%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140930113627+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140930113627+01'00') /Title (When Gossips Meet: Women, Family and Neighbourhood in Early Modern England) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3923 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(When Gossips Meet: Women, Family and Neighbourhood in Early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Modern England)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For a long time the historical study of early modern women seemed destined to be confined to the domestic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sphere. Almost axiomatically, 'women' have been treated as a subset of household, family, or marriage. And )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(yet even the most vigorous proponents of the 'separate spheres' model of women's history recognised its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(roots in eighteenth and nineteenth-century ideologies of domesticity. Renaissance advice writers, like those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of almost all periods, referred frequently to a model in which men's world was the outside, women's the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inside. But below the elites, the realities of everyday life must have refuted their ideals at every turn. And the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinction of 'public' and 'private' is one that, for early modern cultures, often barely seems to hold - if, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indeed, it does so anywhere.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is a mark of the flourishing of this field that Bernard Capp's new book ranges far beyond the walls of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(household. For Capp, women's worlds were not just those of family and home, but parish, neighbourhood, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and city. Commendably, too, he examines the domestic social relations that countered and undercut those of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(married couples: servants, mistresses and masters. His focus is those women below the elites, who left few )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(written records, and his aim is to explore the ways in which the vast, heterogenous system of early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(365)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 November, 2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bernard Capp)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(199255989X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(404pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199255986.do#.Ui3k08akpbU)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Laura Gowing)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7694 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(patriarchy was contested by its subjects. As Judith Bennett has pointed out, such an endeavour is central to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(feminist history: it has never been enough to trace the operation of patriarchal power, without examining )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how women - and men - negotiated their own place within it. Sensitive to the micropolitics of power )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relations within families and neighbourhoods, this is a story in which women are both agents and victims.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Following on from the work of feminist historians, in particular Sara Mendelson and Patricia Crawford's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(magisterial )] TJ ET BT 90.344 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women in Early Modern England)] TJ ET BT 255.992 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1550-1720 )] TJ ET BT 310.988 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998\), Capp )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(takes as a starting point the notion of 'women's culture'. In a series of chapters on marriage, the household, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neighbourhood, citizenship and recreation, he examines the networks within which plebeian women lived )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their lives. Gossip, friendship and conflict between women are central to this story. It is a welcome )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(counterbalance to a history of women that has focused, very often, on relations between women and men. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This aspect of the work, though, is also restricted by the focus on 'gossips'. A contemporary term for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(companions in childbirth, 'gossips' also swiftly became a derogatory term for women talking: the slippage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(begs important questions about the meaning of female friendship and conversation in contemporary culture. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gossip was an easy target for misogynistic criticism; the very title of this book comes from Samuel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rowland's pamphlet of 1602, )] TJ ET BT 177.836 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [('Tis Merrie When Gossips Meet)] TJ ET BT 329.720 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, one of a series fantasising about the meetings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of idle, spendthrift urban women. Their conversation turns out to fulfil men's worst fears and best dreams, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(being largely about their husbands. Gossiping was certainly an important concept for contemporaries; but for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians, it may be the notion of 'friends' that provides better grounds for inquiry into the realities of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women's relationships. Were they perceived as instrumental, in the same way elite men's relations seem to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been? How did kinship and friendship interact? How did marriage support or inhibit friendship? All )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these are hard questions to answer from the patchy records of plebeian women.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Equally central to this picture is the marital household. The word 'family' in Capp's title is commendably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(flexible: it is clear from the start that the ideal households of contemporary literature were undercut by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reality of many women living without men, or , living with them and working independently. A detailed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussion of servants explores the complexities of their role in these small units, rubbing up against newly-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made wives and interested husbands. What is absent from these families is parenthood, one of the hardest of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(plebeian experiences to recapture, and yet surely central to women's neighbourhood position. The initiation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into motherhood may well have divided women as much as age and marital status did.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Amongst the tales of women's disputes come accounts of the rituals that shamed and celebrated women's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexuality: women washing a neighbour's private parts with soap and water, or 'polling' another woman's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pubic hair. Most extraordinary is a newspaper report of 1655 in which a jealous wife confronts her husband's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alleged mistress, and asks her if she would rather have her nose, or her 'bearing part' cut off. With her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maidservant's help, the wife cuts out the offending part, and feeds it to her husband for dinner. If this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presents the spectre of deranged jealousy, it also reiterates a familiar pairing of noses and genitals, described )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather delicately here as having 'Freudian overtones'.\(p. 98\) It was a symbolic structure that provided a whole )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(range of ways of attacking and shaming women. Sexuality and the body are not one of this book's concerns, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but tales like these fill the book with rich evidence for anyone interested in the mentalities and cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practices of early modern England.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final two chapters cover a wider sphere: citizenship, recreation, and religion. Here, the rationales for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(categorisation are less clear; the final chapter \('Recreation, Religion, and Female Culture'\) ranges )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularly widely. A discussion of political roles and citizenship provides excellent examples of the public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(roles women played; when politics is redefined to include the local, the 'continuous negotiation over the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distribution and exercise of local power' identified by Keith Wrightson \(p. 266\) can be seen to involve )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women and poorer people, as well as middling-sort men. Thinking about reputation and gossip, Capp )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrates, helps expand our sense of what 'politics' and 'the public' means; along the same lines, useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence might come from seditious speech, where the issues at stake were national, religious and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treasonous rather than interpersonal. Like Mendelson and Crawford, Capp sees female petitioners, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(midwives, and juries of matrons as further evidence of women's public roles: many ordinary women, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggests convincingly, assumed that they had 'both rights and duties as citizens'.\(p. 319\). Like Mendelson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Crawford, whose discussion of female politics explores many of these issues, Capp's evidence makes a )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7419 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convincing case for a political history that expands what political meant to ordinary people.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Geographically, there is a wide range of material here: disputes in the streets and alehouses of London are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(set against village games of barley break and dancing around the maypole. The archival sources on which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book is based include both urban, London, material and rural sources, largely from the West Midlands. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The conjunction raises fascinating questions about the differences between urban and rural women's roles. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Over the years, a number of historians have tried to define the differences between regional patterns of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gender relations, distinguishing, for example, 'open' and 'closed' parishes, or 'uplands' and 'lowlands'; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps, with this further material, it will become possible to establish more clearly how custom, migration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and change worked together to vary family life and gender relations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Like many social historians of early modern England, Bernard Capp has found his best source in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(multiplying legal records of the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries: as well as the records of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church courts across England, he uses the court books of London's Bridewell. The stories these varied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(jurisdictions furnish are rich and fascinating, often contradictory and complex, and the product of multiple )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(voices. The questions of narrativity and mediation that have been highlighted by other historians \(Malcolm )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gaskill, Garthine Walker, and myself included\) take a back seat here, and the result is sometimes a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surprisingly homogenous picture of what people said and what it meant. Augmenting the legal archives is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the popular literature of the time, the home ground of Capp's earlier work. Sometimes, this makes for an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(awkward blend of the stories of ordinary women from the legal records with the largely misogynist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comments of contemporary male authors. The 'divisive and competitive aspects of the female world' are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrated through texts like William Crompton's wedding sermon of 1632, which describes how 'we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may observe women strive with their neighbours, who shall excel in decking and trimming their bodies, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adorning and setting forth their houses, following new fashions, and outstripping one another in excessive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(feasting'.\(quoted on pp. 371-2\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Examples like this point up a problem with some of Capp's sources, and his methodology. There is certainly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(no simple way of retrieving an authentic 'women's experience' from this period, or an identifiably female )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(voice. It is hard, too, to know how best to read the mass of contemporary drama and literature, which seems )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to say so much about gender relations, and does so, often, in such predictable ways. But it is surely worth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considering the degree to which Crompton's comments on women who strive with their neighbours are not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empirical observations, but stock pieces reiterated in numerous ballads, pamphlets and legislation of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time. That men wrote repeatedly about women's excessive consumption, gossip and fighting amongst )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves tells us much about early modern attitudes to women, but not necessarily a great deal about daily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(life on the street. There is much room for an interrogation of popular and misogynistic literature in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context. It would be interesting, for example, to examine how far contemporary stereotypes of female )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumption shaped neighbourhood conflicts, or whether the ways writers like Rowlands described women's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(speech were echoed in the accounts witnesses gave in court. But it is hard to treat these sources as simple )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence of what women did. Other sources, too, beg further scrutiny. The Suffolk minister Isaac Archer's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(note in his diary after his marriage, that 'I found my wife perfectly devoted to please me; and I bless God for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(giving me one with a meek and quiet spirit', might tell us more about his expectations than that 'Some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women were content to accept the subordinate role prescribed by society'.\(p. 72\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is an avowedly empirical work. Previous work in the field is noted, but not much discussed; there is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(little reflection on methodology or approach. Its arguments are already convincing ones. The central )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(premise, that women negotiated patriarchal culture, is a familiar one to all women's historians, as is the idea )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that they shaped their own lives in the context of male control and authority, and the point that to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(homogenise women's experiences risks idealising them, or seeing women only as victims. Without any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explicit feminist underpinning and no discussion of feminist historical work or theory, the basic ideas of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book are nevertheless indebted to some years of feminist scholarship, which have now become fundamental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the field: Judith Bennett's vision of patriarchy as dynamic and flexible, Denise Riley's argument that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('women' are rarely best seen as a coherent group. Perhaps this is good evidence of feminist historiography's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(successes: if it took feminist historians to imagine how to do women's history within the particular confines )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the early modern archive, it's now possible to write early modern women's history without feminism. )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 974 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Certainly, the rich material here will inspire others to develop approaches that will continue to take our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding of early modern women's lives further, and deeper.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 736.975 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 719.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 719.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/365)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 717.801 m 322.316 717.801 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 692.824 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 678.424 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2035)] TJ ET BT 34.016 664.024 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 718.1155 322.3157 729.9955 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/365) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000577 00000 n 0000000659 00000 n 0000004634 00000 n 0000004743 00000 n 0000004853 00000 n 0000004962 00000 n 0000008523 00000 n 0000008651 00000 n 0000008735 00000 n 0000008800 00000 n 0000016547 00000 n 0000016612 00000 n 0000024084 00000 n 0000024168 00000 n 0000025194 00000 n 0000025322 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 25417 %%EOF