%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140417201146+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140417201146+01'00') /Title (The London Chronicles of the Fifteenth Century. A revolution in English writing, with an annotated edition of Bradford, West Yorkshire Archives MS 32D86/42) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3938 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The London Chronicles of the Fifteenth Century. A revolution in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(English writing, with an annotated edition of Bradford, West )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.553 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Yorkshire Archives MS 32D86/42)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I find this an extremely difficult book to review fairly. McLaren has an enormous and infectious enthusiasm )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for her texts. And her work is important; she takes the discussion of a widespread form of historical writing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well beyond the point at which it was left by a fine scholar, C. L. Kingsford. In this volume, McLaren )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provides a basic framework for the discussion of London chronicles, as well as a significant, hitherto )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unpublished new text. But whatever these contributions, the book is far from helpful on conceptualising or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contextualising its subject, and it leaves a great deal of the work it could well have been doing for others to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fill in.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McLaren's significant basic contribution appears in Chapter 3 \(pp. 98-149\), an analysis of the transmitted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(texts of the London chronicles and their relationships. This represents a largely unrevised reprinting of her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('The textual transmission of the London Chronicles', )] TJ ET BT 288.320 104.507 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(English Manuscript Studies)] TJ ET BT 420.992 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 3 \(1992\), 38-72. One )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would have hoped that, in a full volume, McLaren would provide the exact evidence underlying her earlier )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publication in some efficient form. \(The summary at pp. 133-39 and Appendix III, pp. 241-60, are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(potentially very important but need more coherent, perhaps tabular, presentation.\) It remains very difficult to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(340)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 April, 2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mary-Rose McLaren)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(859916464X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(60.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(308pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(D. S. Brewer)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Woodbridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ralph Hanna)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8374 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understand how McLaren judges textual relationships \(see pp. 110, 114: the presence/absence of entries? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Verbal similarities?\), and I find her sense of how texts were generally promulgated in the fifteenth century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather more hazy than it should have been \(cf. p. 98 n. 2, McLaren's only brush with critical thinking about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the quirks of textual transmission\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Both this discussion and the welcome presentation of the chronicle in the Bradford MS, are handicapped by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McLaren's inexperience as a manuscript scholar. While her reasons for not expanding common abbreviations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might be justifiable, the logic for this decision smacks of a naive belief that the form of writing allows direct )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contact with some medieval presence \('it is important that we read what a chronicler wrote and not what a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more recent scholar thinks they wrote', p. 11\). But the volume is littered with abundant evidence that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McLaren cannot read her texts: for example, such an illustrative sample as page 157, s.a. 1232 'adintorin' for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(adiutorium)] TJ ET BT 87.356 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(; p. 161, s.a. 1308 'renemre' for )] TJ ET BT 239.312 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(reuenire)] TJ ET BT 279.968 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(; p. 163, s.a. 1324 [sic], 'ratifica int' \(so spaced\) for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ratificauit)] TJ ET BT 82.028 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Nor is simple Middle English immune: for example, p. 182, s.a. 1403 'grat? for quarter; p. 191, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(s.a. 1415 'pression' for procession. In such a context, one suspects McLaren's passing comments about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scribe's senseless Latin may reflect her transcriptions as much as his abilities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(And most unfortunately, given her great love for these texts, someone else will need to consider what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McLaren's data mean. There are general difficulties about contextualising the production of these books, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I don't find McLaren's general argument about their genesis especially persuasive. In the most expansive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(statement \(pp. 52-94 )] TJ ET BT 136.004 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(passim)] TJ ET BT 169.340 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), McLaren argues that the Chronicles provide the 'experiential' record of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society 'visual' or 'oral'. The text is thus liminal, a reflection of a mercantile sensibility taking on the power )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provided by writing from other, implicitly clerical \(?\) institutions. But surely sophisticated mercantile )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literacy and concomitant historical interests, although not necessarily in vernacular English, are a long-lived )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London phenomenon, going back at least to Arnold FitzThedmar in the reign of Henry III.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In some way, McLaren's argument can only be sustained because the book is too narrowly conceived. There )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(needs to be here a stronger engagement with a range of medieval historical writing, most especially with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prose )] TJ ET BT 63.008 418.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Brut)] TJ ET BT 84.344 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. This text certainly pre-existed the Chronicles \(in Anglo-Norman, a language generally 'London )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legible', by more than a century\); indeed, the )] TJ ET BT 251.468 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Brut)] TJ ET BT 272.804 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( may have provided a model for these texts, as a local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supplement to vernacular national history. But in any event, London Chronicles are very far from 'the first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical accounts in the vernacular to be written by lay-people', as McLaren is prone to claim. And this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implies that their creation always occurred within the realm of the literate and far from an oral/written divide.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As a way of suggesting what is at stake here that McLaren misses, I offer a few comments on the one of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these manuscripts I know well, Oxford, St John's College, MS 57.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 350.828 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 350.828 319.395 m 364.820 319.395 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 364.820 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This will supplement McLaren's single )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paragraph discussion \(p. 100\) and indicate a variety of important historical issues germane to future studies:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(a\) The date of the book \(not entirely separable from certain issues below\): The customary assumption that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(St John's 57 must be the earliest manuscript because its )] TJ ET BT 302.156 266.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chronicle)] TJ ET BT 350.156 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ends in 1431-2 is certainly wrong. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book is on two paper stocks; although the scribal hand is continuous throughout, I think there is no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(likelihood that Stock A \(fols 1-137\) predates 1441, and stock B \(fols 138-240, including the )] TJ ET BT 478.316 237.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chronicle)] TJ ET BT 526.316 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resembles papers of later 1450s.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(b\) The contents \(an area in which McLaren is always skimpy\): The two stocks distinguish separately )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(produced portions of the book. A/part 1 contains the originally Yorkshire, but later ubiquitous, )] TJ ET BT 490.976 182.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Prick of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Conscience)] TJ ET BT 89.336 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(; B/part 2, the )] TJ ET BT 158.336 168.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chronicle)] TJ ET BT 206.336 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( plus Chaucer's )] TJ ET BT 282.152 168.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Parliament of Fowls)] TJ ET BT 380.828 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( plus Henry V's ordinances for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Agincourt campaign \(Sir Nicholas Harris, ed., )] TJ ET BT 258.308 154.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History of the Battle of Agincourt)] TJ ET BT 419.312 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( [Johnson and Co.; London, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1832; repr. Frederick Muller; London, 1970], Appendix, pp. 31-44\). It is important to see the junction of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(variously sophisticated literary texts and historical ones: the Agincourt materials are of a piece with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chronicle)] TJ ET BT 82.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in their general interests, but equally, the account of Henry VI's coronation includes the verse )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('scriptures' explaining the 'sotiltes' there enacted \()] TJ ET BT 271.280 97.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Index of Middle English Verse)] TJ ET BT 417.260 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 1929\). These have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presumably been intruded from elsewhere, in part because of their literary content.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(c\) The scribe: Professor Linne Mooney's 'list of scribes appearing in more than one manuscript' shows this )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 350.8277 319.7095 364.8197 331.5895 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 8442 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writer to have been a prolific individual. He also copied, whole or part, another seven books, all customarily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dated c. 1460 or so: Alnwick Castle, Duke of Northumberland, MS 455 \(Chaucer, )] TJ ET BT 430.292 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Canterbury Tales)] TJ ET BT 514.628 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unique Chaucerian imitation, 'The Tale of Beryn', hence his cognomen, 'the Beryn scribe'\); Cambridge )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University Library, MS Kk.i.3, part 10 \(Lydgate, )] TJ ET BT 271.988 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Life of our Lady)] TJ ET BT 349.664 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\); and five )] TJ ET BT 401.984 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Brut)] TJ ET BT 423.320 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( chronicles, all of them the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(same 'abbreviated version to 1419' \(see Lister M. Matheson, )] TJ ET BT 325.952 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Prose )] TJ ET BT 377.948 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brut)] TJ ET BT 399.284 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(: The Development of a Middle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(English Chronicle)] TJ ET BT 121.688 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( [Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies; Tempe AZ, 1998], esp. pp. 215-28; and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the summary listing, p. 73\) ? University of Michigan, MS 225; BL, MSS Harley 1337 and Harley 6251; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bodl., MSS Hatton 50 and Tanner 11 \(another scribe in this volume may sign p. 212 as 'William Cardynall'\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(And Mooney thinks him perhaps also responsible for two other copies of this )] TJ ET BT 407.648 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Brut)] TJ ET BT 428.984 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(-recension: BL, MS Stowe )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(71; and Bodl., MS Rawlinson B.190. Further, Matheson suggests adding to the count three further copies of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the same recension: Glasgow UL, MS Hunterian 443 and National Library of Wales, MS Peniarth 396D; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps Oxford, Jesus College, MS 5 \(p. 228\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(d\) The scribe's language: The St John's manuscript itself has long been seen as representative of Essex )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English \(see Robert E. Lewis and Angus McIntosh, )] TJ ET BT 283.988 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Descriptive Guide to the Manuscripts of the )] TJ ET BT 507.968 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Prick of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Conscience, Medium AEvum Monographs n.s. 12 [Oxford University Press: Oxford, 1982], pp. 117-8\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Connecting the hand with the Northumberland )] TJ ET BT 260.660 570.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Canterbury Tales)] TJ ET BT 344.996 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( would place it in a precisely analysed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context; see Angus McIntosh, M. L. Samuels, et al., )] TJ ET BT 286.328 556.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Linguistic Atlas of Late Mediaeval English)] TJ ET BT 502.340 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(4 vols; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aberdeen University Press; Aberdeen, 1986\), LP 6040, from the Basildon area.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(All these matters raise issues germane to London history generally and to McLaren's study in particular. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(First, the scribe's texts show him to have been an innovative, not passive, copyist who 'tailored' his works. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He not only adds a series of alternative readings as an appendix to his )] TJ ET BT 371.288 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Prick)] TJ ET BT 397.280 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, but makes efforts to 'complete' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his Chaucers \(adding 'Beryn' to )] TJ ET BT 187.316 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Canterbury Tales)] TJ ET BT 292.652 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and, as he did with his )] TJ ET BT 405.980 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(London Chronicle)] TJ ET BT 493.652 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intercalated lyric to 'The Parliament'\). In the )] TJ ET BT 248.960 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Brut)] TJ ET BT 270.296 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, he transmits a deliberately abbreviated version \(see )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matheson above for details\). If he undertook this activity elsewhere, this raises the question of whether even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his \(surely professional\) )] TJ ET BT 152.996 430.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chronicle)] TJ ET BT 200.996 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has not undergone editorial treatment for a patron's use or at his/her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instructions. Such a perception might throw McLaren's analysis of textual relations \(which often presupposes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that only homemade books are tailored\) into some disarray. It raises the old spectre of Kingsford's 'master )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chronicle' ? that all the London chronicles might have had a basic centre subjected to various )] TJ ET BT 482.756 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ad lib)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reproduction on demand, regardless of the formality of their production.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The profusion of 'Beryn-scribe' MSS is striking, as is the fact that three of the certain examples \(Michigan, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hatton, and Tanner\) involve shared copying. It is at least possible \(if not probable\) that this is not A Scribe's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hand but a house style, shared by a group of related copyists. Matheson's identification of the work as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps the earliest example of 'primitive mass production' \(p. 228\) is well taken. And the MSS would then )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provide important early evidence \(but no earlier than c. 1460\) for the movement to 'workshop' or 'stationers?' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(production in English book culture. The books are then central to a major shift in English publication history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which McLaren raises fitfully. But serious difficulties remain in defining the term 'workshop' and in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conceptualising the mechanisms at issue.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 230.996 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 230.996 245.859 m 244.988 245.859 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally, the scribe raises issues concerned with a topic McLaren broaches, vernacularity itself, here the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of London English; for the scribe was certainly a London copyist, although his language remains )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(apparently provincial. 'The Beryn scribe' \(like several other individuals with similar language, most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notoriously a scribe who wrote large tracts of the )] TJ ET BT 272.300 178.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Liber albus)] TJ ET BT 327.308 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, as well as three literary manuscripts\) offers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence for overturning longheld views of the development of London English \(notably those of M. L. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Samuels\). These particularly concern the development of a local dialect distinct from the language of Essex, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the evidence of these manuscripts not yet at all a desideratum c. 1460 \(versus Samuels's claim that this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(change had occurred c. 1380\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus, McLaren's study clears away a great deal of underbrush and allows scholars to see a variety of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important issues she finds it difficult to take up in her volume.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 230.9957 246.1735 244.9877 258.0535 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 2029 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 775.827 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 745.210 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 745.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A Descriptive Catalogue of the Western Medieval Manuscripts of St John's College, Oxford \(Oxford )] TJ ET BT 64.016 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University Press: Oxford, 2002\), pp. 75-7.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 266.996 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 266.996 729.555 m 320.984 729.555 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 716.698 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See most recently Andrew Taylor, 'Manual to miscellany: stages in the copying of vernacular )] TJ ET BT 64.016 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature in England', )] TJ ET BT 170.828 702.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Yearbook of English Studies)] TJ ET BT 306.500 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 33 \(2003\), 1-17, an article handicapped by a )] TJ ET BT 64.016 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(failure to recognise that copying and artistic decoration always, even after 1500, involved separate )] TJ ET BT 64.016 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decisions, negotiations, and locales.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 236.000 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 236.000 672.531 m 289.988 672.531 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 647.669 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 633.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 628.687 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 610.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 610.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/340)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 609.513 m 322.316 609.513 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 584.536 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.136 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1613)] TJ ET BT 34.016 555.736 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 266.9957 729.8695 320.9837 741.7495 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 235.9997 672.8455 289.9877 684.7255 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 609.8275 322.3157 621.7075 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/340) >> endobj xref 0 32 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000658 00000 n 0000000740 00000 n 0000004730 00000 n 0000004839 00000 n 0000004949 00000 n 0000005058 00000 n 0000008619 00000 n 0000008747 00000 n 0000008831 00000 n 0000008915 00000 n 0000017342 00000 n 0000017372 00000 n 0000017500 00000 n 0000017536 00000 n 0000017620 00000 n 0000026115 00000 n 0000026145 00000 n 0000026273 00000 n 0000026309 00000 n 0000026407 00000 n 0000028489 00000 n 0000028617 00000 n 0000028672 00000 n 0000028800 00000 n 0000028855 00000 n 0000028983 00000 n trailer << /Size 32 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 29078 %%EOF