%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141021140003+01'00') /ModDate (D:20141021140003+01'00') /Title (Parliaments, Nations and Identities in Britain and Ireland, 1660-1850) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4238 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Parliaments, Nations and Identities in Britain and Ireland, 1660-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(1850)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This collection of essays arises out of the 2001 Neale lecture at University College, London by Joanna Innes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the colloquium that followed it. Although the Neale lecture is in British history, this book is very much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a work of parliamentary history, catholic enough to extend its deliberations to consideration of the activity of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the parliaments of Scotland and Ireland that voted themselves out of existence in 1707 and 1800. The book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focuses on what parliaments did. Julian Hoppit points out in his introduction that the History of Parliament )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Trust volumes for the period 1660-1820 are now complete, with work in progress for 1820-32 and a further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(set projected on the House of Lords from 1660-1832.\(p. 3\) We now know who was in Parliament and why )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they were there during this period. This book is very much built on the work Hoppit has done to complement )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and extend the achievements of the History of Parliament, first in his publication of )] TJ ET BT 437.636 152.147 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Failed Legislation, 1660-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1800: Extracted from the Commons and Lords Journals)] TJ ET BT 303.008 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London; Hambledon, 1997\) \(with an introduction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(co-authored with Joanna Innes\); and also in the compilation of databases of acts of the Westminster, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edinburgh and Dublin parliaments to 1830, which provide much of the source material for Innes's lecture.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hoppit has taken recent work by Colin Kidd to heart, in accepting the problematic aspects of British identity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the eighteenth century, although he restates his own interest in the 'highly active common parliament' \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3\) that had emerged by the end of the eighteenth century with responsibility for Britain, Ireland and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(359)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 1 October, 2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Julian Hoppit)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(719062462X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(37.50)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(237pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alexander Murdoch)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7401 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British empire beyond. How far did Parliament become 'a site of national deliberation'?\(p.10\) Hoppit points )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out that 'parliament was concerned not with identities but with interests', and this implies that within the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period covered by this collection Parliament could be said to be the site of special pleading, as were the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scots and Irish parliaments while they still existed. Investing their existence and actions with national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significance for the period before 1832 is a problematic exercise, whether in reference to Dublin, Edinburgh, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or especially Westminster. Hoppit is right when he points out that 'there is nothing inherently superior about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a British and Irish perspective over, say, English, European, Atlantic or imperial questions. Given )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appropriate questions all are valid.'\(p. 11, n.9\) Perhaps this is a particularly salutary observation after the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent boom in re-examining British identity in the light of Welsh and Scottish devolution at the end of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(twentieth century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hoppit sees the collection he has edited as taking 'state formation as its starting point', but it has the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legislature rather than the executive or judiciary at its centre. Joanna Innes's text of her lecture is at the centre )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the book \(entitled 'Legislating for three kingdoms: how the Westminster Parliament legislated for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England, Scotland and Ireland, 1707-1830'\), with Julian Hoppit's contribution \('The landed interest and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(national interest, 1660-1800'\) close behind it. Much of what concerns her in her essay is the impact of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scottish and Irish union on what had become a self-styled imperial Parliament by 1801. It is interesting that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lindsay Paterson's book, )] TJ ET BT 156.836 556.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Autonomy of Modern Scotland)] TJ ET BT 324.824 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1994\), appears as )] TJ ET BT 120.656 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Anatomy of Modern Scotland)] TJ ET BT 282.644 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( when cited \(p. 41 note 4\). This almost suggests that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(autonomy could not be part of the anatomy of Scottish public life! Yet Innes also makes the important point, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as does Hoppit, that much parliamentary business was local, including local Scottish and Irish legislation, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theme followed up in an interesting contribution by Rosemary Sweet \('Local identities and a national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parliament, c. 1688-1835'\). Perhaps as one might expect, more integral legislative activity occurred after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1801, although Innes has some fascinating points to make about the contrasting experience and use of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Westminster Parliament by the Scots and the Irish.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of course, the Scottish and Irish unions occurred at very different points in the history of the Westminster )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parliament. Legislation relating to Scotland after the union of 1707 fell to almost negligible levels at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Westminster after the heyday of the last Scottish Parliaments elected in 1689 and 1703, but Innes points out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that 'the output of general legislation concerned with English domestic matters was declining too.'\(p. 23\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Why? It could have been the effect of the war, or as Innes suggests, it could have been the rise of greater )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(levels of 'management' of Parliament by the government. Yet she also acknowledges that, as the union had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been secured to neutralise the capacity for independent action by the Scottish Parliament, rather than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stimulated by a desire for intervention in Scotland itself by the English government, there was no impetus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for parliamentary legislation affecting Scotland from England.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Moreover, as an excellent essay in the volume by Bob Harris \('The Scots, the Westminster Parliament and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the British state in the eighteenth century'\) further demonstrates, the Scots did not see Parliament at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Westminster as the forum through which they could take action on what were perceived to be national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(issues. There were other institutions within Scotland that provided that opportunity, such as the Court of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Session, the Faculty of Advocates, and the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. In this respect it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting to note Julian Hoppit's observation in his essay on the landed interest that Scotland provided the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(best case for identifying such an interest in the British Isles.\(p.95\) The idea of a powerful landed minority )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wielding great power over the rest of Scotland through monopoly of native Scottish institutions would have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an explosive impact on the politics of the country by the time Westminster agreed to union with the Irish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parliament in 1801.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Despite the legislation passed in the aftermath of each of the substantial Jacobite rebellions in Scotland in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the first half of the eighteenth century, government at Westminster left Scotland to the attention of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people above in Scottish public life, its native elites who only turned to Westminster for highly specific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legislation such as that which consolidated the Scottish banking system in 1765. The Scots banks were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(institutions that developed after parliamentary union with Westminster, and with the exception of legislation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as that of 1765, it developed outwith the attention of the Westminster Parliament.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7457 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The experience of Ireland was somewhat different after the Union of 1801, although there was a fall in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legislation compared with the activity of the Irish Parliament in its last eighteen years, following the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Declaratory Act of 1782. Union with Ireland had been prompted more by fear that the political elite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(represented in the Irish Parliament would lose control of Ireland, rather than by fear of independent action by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that parliament; although of course if the Irish rebellion of 1798 had succeeded, independent political action )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on a scale not seen since 1689 would have been just what the British government would have faced.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nevertheless, as Innes notes \(p. 29\), Irish institutions were already similar to those of England, given the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial nature of English involvement in Ireland; the union had stipulated the merger of the episcopalian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Church of Ireland with the Church of England, whereas church and religion had deliberately been left out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entirely from the parliamentary union with Scotland. One of the ')] TJ ET BT 348.800 644.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(objects)] TJ ET BT 382.796 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of union', Innes states, was 'the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assimilation of English and Irish laws', whereas she quite tellingly points out that 'few Scottish MPs, then or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(since, have taken this view'. \(p. 29\) Did any Irish MPs after 1801? Apparently they did. In contrast to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scotland, Innes finds that there was increasing Irish pressure for Westminster to legislate for Ireland, much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of it driven by pressure to create some kind of Irish Poor Law legislation, in an environment of rapidly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increasing rural poverty in the decades before the famine. Just as the Bengal famine could be said to mark )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the inevitable end of British rule in India, so the Irish famine, if it did not immediately cause the break-up of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the United Kingdom, was the catastrophe that demonstrated the futility of the pious hope that union with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain would solve the demographic problems of Ireland.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The famine did bring the land issue to the centre of parliamentary politics relating to Ireland, and it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fascinating to note Hoppit's discussion \(pp.91-93\) of the very different national parliamentary approaches to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the idea of publicly registering land ownership. In England it never happened, and although Hoppit cites )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worries about the logistics of the exercise by contemporaries, his reference to Evelyn's doubts that a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parliament dominated by lawyers would ever favour a measure which would simplify a major part of their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(business, and thus affect their income, carries much conviction. Yet on a highly regional or local basis, five )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(registries were established in England: for Bedford Level in 1663, the West Riding in 1704, the East Riding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1708, Middlesex in 1709 and, finally, the North Riding in 1736.\(p. 91\) Why such a strong establishment )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Yorkshire? Hoppit suggests that interest in Parliament prevented the establishment of something that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would make land more secure than other forms of property. In contrast, the Registry of Sasines is at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centre of the Scottish documentary tradition. Was it a monument to the extent of the anarchy caused by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Charles I's attempt to call title to land into question in Scotland, before his reign spiralled into chaos and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scottish landed class collectively was overcome by utter defeat and humiliation?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In Ireland the land registry became the instrument of Protestant land monopoly, 'explicitly stated in its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(foundation', as Hoppit puts it, to secure the transfer of land ownership into Protestant hands after it was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(established in 1708. Was this a concession to the Irish Protestant interest following their disappointment in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their failure to emulate Scotland and secure parliamentary union under Queen Anne? David Hayton's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(splendid essay on the Irish Parliament to 1740 \('Patriots and legislators: Irishmen and their Parliaments, c. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1689 - c. 1740'\) argues that Irishmen secured more by retaining their parliament than the Scots did by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incorporating union; but he also argues that the inadequacies of the Irish parliamentary system's subservient )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(operation in relation to Poynings' Law and the 1720 Declaratory Act of the Westminster Parliament crippled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it, just when more legislation was needed to support Irish economic development. Peter Jupp's essay )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\('Government, Parliament and politics in Ireland, 1801-1841'\) neatly complements Hayton's by considering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the impact of union on Irish government and politics from 1801 to 1841, and finds that an expanding 'public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sphere' fostered some sense of civic identity with the actions of the Westminster Parliament. On the other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hand, issues such as Catholic emancipation emphasised to many Irishmen how different Ireland was from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the rest of the United Kingdom represented at Westminster.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The remaining essays in the volume provide valuable additional perspectives on the issues that Hoppit and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Innes have tried to raise in this book. G. M. Ditchfield writes on 'Church, Parliament and national identity, c. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1770 - c. 1830' and points out in conclusion, that the increasing diversity of denominational loyalties )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(amongst Members of Parliament led not to a more tolerant pluralism, but to increased conflict over )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 6883 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(education in particular as an issue. Enlightenment confidence gave way to religious divisiveness and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culminated in Catholic emancipation, conceded through fear of renewed revolution in Ireland rather than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(achieved by consensus. Yet from a Scottish perspective, at least, Thomas Chalmers of the Church of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scotland argued for Catholic emancipation on the basis that it would strengthen institutional christianity, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it came under increasing threat from the economic and social dislocation caused by early industrialisation. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(From at least one perspective then, rural Ireland had some degree of stability to offer industrialising Britain.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joshua Civin, in his chapter 'Slaves, sati and sugar: constructing imperial identity through Liverpool petition )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(struggles', examines Liverpool petitions to Parliament - some 825 of them - between 1775 and 1835. In 1829-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(31, 'Liverpool submitted twenty anti-sati petitions compared to fifteen against slavery' \(p. 192\), which Civin )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analyses in terms of commercial rivalry between West and East Indian mercantile interests in the city, with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(each seeking the moral high ground. Equally they could be read as evidence of how the debate over Catholic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emancipation and the reform of Parliament extended to the morality of empire in a city which originally was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(created by it. If Catholic emancipation did not concern the civic class of Liverpool as much as )] TJ ET BT 488.600 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sati)] TJ ET BT 505.940 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slavery in 1829-31, it would have a major impact on the demographic development of the city in the future.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Armitage and Miles Taylor bring a welcome breadth of perspective to the collection. Armitage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\('Parliament and international law in the eighteenth century'\) begins by citing Taylor as well as Catherine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hall, to the effect that 'domestic settings alone cannot explain the course of parliamentary history'.\(p. 169\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yet he also points out that while Parliament could be presented as absolute in domestic affairs, in foreign )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(affairs 'its authority depended on the prerogative of the crown'.\(p. 172\) He endeavours to trace engagement )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with international law in Parliament 'in a century of imperial rivalry, global war and republican revolution' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 182\), noting that the suppression of the slave-trade 'of course' was 'the most spectacular evidence of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parliament's desire to enforce norms of international law - by treating slave-traders as enemies of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humankind'.\(p. 181\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Miles Taylor contributes an essay on 'Colonial representation at Westminster, c.1800-65', appropriately )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beginning with the creation of what he terms 'the new "imperial parliament" of Great Britain and Ireland' in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1801, yet concluding that 'within thirty years of its formation, the imperial parliament had become a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resolutely English affair'.\(p. 206\) He points out that informal representation of colonial interests was not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(really replaced after 1832, although he claims that such representation was more than 'an incidental footnote' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the life of the reformed Parliament. Ironically, after 1832 the House of Lords became more receptive than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Commons in considering petitions relating to colonial affairs. 'The explanation', Taylor speculates, might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be 'that the House of Commons was now deemed to be a predominantly insular Chamber: penny-pinching, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anti-imperial and lacking MPs with colonial expertise.'\(p. 215\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is a rich and coherent collection of essays which opens up a variety of new perspectives on a history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parliament that still has much to tell us. If the House of Commons had become insular after 1832, this book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(embodies metropolitan scholarship in dialogue with the world beyond itself, both in parliamentary and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British history. It represents a welcome willingness to engage with the important advances in our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding of early modern British history over the past two decades, and to build upon that scholarship )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in new and challenging ways.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Nota Bene: )] TJ ET BT 94.004 194.741 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer's note \(January 2004\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I have been asked to point out clearly that the databases of acts of the Westminster, Edinburgh and Dublin )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.114 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parliaments to 1800 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compiled by Professor Hoppit that form the basis of much of what is discussed in )] TJ ET BT 427.652 139.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Parliaments, Nations and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Identities)] TJ ET BT 78.680 125.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was extended to 1830 for Westminster by a research project carried out by Andrew Hann and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joanna Innes funded by the British Academy and Oxford University, and that there was also additional work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(carried out on the geographical classification of the Westminster database to 1800. All this work taken )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together is a valuable addition ot the work of the History of Parliament project.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 713 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 777.487 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 759.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 759.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/359)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 758.313 m 322.316 758.313 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 733.336 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 718.936 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2024)] TJ ET BT 34.016 704.536 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 758.6275 322.3157 770.5075 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/359) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000579 00000 n 0000000661 00000 n 0000004951 00000 n 0000005060 00000 n 0000005170 00000 n 0000005279 00000 n 0000008840 00000 n 0000008968 00000 n 0000009052 00000 n 0000009117 00000 n 0000016571 00000 n 0000016636 00000 n 0000024146 00000 n 0000024211 00000 n 0000031147 00000 n 0000031231 00000 n 0000031996 00000 n 0000032124 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 32219 %%EOF