%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 26 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R 51 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141022135110+01'00') /ModDate (D:20141022135110+01'00') /Title (Drink and British Politics since 1830: a Study in Policy-Making) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R 21 0 R 24 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4990 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Drink and British Politics since 1830: a Study in Policy-Making)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alcohol is one aspect of twentieth-century British popular culture that has received comparatively little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attention. While other specific items of consumption - cars, music halls, the cinema, seaside holidays, and so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on - have received sustained scholarly treatment in one or more monographs each, the central role of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public house in everyday life has not been reflected in the historical literature. Undoubtedly, aspects of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(twentieth-century drinking have received some attention. Gourvish and Wilson have provided a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comprehensive study of the brewing industry.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 253.988 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 253.988 214.905 m 267.980 214.905 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 267.980 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Burnett has placed beers, wines and spirits alongside a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(range of other liquid refreshments over a much longer time-scale.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 348.608 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 348.608 200.649 m 362.600 200.649 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 362.600 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Barr, too, has covered the century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within a much longer historical framework in his social history of drink.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 380.648 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 380.648 186.393 m 394.640 186.393 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 394.640 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( And specific aspects of alcohol, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as the relationship between addiction and social policy, have more recently been explored in great )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(depth.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 63.680 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 63.680 157.881 m 77.672 157.881 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 77.672 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( But twentieth-century drink in all its historical manifestations - its regulation, distribution, social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(role, cultural significance, medical effects - has not been the subject of a specific work.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The reasons for such an omission might be explained by two shadows which loom over the subject )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the period \(notwithstanding the long-awaited study of drink by David Gutzke in Manchester University )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Press' 'Studies in Popular Culture' series\). Firstly, there is the scholarship on the period prior to the First )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(World War, led by the magisterial account of 'the temperance question' by Harrison, but backed up by other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies of the prohibition movement and the politics of drink, as well as more cultural accounts of, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(363)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 1 October, 2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Greenaway)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(333917820X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(50.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(283pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matthew Hilton)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 253.9877 215.2195 267.9797 227.0995 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 348.6077 200.9635 362.5997 212.8435 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 380.6477 186.7075 394.6397 198.5875 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 23 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 63.6797 158.1955 77.6717 170.0755 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 29 0 R 32 0 R 35 0 R ] /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 8229 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instance, the image of the bar maid.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 205.316 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 205.316 795.075 m 219.308 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 219.308 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It is as though the quality of this research has put off scholars from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attempting similar comprehensive analyses of the twentieth century. Secondly, though, there is the presence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a quite exceptional primary resource. Mass-Observation's )] TJ ET BT 326.108 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Pub and the People)] TJ ET BT 441.428 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is so thorough in its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examination of drinking habits in Bolton in 1937 that it might be better to re-print the volume rather than to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commission any new history.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 174.680 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 174.680 738.051 m 188.672 738.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 188.672 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Mass-Observation's anthropological investigations recorded what was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drunk, who drank, who got drunk, who served it, how long it took to drink, what was said during drinking, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who spat, who smoked, who sang, who came at weekends, who came at lunch, who came at last orders and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who did not drink.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( So impressive a record is the Mass-Observation material of drinking habits that scholars who have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(used it as a source in studies of alcohol have tended simply to summarise it, rather than incorporate it within )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their own analytical framework.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 187.976 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 187.976 640.515 m 201.968 640.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 201.968 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Perhaps, therefore, it is a sensible decision on John Greenaway's part to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(take a very different approach in his study of )] TJ ET BT 252.296 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Drink and British Politics since 1830)] TJ ET BT 431.300 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. For Greenaway's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach is explicitly 'high' political. His concerns are with how politicians - in Parliament, in Cabinet, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(official committees, in Whitehall and in contact with pressure groups - have dealt with, and understood, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('problem' of drink. His concerns are those of the political scientist, rather than those explored by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians of the 'minor vices' and he explains at the start that, although interesting topics, he will not deal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the culture of drinking, the inner workings of pressure groups, questions of social control or the impact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of moral panics. Instead, his questions relate to why issues come on and off the agenda, what determines the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discourses surrounding a subject, the relationship with more general political ideologies, the influence of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bureaucratic structures and the role of individual politicians. There is, then, something of a missed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opportunity to relate the high politics of regulating the drink problem with the social historian's interest in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broader cultural attitudes and practices: although the sheer volume of material Greenaway draws upon is one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explanation for the limits he places on his narrative scope. But as the aim of his book is to link high politics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to 'the role of ideas or general intellectual paradigms in policy-making' \(p. 6\), his focus is at least suggestive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the benefits of relating the questions of the political scientist to established historical concerns.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( His method is to adopt a chronological structure, narrating some familiar issues of licensing reform, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(temperance politics, government regulation and the influence of the drink trade, before using his case study )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in a final chapter to assess a number of theories of the policy-making process. His focus is skewed towards )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the period leading up to the establishment of Britain's long-standing, well-known and \(to visitors from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abroad\) eccentric licensing regulations of 1921 and his account almost comes to a complete halt in 1970, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(determined as it is by the availability of sources at the Public Record Office. But one could ask for little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more on the asserted focus of his book - the high politics of drink reform - and Greenaway is to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(congratulated first of all for his authoritative account of the intricacies of policy formation over a reasonably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(substantial historical period.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He begins by setting out what he identifies as six groups which shaped approaches to the drink problem in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early Victorian Britain: the moral suasionists; those who believed intemperance was a product of a faulty )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social order; those advocates of the 'traditional' system of regulation which stretched back to 1552; the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proponents of laissez-faire and the freeing of licensing from the magistrates; the prohibitionists of the United )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kingdom Alliance; and the progressive temperance reformers who explored a variety of means to restrict )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drinking. MPs shied away from taking up the issue in Parliament before 1870 but, thereafter, Greenaway )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues, drink became a party political issue and he details the background to legislative measures such as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1872 Licensing Act and the 1878 Habitual Drunkards Act.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The onset of the twentieth century was marked by a turn to seeing drink as much as a social issue for society )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to deal with as a whole than as a moral issue for the individual conscience. Tackling drink in the national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interest became a matter of some urgency, though reformers remained divided over the solution, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(witnessed in an 1896 Royal Commission and in the work of Joseph Rowntree and Arthur Sherwell, who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(promoted the idea of 'disinterested management': that is, the removal of profit from the drinks trade through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some degree of state control of distribution, a policy which to prohibitionists seemed a devilish compromise. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The drink problem became most prominent in 1908 when the Licensing Bill attempted to reduce the number )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of licences by one third, a measure which resulted in riots in Hyde Park and the brewing trade organising )] TJ ET endstream endobj 28 0 obj [26 0 R /Fit] endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 205.3157 795.3895 219.3077 807.2695 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 31 0 obj [26 0 R /Fit] endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 174.6797 738.3655 188.6717 750.2455 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 34 0 obj [26 0 R /Fit] endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 187.9757 640.8295 201.9677 652.7095 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 38 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Length 7216 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(130 special trains to London on 27 September to carry their protestors.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The First World War helped reposition drink as an aspect of national efficiency instead of temperance, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(though politicians such as Lloyd George were not averse to drawing on an older rhetoric to whip up support )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for his plans to create a more sober and productive workforce. The wartime measures, which severely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(limited the opening hours of pubs and which were administered by the Central Control Board, set the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(precedent for the post-war settlement of 1921 that put in place the licensing regulations with which we are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(still largely familiar.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thereafter, the temperance movement was no longer a powerful pressure group and the drink 'problem' was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eased through the rise of alternative leisure pursuits. Drink was therefore pushed to the political margins in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the interwar period, a Royal Commission on licensing report of 1931 being almost entirely ignored, while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brewers favoured the expansion of improved pubs more suitable to a leisured suburban population. No )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political attention was given to drink in the Second World War and subsequently it has become attached to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(range of other issues. Here, Greenaway provides three case studies: on plans for licensing reforms in New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Towns;, on the rise of medical knowledge about alcoholism; and on the drink-driving campaigns of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1960s, culminating in Barbara Castle's introduction of the breathalyser in 1966. A brief chapter on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developments since 1970 attempts to mention everything \(for example, drink and public health, safer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drinking promoters such as Alcohol Concern, the appearance of alcopops in the 1990s\) but ends up being a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(list of areas which Greenaway would presumably liked to have explored, had the official records been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(available to him.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Greenaway does not seek to offer an overarching thesis on the nature of the drink problem over the last two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centuries. Instead his focus is always on 'complexity'. 'Drink' was 'redefined again and again' and policy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(formed a 'complex story'.\(p. 6\) While some might think this ought to be the starting point for a research )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agenda rather than a conclusion, Greenaway is persistent in his belief that drink policy does not fit any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(existing models. In a final chapter, he skilfully outlines an impressive range of theories of the changing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nature of the political system, carefully crossing off each and every one of them, since all fail to capture all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aspects of the history of drink. Ultimately, he argues, 'any model is a simplification into which the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complexity of the real world of policy making rarely fits'.\(p. 211\) For example, drink does not fit a model of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the rise of party politics since there were many divisions within all three parties over the nature of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problem \(or, indeed, if drink was a problem at all\). Likewise, he points to the inapplicability of models )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emphasising the self-generating growth of government through the bureaucratic machine, the development )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a corporatist state after the First World War, the transition from a community to a class-based politics or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the notion that high politics was autonomous from wider developments.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On the one hand, Greenaway's focus on the specific and the complex promotes a healthy scepticism but on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the other, it is difficult to understand what one is left with. If one rejects overarching interpretations, then it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is difficult to discriminate between the importance of various explanatory factors. Certainly, this is the case )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in all of the book's narrative chapters. All potential explanations are given and all relevant details are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mentioned. This leads to a rather dense writing style on Greenaway's part and a certain lack of clarity as to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his structure and argument. In his defence, this only points to the complexity of the position which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Greenaway has himself emphasised; but it is infuriating to be constantly informed that the means to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understand drink are so specific that one cannot make broader generalisations about political attitudes to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(psychoactive substances, consumption, working-class culture, and so on. And if change over time is only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ever to be understood through a multitude of factors, the historical account can become a mere narrative of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(events \(regardless of whether the case study fits existing models familiar to the political scientist\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To be sure, Greenaway does commit himself to a methodology which stresses the interplay between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(institutional politics and the ideological frameworks within which they operate, although even here it is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specificity of the case which interests him: 'the result was that Drink tended to generate its own ideological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(schools'.\(p. 5\) But even then, one can differ on just how broadly this ideological school has to be understood. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Politicians do not operate in a vacuum, as Greenaway would agree, but just how wide should we understand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the social, political, cultural, economic and intellectual space within which they operate to be? Greenaway )] TJ ET endstream endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 41 0 R 43 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R ] /Contents 40 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Length 8038 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(admits the influence of war, Europe, science and social and cultural changes such as the decline of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nonconformity and the greater participation of women in the leisure industry, but these are treated as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(externalities rather than intrinsic means to understanding changing high political beliefs and reform agendas.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(No-one can fault the depth of research conducted by Greenaway and the near-definitive account he has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provided of the discussion of drink within the official institutions of the state, but there is a wider )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(methodological point to be made here. The ideological context has to be understood as more than just the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explicit references to belief made by high political actors. Where, for instance, do such ideas come from? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is a social history of ideas to be written which clearly impacts upon political reform. And should )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(causal factors only be identified in the immediate debates prior to the implementation of a regulation or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(creation of a bureaucratic measure? There are other longer-term issues to explore, such as the changing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationship between the state and the individual, and how the former can intervene in the consumption )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decisions of the latter. How have notions of liberal governance influenced, or been adapted by, the 'problem' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of drink? And how have moral frameworks \(or ideological paradigms\) at their broadest influenced policy? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Greenaway points to the decline of nonconformity, but does this necessarily imply a more secular attitude to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drink? Or are there other dominant frameworks to point to in the story, such as how it is that the public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(health professional has replaced the temperance reformer as the foremost spokesperson on the drink problem )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within the institutions of government? These battles are part of a more diverse debate within civil society, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(admittedly an arena often overlooked or ignored by high politics, but equally often the origin for new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('discourses of drink' \(as Greenaway puts it\), which in turn shape the speech and reform patterns of politicians.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Even more broadly, to understand the politics of drink is to understand the social role it has played in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(everyday life. In the Mass-Observation study cited earlier, the anthropologists went on to describe how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(central an institution the pub was in working-class life. In the interwar period, the pub had adapted to take )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account of the competition from other sources of entertainment, such that pianos were played regularly, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while the pub itself became the centre for many sporting clubs from fishing to bowling, bookies, pigeon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fanciers and dog breeders. It served a variety of functions and remained an essential feature of popular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture despite the decrease in alcohol consumption and drunkenness that marked the national trend in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first half of the twentieth century. But to know this is not simply to be able to chart better the resistance to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any regulations or reforms instituted from on 'high'. It is to know a culture that influenced not only the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drinkers themselves, but the politicians who, despite social difference, were never entirely divorced from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('ideology' of drinking practices. In future works \(which will no doubt appear on twentieth-century drink\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there is no reason why high politics cannot be made to relate to the wider social world which it serves.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 34.016 257.379 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 226.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 226.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(T. R. Gourvish & R. G. Wilson, )] TJ ET BT 220.688 226.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The British Brewing Industry, 1830-1980)] TJ ET BT 419.024 226.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, research by Fiona Wood )] TJ ET BT 64.016 212.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 299.996 212.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 299.996 211.107 m 353.984 211.107 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 198.250 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 198.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. Burnett, )] TJ ET BT 116.684 198.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Liquid Pleasures: A Social History of Drinks in Modern Britain)] TJ ET BT 423.020 198.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London: Routledge, 1999\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 183.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 182.595 m 118.004 182.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 169.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 169.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A. Barr, )] TJ ET BT 106.004 169.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Drink: A Social History)] TJ ET BT 220.328 169.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London: Bantam, 1998\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 345.320 169.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 345.320 168.339 m 399.308 168.339 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 155.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 155.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(B. Thom, )] TJ ET BT 112.688 155.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dealing with Drink: Alcohol and Social Policy from Treatment to Prevention)] TJ ET BT 484.004 155.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London: Free )] TJ ET BT 64.016 141.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Association Books, 1999\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 191.348 141.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 191.348 139.827 m 245.336 139.827 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 126.970 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(B. Harrison, )] TJ ET BT 126.008 126.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Drink and the Victorians: The Temperance Question in England, 1815-1872)] TJ ET BT 493.316 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2nd edn, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 112.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Keele: Keele University Press, 1994\); N. Longmate, )] TJ ET BT 317.972 112.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Waterdrinkers: A History of Temperance)] TJ ET BT 64.016 98.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London: Hamish Hamilton, 1968\); A. E. Dingle, )] TJ ET BT 304.340 98.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Campaign for Prohibition in Victorian England)] TJ ET BT 64.016 84.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London: Croom Helm, 1980\); L. L. Shiman, )] TJ ET BT 284.348 84.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Crusade Against Drink in Victorian England)] TJ ET BT 64.016 69.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1988\); P. Bailey, )] TJ ET BT 275.348 69.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Popular Culture and Performance in the Victorian City)] TJ ET BT 64.016 55.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998\), Chapter 7.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 352.988 55.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 352.988 54.291 m 406.976 54.291 l S endstream endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 299.9957 211.4215 353.9837 223.3015 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 182.9095 118.0037 194.7895 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 46 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 345.3197 168.6535 399.3077 180.5335 ] >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 20 0 R >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 48 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 191.3477 140.1415 245.3357 152.0215 ] >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 23 0 R >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 50 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 352.9877 54.6055 406.9757 66.4855 ] >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 28 0 R >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 53 0 R 55 0 R 57 0 R 59 0 R 61 0 R ] /Contents 52 0 R >> endobj 52 0 obj << /Length 2429 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 796.474 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mass-Observation, )] TJ ET BT 158.000 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Pub and the People: A Worktown Study )] TJ ET BT 372.644 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1938\). Later editions have )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indeed been published, in 1970 and 1988. [Editor's note: for electronic details of the Worktown Mass-)] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Observation study, please see the University of Sussex Library Archives, where the Mass-Observation )] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Archives are deposited: )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 180.320 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.sussex.ac.uk/library/massobs/worktown_1937-40.html.)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 180.320 752.307 m 503.312 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 506.312 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 520.304 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 520.304 752.307 m 560.300 752.307 l S BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 738.051 m 78.008 738.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 725.194 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(V. Hey, )] TJ ET BT 104.672 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Patriarchy and Pub Culture )] TJ ET BT 242.672 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London: Tavistock, 1986\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 374.660 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 374.660 723.795 m 428.648 723.795 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 679.951 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 662.171 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 662.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/363)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 660.777 m 322.316 660.777 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 635.800 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 621.400 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2033)] TJ ET BT 34.016 607.000 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.sussex.ac.uk/library/massobs/worktown_1937-40.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 592.600 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 54 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 180.3197 752.6215 503.3117 764.5015 ] >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.sussex.ac.uk/library/massobs/worktown_1937-40.html) >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 56 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 520.3037 752.6215 560.2997 764.5015 ] >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 31 0 R >> endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 58 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 738.3655 78.0077 750.2455 ] >> endobj 58 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 31 0 R >> endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 60 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 374.6597 724.1095 428.6477 735.9895 ] >> endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 34 0 R >> endobj 61 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 62 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 661.0915 322.3157 672.9715 ] >> endobj 62 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/363) >> endobj xref 0 63 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000573 00000 n 0000000683 00000 n 0000005725 00000 n 0000005834 00000 n 0000005944 00000 n 0000006053 00000 n 0000009614 00000 n 0000009742 00000 n 0000009826 00000 n 0000009855 00000 n 0000009983 00000 n 0000010019 00000 n 0000010048 00000 n 0000010176 00000 n 0000010212 00000 n 0000010241 00000 n 0000010369 00000 n 0000010405 00000 n 0000010434 00000 n 0000010560 00000 n 0000010596 00000 n 0000010694 00000 n 0000018976 00000 n 0000019006 00000 n 0000019134 00000 n 0000019170 00000 n 0000019200 00000 n 0000019328 00000 n 0000019364 00000 n 0000019394 00000 n 0000019522 00000 n 0000019558 00000 n 0000019623 00000 n 0000026892 00000 n 0000027004 00000 n 0000035095 00000 n 0000035223 00000 n 0000035278 00000 n 0000035405 00000 n 0000035460 00000 n 0000035588 00000 n 0000035643 00000 n 0000035771 00000 n 0000035826 00000 n 0000035952 00000 n 0000036007 00000 n 0000036119 00000 n 0000038601 00000 n 0000038729 00000 n 0000038842 00000 n 0000038970 00000 n 0000039025 00000 n 0000039151 00000 n 0000039206 00000 n 0000039334 00000 n 0000039389 00000 n 0000039517 00000 n trailer << /Size 63 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 39612 %%EOF