%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818023059+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818023059+01'00') /Title (A History of Pakistan and its Origins) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4185 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(A History of Pakistan and its Origins)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Originally published in French in 2000 )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 224.012 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 224.012 257.673 m 238.004 257.673 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 238.004 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, this English translation of )] TJ ET BT 370.676 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A History of Pakistan and its Origins)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was prepared for the English reader and released following the events of September 11. 2001. Although )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Afghanistan was the focal point for the initial American reaction to the destruction of the World Trade )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Center in New York City and the ?bombing? of the Pentagon in Washington, Pakistan was instantly made a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(critical actor in the war on terrorism waged by the American administration. The editor and contributors to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this volume, supported by Anthem South Asian Studies and the University of Edinburgh, obviously believed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a translation of the earlier work, somewhat updated to connect the events and the immediate aftermath of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9/11, was in order: hence the book here under review. This reviewer has not read the original French edition )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and he cannot therefore know if the chapters of the English version mirror the former. It is clear, however, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the ?Epilogue? is a new rendering and aims at bridging the Pakistan story prior to and following )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(September 11.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Before discussing the contents of this history it is necessary to say something about its structure and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(editor?s effort at linking the work of nine individual authors. Single volume histories are generally the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(endeavour of a sole author. The twelve chapters of this volume, however, have been prepared by a ?research )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(372)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 31 December, 2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christophe Jaffrelot)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1843310309)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(24.95)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(352pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anthem Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.anthempress.com/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lawrence Ziring)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 224.0117 257.9875 238.0037 269.8675 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7541 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(team? primarily but not exclusively associated with the editor of the volume, who is also the director of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Centre d?Etudes et de Recherches Internationales and a researcher at the Centre National de la Recherche )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scientifique of France. Among the non-affiliated contributors are professors from the University Institute of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Higher International Studies in Geneva and Quaid-i-Azam University in Islamabad. A former French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambassador to Pakistan has also authored one of the chapters. Drawing together so large a team for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(production of a thin volume on the history of Pakistan is a substantial task, notably because the editor did not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intend to produce a book containing a series of individual articles, but rather an integrated and seamless )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presentation. The several authors are identified only by a page in the front matter of the book, which lists )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their relevant chapters. Not being privy to why this approach was chosen, it can only be said that the book is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uneven in its several parts. The reader will have to struggle with an awkwardness of language, or too much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compression of facts, as well as a tendency for different authors to trace historical data that should have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dispensed with in the first chapter. There also is a problem with the translation, especially in the first five )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapters, where more thorough editing would have caught errors of omission as well as commission.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A case in point is Jaffrelot?s contributions that represent Chapters 1 and 3, in addition to the conclusion and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(epilogue. Chapter one thematically is concerned with the interface between Islamic identity and ethnic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tensions. Context and analysis is ignored, in order to fit into this opening chapter all the descriptive material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the editor/author judges salient to introduce the reader to illuminate the centrality of the Pakistan experience. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The essential problem is organization of data and how to express it. Without the context for the events and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(issues raised, the initiate will have considerable difficulty in following the movement of the narrative. On the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other hand, the informed reader will find little if anything that is new and the cursory manner in which the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material is framed will do more to bewilder than edify. Just a glance at the opening page and first two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paragraphs in Chapter 1 ? mentioning in one breath Mohammad Ali Jinnah, Ayub Khan, Zulfikar Ali )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bhutto, Zia ul-Haq and Nawaz Sharif, and attributing specific roles to them in connection with Islamization )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? will confuse all but perhaps the author. The generalizations that define each of these personalities do little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to inform the reader and without context may well mislead the novice.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(East Bengal \(now Bangladesh\) becomes the subject of Chapter 2 and represents the work of France )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bhattacharya. But if this chapter was meant to reflect another aspect of the identity dilemma, its limited )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focus only allows for an examination of some critical events: that is, the Urdu-Bengali language controversy, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the failed provincial elections of 1954, and ultimately the aftermath of the 1970 election that led to the 1971 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(civil war and Indian intervention. Chapter 2 does not connect with the opening chapter, nor does it link with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jaffrelot?s Chapter 3, which is aimed at Pakistan?s failed quest for democracy. Having just read about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(formation of Bangladesh and its succession of leaders in the closing pages of Chapter 2, the reader is treated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(again to the formation of Pakistan and Jinnah?s role at the head of the Muslim League movement in Chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3. This drifting back and forth may not offend the knowledgeable reader but the uninformed will have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difficulty in following the story line. No less important, the first-time reader interested in Pakistan history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will be compelled to accept the one-line qualifiers that define the principal characters. In other words, there )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is little opportunity for the uninformed to question the author?s view of people and events. And it must be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assumed that this volume is primarily directed at readers with little, if any, knowledge of the Pakistan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part II of the book \(Chapters 4-6\) concerns Pakistan?s foreign policy. Chapter 4 is authored by Jean-Luc )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Racine and is an abstract account of Pakistan?s relations with the non-Muslim world, especially the United )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(States. Divided chronologically, it traces Pakistan?s membership in American-driven alliances, as well as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(country?s opening-up to China. In limited fashion it runs through Pakistan?s role in the cold war and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immediate aftermath, and ends up with its reaction to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(determination to become a nuclear power. Chapter 5 \(also by Racine\) centres on Pakistan?s policies toward )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(India and particularly the unfinished Kashmir problem. Again, there is a tendency to go back to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beginning, to repeat Jinnah?s role in founding the state and the pattern of suspicion and animus created by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(irreconcilable differences with New Delhi. Pakistan?s several wars with India and ultimately the Indian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intervention in Pakistan?s civil war in East Bengal that caused the dismemberment of the country are quickly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reviewed. All are significant events but the author is more concerned with description rather than analysis. )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 5058 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As with the preceding chapters, chapters four and five suffer from far too much compression. They leave the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reviewer to lament that the design of the book did not allow the individual authors to address directly the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more enlightened reader with a more in-depth discussion of such important subjects as Pakistan-United )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(States and Pakistan-India relations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final chapter in Part II, Chapter 6, entitled ?Islam and Foreign Policy? is precisely what the book needed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more of. This too-short chapter by Olivier Roy is well-written, well-organised, and balances description with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commentary that is informative and provocative. The information contained in this chapter provides the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important backdrop to Pakistan?s struggle with identity, and more so to the competing forces that push for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modernization on the one side and those pulling for the rebirth of traditionalism on the other. ?Islam in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Danger? was a major battle cry of the Muslim League in the formation of Pakistan. The continuing contest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with India, most notably after the loss of East Pakistan, combined with the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only added to the sustained credence among Muslims in that call. Moreover, the dominance of the Pakistan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(army in Pakistan?s political life led the military to pursue a strategy that, after its ?great debacle? in the 1971 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war, argued for a programme that elevated the Pakistani traditionalists over the modernists. The alchemy of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these events brought the Islamists into the active political life of the nation and set the scene for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emergence of the Taliban and its impact on Pakistan, as well as Afghanistan. These matters are however not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examined by Roy, but are left to Jaffrelot to confront in his epilogue to the book.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The remainder of the book is divided into Part III \(?The Economy and Social Structures?: Chapters 7-9\) and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part IV \(?A Plural Culture??: Chapters 10-12\). These are brief chapters focused on the land and the people, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sociological data, and the problems of economic development. Chapters 7 and 8 have been written by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gilbert Etienne of the University Institute of Higher International Studies at Geneva and are well-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constructed and sufficiently detailed introductions to the geography and demographics of Pakistan; in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opinion of this reviewer, Chapter 7 would have made a good introduction or first chapter in this history. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provides the reader with important reference points, although it would have been useful to include in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rendering the role of Sir Cyril Radcliffe, who was called upon by Lord Mountbatten to determine what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pakistan would actually look like following the British transfer of power. With at least this information in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hand, it would have given the reader some understanding of why Pakistan?s economic development )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(described in Chapter 8\) was so pitifully weak. Nevertheless, like Chapter 7, Chapter 8 contains some useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(information. Chapter 9, the work of Pierre LaFrance, a former French ambassador to Pakistan, is an erudite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(look at the role of caste and tribe in Pakistan. Somewhat an extension of the demographic review found in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter 7, it is difficult to understand why it did not follow that chapter; just as chapter 7 would make a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(better Chapter 1, so Chapter 9 should have been made Chapter 2. Given their placement toward the end of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book, the information they provide is a little belated and reveals the problem noted above in producing a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seamless story from so many individual efforts.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 25 0 R 27 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 5857 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part IV is the last section of the book before the editor?s conclusion and epilogue. Chapter 10, entitled ?The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Diversity of Islam? and written by Aminah Mohammad, is again an introduction to the world of Muslims, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notably those found within the subcontinent. In simple language effort is made to distinguish Sunni from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Shi?a and to describe as well the many differences within both Sunni and Shi?a orders, especially between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enlightened and modern Muslims and those more traditional in their bearing and practices. Once more, it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inexplicable why such fundamental information appears at the end of the book and not in the early pages. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Certainly, this chapter was not drafted with the scholar of Islam in mind. The material in this chapter ? as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with that in Chapter 11 by Marc Gaborieau ? belongs much earlier and should have been combined with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter 10 as a single presentation. Gaborieau endeavours to build upon Mohammad?s Islamic demography )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter by discussing the clash of views between Islamists and secularists and the strenuous effort at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defining Pakistani society and its essential ethos. Chapter 12, ?Languages and Education? drafted by Tariq )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rahman of Quaid-i-Azam University, is barely six pages in length and might well have been incorporated in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a combined chapter with the work of Mohammad and Gaborieau, eliminating duplicating material, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(placed among the opening chapters of the book. Unfortunately useful content and its applicability to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pakistan scene is lost by virtue of the book?s organisation. Indeed, by the time the reader reaches the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusion and epilogue the scattered nature of the detail has taken its toll.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Organisational problems also plague the unnumbered chapter described as a conclusion and the final more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elaborate statement that is presented under the heading ?Epilogue?. Why Jaffrelot, the author of both pieces, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(did not string them together is not explained. The conclusion, three pages long, is a parting word on ?a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(country in crisis?, whereas the epilogue is titled ?Musharraf and the Islamists: From Support to Opposition )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(After September 11?, clearly in response to that event, which took place roughly a year after the French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(edition was released. Nevertheless, the subject and focus of the epilogue most certainly comes under the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heading of ?a country in crisis?, not simply Musharraf in crisis. Certainly here there was opportunity to write )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an entirely new conclusion, to relate it to the chapters preceding it, and to make some effort at forecasting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the future. Unfortunately, the editor chose not to do this.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Considerable and diligent effort has gone into this publication of the English version/translation of )] TJ ET BT 509.984 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A History )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of Pakistan and its Origins)] TJ ET BT 163.364 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, but the book has substantial flaws that are more the responsibility of the editor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(and to some extent the translator\), rather than the scholars who have contributed to this volume. There is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much useful data in the book and along with a chronology of events from 1940 to 1999 and a glossary of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terms found at the end of the book, it is not without merit.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 312.147 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 281.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 281.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published as Histoire du Pakistan \(Paris: Fayard, 2000\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 332.336 281.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 332.336 280.131 m 386.324 280.131 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 255.269 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 241.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(H-Net Reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 226.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 225.363 m 240.992 225.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 243.992 226.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 222.031 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 204.251 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 204.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/372)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 202.857 m 322.316 202.857 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 177.880 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.480 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2125)] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.080 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=10290)] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 332.3357 280.4455 386.3237 292.3255 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 225.6775 240.9917 237.5575 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=10290) >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 203.1715 322.3157 215.0515 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/372) >> endobj xref 0 29 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000540 00000 n 0000000629 00000 n 0000004866 00000 n 0000004975 00000 n 0000005085 00000 n 0000005194 00000 n 0000008755 00000 n 0000008883 00000 n 0000008967 00000 n 0000008996 00000 n 0000009124 00000 n 0000009160 00000 n 0000009225 00000 n 0000016819 00000 n 0000016884 00000 n 0000021995 00000 n 0000022093 00000 n 0000028003 00000 n 0000028131 00000 n 0000028186 00000 n 0000028313 00000 n 0000028414 00000 n 0000028542 00000 n trailer << /Size 29 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 28637 %%EOF