a first-rate synthesis of the vast scholarship on the subject. Mombauer starts with an introductory survey of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the events leading up to the war. It has to be said that this survey seems rather superfluous, adding little to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the analytical strands that tie together this book. Thereafter, Mombauer organises her analysis into four )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sections. Chapter one starts with the debate during and immediately after the First World War; chapter two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(looks at the historiography in the inter-war years; the third chapter takes the debate forward to the 1960s and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examines the seismic impact of the work of the Hamburg historian Fritz Fischer; and a final chapter tackles )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the current debate on origins of the war.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What stands out from Mombauer?s discussion is just how policy-relevant is the discussion on the origins the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(First World War. The debate on who started the war was, indeed still is, of critical importance if one wants )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to understand the future course of European history. In particular, there is the question of Germany ? a key )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focus of Mombauer?s study. If Germany wanted to evade the Versailles settlement after 1918, she needed to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(avoid the charge of having planned an aggressive war in 1914. After 1945, if she wanted to avoid the charge )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of continuity in German history stretching from the Kaiser to Hitler, drawing a distinction between the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accidental war in 1914 and the war planned by Hitler in 1939 was even more crucial. In the context of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argument on German foreign policy, the writing of German history moved centre-stage and Mombauer sets )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out to show how Clio was deceived in the years after 1918 and, for while, after 1945.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In her frantic attempts to prove that she was as much wronged as the other protagonists in the Great War, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germany after 1918 set about traducing history to prove that Europe fell into the abyss of war through the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(general machinations of all parties concerned. Initially, this meant tackling the Versailles settlement, and in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular article 231, that ascribed war guilt to Germany. Therefore, in the 1920s and 1930s, the German )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(government encouraged and sponsored a misrepresentation of history in which all the European states were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responsible for the war that broke out in August 1914. In this, Germany, through government-run )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publications and the mobilisation of German historians, was largely successful in her attempts to rewrite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history, so as to dodge the charge that she had planned and started the war. Sympathetic foreign historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aided this revisionism, to the extent that by the time the Second World War broke out there was little )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 285.0077 555.2935 298.9997 567.1735 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 27 0 R 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R ] /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 7486 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impetus to blame Germany for the war of 1914-1918.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(After the Second World War, German historians fully accepted the charge of an aggressive war waged by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germany from 1939. Germans accepted the grotesque character of Hitler and his regime, but this acceptance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stressed that Hitler was exceptional, an aberration, who in no way represented the general course of German )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history. This all changed in the 1960s with the historiographical shift caused by the work of Fritz Fischer. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fischer produced two ground-breaking books on German war aims and German planning for war that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(completely changed the debate on the origins of the 1914-1918 war. Fischer?s argument that Germany )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(planned the war and desired control over continental Europe caused a huge uproar in Germany. If one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accepted the aggressive intent in German foreign policy in 1914, it was but a small step to make the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connection with the war launched in 1939. Maybe the Kaiser and Hitler were not that dissimilar. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contentious nature of Fischer?s views meant that his arguments soon spilled over into the TV and the media. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Having dealt comprehensively and effectively with the Fischer debate, and shown just how immense was the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impact of Fischer?s work, Mombauer then outlines the post-Fischer perspectives on the origins of the war. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As Mombauer argues, this more recent work, informed by Fischer, provides a more nuanced examination of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the origins of the war that moves away from simplistic notions of German guilt.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While this book provides the reader with a clear account of the shifting debates surrounding the origins of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the war, it is a book infused with Fischer?s ideas \(and the work of later academics in the Fischer mould such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as John Rhl\). This is the second level on which one can approach this book. The notion that Germany, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some measure, was responsible for the war provides a parallel pathway of study in )] TJ ET BT 432.932 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Origins of the First )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(World War: Controversies and Consensus)] TJ ET BT 237.344 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. The focus on Germany helps raises this study from an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undergraduate text in which the author simply presents the different points of view. Mombauer has a point to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prove. Unlike Langdon, who is happy to lay out the arguments, Mombauer has an argument. She argues that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fischer was basically right and German attempts to write her guilt out of the history books should be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recognised for what they are. This approach gives the book a passionate feel that makes for a good read and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provides a clear line of argument through the book , which leaves the reader with a knowledge not just of all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the perspectives surrounding the war?s origins but also of the key role Germany plays in any understanding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of why war erupted in August 1914. Providing an excellent entry point into the labyrinth of debates on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(origins of the Great War, this book will surely become a core text for students looking for a platform from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which they can delve further into this historiographical minefield.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 338.403 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 307.786 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 307.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eric Hobsbawm, )] TJ ET BT 147.668 307.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century, 1914-1991 )] TJ ET BT 454.316 307.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Michael Joseph; )] TJ ET BT 64.016 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London, 1994\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 138.344 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 138.344 292.131 m 192.332 292.131 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 279.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michael Howard and William Roger Louis, )] TJ ET BT 276.320 279.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Oxford History of the Twentieth Century )] TJ ET BT 495.320 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Oxford )] TJ ET BT 64.016 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University Press; Oxford, 1998\) p. 9.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 242.000 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 242.000 263.619 m 295.988 263.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 250.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indeed, Mombauer's recent work includes her monograph on the origins of the First World War: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 236.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Helmuth von Moltke and the Origins of the First World War)] TJ ET BT 353.336 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge University Press; )] TJ ET BT 64.016 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge, 2001; for a review of this work, see )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 296.972 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(no. 199. )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 296.972 220.851 m 338.972 220.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 341.972 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 355.964 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 355.964 220.851 m 409.952 220.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 195.989 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 181.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(H-Net Reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 167.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 166.083 m 240.992 166.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 243.992 167.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 34.016 153.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Good Reads)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 138.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.goodreads.com/review/show/296574145)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 137.571 m 286.664 137.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 289.664 138.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 134.239 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 116.459 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 116.459 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/291)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 115.065 m 322.316 115.065 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 90.088 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.688 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2721)] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.288 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/seligmannMat.html)] TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 138.3437 292.4455 192.3317 304.3255 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 241.9997 263.9335 295.9877 275.8135 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 296.9717 221.1655 338.9717 233.0455 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/seligmannMat.html) >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 355.9637 221.1655 409.9517 233.0455 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 166.3975 240.9917 178.2775 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=7288) >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 137.8855 286.6637 149.7655 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.goodreads.com/review/show/296574145) >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 115.3795 322.3157 127.2595 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/291) >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 42 0 R >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Length 254 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.354 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=7288)] TJ ET BT 34.016 781.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4] http://www.goodreads.com/review/show/296574145)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 43 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000566 00000 n 0000000662 00000 n 0000005253 00000 n 0000005362 00000 n 0000005472 00000 n 0000005581 00000 n 0000009142 00000 n 0000009270 00000 n 0000009354 00000 n 0000009383 00000 n 0000009511 00000 n 0000009547 00000 n 0000009576 00000 n 0000009704 00000 n 0000009740 00000 n 0000009824 00000 n 0000017631 00000 n 0000017661 00000 n 0000017789 00000 n 0000017825 00000 n 0000017951 00000 n 0000025490 00000 n 0000025618 00000 n 0000025673 00000 n 0000025801 00000 n 0000025856 00000 n 0000025984 00000 n 0000026086 00000 n 0000026214 00000 n 0000026250 00000 n 0000026377 00000 n 0000026477 00000 n 0000026604 00000 n 0000026702 00000 n 0000026830 00000 n 0000026925 00000 n 0000026990 00000 n trailer << /Size 43 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27296 %%EOF