%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140722202051+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140722202051+01'00') /Title (The Construction of Martyrdom in the English Catholic Community, 1535-1603) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4283 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Construction of Martyrdom in the English Catholic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Community, 1535-1603)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wars of religion, for so long an embarrassment to humanist agendas within the academy, have suddenly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(become relevant again. The first years of the twenty-first century have been a chilling reminder that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world has not yet grown out of religious hatred, and they make certain aspects of early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(martyrological debate come sharply into focus. It may be coincidence that Anne Dillon?s study, an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extensively rewritten version of a much-consulted doctoral thesis, opens with a consideration of the pseudo-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(martyr debate conducted between Catholics and Protestants in Tudor England; but, published in a time when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suicide bombers are seldom out of the news, the topic has a keen relevance to the present day. The debate, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(epitomised within John Donne?s )] TJ ET BT 194.012 137.891 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pseudo-Martyr)] TJ ET BT 267.332 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1610\), locked the denominations in a battle over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(definition; one side?s martyrs were heretics or traitors as far as the other side was concerned. As the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholics were fond of saying, )] TJ ET BT 183.992 109.379 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(martyrem non poena facit sed causa)] TJ ET BT 358.304 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( [the cause, not the suffering, makes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(genuine martyrs]. Sometimes, even a martyr?s own side had difficulty in categorising him or her. Dillon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues convincingly that the contemporaries of the Henrician martyrs Sir Thomas More and Bishop John )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fisher hardly knew how to react to their deaths, and that their recognition as martyrs among the English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholic community was not an instant unofficial canonisation, but a gradual process, taking place in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(342)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 July, 2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anne Dillon)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(754603059X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(80.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(502pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ashgate)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(https://www.ashgate.com/default.aspx?page=637&calcTitle=1&title_id=2386&edition_id=2461)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aldershot)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alison Shell)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7632 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opposition to the contours of the Reformation as these hardened into shape.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Theatres of death set up for the edification of the bystanders, and executions conducted according to a ritual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that reads 'like the fastidious protocol of an antique sacrifice? \(in Dillon?s memorable phrase\) are never )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(straightforwardly interpretable as an exercise of the state?s power upon a hapless malefactor, and become )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most problematic of all where martyrs are concerned. Even Protestant accounts of Catholic martyrdoms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often include a reluctant admission of the martyr?s bravery, and for Catholics, these executions were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(straightforwardly triumphant occasions where the protagonist was accorded the ultimate privilege of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treading the )] TJ ET BT 94.004 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(via crucis)] TJ ET BT 140.996 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. While all martyrs imitated Christ, the implications of this were very different for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholic and Protestant. It was a traditional assumption that Christ became one with the martyr on the point )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of death, and Dillon illuminates some interesting sidelights on the 'overtones of Eucharist and sacrifice? that, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a result, permeate Catholic representations of martyrs.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The busy traffic in relics was not limited to those of Catholic martyrs, as the execution of Charles I was to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prove after 1649; yet the Catholic theological position on relics ensured that they were not only an awe-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inspiring memento, but also a permanent channel for divine grace. The acquisition and housing of relics, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the use of them in prayer, is given only brief consideration here, but this is not a defect in a long and richly-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(researched book; rather it points the way for future projects. More needs to be written too on the implications )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for Catholics of being able to pray to someone whose death was very recent -- indeed, someone whom the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suppliant would in many cases have known.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Visual evidence is particularly central to this topic, and for once, this is an academic book that is not under-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrated. Several facsimile plates are included from )] TJ ET BT 293.300 489.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ecclesiae anglicanae trophaea)] TJ ET BT 441.944 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(first published Rome, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1584\), a book of engravings reproducing frescoes in the chapel of the Venerable English College, Rome, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which depict past and present English martyrs. This iconographical scheme acted as a means of stirring up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the zeal of English seminarians, and has been seen as a Catholic answer to Foxe?s )] TJ ET BT 430.604 446.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Acts and Monuments)] TJ ET BT 531.260 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pioneering Catholic publisher Richard Verstegan, working on the Continent to publicise the sufferings of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English Catholic community, exploited the potential interplay of verbal and visual propaganda of this topic, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to address a broader audience of interested parties across Catholic Europe, by producing a number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(harrowing illustrations for printed distribution. Following on from Anthony Allison's and D. M. Rogers?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bibliographical detective-work in )] TJ ET BT 196.988 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Contemporary Printed Literature of the English Counter-Reformation)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2 vols, Aldershot; Scolar, 1989-94\), Dillon does valuable work on the art-historical front, clarifying the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinctions between the various incarnations of these images. Simply making the texts and illustrations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these very rare works conveniently available is a service in itself.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The manuscript accounts of martyrdom that circulated among the faithful in England supplemented this type )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of visual propaganda, sometimes celebrating God?s providential workings through accounts of miracles -- )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(though Dillon stresses the importance attached to eye witness, and how this could work against pious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accretion. The attitude voiced by the English Catholic leader Robert Persons, that the miraculous had no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(place in an official text, found echoes in the kind of hagiography which concentrated on a subject?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exemplary life and heroic death rather than on miracles posthumously associated with them. This is brought )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out by Dillon?s detailed work on the various manuscript and print representations of the martyr Margaret )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clitherow. Clitherow?s sheer ordinariness ? as a butcher?s wife, mother of four children and well-known )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(citizen of York ? gave her an iconic status as a lay martyr, while her sex enabled her to be portrayed as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholic answer to the early Protestant heroine Anne Askew. But on the whole, the ideal type of Catholic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(martyr was male, clerical and therefore educated, and easy to differentiate from the unlearned riff-raff )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thronging the pages of Foxe.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Since it was partly through its equation of common man and martyr that the )] TJ ET BT 400.652 123.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Acts and Monuments)] TJ ET BT 501.308 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( caught the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(popular imagination, this Catholic clericalist ideal could have been severely limiting by comparison. But the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movers and shakers of post-Reformation English Catholicism at least had the enormous advantage of being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(able to endorse their new martyrs by reference to earlier ones, whereas Foxe had to rethink the church?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(calendar. Catholics could capitalise on a groundswell of support by drawing on traditional assumptions and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the memory of popular devotion. Dillon identifies as particularly important the Jesuit principle of working )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 8058 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the 'traditional, local community beliefs in the nature of the sacred, and [using] them as a statement )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against the Protestants?. Although this is not a point on which she particularly dwells, the ballads which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commemorated Edmund Campion and other well-known martyrs would also have aided popular penetration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the recusant message. But the )] TJ ET BT 192.320 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Acts and Monuments)] TJ ET BT 292.976 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was dangerous to Catholics not only because of its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individual martyr stories, but because, in aggregate, it presented a history of the true church which was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alternative to their own. Dillon?s last chapter deals with Robert Persons?s )] TJ ET BT 391.304 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Treatise of three conversions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(England)] TJ ET BT 74.684 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1603/4\), which, she argues, is a Catholic recasting of the )] TJ ET BT 356.636 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Acts and Monuments)] TJ ET BT 457.292 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is often believed that the Catholics had no answer to Foxe; Dillon demonstrates that they had several. One )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could object that none was of the stature of Foxe, and deduce from this a failure on the part of English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholic leaders. But here and elsewhere, allowances need to be made for those whose access to the hearts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and minds of the English people was subject to obstruction and censorship. The case of the King James )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bible versus the Douai/Rheims edition is very similar. In both cases the Protestant production was more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mainstream, more widely distributed and ? in England at least ? undeniably more influential; but then, one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would expect nothing less from a book that supported the prevailing regime rather than running counter to it. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At the very least, Dillon?s book can be recognised as giving an account of vigorous, solidly maintained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minority activity that it will be impossible for future historians of the period to ignore; and which is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(furthermore bound to aid the new recognition that English Catholics should be represented with other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minorities on undergraduate early modern history curricula.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is suggestive that Dillon?s book comes out so soon after Brad Gregory?s )] TJ ET BT 396.308 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Salvation at Stake)] TJ ET BT 482.972 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: )] TJ ET BT 489.308 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Christian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Martyrdom in Early Modern Europe )] TJ ET BT 212.996 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, MA: Harvard U.P., 1999\). These are two very different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies, one characterised by breadth and one by depth; Gregory?s study discusses Reformation martyrs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across Europe, Protestant and Anabaptist ones as well as Catholic, while Dillon?s work addresses English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tudor Catholic martyrs in detail. Nevertheless, they share certain assumptions and priorities, of which two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are particularly striking. Firstly, both scholars are concerned to draw out the similarities between Catholic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and non-Catholic constructions of martyrdom, whether these are to do with defining an exemplary life, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publicising an exemplary death in a manner that inspired ideological sympathisers and challenged the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enemy. In addition, they both acknowledge how English activities need to be set systematically in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European context: above all with Catholics, whose exilic residence abroad so often made them both citizens )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Europe and passionate Englishmen.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While well aware of the recent fashion for body scholarship, Dillon sits lightly to it; and some will think her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book all the better as a result. Where Foucault identified his work on the theatre of death as chronicling the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('human soul under trial?, some of his followers have passed over the soul ? or at least, a recognition of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(martyr as a moral entity capable of choice and bravery ? and see the corpse on the scaffold more as an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opportunity to dissect an inert body with the scalpel of theory. While this is an understandable reaction to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(previous generations? unwillingness to acknowledge the bodily dimension to history, it becomes inhumane )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the wrong hands, partly because it bypasses the question of how the subject of martyrdom raises ethical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions for the narrator: how far should one go in describing gory details, what attitude should one take to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the martyrs and their executioners? In this context, Dillon deserves real praise for the compassionate balance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she strikes. Even though her subject is primarily the construction of martyrdom rather than the martyrs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves, she neither glosses over the details of the martyrdoms nor dwells lasciviously on them. While )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this may seem a basic courtesy to the subject matter, the English tendency towards irony and unease when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussing religion ensures that it is not universally observed; the present reviewer has sat through more than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one conference paper where the speaker has played a martyrological topic for laughs or ghoulish thrills.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Is this attitude better or worse than a piously uncritical rehash of a martyr?s life, or just differently )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unsatisfactory? The answer to this question, more than most, depends on the viewpoint of the observer. But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in an age which finds it difficult to resist the deconstruction or undermining of exemplary lives, it is useful to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remember how hagiography has been a powerful impetus towards scholarship as well as detracting from it. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anyone writing now on the Catholic martyrs of the English Reformation owes a particular debt to the great )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(denominational scholars of the eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth centuries who made martyr narratives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(available: John Knaresborough, Richard Challoner, Henry Foley, the compiler of )] TJ ET BT 426.284 49.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Records of the English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 35.669 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Province of the Society of Jesus)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 1928 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1875-93\), John Morris, the editor of )] TJ ET BT 257.324 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Troubles of our Catholic Forefathers)] TJ ET BT 457.004 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1872-77\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and among many others, the early editors of Catholic Record Society volumes. These names illustrate how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the subject has lent itself to compilation rather than analysis in the past. Thus Dillon deserves particular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(praise for a book which is not only a full and satisfying synthesis, but uses the current interest in techniques )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of historical representation to advance an innovative and convincing analysis of the material. Her book is not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only a splendid achievement in itself, but evidence, in conjunction with Gregory?s work, of a tidal shift in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academic sensibility.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dr Dillon is pleased to accept Dr Shell's review and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 639.439 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 621.659 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 621.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/342)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 620.265 m 322.316 620.265 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 595.288 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 580.888 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1619)] TJ ET BT 34.016 566.488 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 620.5795 322.3157 632.4595 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/342) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000577 00000 n 0000000659 00000 n 0000004994 00000 n 0000005103 00000 n 0000005213 00000 n 0000005322 00000 n 0000008883 00000 n 0000009011 00000 n 0000009095 00000 n 0000009160 00000 n 0000016845 00000 n 0000016910 00000 n 0000025021 00000 n 0000025105 00000 n 0000027086 00000 n 0000027214 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27309 %%EOF