%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140417154014+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140417154014+01'00') /Title (Unquiet Lives: Marriage and Marriage Breakdown in England, 1660?1800) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4253 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Unquiet Lives: Marriage and Marriage Breakdown in England, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(1660?1800)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historians of early modern marriage have made much use of court records in uncovering the matrimonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difficulties of our ancestors. Yet the exceptional, and sometimes sensational, nature of the cases brought to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(court, especially causes for separation brought to the ecclesiastical courts, begs the question of how far such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(materials provide a reliable insight into the meanings of matrimony or are typical experiences of marriage. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Criticising Lawrence Stone's case studies of conjugal disharmony based on matrimonial litigation in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Court of Arches, Uncertain Unions: Marriage in England 1660?1753 \(Oxford, 1992\) and Broken Lives: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Separation and Divorce in England, 1660?1857 \(Oxford, 1993\), Susan Amussen suggested that such records )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('in no way represent people's expectations of behaviour in early modern society'.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 420.416 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 420.416 165.009 m 434.408 165.009 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 434.408 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( But in a new survey of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marriage and marriage breakdown in the long eighteenth century, Joanne Bailey presents a subtle and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compelling method for re-evaluating court records and other materials as a means of uncovering 'the nature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of married life itself'. \(p. 7\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Using matrimonial and correction suits from the Durham, York and Oxford consistory courts, together with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a variety of Quarter Sessions records and notices placed in newspapers by husbands refusing credit to their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eloped wives, Bailey argues that we need to differentiate between the primary allegations of adultery, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cruelty, and desertion upon which court cases were predicated, and a variety of 'secondary complaints' that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(374)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 1 February, 2004)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joanne Bailey)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(521810582X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(40.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(256pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Turner)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 420.4157 165.3235 434.4077 177.2035 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7386 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were made in the process of bringing matrimonial difficulties to light. Although the church courts took a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather limited view of marital problems, allowing separation suits to be pursued only on the grounds of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adultery or cruelty \(or a combination of the two\), the statements of plaintiffs and defendants in these and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other cases often made reference to various other sources of tension, such as disputes over household )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(management, husbands' failure to provide for their wives or children, and wives' conveying away goods )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the family home. It is the contention of this book that by analysing these secondary complaints )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alongside primary allegations of desertion, infidelity or marital violence we can learn much about men's and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women's expectations of marriage and their understanding of household order and marital roles, in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(process revealing concerns about affection and respect, the treatment of children and attitudes towards )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(property ownership, consumption and material contributions to the household economy.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bailey contends that historical approaches to marriage in this period tend take opposing 'optimistic' or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('pessimistic' perspectives. While pessimists tend to see spouses' experiences as oppositional and occupying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(separate spheres, more optimistic accounts view that marriage was in fact more mutual and complementary. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, this book offers a more integrated model of married life, incorporating both a more subtle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appreciation of women's roles within marriage and the choices they made, and drawing inspiration from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent reappraisals of early modern masculinity that focus on the contingency of male power and authority. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By examining a broader range of court materials related to marital problems than are normally used in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies of marriage, including prosecutions of deserted husbands under Poor Law and Vagrancy statutes, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(use of recognizances to bind over violent husbands, and newspaper advertisements, Bailey is able to offer a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wider, and more socially diverse, study of marital breakdown than previous analyses of the topic. The result )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is an important and insightful study of marriage in late seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century Britain.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Following an introductory analysis of how marital problems were resolved in this period, Bailey proceeds to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examine in detail the multiple ways in which disputes about resources and property threatened to disrupt )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(matrimonial harmony. Economic stability was a common goal of marriage. Married couples' ambition, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues Bailey, was to manage their households and economies efficiently ? crucial in an economy based on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obligation where individual and household credit and creditworthiness were of the essence. It is evident that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women evaluated their husbands by their ability to manage finances responsibly, and many complained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about their spouses' failure to provide them with common necessities such as food, drink and apparel ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complaints that gathered more force by mentioning the deprivation suffered by their children. Yet while such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complaints have been seen by some historians of eighteenth-century marriage as evidence of a gender )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(division within the household that categorised men as providers and women as consumers, Bailey shows that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in practice provision and consumption were more complex and varied. When the language of women's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complaints is scrutinised more closely, it becomes apparent that women saw their husbands' role as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributing to the household economy, rather than being sole providers. Women's work and other economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributions were important to the success of the household economy. As such, women were able to set up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their own credit networks and establish a wider range of economic contacts than the law of agency, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was supposed to permit wives only to purchase basic necessities in their own right, allowed. Rather than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(refusing to sell goods to married women, retailers seem to have used their own judgement when selling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(goods on credit to wives.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Secondary complaints made in matrimonial disputes also shed light on husbands and wives' understandings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of property ownership. Husbands' frequent complaints that their wives had removed property from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(household may be viewed as evidence of the economic interdependency of spouses, since men complained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that such loss of property cost them dearly. Marriage was one of the key means of transferring goods in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early modern period, and occasionally husbands imprisoned their wives in their own homes in order to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compel them, or their families, to release more property. Men such as these demanded their right to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ownership of their wives' goods on marriage, yet the records of property disputes also show that sometimes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinctions were made between husbands' and wives' possessions. Such evidence reveals much about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emotional attachment to goods and suggests that in spite of the legal restrictions on their possession of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(goods, married women retained a strong sense of personal property ownership.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Studying the household as an economic unit has implications for our understanding of power relations )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7486 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within marriage. The balance of power within marriage was most at stake in cases of domestic violence. Of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 600 incidents of domestic violence examined by Bailey, the vast majority \(92 per cent\) were carried out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by men. Complaints of women's violence against men were not unknown, and up to the middle of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eighteenth century were occasionally cited as causes of the disruption of households. Yet during the second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(half of the eighteenth century men found it less viable to claim that they had suffered at the hands of abusive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wives. This, argues Bailey, had much to do with changing understandings of gender, which portrayed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women as being by nature the more passive sex and men as aggressors. As a corollary, understandings of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(male domestic violence underwent change over the course of this period. While men's violence had long )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been categorised as 'barbarous' or inhumane, these accusations took on new meanings owing to developing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concepts of sensibility. At the same time, the range of behaviour categorised as 'cruel' also seems to have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(widened as the eighteenth century wore on, reflecting the notion that men needed to be subjected to greater )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(control in order to prevent violence.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cultural shifts also affected perceptions of marital infidelity. Although the number of cases examined is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fairly small, Bailey finds evidence in her sources to support notions of increasing sympathy for cuckolded )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(husbands and a greater tendency to view adulterous wives as victims of male seducers, identified in studies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of cultural representations of adultery. More original is her analysis of the factors underpinning wifely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adultery, which examines women's infidelity outside the framework of the sexual double standard. Women's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adultery, she argues, was viewed more as a matter of degree than the rigid terms of the double standard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might imply. The harshest penalty faced by adulteresses was not necessarily damage to their reputation, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which was founded on a wider range of attributes than chastity alone, or socio-economic ruin ? serious as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such things might be ? but denial of access to her children. In over a quarter of cases, adultery took place )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(after a couple had separated, while childlessness might have made affairs more viable for women. One of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strengths of this book is its awareness of how married life, and decisions affecting it, were influenced by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parenting. Still more needs to be known about how far the presence of children impacted on infidelity. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, were men's decisions about whether or not to have an affair influenced by a sense of their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responsibility as fathers? Early eighteenth-century commentators sometimes saw fatherhood as something )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that ought to strengthen a man's ties of affection towards his wife, making his adultery more culpable.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 522.776 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 522.776 412.419 m 536.768 412.419 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Further analysis of this theme via the analysis of court records and other sources would be beneficial.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book ends with an analysis of the little studied topic of life after the breakdown of marriage. Using court )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cases in which absent husbands were prosecuted for refusing to contribute to family maintenance, Bailey )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examines the experience of desertion. It is this material that is most suggestive of differing attitudes and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experiences of matrimony according to class. Towards the lower reaches of the social scale, married life was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much more transient and it is possible that men's sense of responsibility towards the upkeep of their wives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and children may have been different among the poor compared to the middling ranks. Such questions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deserve greater study in their own right and Bailey's work opens up interesting directions for future research.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is a carefully researched book that enriches our understanding of marriage in the long eighteenth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century. Much valuable data is provided in the statistical tables given in the book's thirty appendices that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complement usefully the qualitative analysis in the main body of the book. Although the data in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appendices is not arranged in such a way that allows comparison between different jurisdictions or types of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(source material, the figures provide an interesting contrast with the data produced on marital breakdown in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lawrence Stone's Road to Divorce: England 1530?1987 \(Oxford, 1990\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is primarily a social and economic history of marriage, although the book does attempt to trace cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(changes and analyse the language of complaints. At times, this analysis might have been taken further. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instance, on page 30, Bailey lists a variety of contemporary phrases for marital difficulties with relatively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(little comment. A more thorough study of the changing vocabulary of marital problems, supported by a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broader range of sources, might shed further light on changing sensibilities in this period.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The categorisation of historical perspectives on marriage as either optimistic or pessimistic provides a useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(means of condensing historiographical debate. Nevertheless there are some aspects of the historiography of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eighteenth-century marriage that receive relatively little attention in this book and might have been )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 522.7757 412.7335 536.7677 424.6135 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 3568 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developed further. More might have been said, for instance, about the supposed 'privatisation' of marriage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the family over the period 1660?1800. Some historians have argued that marriage disputes were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increasingly seen as private concerns, acted out behind closed doors, thanks to a weakening of the political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analogy between the family and the state and increasing concepts of 'privacy' and 'domesticity' among the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(middling sort and elite. While this trend may be difficult to measure, some of Bailey's evidence seems to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggest that we need to be careful about making generalisations about such a 'privatisation' of marriage in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this period. Newspaper advertisements placed by husbands refusing credit to their eloped wives, provide )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence of the enduring 'publicity' of marriage disputes in the eighteenth century. The implications of these, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(potentially humiliating, announcements on perceptions of cuckoldry and male honour and reputation might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(repay further study.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is evidently more to be written on eighteenth-century marriage. Joanne Bailey's Unquiet Lives bears )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(witness to the healthy state of research in this area and provides much for future students of the subject to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engage with.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 578.499 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 547.882 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Susan Dwyer Amussen, 'Approaching a new English social history, 1500?1850', Historical Journal, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(38:3 \(1995\), 679?85, on p. 680.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 215.672 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 215.672 532.227 m 269.660 532.227 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 519.370 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On this see David M. Turner, Fashioning Adultery: Gender, Sex and Civility in England 1660?1740 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, 2002\), p. 59.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 188.336 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 188.336 503.715 m 242.324 503.715 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 478.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dr Bailey would like to thank Dr Turner for his review, and is pleased to accept it without further comment.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 452.597 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 438.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 433.615 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 415.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 415.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/374)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 414.441 m 322.316 414.441 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 389.464 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.064 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2129)] TJ ET BT 34.016 360.664 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 215.6717 532.5415 269.6597 544.4215 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 188.3357 504.0295 242.3237 515.9095 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 414.7555 322.3157 426.6355 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/374) >> endobj xref 0 32 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000571 00000 n 0000000660 00000 n 0000004965 00000 n 0000005074 00000 n 0000005184 00000 n 0000005293 00000 n 0000008854 00000 n 0000008982 00000 n 0000009066 00000 n 0000009095 00000 n 0000009223 00000 n 0000009259 00000 n 0000009324 00000 n 0000016763 00000 n 0000016847 00000 n 0000024386 00000 n 0000024416 00000 n 0000024544 00000 n 0000024580 00000 n 0000024678 00000 n 0000028299 00000 n 0000028427 00000 n 0000028482 00000 n 0000028610 00000 n 0000028665 00000 n 0000028793 00000 n trailer << /Size 32 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 28888 %%EOF