%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R 27 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140827005639+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140827005639+01'00') /Title (The Lancashire Witches: Histories and Stories) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3409 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Lancashire Witches: Histories and Stories)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This volume is based on a conference held in April 1999, and it is the first time in English witchcraft studies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that a single group of cases has been taken as subject of such a volume. This is an excellent idea, not only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because the complex truth about the witchcraft beliefs of early modern Britain probably lies in careful local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(study rather than in rash generalisation, but also because the local focus seems to liberate the editors to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(creative in other ways, offering not only analysis of the events themselves, but also an analysis that from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(outset questions the way in which those events were and still are represented to us, the kind of significance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assigned to them, and their appeal as topics and stories. Though strong on uncovering facts, the volume is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also strong on consideration of how this particular trial has been fictionalised and become part of other kinds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of story. The tone is set when the introduction opens by pointing out that, regardless of their importance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historically, the Lancashire witches have been elected ?Truly Memorable? by popular history, with souvenir )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stalls and a T-shirt industry.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(348)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 31 July, 2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Poole)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(719062039X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(45.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(240pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Diane Purkiss)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7568 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, the problem with the volume is also immediately apparent. No-one assays the question of why and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how this trial got itself a T-shirt. This is an interesting question, the more so because we learn from the final )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essay that the ?usual suspects?, neo-pagans, are not responsible. So who is? We never learn, and there is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pattern here that is repeated throughout; interesting observations are not followed through with thorough )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is not the only difficulty. One problem of which the contributors are aware is that accounts of the trials )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves are necessarily based on the only detailed source for them, Thomas Potts?s lengthy pamphlet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Wonderfull Discoverie of Witches in the Countie of Lancashire)] TJ ET BT 357.668 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, printed in 1612. )] TJ ET BT 443.000 672.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Lancashire Witches)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is innovative in bringing in the Salmesbury witches of 1612, and of course the arrests of 1633-4, but both )] TJ ET BT 542.300 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very slenderly documented. The result is that accounts must rest shakily on Potts. His pamphlet is hailed in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the introduction \(by James Sharpe\) as a ?rich vein?, but little is said to justify this belief, and Marion Gibson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Chapter 3 \(?Thomas Potts's 'dusty memory': reconstructing justice in )] TJ ET BT 379.148 615.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Wonderfull Discoverie of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Witches)] TJ ET BT 72.008 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?\), at any rate, wants to maximise its compromised status. It may be that the Lancashire witches are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not the ideal subject for a case history of this kind, precisely because the evidence does not allow us to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compare a pamphlet account with the \(equally but differently problematic\) assize or session accounts. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidential reliance upon this pamphlet is a problem for a book that wants to say that pamphlets are not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disinterested sources. If the Potts pamphlet isn't evidence, then what exactly is the book about? If it is to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treated as evidence, then how can we decide which parts are reliable, and which not? These questions are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often ducked rather than tackled head-on.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another problem is the restricted theoretical and historiographical range of some of the contributions and of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the editor, which limit what the volume as a whole can do and say. The only explanations canvassed in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(editorial material are sensible ones: religious conflict, social change. The wilder side of witchcraft studies, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drawing on anthropology, folklore and psychoanalysis, is neglected. There is also no attempt to review the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography of the 1990s, or to locate the volume in relation to anyone but Thomas and Macfarlane, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(though arguably a kind of tacit review is implied in each contributor?s choice of mentors. This is a pity, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the theses of \(say\) Stuart Clark, Robin Briggs and Lyndal Roper seem to have some )] TJ ET BT 439.304 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(prima facie)] TJ ET BT 494.300 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( applicability )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the material. Local should not come to mean parochial.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 310.976 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 310.976 388.419 m 324.968 388.419 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are some difficulties, too, with how local this volume wants to be. Ironically for microhistory, the first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(three essays are not interested in the witches or their accusers, so much as in ?the full range of forces coming )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to bear on the case of a few miserable witches in a remote corner of England?. It is a return to a top-down )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of witch trials, and the splendid innovations of Briggs and Roper \(among others\) in demanding that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(we look at what trials meant to participants are sidestepped without explanation. Even Jonathan Lumby?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essay \(Chapter 4: ?'Those to whom evil is done': family dynamics in the Pendle witch trials?\) devotes itself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in a very effective but curiously old-fashioned way to explaining why someone would be wicked enough to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accuse a woman of witchcraft. It is a splendid piece of historical reconstruction, however, and is rightly the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centre of the efforts of others to grasp what was happening and what it meant. Lumby argues very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persuasively that one of the key movers in the Pendle trial was motivated by dislike of his father?s mistress, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jennet Preston. This is exactly the kind of story that can only be recovered by the kind of patient sifting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through dusty archives that Lumby has plainly accomplished, and it is a rebuke to the academic world that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the best discovery here is made by someone outside its ranks.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Such simple discoveries, like the mistress story, are extremely welcome, and they point to the kind of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(painstaking and slow archival work that needs to be done if microhistory is to work. But they do not end the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(story. We still need to turn to culture and interpretation to understand and how and why a father?s adultery )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might promote feelings or acts of this kind: honour? lies? manhood? What does it tell us about \(neglected\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connections between possession by witchcraft and sexuality? The fact that Lumby?s essay stimulates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important questions, however, compliments it rather than dispraises it.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In general this volume does boldly go where witchcraft studies have sometimes feared to tread. An )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially valuable example is Kirsteen Bardell?s illuminating reading of what she terms the ?lost? )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 310.9757 388.7335 324.9677 400.6135 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 5999 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lancashire witches, the cunning women and healers tried at the Quarter Sessions \(Chapter 7: ?Beyond )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pendle: the 'lost' Lancashire witches?\). This is probably the most promising route to understanding two of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the oldest of the accused, Anne Whittle and Elizabeth Southern, but for the connection to be fully exploited )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there needs to be an understanding of how the magic of cunning folk fitted into a system of beliefs about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(magic. Though it provides new local material, this discussion does not take us conceptually beyond Keith )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thomas?s listing of cunning practices in )] TJ ET BT 231.332 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Religion and the Decline of Magic)] TJ ET BT 396.980 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Indeed, it does not take us even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that far. And yet it is only through an understanding of how ?good? magic worked that we can begin to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comprehend the reasons that )] TJ ET BT 173.984 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(maleficium)] TJ ET BT 227.312 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was so feared. One of the most helpful sources are the European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anthropological writings by authors such as Michael Herzfeld, Jill Dubisch and Michael Stewart, all of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whom work on modern Greek village life, and all of whom offer a mode of analysis that helps to knit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together its disparate aspects into something like a series of world-pictures. Of course, these analyses cannot )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(simply be mapped onto early modern England?s very different social structures, but they do provide a model )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of rather more adventurous and wide-ranging thinking than is on offer in the less ambitious essays here. If )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(we abandon the effort to do this for early modern England, instead making assumptions about how people )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thought and felt, then we will never understand the historical difference that witch-trials like Pendle seem to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mark. It is important to break up premature historical consensus by pointing to local and personal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(investments, but some attempts at synthesis are also required.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another area relatively neglected is religion; it is mentioned often, but in terms of local conflict, persons )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather than discourses. In a fine piece of local history, Michael Mullet offers an account of the dissolution of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whalley Abbey \(Chapter 6: ?The Reformation in the parish of Whalley?\), but this is only related to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(witch-trial in the last paragraph, and then by persons rather than topics, as is the tendency in this volume as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whole. The fact that some of the leading figures in the Pendle trial lived on what had formerly been church )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lands has relatively little explanatory force, and certainly cannot be used to assert that there were ?new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Protestant clerical demands for the intensive policing of public conduct, a line of interventionist approach )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that culminated in the Pendle dragnet of 1612.?\(p. 102\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yet there is ample evidence in the trial reports, doctored or not, that religion was a vital factor. One of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most significant elements in the trial narrative is the lengthy quotation from one of Old Demdike?s spells, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spell that contains clear recusant elements, and also what may just be a Gaelic word. It is possible, of course, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Potts doctored the text to make it look more guiltily recusant, and it is also possible that the deponent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(garbled it through misunderstanding. But it is also possible that this charm is garbled because it was garbled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by its user, that it represents a moment when religion, in decline, but surviving, becomes magic. To interpret )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this text aright, we need other texts that we do not have: a copy of the local mystery plays, pre-reformation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(breviaries, songs and dances, nursery rhymes, perhaps some receipt books that brush up against magic. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Differentially, we need other pamphlets by Potts on similar subjects. But the fact that none of this is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(available does not mean we can never risk reading these texts. We can and must read them and we can and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(must see that they point sharply to religion as a major focus for the participants in the trial; not as a badge of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social exclusion or inclusion, but as a way of thinking about the world. If religion ceases to be that, what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does it become? It becomes horror, otherness, magic. How can the children not condemn the parents in such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a space?)] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 25 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 7918 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final chapters on literary representation are extremely welcome, but it is difficult to justify the inclusion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a piece on modern paganism \(except that it is always fun\). The problem with Joanne Pearson?s article )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Chapter 11: ?Wicca, paganism, and history: contemporary witchcraft and the Lancashire witches?\) is that it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is never clear whether the goal is to uncouple modern paganism from history altogether; or to see history as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kind of theme park in which pagans \(and anyone else\) are free to invent themselves in relation to it. Is it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(really all right for modern Lancashire witches either to neglect or to invoke their forbears, without too much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regard to historical accuracy? Where do we draw the line? Like many others, Pearson appears to draw the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(line at the frivolous historical invocation of the Holocaust. It is nice to see this argument reiterated, but its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implications should be allowed to disturb us considerably more than they do here. At what point do fantasies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about witches become permissible? Or is historical truth always to be asserted, spoiling some otherwise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(benign parties?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What also remains questionable is the place of the essay in the volume, since central to its argument is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(irrelevance of modern paganism to the Lancashire story, past as well as present. One might ask whether )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern paganism is not being unreasonably privileged over other aspects of popular culture; I would have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(liked to hear more about the tourist industry tantalisingly described in the introduction, the infantilisation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(witches in that industry, and what this suggests about the packaging of the past. Much more interesting and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(far more relevant is the lively chapter by Jeffrey Richards on Harrison Ainsworth?s novel )] TJ ET BT 467.252 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Lancashire )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Witches)] TJ ET BT 72.008 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Chapter 10: ?The ?Lancashire novelist? and the Lancashire Witches?\), a fat and marvellous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical blockbuster sniffed at by modern critics, but deserving of a much wider audience. Correctly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historicised in terms of medievalism and romantic nostalgia, it is a pity that the Ainsworth discussion is not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allowed to inform the discussion of modern paganism, which could claim a similar discursive ancestry.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alison Findlay?s sound essay on )] TJ ET BT 194.348 461.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Late Lancashire witches )] TJ ET BT 335.684 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Chapter 9: ?)] TJ ET BT 398.336 461.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Late Lancashire Witches)] TJ ET BT 538.664 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexual and spiritual politics in the events of 1633-4?\), while neglecting the comic potential of the play, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nevertheless teases out useful connections between the tale-tellers of 1633, Margaret Johnson and Edmund )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robinson, and the play?s own concern with fiction and story. A subtle reading of the witch as ?surplus? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a careful examination of the possible links with Laudian church reform are enriching and powerfully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggestive. It is interesting that this is the only essay in the collection to engage both with recent re-thinkings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of witchcraft historiography \(especially Clark\) and with high theory, notably Bataille. Less satisfying, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(still stimulating, is Richard Wilson?s vivid and intriguing analysis of )] TJ ET BT 367.700 361.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Macbeth)] TJ ET BT 409.688 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in relation to the Gunpowder )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Plot \(Chapter 8: ?The pilot's thumb: )] TJ ET BT 209.516 347.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Macbeth)] TJ ET BT 251.504 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and the Jesuits?\). It is also the only piece to address the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(superstition of recusancy, the transformation of Catholic rituals, symbols, prayers and objects of devotion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into inscrutable or mumbled mutterings, magic mumbo-jumbo. This is an important ? perhaps the important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? issue in these trials. But in the reading of )] TJ ET BT 241.664 304.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Macbeth)] TJ ET BT 283.652 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( this is done with so heavy a hand as to carry little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conviction. There seems little reason why the cauldron ingredients should make us think especially of relics, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and even if it did it is hard to see why this should be further grounds for reading Shakespeare as himself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholic, an always-tendentious argument which indeed has a great deal to do with local politics \(local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics now, that is, and the wish to make Shakespeare as native to Lancaster as possible through the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identification of him with the William Shakeshafte who served in a recusant household\). Were this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identification to be sustained, the tourist industry around Pendle would be less reliant upon witches. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might be a pity in more ways than one, because this volume proves conclusively that their stories are not yet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exhausted, but still have much to teach us about the past. The field is now open for other, similar volumes ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the Northern circuit, on the St Osyth or Hopkins trials, perhaps. This volume sets a demanding standard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for those future editors to meet.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 126.819 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 96.202 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For a review of Robin Briggs, )] TJ ET BT 211.004 96.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Witches and Neighbours)] TJ ET BT 329.000 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( from the )] TJ ET BT 375.992 96.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews)] TJ ET BT 415.316 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( archive, please click )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 518.948 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(here)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 518.948 94.803 m 539.600 94.803 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 542.600 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 556.592 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 81.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 80.547 m 118.004 80.547 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 55.685 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 41.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(H-Net Reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 518.9477 95.1175 539.5997 106.9975 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/../../../../reviews/paper/briggrvw.html) >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 80.8615 118.0037 92.7415 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 29 0 R 31 0 R ] /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 997 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 795.075 m 240.992 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 243.992 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 791.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 773.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 773.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/348)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 772.569 m 322.316 772.569 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 747.592 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 733.192 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1632)] TJ ET BT 34.016 718.792 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/../../../../reviews/paper/briggrvw.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 704.392 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=10130)] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 795.3895 240.9917 807.2695 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=10130) >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 772.8835 322.3157 784.7635 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/348) >> endobj xref 0 33 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000555 00000 n 0000000637 00000 n 0000004098 00000 n 0000004207 00000 n 0000004317 00000 n 0000004426 00000 n 0000007987 00000 n 0000008115 00000 n 0000008199 00000 n 0000008283 00000 n 0000015904 00000 n 0000015934 00000 n 0000016062 00000 n 0000016098 00000 n 0000016163 00000 n 0000022215 00000 n 0000022306 00000 n 0000030277 00000 n 0000030404 00000 n 0000030528 00000 n 0000030653 00000 n 0000030708 00000 n 0000030799 00000 n 0000031848 00000 n 0000031975 00000 n 0000032076 00000 n 0000032204 00000 n trailer << /Size 33 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 32299 %%EOF