%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150830021159+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150830021159+01'00') /Title (For Home, Country, and Race: Constructing Gender Class and Englishness in the Elementary School, 1880-1914) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3826 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(For Home, Country, and Race: Constructing Gender Class and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Englishness in the Elementary School, 1880-1914)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The articulation of a national network of elementary schools in England and Wales after 1870 and legislation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to compel attendance at these schools from 1880 created marvellous opportunities for publishers. School )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authorities were major purchasers and the children in their schools a captive audience. Stephen Heathorn )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provides an account of the scale of this enterprise and an analysis of the content of the some of the major )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sellers among the books.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Information on the manner in which the trend-setter, the London School Board, chose its books, publication )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(figures for selected publishers and the details of Heathorn?s own sample are gathered together in three )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important Appendices at the end of his text. They are almost worth looking at first, because they provide )] TJ ET BT 34.016 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essential context for the book's qualitative discussion; they might, with advantage, have followed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immediately on the discussion of numbers and mechanisms in pp.13-17 of his 'Introduction'. These )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Appendices are complemented by useful information about authors, spread throughout the text, which shows )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how many of that emerging late Victorian professional group, academics, found writing and compiling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(school text-books a nice little earner. All of this material will be an important resource for any one else )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(working in this area.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(308)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 1 January, 2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stephen Heathorn)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(802044360X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(30.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(312pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University of Toronto Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Toronto)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gillian Sutherland)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7874 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The bulk of the study offers an analysis of the content of various well-selling specialist series and of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?readers?, reading books with short extracts from a range of sources, literary, historical, geographical, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(occasionally scientific, in ascending order of difficulty. These formed the staple diet in most elementary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(schools, where the bulk of the effort went into teaching the '3 Rs'; and they reached a far wider audience than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specialist history or geography books. Heathorn shows in convincing detail how such materials were used in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the last quarter of the nineteenth century to shape a patriotic and imperial discourse, with an increasingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marked socio-biological slant.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book?s subtitle also promises an exploration of class and gender. These prove rather harder to deliver, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for a variety of reasons. Some of the books and series Heathorn discusses were aimed more at the expanding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(middle class market; and although they might be used in the higher standards of the elementary schools, they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hardly reached the vast mass of the population clustered in the lower standards. This is a point he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acknowledges from time to time; but there might have been a case for separating the sections of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussion out more sharply. With footnotes at the end of the book and not at the bottom of the page, it is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considerable labour to check the source of every direct quotation and reflect on the likely readership.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Issues of gender are addressed through an account of the introduction of subjects specifically for girls and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the growing emphasis in reading books on a very sharp separation of masculine and feminine spheres. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However a fuller exploration of both themes is limited by a rather larger problem, the difficulty of gathering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(information on how the material in reading books was received and construed in the classroom. It is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problem Heathorn acknowledges in his Introduction and to which he returns briefly in his Conclusion, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(making a little use there of some of the material gathered by oral historians.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is a bigger problem than he is prepared to admit. In telling us what is in the books the children had to read )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? in some cases almost learn by heart ? he gives us only half the story. If we are going to talk about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(construction of ideas and social roles, we need to know how the children responded, what they made of what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they were offered: it really does take two to tango. This is difficult enough in the contemporary world, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how much harder for the late nineteenth century; it is unfortunate that Jonathan Rose?s rich, if only partially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(digested study, )] TJ ET BT 109.016 392.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Intellectual Life of the British Working Classes)] TJ ET BT 356.024 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, came out in 2001, after this book was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published. \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 90.680 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(*)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 90.680 376.419 m 96.680 376.419 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 96.680 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nevertheless, Heathorn could ask some more pointed questions of the material he has. He mentions that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(teaching was an increasingly feminised occupation. Perhaps he might have asked what the children made of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(female authority figures when juxtaposed against the texts they read. Jane Miller has used such a question to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(make some fundamental and disquieting points about the status and process of teaching in English society )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over the last hundred years, in )] TJ ET BT 181.652 294.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(School for Women )] TJ ET BT 273.308 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Virago; London, 1996\). Heathorn mentions in passing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contrast between the images of home purveyed in school reading books and the realities which many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(working class children knew. Anna Davin has used such contrasts in her fine-grained study, )] TJ ET BT 477.932 266.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Growing Up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Poor. Home, School and Street in London 1870-1914 )] TJ ET BT 293.336 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Rivers Oram Press; London, 1996\), to suggest that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(school, for many of them, was a profoundly unreal experience, one to be evaded or endured, with small )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impact on their values and social attitudes. Autobiographers are by definition atypical; and like those who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are interviewed by oral historians, they make a composition of their lives. But a reading of, say, V.S. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pritchett?s )] TJ ET BT 87.680 194.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Cab at the Door )] TJ ET BT 179.348 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Chatto & Windus; London, 1968\), Harold Owen?s )] TJ ET BT 429.656 194.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journey from Obscurity)] TJ ET BT 544.304 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(3 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vols; Oxford University Press; London, 1963-5\))] TJ ET BT 267.668 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or Kathleen Dayus?s )] TJ ET BT 370.640 180.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Her People )] TJ ET BT 428.624 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Virago; London, 1982\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shows how limited was the impact of school and how much greater were those of home, family and work.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(* )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 138.579 m 43.016 138.579 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 43.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A review of Jonathan Rose's book by Donald MacRaild on this site can be reached via )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 460.436 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this link)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 460.436 138.579 m 499.448 138.579 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 502.448 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 516.440 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 113.717 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 94.735 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 76.955 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 76.955 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/308)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 75.561 m 322.316 75.561 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 50.584 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 17 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 90.6797 376.7335 96.6797 388.6135 ] >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 138.8935 43.0157 150.7735 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 460.4357 138.8935 499.4477 150.7735 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/../../../../reviews/paper/macraildD.html) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 75.8755 322.3157 87.7555 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/308) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 356 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.354 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1540)] TJ ET BT 34.016 781.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/../../../../reviews/paper/macraildD.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 26 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000602 00000 n 0000000684 00000 n 0000004562 00000 n 0000004671 00000 n 0000004781 00000 n 0000004890 00000 n 0000008451 00000 n 0000008579 00000 n 0000008663 00000 n 0000008768 00000 n 0000016695 00000 n 0000016821 00000 n 0000016857 00000 n 0000016983 00000 n 0000017019 00000 n 0000017147 00000 n 0000017272 00000 n 0000017398 00000 n 0000017493 00000 n 0000017558 00000 n trailer << /Size 26 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 17966 %%EOF