%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 36 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140418042657+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140418042657+01'00') /Title (Reconquest and Crusade in Medieval Spain) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3563 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Reconquest and Crusade in Medieval Spain)] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A life-long dedication to the study of medieval Spain ably fits Joseph F. O'Callaghan to address one of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most discussed issues in this field. Spanish historiography has had to deal for years with the topic of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specificity of the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages, because of its Muslim inhabitants. Whether it be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a state or as subjects of Christian kings \(known as )] TJ ET BT 289.652 273.323 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mudejars)] TJ ET BT 335.648 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), these people felt they were as much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Spaniards' as were the Christians. Christian propaganda depicting the 'Reconquista' as a war to eject the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Muslims from territories rightfully owned by Christians \(dealt with in O'Callaghan's first chapter, 'The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reconquest: Evolution of an Idea'\) has been idealised in Spain, both as part of the origins of the nation, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because of the traditional alignment in the modern Roman Catholic church. Despite some challenges in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(last thirty years, the word 'Reconquest' is still used generally, with the public continuing to use the term in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common conversation. It is no surprise that Hispanists such as O'Callaghan himself, J. Hillgarth, P. Linehan, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the late D. Lomax and A. MacKay have all discussed at great length the convenience \(or otherwise\) of using )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this concept for the history of medieval Spain.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(344)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 1 August, 2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joseph O'Callaghan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(28.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(344pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University of Pennsylvania Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Philadelphia, PA)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ana Echevarria)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7540 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another facet of this question is whether the war prosecuted by the Christian kingdoms in the Iberian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peninsula - both for territorial and religious reasons - can be classified within the more general field of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confrontation between Christians and Muslims in the wider Mediterranean basin: that is, as a part of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Crusades. Again, recent scholarship has been proposing this new approach to the Reconquest.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 484.268 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 484.268 740.307 m 498.260 740.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 498.260 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( However, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is this book by O'Callaghan that provides the most accurate and detailed study of this question over a long )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time period and throughout the whole peninsula.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Firstly, Joseph O'Callaghan discusses the problem of modern vocabulary as it is applied to medieval )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious conflicts, in a chapter entitled 'Reconquest, Holy War and Crusade'. He continues with a good )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(description of the Christian and Islamic sources he has used for this book. This chapter demands further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comment and commendation. Far from limiting his survey to Spanish and Portuguese medieval sources, both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the vernacular and Latin, O'Callaghan has undertaken extensive research in Arabic material \(in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(translation\), French, German and Pontifical records and chronicles in Latin. This wealth of sources gives a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(balanced view of the dilemma 'reconquest versus crusade' and helps to place the Iberian conflict in a world-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wide perspective \(at least according to medieval standards\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapters two to five focus on a chronological overview of crusading in the Iberian Peninsula, from the late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eleventh to the middle of the thirteenth centuries. Although the reason for such a time-frame is not given in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the text, we can assume that the author is analysing the origins of the crusading phenomenon on both eastern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and western sides of the Mediterranean, and tracing its history up to the Fifth crusade, that is, the era of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(splendour of the crusades. The argument is clear: the precedent of crusade as a religious war can be found in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Spanish Reconquest \(notably at Barbastro, 1063\). The concept was then elaborated by the Papacy for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first and second crusades, when the attack on Islam was envisaged as a double offensive on both sides of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mediterranean. When the crusades to the Holy Land became less frequent, Spanish crusades were at their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(apogee, the subject of bulls from several popes, and concentrating the efforts of native and foreign fighters. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(During all this period, the indulgences granted to the 'fighting pilgrims' were the same as those granted to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those going to the Holy Land. Pilgrimage to Santiago was very closely linked to crusade in Spain, and to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideology of pilgrimage/crusade to the Holy Land. The papacy always tried to keep Spanish knights )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preoccupied with engagements in their own territory, while offering the Church and faithful the possibility to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(finance crusading endeavours throughout the eastern and western territories.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In this part of the work, the author uses papal bulls extensively to demonstrate that those issued for the Holy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Land were very similar in their clauses to those issued for war against Muslims in the Iberian Peninsula. He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relies heavily on the pioneering work by Jos Goi Gaztambide, )] TJ ET BT 345.632 320.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historia de la bula de cruzada en Espaa)] TJ ET BT 545.960 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Vitoria: Editorial del Seminario, 1958\), which is rounded out with references to other primary sources. \(It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would have been interesting to have the actual text of some of the bulls quoted so as to compare the style of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those dealing with Spanish matters to those concerning the Holy Land.\) The stress is always placed on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fact that the papacy transformed the Reconquest into a crusade. Nevertheless, there is also another question: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whether the earlier Spanish propaganda affected the Roman curia and moved the then Pope Urban II to call )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for the First Crusade. The close contacts between the Papacy and the high clergy coming from the Iberian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peninsula to Rome have been used by scholars to prove this, for example in Theresa Vann's 'Reconquest and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Origin of the Crusades' [in )] TJ ET BT 182.156 206.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Crusades: Other Experiences, Alternate Perspectives)] TJ ET BT 459.440 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Khalil Semaan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Binghamton: Global Publications, in press\)].)] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A further point needing clarification is why those French knights, who had already fought in Jerusalem, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would have wanted to join the crusade in Spain afterwards \(Baleares, Zaragoza\), if the remission of their sins )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was already achieved \(pp. 35-38\)? Maybe more stress should be made on economic matters at this point.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The last three chapters examine more earthly matters, such as the current state of warfare technology and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(armies, the financing of the crusade and the ritual accompanying the whole campaign, as sanctioned by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mozarabic and Roman liturgy. These three aspects were vital for the success of Christian campaigns, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should not be ignored. Indeed, the chapter on finance \(enlarged and changed, but inspired by a previous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paper presented by the author in the conference which commemorated the conquest of Seville by Fernando )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 484.2677 740.6215 498.2597 752.5015 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 25 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R 34 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 8288 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(III )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 49.004 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 49.004 795.075 m 62.996 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 62.996 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is the clearest explanation of the variety of incomes used by the king to subsidise his wars one can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(read on this particular subject. However, I missed the detailed study of the changing meaning of ')] TJ ET BT 500.096 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(tercias)] TJ ET BT 532.760 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(' \(a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(term which is difficult to pin down, but which O'Callaghan has successfully elucidated\), which was included )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the article but not in this book.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The eighth chapter, 'The Liturgy of Reconquest and Crusade', gives a groundbreaking approach to crusading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(campaigns in Spain, as it studies the development of a religious war step by step. This is a very convenient )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tool for students and public who are not experts in the field of crusades. Another interesting issue mentioned )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the author is preaching. A study of this subject for the Spanish front is still to be made. It is unfortunate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that O'Callaghan has not undertaken this task more in depth - undoubtedly due to space constraints - )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially given that recent works on the subject have ignored or misunderstood the role of preachers and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their mission in the Iberian Peninsula.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 216.008 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 216.008 640.515 m 230.000 640.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 230.000 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( There are also some interesting works on the 'Cleansing of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mosques and Consecration of Churches' which have been omitted in the - otherwise - very complete and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(updated bibliography of this book.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 199.676 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 199.676 612.003 m 213.668 612.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 213.668 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(>/p>)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A few objections to minor errors: the word ')] TJ ET BT 244.808 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(parias)] TJ ET BT 275.480 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(' has no origin in Arabic, but comes from the Latin )] TJ ET BT 521.612 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(pars, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(partis)] TJ ET BT 62.024 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, that is, the kinglets paid 'their parts' to the Christian monarchs. Two mistakes can be found on pages )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(17 and 289 \(Anbal Barbero for Abilio Barbero\), and pages 191 and 196 \(San Isidro instead of San Isidoro or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saint Isidore\), which do not hinder comprehension of the text, but may confuse the reader when looking for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(references.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The genealogical tables should be very useful to the reader. However, while the maps included in the book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may help the non-Spanish reader with the evolution of frontiers in the Iberian Peninsula, they do not clarify )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the arguments given in the text. Nowadays we can count on very good cartographic material for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reconquest, offered in a small but valuable volume \(J. Mestre Campi and F. Sabat, eds, )] TJ ET BT 463.292 461.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Atlas de la )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [('Reconquista' )] TJ ET BT 101.480 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Barcelona: Peninsula, 1998\)\), which depicts the issues involved much more clearly.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the light of recent events, the study of the long-lasting armed confrontation between Christianity and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Islam can provide new clues for the understanding of the mechanisms of world power. Joseph O'Callaghan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has provided an interesting approach to the phenomenon of religious wars, focused on such modern concerns )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as propaganda and economic foundations. It is our hope, as historians of medieval Spain, that he will also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(succeed in calling the attention of other scholars to the importance of a broader view in crusading studies, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which should take into account the Spanish horizon.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.403 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 283.786 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 283.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For an updated bibliography, see Jos Manuel Rodrguez Garca, 'Historiografa de las cruzadas', )] TJ ET BT 64.016 269.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Espacio, Tiempo y Forma,)] TJ ET BT 194.672 269.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Seccin III- Historia Medieval)] TJ ET BT 341.636 269.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 13 \(2000\), 341-95.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 437.624 269.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 437.624 268.131 m 491.612 268.131 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 255.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 255.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joseph F. O'Callaghan, 'La financiacin de la conquista de Sevilla', in )] TJ ET BT 401.120 255.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sevilla, 1248)] TJ ET BT 463.784 255.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, coord. M. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 241.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gonzlez Jimnez \(Madrid: Fundacin Ramn Areces/Ayuntamiento de Sevilla, 2000\), pp. 191-206.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 226.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 225.363 m 118.004 225.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 212.506 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 212.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The two works by Christoph T. Maier, )] TJ ET BT 252.332 212.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Preaching the Crusades. Mendicant Friars and the Cross in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 198.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the Thirteenth Century )] TJ ET BT 176.348 198.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994\) and )] TJ ET BT 432.656 198.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Crusade Propaganda and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 183.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ideology: Model Sermons for the Preaching of the Cross)] TJ ET BT 336.656 183.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 169.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2000\), fail to include the Iberian Peninsula in the European context. A work which should be )] TJ ET BT 64.016 155.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acknowledged, still in press at the time when Joseph O'Callaghan was working on this book, is Patrick )] TJ ET BT 64.016 141.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Henriet, 'L'idologie de la guerre sainte dans le Haut Moyen ge hispanique', )] TJ ET BT 439.088 141.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Francia. Forschungen )] TJ ET BT 64.016 126.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(zur Westeuropischen Geschichte,)] TJ ET BT 229.652 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( 29:1 \(2002\), 171-220.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 337.976 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 337.976 125.571 m 391.964 125.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 112.714 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 112.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I am thinking of a thought-provoking article written by Pascal Buresi, 'Les conversions d'glises et de )] TJ ET BT 64.016 98.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mosques en Espagne au XIe-XIIIe sicles', in )] TJ ET BT 290.108 98.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Villes et religion: Mlanges offerts Jean-Louis Biget )] TJ ET BT 64.016 84.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(par ses lves)] TJ ET BT 130.664 84.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 2000\), pp. 333-50. )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 49.0037 795.3895 62.9957 807.2695 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 216.0077 640.8295 229.9997 652.7095 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 199.6757 612.3175 213.6677 624.1975 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 437.6237 268.4455 491.6117 280.3255 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 225.6775 118.0037 237.5575 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 337.9757 125.8855 391.9637 137.7655 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 38 0 R 40 0 R ] /Contents 37 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Length 1084 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Professor O'Callaghan is pleased to accept Dr Echevarria's review and does not wish to comment )] TJ ET BT 64.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(further.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 99.668 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 99.668 768.819 m 153.656 768.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 731.957 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 717.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 712.975 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 695.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 695.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/344)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 693.801 m 322.316 693.801 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 668.824 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 654.424 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1624)] TJ ET BT 34.016 640.024 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 99.6677 769.1335 153.6557 781.0135 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 694.1155 322.3157 705.9955 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/344) >> endobj xref 0 42 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000543 00000 n 0000000625 00000 n 0000004240 00000 n 0000004349 00000 n 0000004459 00000 n 0000004568 00000 n 0000008129 00000 n 0000008257 00000 n 0000008341 00000 n 0000008425 00000 n 0000016018 00000 n 0000016048 00000 n 0000016176 00000 n 0000016212 00000 n 0000016331 00000 n 0000024672 00000 n 0000024702 00000 n 0000024828 00000 n 0000024864 00000 n 0000024894 00000 n 0000025022 00000 n 0000025058 00000 n 0000025088 00000 n 0000025216 00000 n 0000025252 00000 n 0000025380 00000 n 0000025435 00000 n 0000025562 00000 n 0000025617 00000 n 0000025745 00000 n 0000025800 00000 n 0000025891 00000 n 0000027028 00000 n 0000027155 00000 n 0000027210 00000 n 0000027338 00000 n trailer << /Size 42 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27433 %%EOF