%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140423070442+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140423070442+01'00') /Title (Europe at Home. Family and Material Culture, 1500-1800[Originally published under the title Vita di casa. Abitare, mangiare, vestire nell?Europa moderna \(Laterza; Rome/Bari, 1999\); translated by Allan Cameron]) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4187 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Europe at Home. Family and Material Culture, 1500-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(1800[Originally published under the title Vita di casa. Abitare, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.553 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(mangiare, vestire nell?Europa moderna \(Laterza; Rome/Bari, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 551.169 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(1999\); translated by Allan Cameron])] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I do not know whether the Italian title of this book \()] TJ ET BT 282.992 223.427 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vita di casa)] TJ ET BT 340.328 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) is an allusion to Mario Praz and his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(autobiography )] TJ ET BT 106.340 209.171 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La casa della vita )] TJ ET BT 195.008 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Milan, 1958\), but it would be fitting. In that book Mario Praz guides the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reader through his Roman house and tells his life during the tour. Moreover, Mario Praz is the author of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(An Illustrated History of Interior Decoration)] TJ ET BT 249.680 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London: Thames and Hudson, 1964\). As its title suggests, this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book is about the domestic interior in Europe and tried to tell the story with the help of 400 drawings, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pictures and other visual material. It was also one of the first to do so. It was in fact the forerunner of and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inspiration for Peter Thornton's influential )] TJ ET BT 239.828 137.891 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Authentic Decor. The Domestic Interior, 1620-1920)] TJ ET BT 489.464 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 1984\), which has become the general reference book for the European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of house plans, furnishings, and their arrangements.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As these books show, the domestic interior has long been the domain of art historians. It is only in the last )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(three decades that social and cultural historians have entered this field. Rafaella Sarti belongs to this latter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(group of scholars. In her book, she tries to give a description of the diversity and development of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(352)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 1 June, 2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Raffaella Sarti)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(300085427X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19.95)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(324pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yale University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Haven, CT)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anton Schuurman)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7505 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material culture of the household in Europe during the )] TJ ET BT 297.644 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ancien rgime)] TJ ET BT 365.960 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. She makes it clear that she wanted to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(write a book for a general audience, but she also wanted to provide the professional with a scholarly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instrument.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the introduction, Sarti explains her spatial and chronological boundaries \(Europe across the )] TJ ET BT 487.940 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ancien rgime)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period\). Next, she states that of the three functions of a household - reproduction, consumption and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(production - the latter receives almost no attention, reproduction only slightly more, but the emphasis is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clearly on consumption. The originality of the book exists in the combination of historical demography )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(specifically family history\), history of material culture, and women's history. Alongside this, she not only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies material objects from their economic point of view, but also in their symbolic and cultural contexts.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book is well structured, as are its different chapters. In the first chapter, she defines her two main )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concepts, house and family, which appear to be far more complex than one would first imagine. She also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explores how the different religions and states within Europe viewed marriage and the family. The second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter covers marriage, from its outset to its ending and the material implications that went with it. Just as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(weddings caused the exchange and circulation of goods, so did the endpoints of marriage, when people died )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(and other people inherited\), or when people got old and had to transmit their property. The third chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examines how individuals lived together - in what houses and in what kind of family formations and sizes. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The fourth and fifth chapters are the centre of the book, and are respectively about the home itself and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material objects, and about food. The sixth chapter pays attention to clothing. The final chapter has two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(topics; firstly, the role of women in relation to consumption; and secondly, changing relations between the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family members, which Sarti links in part with the developing distinction between public and private spheres.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In all these chapters Sarti uncovers trends, but at the same time cautions the reader that things are more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complex, that they are diverse, and the developments she depicts are not always linear. To help the reader )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(see the larger picture in this complexity, she makes use of some central contrasts: male/female; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(city/countryside; nobility/farmers; rich/poor; Northern Europe/Southern Europe \(and to a far lesser extent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considers also the Balkans and Russia\); Protestants/Catholics \(and sometimes Jews and Orthodox )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christians\). Always, however, she reminds the reader that reality is not as schematic as these contrasts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggest and gives a much richer picture, which is still comprehensible and meaningful.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This approach produces a rich book from which we can learn a great deal. I found Chapter two extremely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stimulating because of its explanation of the role of material goods in setting up a marriage. Her exploration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the role of the dowry is illuminating; historians have mostly said a lot about inheritance but far less about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dowry. From the fact that in the eighteenth century there was a tendency to incorporate dowries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(permanently, Sarti concludes that the new family unit had become more important than the lineage whence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the woman originally came. The book is also strong in the consistent attention it pays to differences )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(according to gender. It is exactly to this topic that the concluding chapter returns. Sarti rightly asks for more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research in this area. However, much inventiveness will be needed because the sources are scarce that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inform us about the role of women )] TJ ET BT 203.660 249.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(vis--vis )] TJ ET BT 247.316 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumption according to social classes, region and period.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(So I would recommend )] TJ ET BT 149.336 223.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Europe at Home)] TJ ET BT 228.656 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to everyone who wants to get a well-informed and well-organised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(view of the diversity in the daily life of families in the early modern period. But does this mean that this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book has no flaws and leaves one completely satisfied? I have four main remarks/criticisms. Firstly, there is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(no direct relationship between the choice of the research area and the research questions asked of it. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Furthermore, in her concentration on consumption, Sarti pays almost no attention to the production sphere. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The geographic and social emphases of the book rely too much on the countryside and the nobility, just as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she pays greater attention to the characteristics of diversity in domestic life, rather than to the dynamics of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(change affecting the form and content of the material culture of the household.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sarti has written a book on the material culture of the household in Europe, and she explains why she limits )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(herself to Europe and does not include, for example, the English colonies. However, the questions she asks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are not really influenced by this research area, other than that she wants to have the best possible coverage of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe. She is mostly interested in diversity \(especially according to gender, religion and wealth\) and far )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7693 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(less in explaining the formulation of those differences. However, when one studies demography and material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture at the European level, one would expect a discussion of the possible relationship between Hajnal's so-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(called)] TJ ET BT 65.672 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European marriage pattern \(which she mentions on page 51\) and differences in the level of living )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(standards between eastern and western Europe. In his 1965 essay 'European Marriage Patterns in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perspective' \(in D. V. Glass and D.E.C. Eversley, eds, )] TJ ET BT 296.132 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Population in History: Essays in Historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Demography )] TJ ET BT 99.668 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([London; Edward Arnold], pp. 101-43\) Hajnal argued that since around 1500 women in eastern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe have been marrying at a much younger age than women in western Europe; and that almost all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eastern European women eventually married, while in western Europe a substantial number never marry at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all. This suggests that in eastern Europe, Malthus' preventive check does not work. E. A. Wrigley has shown )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that in regions where only the positive check is active in adapting population size and economic resources, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the standard of living will be lower than in regions where the preventive check also operates. So it would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been interesting to see whether this expected connection could be shown to exist or not.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The same can be said for Jan de Vries' concept of the 'Industrious Revolution'. De Vries claims that in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(western Europe from the sixteenth century onwards, people began to work more during the year. They did so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because they wanted to raise their income in order that they could buy more market goods. But is this a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concept that is valid for the whole of Europe? In other words, are demographic behaviour and lifestyle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(directly related to each other; moreover, are demographic behaviour, economic institutions and lifestyle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(related?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Certainly, Sarti is less interested in general economic questions throughout the book. In contrast with, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, Norman Pounds' book )] TJ ET BT 190.496 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Hearth and Home: A History of Material Culture)] TJ ET BT 427.484 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Bloomington & )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1989\) - a book that is listed in Sarti's bibliography - she pays almost )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(no attention to the general agrarian and Malthusian character of the early modern economy. Before the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Industrial Revolution, the economy was an organic economy, as E.A. Wrigley calls it in his )] TJ ET BT 476.300 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Continuity and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Change )] TJ ET BT 74.348 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988\). The implication is that economic growth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opportunities were narrowly linked to the agricultural sector, a sector that was providing not only food, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also the raw materials for industry. Sarti mentions this when she explains that the use of materials for houses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or objects in this period is often dependent on the regional availability of materials \(because of the high )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transport costs, and the limited means of storing goods\). However, she fails to mention that this sort of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economy can only grow 0.5 per cent per annum in the long run. Apart from some favoured regions - such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Netherlands, Flanders, England, Northern Italy, and the le de France - most regions across the )] TJ ET BT 509.252 359.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ancien )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(rgime)] TJ ET BT 67.340 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( era had difficulties in establishing a good standard of living. It is only because of the Industrial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Revolution and the new food crops introduced into Europe from the New World that this Malthusian trap )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was overcome, and even then only in the short term.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(An important point reiterated in Sarti's book is that the position of women changed across time, due to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of a growing distinction between public and private spheres. The private sphere becomes more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and more the domain of women and is particularly identified with the home. However, this story could have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been told better had Sarti systematically paid attention not only to the household as a unit of reproduction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and consumption but also one of production. It would have given her the chance to discuss the possible links )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between production and consumption; for example, Sarti says nothing about the role of women as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shopkeepers, nor about the ways in which proto-industrialisation might have influenced the taste for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marketed goods within farm households.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Related to this question, it seems to me that Sarti also does not pay enough attention to the households of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(middle classes in villages and towns. Nevertheless, in much of the literature on early modern material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture it is exactly this so-called 'middling sort' that is held responsible for many of the changes in domestic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material culture. Sarti also pays insufficient attention to the objects that play a large role in these changes - )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(objects related to tea and coffee consumption, for example. In his book on the )] TJ ET BT 410.612 106.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Refinement of America)] TJ ET BT 520.592 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1992\), Richard Bushman has a lot to say about these commodities, as does Carole )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Shammas throughout her work on the pre-industrial consumer. Despite her concern with the cultural aspects )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of material culture, Sarti is also less interested in the possession and use of books and paintings.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 3219 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(And so to my last point of criticism of )] TJ ET BT 220.352 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Europe at Home)] TJ ET BT 299.672 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: Sarti makes little effort to explain the dynamics of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(change in the material culture she studies. This is partly due to her choice of Europe as the focus of the book, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but also partly because she looks at trends mostly )] TJ ET BT 274.328 755.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(within)] TJ ET BT 304.340 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( the family. A social history of the material culture )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the household would have laid greater emphasis upon the use of the objects and other possessions, such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(houses themselves, in society as such. But, to return to my first criticism, a social history would not have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(started with the choice of the region - Europe - but with the choice of the theme or social group. For the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nobility, Europe is indeed perhaps the relevant 'space' or territory in which to study it \(although Sarti has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nothing to say about the role of Versailles and its decline, for example\). However, for the merchant classes, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more appropriate 'space' would have been the urban colonial world; while for the rural population, one's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(viewpoint is very much dependent upon whether it is Russian peasants or Frisian farmers who are the object )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of study.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In conclusion, I would suggest that Sarti's book is a good starting point for someone who wants to become )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(better informed generally about the development and diversity of the material culture of the household in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe. It is best in its anthropological and gender approaches to the subject, but for the social and economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implications of the household, families and their material culture, and importance of the topic for European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical development in general, one should turn to other books.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 513.391 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 495.611 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 495.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/352)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 494.217 m 322.316 494.217 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 469.240 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 454.840 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1639)] TJ ET BT 34.016 440.440 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 494.5315 322.3157 506.4115 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/352) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000714 00000 n 0000000796 00000 n 0000005035 00000 n 0000005144 00000 n 0000005254 00000 n 0000005363 00000 n 0000008924 00000 n 0000009052 00000 n 0000009136 00000 n 0000009201 00000 n 0000016759 00000 n 0000016824 00000 n 0000024570 00000 n 0000024654 00000 n 0000027926 00000 n 0000028054 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 28149 %%EOF