%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150727001650+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150727001650+01'00') /Title (The Empire of the Raj) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 2807 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Empire of the Raj)] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In a memorandum for the Committee of Imperial Defence dated 10 July 1920 Harold Nicolson, whose )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(384)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 1 March, 2004)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Blyth)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(199243298X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(45.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(270pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.palgrave.com/products/title.aspx?is=0333914759)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sneh Mahajan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.067 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(415260108X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.555 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2001)] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.043 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(70.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 185.531 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 171.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(264pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 157.019 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Routledge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 128.507 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 114.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.995 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Keith Wilson)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 6700 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family connection with these matters dated back to the time when his father Lord Carnock entered the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Foreign Office, namely 1870, wrote:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 743.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For the last century the policy of His Majesty?s Government has been inductive, intuitive and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quite deliberately opportunistic, but through it all has run the dominant impulse of the defence )] TJ ET BT 64.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of India.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 714.051 m 118.664 714.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 677.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mahajan does not make use of this Nicolson memorandum, but the above quotation from it would have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 662.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made an apt motto, or legend, for her book. Something equally suitable could have come from the work of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 648.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Joll, who is quoted, on p. 6, as saying: ?It was imperial questions and especially those arising out of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 634.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the possession of India and of the need to control the route to the East which conditioned British Foreign )] TJ ET BT 34.016 620.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Policy.?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is fitting that James Joll should be cited in the introductory chapter, as the theme of his inaugural lecture, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 579.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?The Unspoken Assumptions?, is addressed at the beginning of Mahajan?s work. Her charge is that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 565.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(majority of historians of British foreign policy of the Victorian and Edwardian eras have not looked beyond )] TJ ET BT 34.016 551.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their immediate remit in such a way as to realise that the problem of the protection and preservation of India )] TJ ET BT 34.016 536.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was the fundamental determinant of British policy. Even those such as Rose Greaves, John Grenville, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 522.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Joll, who did appreciate this, so compartmentalised their studies that what should always have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 508.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regarded as ?the bottom line? or ?the big issue? ? namely the defence of India and of all possible approaches )] TJ ET BT 34.016 494.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the sub-continent ? has not been kept continuously before the eyes of their readers. Even issues to do with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 479.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the balance of power in Europe, maintains Mahajan, represented only ?the top layer of reality?.\(p.12\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 453.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(In this connection, palpable hits are scored against the following: R. Millman \(p. 49\); R. Robinson and J. A. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 439.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gallagher \(p. 67\); K. Bourne \(p. 42\); H. G. C. Matthew \(p. 71\), C. J. Lowe \(p. 94\), G. Martel \(p.122 and p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 425.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(223, n. 96\), G. N. Sanderson \(p.226, n. 103\), J. A. S. Grenville \(pp. 137-8\), G. Monger \(pp.142, 166-7, 231, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 410.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(n.1\), M. E. Chamberlain \(pp.142, 201\), P.M. Kennedy \(p.231, n. 1\), P. Addy \(pp.152-3\), A. Lamb \(pp.152-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 396.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3\), P. J. Marshall \(p. 201\), Z. Steiner \(pp.167, 169-70, 193\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mahajan?s case, built up on both primary and secondary sources, is overwhelming, The ?assumptions? of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those responsible for British policy are shown to be far from ?unspoken?, and hers is the very opposite of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 341.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argument from silence. The reader is left in no doubt that, when the centrality of the Indian factor in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 327.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(determining Britain?s diplomatic and strategic priorities is taken note of,)] TJ ET BT 64.016 289.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it becomes easier not only to place Britain?s relations with other European states in their proper )] TJ ET BT 64.016 275.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspective but also to understand how Britain?s imperial designs came to be tacked on to the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 260.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Near East, the Middle East, Africa and South-East Asia. \(p. 197\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 222.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As a work of both synthesis and scholarship, Mahajan?s book is an impressive achievement. It fills a very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important gap in the literature. It revives a neglected perspective, despite the re-printing in 1966 of H. L. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hoskins? )] TJ ET BT 81.680 194.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Routes to India)] TJ ET BT 190.688 194.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London: Cass\), first published in 1928. It shows that Edward Ingram is not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 179.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alone in carrying the banner of the appropriateness of viewing these matters as put in his most recent title, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 165.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The British Empire as a World Power)] TJ ET BT 216.020 165.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London: Frank Cass, 2001\). Mahajan?s work, indeed, might be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(described as a dotting of the ?i? s and crossing of the ?t? s of the article published by Ingram in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 136.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Militargeschichtliche Mitteilungen)] TJ ET BT 201.008 136.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 204.008 136.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 204.008 135.603 m 218.000 135.603 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 218.000 136.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It is remarkable how ?observers?, such as Ingram, Glen St. J. Barclay, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 122.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and in this case Mahajan, see more of the game, or how great the game really is.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 96.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The publishers have not thus far served the author as well as a work of this significance deserves. They were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in no hurry to send it out for review and have not taken every possible care to produce an error-free text. See, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 67.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for instance, ?Cecil Rhode?s British South Africa Company? at mid-page 97, or ?Again, Only?? on p. 200 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 53.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(line 12. However inadvertently amusing, ?walk wearily? \(p.143, n. 147\) should be corrected to ?walk )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 714.3655 118.6637 726.2455 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 204.0077 135.9175 217.9997 147.7975 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 5751 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(warily?, and ?raised the sceptre? on last line of p.160 to ?raised the spectre?. Other necessary adjustments )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may be more the responsibility of the writer: Palmerston was not Prime Minister at the time of the second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mehemet Ali crisis \(p. 28\); Alexandretta is nowhere near ?the entrance to the Dardanelles? \(p. 47\) although )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(admittedly closer than Alexandria; and the second Anglo-Japanese Alliance was concluded not in March )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1905 \(p.159\), but in August of that year. There is a serious misattribution on p.161, where the impression is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(given that in January 1906 a ?sub-committee of strategists? was appointed to consider the question of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British stance should Germany attack France. However, the ?report? cited in this context is actually a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(memorandum written by Admiral Fisher in April 1905; there was no appointment of any such body in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(January 1906, nor was Delcass then functioning as the French Foreign Minister.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The above items are pointed out because in my opinion there should be an immediate second edition of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work, this time also issued in paperback and so priced as to make the volume accessible to the large )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readership that it deserves. As things stand, a huge opportunity is being missed. Mahajan?s work, getting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(right as it does ?the big picture?, and displacing in the process works which have been genuinely short-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sighted, Eurocentric, and downright parochial, should be widely promoted and appreciated ? all the more so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a second volume, taking up the place of India in British imperialism and ?foreign? policy from 1914, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(no doubt taking Harold Nicolson in its stride, is planned.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mahajan?s presentation of the view of India from Whitehall is well complemented by Blyth?s presentation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the view from India \(whether Calcutta, Delhi, or, to a lesser extent, Bombay\) of what the governments )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there regarded as the sphere of interest and influence of the Raj itself. Blyth moves from the modest claim in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the introductory chapter, that a number of lacunae in the existing historiography will be filled in \(p. 10\), to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the hope that the concept of ?the empire of the Raj? will provide a useful framework for future research.\(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(203\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The focus is primarily on East Africa and Aden, Zanzibar and Somaliland \(Chapters 3, 4, 5, 7\) with an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(excursion, courtesy of the Great War, into Mesopotamia \(Chapter 6\). Despite a chapter on ?Persia and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Persian Gulf 1850-1914? and a postscript on ?India and the Persian Gulf 1928-48?, there is less ? and less )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(successful ? coverage of the interests of the Government of India in the Gulf and in particular in Persia. No )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mention is made, for instance, of the attitude of the authorities in India to the revival of the Trans-Persian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Railway project, against which Curzon inveighed in the House of Lords, or the possibility of a branch from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Baghdad Railway into Persia proper. Nor is it easy to square the statement that ?By 1914, British India?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(position in Persia ? was infinitely stronger than at any point in the nineteenth century? \(p. 37\) with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concern of the Foreign Office in London, in 1914, at what it regarded as a virtual take-over by Russia of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(northern Persia and the consequent necessity for a revision of the Anglo-Russian Convention of 1907.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Unavoidably, there is a great deal of administrative history, described by Blyth as ?perhaps the least )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fashionable branch of imperial history?.\(p. 10\) Unfashionable it might be, but in this context it is absolutely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essential to the bringing out of the multiplicity of agencies and responsibilities involved. One could, indeed, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have done with a little more of this branch of imperial history, especially with regards to the innermost )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(workings of the Viceroy?s Council, and also to changes in the Indian constitution from 1917 onwards. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contradictory, and often self-contradictory, decisions and positions of successive Viceroys might then have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been a little easier to follow and to understand.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 4099 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What emerges best is the impact on the stances adopted by the Government in the first half of the twentieth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century, of considerations to do with popular opinion within the sub-continent. What also emerges well are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the pressures exerted by the communities of Indians outwith the sub-continent, whether in East Africa or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aden. Also brought into sharp relief is the almost chronic disposition of all Viceroys, right up until 1947, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attempt to act as if in some respects the Government of India was an independent Great Power, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(untrammelled by and not subject to the metropole, and inclined to continue to play off the various Whitehall )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(departments involved ? Foreign Office, India Office, Colonial Office, Treasury ? one against another, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increasingly desperate and anachronistic attempts to ?stay on?. That ?the empire of the Raj? lasted as long as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it did, of course, as Blyth makes clear, has much to do with the already existing rivalries within Whitehall )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which were there to be taken advantage of throughout.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although Blyth?s book is part of the Cambridge Imperial and Post Colonial Studies Series, production )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(values are not as high as one is accustomed \(still\) to expect from Cambridge University Press itself. On )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(p.119 the intervention of the Indian Government has become the ?invention? of the Indian Government ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possibly a Freudian slip; on pp.140-41 the de Bunsen committee quickly becomes, and remains, the ?de )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Busen committee?; and with the first footnote to chapter 8 the author himself becomes a victim in respect of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the dates covered by a previously published article.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 523.731 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 493.114 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 493.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The National Archives, CAB 4/7, Paper 251B.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 287.660 493.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 287.660 491.715 m 341.648 491.715 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 478.858 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 478.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edward Ingram, ?A strategic dilemma: the defence of India 1874-1914?, )] TJ ET BT 415.928 478.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Militargeschichtliche )] TJ ET BT 64.016 464.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mitteilungen)] TJ ET BT 125.348 464.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 16 \(1974\), 215-24.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 221.336 464.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 221.336 463.203 m 275.324 463.203 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 438.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dr Blyth is pleased to accept this review without further comment.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 412.085 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 397.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 393.103 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 375.323 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 375.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/384)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 373.929 m 322.316 373.929 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 348.952 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 334.552 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2149)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.152 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2147)] TJ ET BT 34.016 305.752 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 287.6597 492.0295 341.6477 503.9095 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 221.3357 463.5175 275.3237 475.3975 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 374.2435 322.3157 386.1235 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/384) >> endobj xref 0 32 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000524 00000 n 0000000606 00000 n 0000003465 00000 n 0000003574 00000 n 0000003684 00000 n 0000003793 00000 n 0000007354 00000 n 0000007482 00000 n 0000007566 00000 n 0000007657 00000 n 0000014410 00000 n 0000014440 00000 n 0000014568 00000 n 0000014604 00000 n 0000014634 00000 n 0000014762 00000 n 0000014798 00000 n 0000014863 00000 n 0000020667 00000 n 0000020765 00000 n 0000024917 00000 n 0000025045 00000 n 0000025100 00000 n 0000025228 00000 n 0000025283 00000 n 0000025411 00000 n trailer << /Size 32 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 25506 %%EOF