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[(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Sixteenth Century British History: Recent Textbooks)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(353)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 31 August, 2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mark Nicholls)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(631193332X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1998)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(83.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(413pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Blackwell)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://bookshop.blackwell.co.uk/jsp/id/A_History_of_the_Modern_British_Isles_1529_1603/9780631193333)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Patrick Collinson)] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.067 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(198207670X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.555 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2001)] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.043 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(37.50)] TJ ET BT 34.016 185.531 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 171.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(319pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 157.019 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 128.507 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 114.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780198207672.do#.Ui70ssakpbU)] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.995 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 71.483 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 57.227 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Glenn Richardson)] TJ ET BT 34.016 42.971 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject 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.3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 5147 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Two very starkly contrasting approaches to the history of the sixteenth century lie behind three of the books )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reviewed here: Mark Nicholls' )] TJ ET BT 182.804 328.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Two Kingdoms)] TJ ET BT 255.152 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Glenn Richardson's )] TJ ET BT 357.968 328.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Renaissance Monarchy: the Reigns of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Henry VIII, Francis I and Charles V)] TJ ET BT 208.988 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and the Patrick Collinson-edited volume )] TJ ET BT 411.980 314.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Sixteenth Century, 1485-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1603)] TJ ET BT 58.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Essentially the contrast surrounds core issues of commonalities, contrasts and boundaries in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(definitions of the subject matter, for what was once considered \(in appropriately ambiguous terms\) as an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instinctive English/British history has become intensely and interestingly more complicated.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nicholls' book is part of one of the most ambitious results of the impact of the New British history. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(series in which he writes is an attempt to create a history of the British Isles, not simply from the perspective )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of England, as has so often been done in the past, but one which allows equal weight to the constituent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elements he identifies - essentially the constituent kingdoms of England and Scotland, and the island )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lordship and later kingdom of Ireland.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nicholls' response is interesting. He quickly emerges as a distinctly unwilling participant in the project of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New British History. He calls to our attention the observation of Hiram Morgan that there was no British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(policy in any part of these islands during the sixteenth century, other than a natural English determination to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exclude foreign powers. He also glosses John Morrill's speculation that Welshness, Irishness and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scottishness might not be the building blocks of Britishness, but in many ways the products of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imposition of that Britishness itself. He also finds good sense in Morrill's further observation that the English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were not interested in the detail of the Britishness they imposed on others, and adds that the reasons for its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adoption in Wales and Scotland were either grubbily self-serving or the product of military disaster, )] TJ ET BT 516.608 61.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(faute de )] TJ ET BT 34.016 47.669 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(mieux)] TJ ET BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(340731427X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2001)] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(45.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(256pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hodder Education)] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John McGurk)] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(521596653X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1998)] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.75)] TJ ET BT 34.016 525.605 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 511.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(179pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 497.093 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 482.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 468.581 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 454.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.cambridge.org/ph/elt/catalogue/subject/project/pricing/isbn/item1156098/New-Cambridge-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 440.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Shakespeare-\(ages-16+\)-Theme-Books:-For-AS-and-A2-The-Tudor-Monarchies-1485-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 425.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1603/?site_locale=en_PH¤tProject=405301)] TJ ET BT 34.016 411.557 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 397.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 383.045 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 368.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tim Thornton)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7399 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. For Nicholls, this is not a group of histories with many common themes: he explicitly rejects the )] TJ ET BT 506.000 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(invitation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to produce such unifying theses, beyond the uncertainties of dynastic failure, the impossibility of enforcing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(order, still less justice, in an inherently violent world, and the religious change driving political, social and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural transformation and disruption.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nicholls is therefore forced to write a sequence of juxtaposed narratives and analytical passages. Ultimately, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it is clear that he believes the British approach is only appropriate in the 'feudal' world, or in the kingdoms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(united by James VI's accession to the English throne in 1603.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nicholls remains largely true to his determination to avoid explicit overarching themes in his accounts. What )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emerges within each chapter is a relatively conventional account of the development of the strong national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(states of the sixteenth century, if more through fear, opportunism and blind ambition than statesmanship and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(planning. The historiography is only infrequently overtly examined, as for example in a brief passage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generally supporting the idea of faction as a key dynamic force at court; this serves to qualify the Eltonian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(view of Cromwellian revolution, but also retains a belief in Cromwell as architect of the jurisdictional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elements of the break with the Rome, the diversion of the succession, and the enhancement of the authority )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of parliament, and especially of the Commons. This notwithstanding, Nicholls does provide us with a very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(useful and stimulating book, in which we can find serious treatment of the assertive monarchies of both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Henry VIII and James V, of both the Edwardian and early Elizabethan reformations in England, and of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scottish Reformation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It was always one of the problems of the old British history that it treated Scotland, Wales and Ireland as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(awkward peripheries tangentially relevant to the core narrative. The problem with the approach Nicholls has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(taken in this volume is that it takes the constituent 'national monarchies' as almost as sacrosanct as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('England/Britain' of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Thus the intersections of the three receive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps less attention than they might, as do the awkward peripheries which provided so much de facto )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(variety within the allegedly unified constituent kingdoms of these islands. Ultimately, too, the insistence on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the limited and simple nature of the connections between the two - and later three - kingdoms Nicholls )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(describes must be questioned. These connections were increasingly significant, whether in terms of noble )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interests which transcended 'national' frontiers, as for example those of the earls of Argyll; or the ideas upon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which political and religious life was based, notably the concept of potential British unity, a vision which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grew throughout the first half of the period covered here, strengthened by associations with new religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideas and expectation, and which, despite receding a little in mid-century, rallied strongly in the latter part of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth's reign. The need for a British history lies in precisely these types of interconnection and collision, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and is not simply dependent on the existence, or otherwise, of a 'British policy' in any key centre of power, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whether that be a royal court after 1603 or feudal appanage or dynastic assemblage before 1340.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Collinson's )] TJ ET BT 90.524 278.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sixteenth Century )] TJ ET BT 179.180 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is another product of the new British history, but a more satisfying one. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Collinson's contributors seek to describe developments across these islands, and they consistently identify )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important dynamics affecting all their constituent elements. Moreover they argue that it was the interaction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of these constituent elements which was one of the most important factors in the events of the century. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, Steven Ellis \(' The limits of power: the English crown and the British Isles'\) rehearses his thesis of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tudor centralisation imposing ill-fitting solutions based on lowland England, in the far larger and more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complex highland zone. Diarmaid MacCullough in his chapter 'The Change of religion', articulates his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussion around the impact of the imperialist ambitions of Henry VIII and their medium-term )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consequences, thereby unifying a story of contrasting religious developments in, say, the Protestant Gaelic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Highlands and Romanist Gaelic Ireland. While acknowledging the diversity of social and economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(microsystems to be found across these islands, Jim Sharpe \('Economy and Society'\) tentatively detects a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('steady congruence' emerging among them. John Guy, in his contribution 'Monarchy and Counsel: Models of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the State', considers with somewhat less emphasis the emergence of ideas of imperial monarchy and quasi- )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or outright republicanism in the world of political ideas.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In contrast to the seventeenth century, the general reader will be less familiar with the idea of the sixteenth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century as a period in which the destinies of so many aspects of life in these islands were ultimately so )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7108 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bound together. This book will provide an accessible and refreshing approach to an alternative view. On the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other hand, we are left still asking questions: perhaps too often there appears a )] TJ ET BT 412.940 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(deus ex machina)] TJ ET BT 492.920 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to trigger the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collisions and interactions of the communities of these islands, and that device comes in the form of Henry )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(VII and his son and their ambitions. Although John Guy explores some of these issues in his discussion of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperial kingship, and Greg Walker, who contributes an essay on 'The Renaissance in Britain', assesses the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reception of continental European ideas within the insular context, on the whole this is a British history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(driven from the English centre by forces unexplored, perhaps ultimately external, perhaps internal.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By contrast, Glenn Richardson seeks to shed light on the monarchies of Henry and his contemporaries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Francis and Charles V by giving primacy to the central interactions of European political life and culture. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richardson's case is that there was a common devotion to the pursuit and display of )] TJ ET BT 438.464 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(virt)] TJ ET BT 461.132 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( uniting the three )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(men: in Machiavelli's words, 'to win the reputation of being a great man of outstanding ability'. More )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specifically, this led them to seek to excel in their roles as warriors \(primarily\), governors, and patrons.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book's great strength is in drawing out this parallelism and reminding us to look for the common )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(features of sixteenth-century monarchy before we rush to look for local and specific patterns and causation. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richardson is systematic in ensuring that discussion of one aspect of one monarch's rule is balanced equally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by coverage of the same aspect in others.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps here the limitations of the book's overall plan are clearest. There is a constant - and for many readers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(no doubt extremely useful - focus on providing a full and clear descriptive or narrative account. As a result, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book's mission tends to be expressed in the parallel cataloguing of broadly common features, allowing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(little time for the examination of contrasts and their implications, or even perhaps of the deeper implications )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of observed common experience.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Further, Richardson's account is that of the court historian, very much in the mould of David Starkey. It is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the monarch and those around him who dominate this world, and the power of other factors in the landscape )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is seen through this refracting prism, ultimately in terms of the degree to which it was potentially limited and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in fact restrained or overcome. There is proper acknowledgement of the existence of centres of local power )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and of influential nobilities, but ultimately this is not the perspective of the book. It is noticeable, therefore, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the primary research of the author is much clearer in contributing to the central perspective than to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(local, and that where errors creep in, as they very occasionally do \(such as the enfranchisement of Durham )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on p. 115\), it is in coverage of such topics.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John McGurk's book provides a good example of an easily accessible textbook aimed at the A-level market: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its material is divided up into very easily digested short sections, and it has document case-study exercises )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which tie well into the themes of each chapter. The overall approach to the English monarchy is via an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assessment of the increasing power of the monarch and the growing checks upon him/her through the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emergence of an English bureaucracy - with the ultimate end of the process being the primacy of the council. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book is therefore a gauge, too, of the extent to which the controversies so sharply represented in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(former works are finding their way into the school and college class room - and the answer seems to be only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in a relatively limited way. The preoccupation with borders and interactions so evident, even in their denial, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the other books is certainly not present here. Where there is consideration of the 'provinces' it is very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much in terms of a transitional account of their incorporation. McGurk's style is to approach complex and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(controversial issues by posing them as questions; but his partial answer on the question of the centralisation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is of imposed central authority from the English heartlands, if one more or less effectively resisted.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The stark contrasts offered by these highly accessible text books indicate clearly the excitement of current )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarship on the sixteenth century - and the potential for its further development. No longer can we be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(happy with a purely Anglocentric approach \(or indeed one focussed entirely on either Scotland, Wales or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ireland\): we must look at the way we set bounds to our enquiry and provide it with reference points, and be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prepared to do so in perhaps unexpected ways.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.693 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 42.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(H-Net Reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 1169 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 795.075 m 240.992 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 243.992 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([5])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 791.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 773.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 773.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/353)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 772.569 m 322.316 772.569 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 747.592 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 733.192 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1940)] TJ ET BT 34.016 718.792 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1941)] TJ ET BT 34.016 704.392 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1942)] TJ ET BT 34.016 689.992 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1944)] TJ ET BT 34.016 675.592 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([5] http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=3168)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 795.3895 240.9917 807.2695 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=3168) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 772.8835 322.3157 784.7635 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/353) >> endobj xref 0 26 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000561 00000 n 0000000643 00000 n 0000003672 00000 n 0000003781 00000 n 0000003891 00000 n 0000004000 00000 n 0000007561 00000 n 0000007689 00000 n 0000007773 00000 n 0000007838 00000 n 0000013038 00000 n 0000013103 00000 n 0000020555 00000 n 0000020620 00000 n 0000027781 00000 n 0000027872 00000 n 0000029094 00000 n 0000029221 00000 n 0000029321 00000 n 0000029449 00000 n trailer << /Size 26 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 29544 %%EOF