%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 22 0 R 27 0 R 35 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141221115801+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141221115801+00'00') /Title (The New Woman in Fiction and Fact: Fin-de Sicle Feminisms) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4298 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The New Woman in Fiction and Fact: Fin-de Sicle Feminisms)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The New Woman in Fiction and Fact)] TJ ET BT 212.012 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( marks a new departure in literary and historical studies of a fin-de-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sicle icon. Scholarship on the New Woman has traditionally explored her status as a controversial figure )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whose unconventional behaviour signified, for some, the promise and for others, the bane of modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(civilisation. Despite all of the ink spilled on the subject in recent years, the New Woman herself has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remained an elusive figure representing sometimes contradictory ideas to different audiences. Angelique )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richardson?s and Chris Willis? collection makes this diversity of meanings into a virtue by drawing together )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essays that call into question the possibility of whether any cultural symbol with as much influence and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(staying power as the New Woman can have only one true identity. By placing the New Woman within her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broader economic, cultural, and imperial context, these essays when taken together describe how the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representation of this powerful cultural symbol in popular and literary texts can speak to broader fin-de-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sicle concerns regarding race, gender, and nation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Many of the fourteen essays included in this book represent revised versions of papers originally presented )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at The New Woman Conference held at the Institute for English Studies at the University of London in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1998. A wide range of scholarly voices build on recent research findings in order to uncover the multiple )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meanings of the New Woman as both reality and symbol.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 309.980 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 309.980 60.345 m 323.972 60.345 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 323.972 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In terms of organization, the editors might have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(301)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 1 December, 2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Angelique Richardson)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chris Willis)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780333776658)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(50.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(274pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michelle Elizabeth Tusan)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 309.9797 60.6595 323.9717 72.5395 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7333 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provided a stronger thematic structure for the collection, in order to better clarify internal connections. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the contributors confirm, fin-de-sicle feminists eagerly appropriated the term to affirm their modernity, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while fictional representations of the New Woman often served to question her status as heroic liberator. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Exciting new interpretations from established scholars in the field such as Ann Ardis and Gail Cunningham )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appear alongside a number of interesting essays from a new generation of New Woman researchers.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 514.208 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 514.208 738.051 m 528.200 738.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although this lends an unevenness to the contributions, the collection successfully challenges the notion of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 'New Women' as a static rather than evolving and contested identity.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The opening essays revisit the question of how the New Woman first emerged as an important cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(symbol. An introductory essay situates the New Woman debates within the context of nineteenth-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British feminism. Richardson and Willis give ample attention to the popular, literary, and political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representations of the New Woman in order to trace her larger historical significance. After the painstaking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effort of the introduction to trace the evolution of the New Woman, the reader may be surprised by Talia )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Schaffer?s opening question in her lead essay, '"Nothing but Foolscap and Ink": inventing the New Woman'. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Schaffer provocatively asks, 'Did the New Woman really exist?' \(p. 39\) The claim that the New Woman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(existed only in 'foolscap and ink' does not diminish her importance as a powerful invented symbol. \(p. 50\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Contesting Ann Ardis? claim that the fictional New Woman found herself marginalized as a radical symbol, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Schaffer asserts that 'Fictionalizing the New Woman does not seem to relegate her to a safely marginal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(space.' \(p. 44\) Rather, her fictional status enables the New Woman to emerge as a symbol that represents )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(multiple political goals to a variety of constituencies. Exploring Sarah Grand's and Ouida?s debate over the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identity of the New Woman within the popular press, Schaffer argues that the New Woman?s revolutionary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(potential lies in her literary origins.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Discussion of the origins of the New Woman continues in the following essays by Chris Willis, Sarah )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wintle and Sally Ledger. In '"Heaven defend me from political or highly educated women!": packaging the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Woman for mass consumption', Willis argues that commercialized popular literature on the New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Woman ensured 'her a prominent and lasting place in popular culture.'\(p. 64\) This occurs despite this genre?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(depiction of her as a conventional fragile heroine forced to sacrifice her principles to gain acceptance. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(widespread popularity of the New Woman as a subject for comedy-romance and detective fiction provides )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for the early dissemination of an easily recognizable and lasting image for this female rebel.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(According to Sarah Wintle, technology deserves some credit for the making of the New Woman as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thoroughly modern figure. The New Woman in her narrative emerges alongside the development of new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modes of transportation such as the bicycle. In 'Horses, bikes, and automobiles: New Woman on the move', )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wintle contributes to the extensive literature on the connection between physical mobility and personal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(freedom by historicizing the changes in transport options for women. Her essay explores the different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(potential of the horse, bicycle and automobile for promoting female liberation. Wintle convincingly argues )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the car, unlike the horse and bicycle, did little to promote women?s physical independence due to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women?s limited access to mechanical training, a skill necessary to ensure the success of all drivers.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sally Ledger?s 'Ibsen, the New Woman and the actress' asks the reader to look for the origins of the New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Woman in Ibsen?s writing. By reading the 'fictional' New Woman of Ibsen?s plays alongside 'actual' New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Women such as American actress Elizabeth Robins, Ledger reads Ibsen as an unwitting feminist who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provided new opportunities for actresses such as Robins to portray characters on stage who embody the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hopes and desires of real women. When taken together these essays, all loosely concerned with the origins of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the New Woman, make a strong case for the idea that many factors contributed to her birth. However, they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also leave the reader wondering whether certain factors might have played a more significant role than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(others in the making of this cultural icon.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Two of the strongest essays in the collection explore the relatively little-studied relationship between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(masculinity, male sociability, and the New Woman. Gail Cunningham?s '"He-Notes": reconstructing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(masculinity' understands the New Woman as constructed within a binary system that privileged a masculine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(voice. By focusing on two authors who wrote at the end of the New Woman novel craze in the late 1890s, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mnie Muriel Dowie and George Egerton, Cunningham demonstrates that the gender inversion depicted in )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 514.2077 738.3655 528.1997 750.2455 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 5460 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these texts created a 'crisis in masculinity.'\(p. 105\) Although these heroines appropriate male Victorian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexual norms, their radical potential was thwarted because neither of these books attracted as much attention )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as the more popular 'doom-laden' novels of Sarah Grand and Mona Caird. Ardis? contribution to this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection, 'New Women and the New Hellenism,' examines the way New Woman novelists such as Olive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Schreiner and Ethel Arnold contributed to a critique of \(male\) Hellenism, the late- nineteenth-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement that idealized male love and education in the Greek tradition. Ardis asks 'Does the ?New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hellenism? enable or discredit female intellectuality?', in order to understand whether or not this movement )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('carved out a cultural space for female homorelationality.'\(p. 108\) Like Cunningham, Ardis successfully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explores the limits of female agency in creating new radical possibilities for the New Woman.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Subsequent essays by Ann Heilmann and Laura Marcus continue the discussion of women?s resistance to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the constraints of masculinized fin-de-sicle discourse by positioning the New Woman within the context of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Freudian notions about female hysteria. Heilmann?s 'Narrating the hysteric: fin-de-sicle medical discourse )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Sarah Grand?s )] TJ ET BT 127.652 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Heavenly Twins)] TJ ET BT 225.644 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(' suggests that the New Woman novelist, by challenging medicine as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a masculinized discourse, offered an early critique of what Freud would later call the female hysteric. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Staging the ?Private Theatre?: gender and the auto-erotics of reverie', Marcus explores the question of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(female autonomy by comparing Grand?s )] TJ ET BT 232.976 570.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Beth Book)] TJ ET BT 303.632 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to Freud?s analysis of Anna O.. New Woman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(novelists responded in their writings to Freudian constructions of an untamed inner life. Marcus confirms the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(findings of other scholars, demonstrating that feminism and hysteria both emerged during this period as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(protests against women?s lack of personal freedom.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Switching thematic directions considerably, Rebecca Stott and Carolyn Burdett follow the recent trend in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British studies toward uncovering the relationship between colony and the metropole as they consider the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Woman?s role in the imperial project. Stott parallels the monstrous, feminized images of Africa with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(similar images of the New Woman in ''Scaping the body: of cannibal mothers and colonial landscapes'. Her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis offers an interesting challenge to the findings of scholars such as Mary Louise Pratt who depict )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(static feminized images of Africa as a virgin waiting to be taken by Europeans.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 413.276 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 413.276 428.931 m 427.268 428.931 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 427.268 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Instead, Stott sees a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(country represented as an 'unnatural woman'. The trope of the 'cannibal mother' to describe Africa, according )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to Stott, emerged as a result of new evolutionary theories and the New Woman controversy that depicted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British women as 'unnatural women'. Burdett?s article, 'Capturing the ideal: Olive Schreiner?s)] TJ ET BT 486.104 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( From Man to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Man)] TJ ET BT 56.012 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(' turns to Schreiner?s unfinished novel to show how she reassesses feminism within the context of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial South Africa. Although the notion that Schreiner sees the struggle of womankind as universal is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting, there seems to be little evidence that the work disrupts the colonial hierarchy by connecting the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(situation of the white protagonist with that of other non-white female characters. That the novel remains )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unfinished signals for Burdett Schreiner?s ambivalence about modernity and its role in limiting female )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(autonomy.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 413.2757 429.2455 427.2677 441.1255 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R ] /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 7348 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Other writers in this collection also work to disrupt the notion of a fixed and stable British identity by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arguing that the New Women and the fiction that they inspired contributed to a rethinking of ideas about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(future of the British nation. Angelique Richardson explores one New Woman novelist?s critique of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eugenics movement in '"People talk a lot of nonsense about heredity": Mona Caird and anti-eugenic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(feminism'. Comparing Caird?s work to the more popular novels of Sarah Grand, Richardson persuasively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues that her attacks on biological determinism and her defence of women?s personal rights make her the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Woman novelist most dedicated to a feminist liberal tradition. Matthew Beaumont?s 'The New Woman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Nowhere: feminism and utopianism at the fin-de-sicle' argues that other novelists tried to imagine an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expanded role for British women as citizens. His reading of Elizabeth Burgoyne Corbett?s 1889 utopian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(feminist novel, )] TJ ET BT 109.016 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(New Amazonia: A Foretaste of the Future)] TJ ET BT 310.340 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, posits that understanding the feminist utopian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vision of this New Woman novel provides a window into the imagining of late-nineteenth-century utopian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideals. Lesley A. Hall?s lively study of the controversial advocate of women?s sexual freedom, Stella )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Browne, examines how feminist writing provided an enduring critique of male sexual institutions. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Connecting the twentieth-century feminism of Browne to earlier Victorian ideals embodied in the New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Woman enables Hall to make a convincing case for the continuities between nineteenth- and twentieth-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century radicalism.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Regenia Gagnier?s essay, 'Women in British aestheticism and the decadence' provides a final look at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(multifaceted identity of the New Woman. Intended to serve as an epilogue, Gagnier?s examines the New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Woman?s critique of decadence in order to better understand the role of women as \(re\)productive citizens. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On its own, the essay provides a fascinating look at women?s participation in debates over nineteenth-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century aesthetic concerns related to consumption and production, sex and pleasure.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, the questions raised by Gagnier do not bring together the many threads of this collection. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book would have greatly benefited from a concluding essay that directly explored the more controversial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implications of the initial claims of Richardson and Willis regarding the continuities and discontinuities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(embodied in the New Woman as symbol. If it is indeed true that we can no longer speak of )] TJ ET BT 473.276 418.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the)] TJ ET BT 487.940 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( New Woman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but rather )] TJ ET BT 83.336 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(New Women)] TJ ET BT 143.660 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, how does this change our understanding of this symbol or of fin-de-sicle culture? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Does a symbol risk losing its potency if it is appropriated by different interests for their own use? Overall, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The New Woman in Fiction and Fact )] TJ ET BT 215.012 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes an important contribution to unpacking the multiple origins and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identities of the New Woman. Whether it is possible to determine the larger historical and cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implications of the meaning behind this multifaceted icon is left for the book?s new audience of fin-de-sicle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers to decide.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 297.891 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 267.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See for example, Nicola Thompson, ed)] TJ ET BT 251.648 267.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(., Victorian Women Novelists and the Woman Question)] TJ ET BT 64.016 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999\); Ann Heilmann, )] TJ ET BT 379.988 253.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(New Woman Fiction: Women )] TJ ET BT 64.016 238.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Writing First-Wave Feminism)] TJ ET BT 208.004 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, \(Macmillan; Basingstoke, 2000\); and Michelle Elizabeth Tusan, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 224.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Inventing the New Woman: print culture and identity politics during the fin-de-sicle', )] TJ ET BT 483.284 224.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Victorian )] TJ ET BT 64.016 210.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Periodicals Review)] TJ ET BT 157.004 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 31 \(1998\), 169- 82.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 255.992 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 255.992 208.851 m 309.980 208.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 195.994 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 195.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ann Ardis, )] TJ ET BT 120.344 195.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(New Women, New Novels: Feminism and Early Modernism)] TJ ET BT 406.316 195.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Rutgers University Press; )] TJ ET BT 64.016 181.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Brunswick, NJ, 1990\) and Gail Cunningham)] TJ ET BT 303.992 181.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(, The New Woman and the Victorian Novel)] TJ ET BT 64.016 167.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Macmillan; London,1978\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.672 167.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.672 166.083 m 251.660 166.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 153.226 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 153.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mary Louise Pratt, )] TJ ET BT 157.340 153.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation)] TJ ET BT 407.672 153.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Routledge; London, 1992\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 138.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 137.571 m 118.004 137.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 112.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editors are pleased with this review and have distributed it to the contributors.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 86.453 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 72.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 67.471 526.499 1.500 re S endstream endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 255.9917 209.1655 309.9797 221.0455 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.6717 166.3975 251.6597 178.2775 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 137.8855 118.0037 149.7655 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 37 0 R ] /Contents 36 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Length 551 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/301)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 795.075 m 322.316 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 770.098 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.698 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1518)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.298 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 795.3895 322.3157 807.2695 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/301) >> endobj xref 0 39 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000568 00000 n 0000000657 00000 n 0000005007 00000 n 0000005116 00000 n 0000005226 00000 n 0000005335 00000 n 0000008896 00000 n 0000009024 00000 n 0000009108 00000 n 0000009137 00000 n 0000009263 00000 n 0000009299 00000 n 0000009383 00000 n 0000016769 00000 n 0000016799 00000 n 0000016927 00000 n 0000016963 00000 n 0000017047 00000 n 0000022560 00000 n 0000022590 00000 n 0000022718 00000 n 0000022754 00000 n 0000022852 00000 n 0000030253 00000 n 0000030381 00000 n 0000030436 00000 n 0000030564 00000 n 0000030619 00000 n 0000030746 00000 n 0000030801 00000 n 0000030885 00000 n 0000031488 00000 n 0000031616 00000 n trailer << /Size 39 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 31711 %%EOF