%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140826053206+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140826053206+01'00') /Title (Backing Hitler. Consent and Coercion in Nazi Germany) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4092 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Backing Hitler. Consent and Coercion in Nazi Germany)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In 1990 Robert Gellately completed a major study which investigated the role of the secret police in Nazi )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germany. His book, )] TJ ET BT 134.336 244.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Gestapo and German Society: Enforcing Racial Policy 1933-1945)] TJ ET BT 474.296 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University Press; Oxford, 1995\) demonstrated conclusively that the much feared and allegedly omnipresent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gestapo in fact relied on widespread public support to function effectively. Denunciations of fellow citizens )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and relatives by members of the public initiated many Gestapo investigations, even though the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whistleblowers understood that those denounced could suffer torture, be consigned to an uncertain fate in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concentration camp, or be executed without due legal process. In this way the National Socialist state )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(succeeded remarkably in policing even the most intimate aspects of personal behaviour. It stifled social or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexual relations between Jews and Christians or Germans and foreign forced labourers, rooted out male )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(homosexuality, and punished unguarded criticism of the regime, even when uttered in the apparent privacy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the home. The motives behind these public denunciations varied widely, sometimes reflecting positive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(support for Nazism, but more frequently revealing an apolitical sense of public duty or a range of more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personal motives such as material gain, sexual jealousy, or revenge.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gellately?s current work includes a full discussion of these same issues, leaving parts of the book feeling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(293)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 31 October, 2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Gellately)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780198205609)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2001)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(359pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780192802910.do)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Conan Fischer)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7521 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very familiar indeed. However, the author promises much more than this at the outset and to a degree )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(delivers. The National Socialist regime, he asserts, was a plebiscitary dictatorship that set out to build a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social consensus around its programme, and by and large succeeded in this aim. The prospects for Hitler?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(project, the author argues, were greatly improved by the failure of the Weimar Republic to achieve its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(declared aims, either at home or with regard to foreign policy. Diplomatic humiliation, domestic poverty, an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alleged crisis of morality, the perception that criminality was rife, and a fractured political landscape prior to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1933 allowed the Nazis to present themselves as a restorative, stabilising force. The conquest of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unemployment and success in raising living standards combined with a series of dynamic but often coercive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(initiatives, which were directed at alleged enemies of the German people, such as the Communists, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially the Jews. These outsiders, the Nazis asserted, had gnawed away at the moral substance of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German ethnic community, and their removal from society would redeem and safeguard this community.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gellately has combed through local, regional and national newspapers to establish how, precisely, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authorities presented both their populist initiatives and the campaign of terror that swept away any actual or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(potential dissent. It emerges that even the terroristic side of the new regime was reported in great detail, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the point where photographs and discussion of the early concentration camps were everyday fare in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(press. However these camps were presented as corrective institutions in which political renegades, habitual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(criminals and wayward Jews, among others, were given a taste of firm discipline and hard work out of doors, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the hope that they would come around and serve as useful members of society. Killings, if reported at all, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were reportedly in self-defence, or to prevent dangerous criminals from escaping the camps and once again )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terrorising society. In other words, repression was painted in an essentially positive light. If Weimar had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been soft on crime, then the decent German populace would be now be spared any further criminality and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(licentiousness.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author employs oral testimony from survivors of that age to telling effect. Many claim not to have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nazis as such, but admit nonetheless that at the time they regarded the new regime as a turn for the better. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, there is a tendency in )] TJ ET BT 188.972 430.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Backing Hitler)] TJ ET BT 259.964 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to accept at face value this depiction of Weimar as a failed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society, without pausing to reflect that many millions of German voters supported republican or Christian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parties to the end, right through an unprecedented economic crisis. These voters saw their personal lives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(savaged by the Great Depression as much as the virulently anti-republican majority that emerged during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1932, but presumably the republicans remained attracted by the founding values of Weimar, values the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Republic had struggled to put into effect until the eve of the Great Depression.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(That said, even these die-hard moderates \(to mix metaphors somewhat\) often came to support, or at least )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tolerate, the Third Reich. Some, it is claimed, traded off their erstwhile freedom for greater material security, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but there were also elements of ideological continuity from Weimar into the Third Reich, which eased such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conversions from patriotic republican to Nazi. Much has been written on such continuities, for example by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gunther Mai, or more darkly by Detlev Peukert, but ideology and material security became interrelated, not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(least within the parameters of the welfare state, and as a consequence these linkages helped to shape popular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opinion. Thus the ability of the Nazi state to deliver on certain material commitments, which had been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enshrined in the Weimar constitution as moral imperatives \(such as the right to a job or to satisfactory levels )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of social security\), arguably did as much to engender consent in Nazi society as did the popularisation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(repressive police measures.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The importance of such positive achievements is acknowledged in passing by the author, but he focuses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(primarily on the repressive dimensions of Nazi Germany. Policing was integral to this repression, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gellately begins with an account of peacetime initiatives against political, social and racial outsiders, before )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(turning to the more sombre and deadly tale of coercion and consent in wartime. He describes the progressive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marginalisation, persecution and, finally, murder of Germany?s Jews, but also accords due attention to other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(outsider groups. Whether they were political rebels, the chronically disabled, social misfits, or minorities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perceived as racially inferior, these outsiders often suffered gruesome fates. Political opponents were, by and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(large, dealt with in the early years of the Third Reich, after which ?asocials? and the ?workshy? replaced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them in the concentration camps. However, the media was encouraged to assume during the mid-1930s that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the camps had already served their primary function and would largely disappear as the Third Reich )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7199 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(matured. With its political enemies either eliminated, or ?reclaimed? for the national ethnic community \()] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Volksgemeinschaft)] TJ ET BT 124.004 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), and with social outsiders perceived, by definition, to constitute a relatively small )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minority, the number of detainees in the camps was, indeed, declining. The persecution of the Jews )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continued, but apart from sporadic violence, the so-called Jewish question was, by and large, being resolved )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by a programme of more or less forced emigration.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author exploits the diaries of Victor Klemperer to gauge public attitudes to Nazi anti-semitism. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although Jewish, Klemperer remained married to his Christian wife throughout the Third Reich and thus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was precariously immune from forced labour, or deportation to the concentration camps once the Nazis? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thoughts turned to mass murder. On the whole, Klemperer records, people looked the other way as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authorities did their worst. However, he was still able to appear in public, wearing the mandatory star of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David, in a society stripped of its Jewish minority by a government that made no bones about the alleged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perfidy of the former. This might suggest that a climate of indifference prevailed towards Germany?s Jews, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather than any particularly widespread or strongly articulated annihilationist sentiment.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Once the war began, the camps quickly assumed a new lease of life. Domestic legislation designed to stamp )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out any signs of defeatism, such as listening to foreign radio or doubting aloud the prospect of victory, saw a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scattering of arrests, again through popular denunciation rather than through active police surveillance. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, the demands of the war economy and the imperatives of a programme of genocide soon enough )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(saw the camp empire expand quite extraordinarily, and come into intimate contact with civil society. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Deliberate mass extermination of Europe?s Jews and certain other unfortunate minorities, such as gypsies, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(took place on occupied Polish territory, and were thus removed from the direct gaze of the German public.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, the operation of the Third Reich?s slave labour empire could not be quarantined so easily from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germans? everyday experiences. Major companies did, indeed, establish new centres of production near the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notorious major camps, but as often as not the prisoners had to be brought to the work, rather than the work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(going to them. Of the millions of prisoners of war and foreign forced labourers? many were quartered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(outside concentration camps proper, in satellite camps which might constitute a warehouse or similar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(building in the centre of an industrial city. The German public saw bedraggled columns of slave workers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shuffle through the streets on their way to and from work, or saw them engaged in clearing up the debris left )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by Allied bombing raids. Those who collapsed from exhaustion could be shot on the spot; those who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transcended the Third Reich?s race laws - and the most innocent of social intercourse with Germans could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suffice - might be hanged in public. Sexual relations between east Europeans and Germans, of course, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frequently resulted in death for a male non-German partner and imprisonment for female non-Germans. East )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European women, therefore, were frequently punished for being raped, or near as raped, by male Germans.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parts of this grim tale will have a familiar ring for readers of Gellately?s earlier work, or of the vast literature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that deals with Nazi Germany?s police state and its concentration camp system, but )] TJ ET BT 437.288 278.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Backing Hitler)] TJ ET BT 508.280 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( remains a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highly knowledgeable and thorough account nonetheless. The author pays greater attention when writing of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the war years to the operation of the system of oppression and exploitation, and rather less to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(involvement in, or attitudes of the German public to this same oppression. Among other things, the role of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germans in the workplace, where skilled blue-collar workers organised and watched over slave labourers on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the spot, might have been considered.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(That said it is plain enough, given the intimate links between the slave labour empire and German civil )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society, that most Germans could hardly have failed to be aware of these nightmarish developments. Foreign )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(labourers were, after all, quartered on farms and in villages as well as in industrial centres. And in more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(general terms, it seems that the public continued to denounce fellow citizens to the Gestapo, even though the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consequences of such denunciations became ever more deadly as the war went from bad to worse. Their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(initial motives often remained ?apolitical?, but they must have been perfectly aware, Gellately argues, that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these same denunciations served to reinforce the moral and social norms of the Third Reich and also to allow )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nazi domestic policy to function effectively.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In his final chapter, the author details the Third Reich?s headlong descent into oblivion. The police and )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 3330 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(military were prepared to act with particular savagery against foreigners and fellow Germans where )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commitment to the increasingly futile struggle came into doubt. Gallows took lives literally within earshot of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Allied guns, as the executioners did their work and then fled hastily as Allied soldiers advanced through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the streets of the very same towns. Gellately acknowledges that much remains to be discovered with regard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to these final, apocalyptic weeks, but he succeeds admirably in conveying a powerful sense of the surreal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(horror that engulfed central Europe during the spring of 1945. There is an immediacy and a sense of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emotional engagement in his final chapter, which most readers should find very compelling indeed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(All in all, then, this is a slightly less original book than the author \(or publisher\) claims at the outset. Parts of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the text could have been better drafted, for the narrative occasionally repeats itself, even on successive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pages, but )] TJ ET BT 85.676 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Backing Hitler)] TJ ET BT 156.668 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( remains a valuable work nonetheless. It might not cover all of the angles, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers will find this a well-referenced, highly informative work by an author whose depth of knowledge can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only impress. Robert Gellately provides many explanations for the durability and effectiveness of a regime )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that test one?s faith in human nature sorely, but beyond this he has rendered equally valuable service through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his ability to formulate new questions. In their answering, we may be left with an even darker vision of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German and European civilisation some two generations ago.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(H-Net Reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 528.723 m 240.992 528.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 243.992 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 525.391 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 507.611 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 507.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/293)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 506.217 m 322.316 506.217 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 481.240 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 466.840 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2744)] TJ ET BT 34.016 452.440 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=6925)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 529.0375 240.9917 540.9175 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=6925) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 506.5315 322.3157 518.4115 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/293) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000555 00000 n 0000000637 00000 n 0000004781 00000 n 0000004890 00000 n 0000005000 00000 n 0000005109 00000 n 0000008670 00000 n 0000008798 00000 n 0000008882 00000 n 0000008947 00000 n 0000016521 00000 n 0000016586 00000 n 0000023838 00000 n 0000023929 00000 n 0000027312 00000 n 0000027439 00000 n 0000027539 00000 n 0000027667 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27762 %%EOF