%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 31 0 R 36 0 R 40 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140722022854+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140722022854+01'00') /Title (Barricades: The War of the Streets in Revolutionary Paris, 1830-1848) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 2442 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Barricades: The War of the Streets in Revolutionary Paris, 1830-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(1848)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This substantial volume is about more and less than the title indicates. Jill Harsin, known to specialists of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nineteenth-century France for her earlier book, )] TJ ET BT 261.608 251.939 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Policing Prostitution in Nineteenth-Century France)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Princeton University Press; Princeton, 1985\) has here produced a detailed narrative of the role of Paris )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(artisans in revolution and popular unrest between 1830 and 1848.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(321)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 April, 2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jill Harsin)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(312294794X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(25.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(426pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pamela Pilbeam)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R 23 0 R 26 0 R 29 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8504 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Do not turn to this book for a summary of the historiographical debate. Some of the works of most of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians who have studied this subject appear in the bibliography, but the author prefers the original )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sources. The research base is impressive, extensive and rendered with meticulous thoroughness. Her territory )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is Paris and she has thoroughly studied a good range of newspapers, pamphlets and periodicals. She has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ploughed manfully through the )] TJ ET BT 186.008 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gazette des Tribunaux)] TJ ET BT 294.668 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which records details of court proceedings, has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worked on the extensive police and judicial files in the national archives \(CC, BB18 and BB30 ? hopefully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(before the Archives Nationales made life almost impossible for foreign researchers\). She has even done )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some research into the army archives at Vincennes, which has been quite an effort in recent years. Excellent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(use is made of the multi-volume reprints of contemporary pamphlets and newspapers on nineteenth-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(French Revolutions.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 131.348 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 131.348 654.771 m 145.340 654.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 145.340 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Memoirs, rather neglected by historians in recent years, have provided intriguing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(details.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With the exception of Part I, the time line is largely chronological. The book is divided into five parts each )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encapsulating what the author considers the preoccupations of the participants. These are 'Honour', )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Insurrection', 'Assassination', 'Recrimination' and 'Defeat'. In her introduction to the first part 'Honour', )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harsin identifies the overarching sentiment which she considers dominated the thinking of the artisan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(combatants on the street during the July Monarchy as )] TJ ET BT 293.648 558.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(montagnardism. )] TJ ET BT 374.984 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(She defines this as)] TJ ET BT 466.976 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an insurrectionary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revolutionary approach committed to violent means and terror tactics, rooted in the ideas and policies of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robespierre and Marat.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The question why a nation today committed to republicanism took so long, with so much upheaval, to agree )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on a republican constitution, has attracted the attention of historians. However nearly all earlier )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(investigations, with the exception of the regrettably as yet unpublished thesis of David Shafer )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 486.296 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 486.296 473.955 m 500.288 473.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 500.288 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, embraced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reform as well as revolutionary movements across all social groups, including the works of Georges Weill, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Maurice Agulhon, Claude Nicolet, R. Aminzade and indeed this reviewer.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 390.284 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 390.284 445.443 m 404.276 445.443 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 404.276 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The present volume focuses on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how one social group and principally one gender embraced one strand of republicanism during the July )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monarchy. There is nothing wrong with a specific focus, if the exclusion of other issues is sustainable and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the perspective is convincing.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Three fundamental aspects of the author's arguments are questionable. First she claims that it was the failure )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the liberals to make more radical changes after the 1830 revolution that acted as the catalyst for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emergence of the artisan Jacobin-style revolutionary behaviour she chronicles in this book. Was there really )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a break in the insurrectionary tradition? The Restoration \(1814-30\) was peppered with small outbreaks of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unrest: Grenoble \(1816\), and the activities of the )] TJ ET BT 270.308 320.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(charbonnerie)] TJ ET BT 334.964 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1820-22\) which attracted support both from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elite and artisan participants, often men who had fought for Napoleon. The link between former Jacobins and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bonapartists had been forged during the Hundred Days.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 301.964 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 301.964 290.883 m 315.956 290.883 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 315.956 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The partnership of artisan and middle-class )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(activists has been explored by Newman.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 227.312 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 227.312 276.627 m 241.304 276.627 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus, far from stimulating a novel revolutionary phase, 1830 saw the continuation of aspects of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insurrectionary tradition briefly interrupted by the middle-class-led )] TJ ET BT 358.964 237.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Aide-toi, le ciel t'aidera)] TJ ET BT 472.856 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(,)] TJ ET BT 478.856 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(directed attention to parliamentary objectives in the late 1820s. One should also note in particular \(which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harsin does not\) the impact of the publication of Philippe Buonarroti's )] TJ ET BT 375.152 208.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Conspiration pour l'Egalit dite de )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Babeuf, suivie du procs auquel elle donna lieu)] TJ ET BT 261.992 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in Brussels in 1828 and of Buonarroti's arrival in Paris after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the July Days. Buonarroti did much to shape republicanism in the early 1830s, to mould how people )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpreted Babeuf, whose insurrectionary egalitarianism had been completely forgotten, and Robespierre )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the Jacobins who had been universally condemned because of the Terror. Enthusiasm for an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insurrectionary tradition owed much to Buonarroti, who became an icon for the republicans in the early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1830s; Auguste Blanqui learned insurrection from Buonarroti.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But to contest what a book does not say is easy, perhaps less so here because the author has the right of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reply. Let us now turn to consider what is actually written. Part I insists that masculine honour was a prime )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concern for artisan republicans, who unlike early socialists, tended to ignore contemporary feminist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aspirations. This was, of course, part of the tradition of artisan associations such as the )] TJ ET BT 451.952 54.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(compagnonnages)] TJ ET BT 535.940 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, but )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 131.3477 655.0855 145.3397 666.9655 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 486.2957 474.2695 500.2877 486.1495 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 390.2837 445.7575 404.2757 457.6375 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 301.9637 291.1975 315.9557 303.0775 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 227.3117 276.9415 241.3037 288.8215 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 34 0 R ] /Contents 32 0 R >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Length 7567 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it was also an aspect of freemasonry to which many artisan \(and other\) republicans belonged, and which is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not mentioned in the book. As an example of the overarching search for masculine pride, the section on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Honour' begins in 1846 with the seventh and last attempt to assassinate Louis-Philippe by Joseph Henry and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the penultimate, by Pierre Lecomte, is described next. While the pathetic details of their failed masculine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pride draw the reader into the book, it might have been more effective to consider all the assassinations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part II takes the theme of insurrection from July 1830 to the failure of Blanqui's rising in May 1839. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detailed description of the various small upheavals makes compelling reading, particularly the minute-by-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minute account of the massacre by soldiers of a whole household at 12 rue Transnonain in April 1834. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reader is in thrall, hardly daring to breathe lest the rifle be turned on them. The imagination to recreate the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tale, immaculately drawn from memoirs and archival material, is rare and precious, and the criticisms to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made here must not retract from the sheer industry and outstanding skill of the writer. But the account )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attacks a straw man and here is the second unsustainable argument on which the book is based. Harsin )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(claims that by 1832 republicanism in Paris had become largely working class. Since the work of Newman, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pinkney, Moss and others, no-one would doubt that a large proportion of Paris republicans were artisans )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(long before 1830, for all the reasons Harsin rehearses. However republicanism was not class-specific either )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(before or after 1830; there were middle- and upper-class adherents, to mention merely the lawyers who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defended those charged and leading figures like Blanqui and Voyer d'Argenson. Then we hit the third )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questionable claim ? that worker republicans became totally revolutionary. At no stage did republicans )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identify themselves as exclusively insurrectionary or reformist, with the exception of Blanqui. They )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responded to circumstances. Blanqui-style planned insurrections were uniformly disastrous. Insurrection was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(far more likely to be the accidental consequence of a combination of economic crisis with an attempt to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argue against a particular government policy, as in 1830 and 1848, and on a smaller scale in Lyon in 1831 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and 1834.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Republicans were interested in more issues than this book credits, and not only radical political change, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whether by reform or revolt, and economic and social amelioration; their concerns at different times also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(included anti-clerical outbursts and education and health care. The focus on Paris also leaves out rural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(radicalism, which has been analysed by Peter McPhee.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 296.960 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 296.960 386.163 m 310.952 386.163 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 310.952 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Further, when discussing the various small )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(upheavals between 1830 and 1834, Harsin seems unaware that 'conspiracy' often existed only in the minds of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(police spies paid by results and with Orleanist officials only too aware that their own power was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consequence of artisan insurrection. The rising in Lyon in 1834 was far more the direct consequence of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(repressive legislation rather than the machinations of the Society of the Rights of Man. Silk workers were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terrified that the new law against associations would make their mutual aid societies illegal.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part III presents five of the seven abortive attempts to assassinate the 'republican king', Louis-Philippe, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part of 'the war of the streets'. While it is true that some assassins were self-proclaimed republicans, many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(republicans disassociated themselves from the murders. Republicanism involved morality, virtue, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persuasion. The most successful assassination \(18 killed and 20 injured\) in 1835 was undertaken by Fieschi, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whose motives were far from clear, although two of his associates were members of the Society of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rights of Man. The book explores the narrative of each attempt in forensic detail. The trials revealed the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personal inadequacy of the assassins. Surely more could be said about why there were more attempts to kill )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Louis-Philippe than anyone else in the century, and why they petered out. If the rgime was increasingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disliked in the 1840s, one would have expected assassination attempts to escalate; similarly, attempts might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have increased if inadequate individuals found the press and trial publicity gave their lives a motive.. Louis-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Philippe was not prepared to hide himself away; his personal courage was remarkable. Yet the survival of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monarchy depended on an heir. The Bourbons never recovered from the murder of the heir to the throne in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1820 and the Orleanist rgime began to seem fragile after the death of the duc d'Orlans. This was such a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sensitive subject that when the king commissioned a painting of himself and his sons in 1847, he had his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dead eldest son painted into the portrait. Yet none of the assassins seemed to appreciate just how serious the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implications of the king's death would be. None modelled themselves on the Decembrists in Russia in 1825 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who had an alternative ruler in mind. Apart from personal inadequacy, the only common factor seems to )] TJ ET endstream endobj 33 0 obj [31 0 R /Fit] endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 296.9597 386.4775 310.9517 398.3575 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 38 0 R ] /Contents 37 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Length 7238 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been the appeal of theatricality.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part IV has the intriguing title 'Recriminations'. It deals with the imprisonment of the 1839 conspirators in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1840s, but the question that needs to be asked is why there was so little opposition in these years. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Guizot government actually increased its slender majority in the elections of 1842 and 1846. On the other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hand, the economic crisis unleashed after the railway boom and the potato blight of 1845 stimulated renewed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(protests against Orleanist 'liberal' economic policies. Cabet created the first mass worker movement. His )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Voyage en Icarie)] TJ ET BT 115.988 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Paris, 1842\) and Louis Blanc's )] TJ ET BT 272.468 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(L'Organisation du travail)] TJ ET BT 395.720 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Paris, 1840\))] TJ ET BT 463.712 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(each went through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(five editions before the February revolution and Proudhon was making a name for himself with )] TJ ET BT 494.948 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Qu'est ce )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(que la proprit )] TJ ET BT 114.344 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Paris, 1840\). There is no hint of this here ? in some ways rightly so, since early socialists )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were more concerned with moral and economic solutions than with republicanism; but is it entirely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reasonable to dismiss February 1848 as a total accident?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final part, 'Defeat', deals with the 1848 revolution. This is arguably the weakest section. Despite its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overarching theme, revolutionary republicanism, the book robustly asserts \(while acknowledging the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(background of a serious economic crisis\) that the February revolution blew up out of confusion and errors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather than insurrectionary ambition or economic and social conflict. Does this perhaps suggest that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revolutionary republicanism was a mere spectre?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Where does such microscopic history lead? The narrative is apparently consciously naively innocent. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(participants are left to speak for themselves. However, every student of history quickly learns that there is no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such thing as objective or neutral evidence. So what is the purpose of modern narrative? Is the aim to clarify )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the detail, for others to analyse and interpret? Or is the intention to imitate the approach of so much of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(news media today, denying explanation, and merely creating life stories? Perhaps ? although this is not said )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? the intention is to stress the importance of place, the impact of particular features of the urban environment )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on individuals. Maybe the message is that all life is pure chance. Or perhaps the lack of analysis is imposed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the original material. The inquisitorial system often deliberately stripped out meaning: it suited a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(government prosecutor to find either simplistic explanations or no systematic reason why individuals joined )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insurrections.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This book is a brilliant evocation of events, but there is little attempt to analyse their significance. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reader's curiosity is inevitably aroused when presented with such a wealth of information about individuals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and precise events. A book entitled )] TJ ET BT 205.652 349.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Barricades)] TJ ET BT 258.980 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( surely should ask the sort of questions posed in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conference 'Barricades' hosted by Alain Corbin and the Socit d'histoire du XIXme sicle in 1995 and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(since published \(though not mentioned here\). Why did barricades become a feature of urban insurrection )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uniquely in the nineteenth century? How effective were they? Why were barricades erected in some districts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on some occasions, and not in others, as was the case in February and June 1848? Equally a book subtitled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The War of the Streets)] TJ ET BT 141.344 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( should not ignore the issue of why troops and national guardsmen changed sides, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that of insurrection, in July 1830 and February 1848, but not in June 1832, May 1839 and June 1848.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In short, this recounting of narrative detail and multiple mini biographies is captivating, but ultimately )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frustrating. Perspective is lacking, the 'big story' is fractured and fudged. With so much detail to tell, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stopping short at June 1848 is excusable, but not comprehensible. The streets of small towns in southern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(France ran with blood after 2 December 1851 and Paris lost thousands in Bloody Week, May 1871. To )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understand the significance of barricades and urban guerilla warfare one needs to include the end of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(story. Above all, with such rattlingly good tales, one wants to explore the question why. If that is politically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incorrect in today's narrative history, too bad. Historians will continue to ask questions and urge their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(students, who will devour this book, to do the same.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.819 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 72.202 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 72.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Les Rvolutions du XIX sicle \(43 volumes, Editions d'Histoire Sociale \(EDHIS\); Paris\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 492.476 72.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 492.476 70.803 m 546.464 70.803 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 57.946 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 57.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(D. Shafer, 'Revolutionary Republicanism: Aspects of the French Revolutionary Tradition from the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 492.4757 71.1175 546.4637 82.9975 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 42 0 R 44 0 R 46 0 R 48 0 R 50 0 R 52 0 R ] /Contents 41 0 R >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Length 4303 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Advent of the July Monarchy through to the Repression of the Paris Commune')] TJ ET BT 447.812 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(unpublished PhD )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dissertation, University of London, 1994\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 266.336 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 266.336 780.819 m 320.324 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 767.962 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(G. Weill, )] TJ ET BT 111.344 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Histoire du parti rpublicain en France de 1814 1870 )] TJ ET BT 382.664 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Paris, 1900\); M. Agulhon, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La Rpublique au village)] TJ ET BT 185.012 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Plon; Paris, 1970\), trans. )] TJ ET BT 313.676 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Republic in the Village)] TJ ET BT 445.004 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge )] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University Press; Cambridge, 1982\); C. Nicolet, )] TJ ET BT 298.340 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(L'ide rpublicaine en France 1789-1924: Essai )] TJ ET BT 64.016 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(d'histoire critique)] TJ ET BT 149.588 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Gallimard; Paris, 1981\); R. Aminzade, )] TJ ET BT 345.236 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ballots and Barricade: Class Formation )] TJ ET BT 64.016 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(and Republican Politics in France 1830-1870 )] TJ ET BT 287.336 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Princeton University Press; Princeton, 1993\); P. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pilbeam, )] TJ ET BT 109.352 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Republicanism in Nineteenth-Century France, 1814-1871 )] TJ ET BT 389.324 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Macmillan; Basingstoke, 1995\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 681.027 m 118.004 681.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 668.170 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(R. S. Alexander, )] TJ ET BT 146.672 668.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bonapartism and the Revolutionary Tradition in France. The Fdrs of 1815)] TJ ET BT 64.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge University Press; Cambridge, 1991\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 299.996 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 299.996 652.515 m 353.984 652.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 639.658 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(E. L. Newman, 'Republicanism during the Bourbon Restoration in France, 1814-1830' \(unpublished )] TJ ET BT 64.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago, 1969\); E. L. Newman, 'The blouse and the frock coat', )] TJ ET BT 64.016 611.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Modern History,)] TJ ET BT 196.676 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( 46 \(1974\), 26-59.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 283.664 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 283.664 609.747 m 337.652 609.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 596.890 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(P. McPhee, )] TJ ET BT 122.012 596.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Politics of Rural Life. Political Mobilisation in the French Countryside 1846-1852)] TJ ET BT 64.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1992\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 223.988 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 223.988 581.235 m 277.976 581.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 537.391 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 519.611 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 519.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/321)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 518.217 m 322.316 518.217 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 493.240 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 478.840 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1569)] TJ ET BT 34.016 464.440 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 266.3357 781.1335 320.3237 793.0135 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 681.3415 118.0037 693.2215 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 299.9957 652.8295 353.9837 664.7095 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 25 0 R >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 49 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 283.6637 610.0615 337.6517 621.9415 ] >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 28 0 R >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 51 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 223.9877 581.5495 277.9757 593.4295 ] >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 33 0 R >> endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 53 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 518.5315 322.3157 530.4115 ] >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/321) >> endobj xref 0 54 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000578 00000 n 0000000660 00000 n 0000003154 00000 n 0000003263 00000 n 0000003373 00000 n 0000003482 00000 n 0000007043 00000 n 0000007171 00000 n 0000007255 00000 n 0000007367 00000 n 0000015924 00000 n 0000015954 00000 n 0000016082 00000 n 0000016118 00000 n 0000016148 00000 n 0000016276 00000 n 0000016312 00000 n 0000016342 00000 n 0000016470 00000 n 0000016506 00000 n 0000016536 00000 n 0000016664 00000 n 0000016700 00000 n 0000016730 00000 n 0000016858 00000 n 0000016894 00000 n 0000016978 00000 n 0000024598 00000 n 0000024628 00000 n 0000024756 00000 n 0000024792 00000 n 0000024876 00000 n 0000032167 00000 n 0000032293 00000 n 0000032348 00000 n 0000032467 00000 n 0000036823 00000 n 0000036951 00000 n 0000037006 00000 n 0000037133 00000 n 0000037188 00000 n 0000037316 00000 n 0000037371 00000 n 0000037499 00000 n 0000037554 00000 n 0000037682 00000 n 0000037737 00000 n 0000037865 00000 n trailer << /Size 54 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 37960 %%EOF