%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R 23 0 R 29 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818062913+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818062913+01'00') /Title (The Remembrances of Elizabeth Freke, 1671?1714) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4364 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Remembrances of Elizabeth Freke, 1671?1714)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth Freke has the distinction among my autobiographical acquaintance of being the memoirist I would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(least like to meet. This is not because she was toothless, lame, blind and probably bald and, as she said in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1711, 'a diseased criple with a rhumatisme and tisick confined to a chair for this eighteen months past' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p.158\). It is because she wields her resentment like an iron ball swung round her head ready to let fly. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Earlier extracts of the memoir which have appeared in anthologies and the partial edition of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Remembrances)] TJ ET BT 107.324 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( published in 1913 )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 199.328 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 199.328 214.905 m 213.320 214.905 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 213.320 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, clearly exhibited some of the most critical of all early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comments on marriage. But they did not begin to do justice to the full bitterness of the original.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These are not remembrances in the sense of reminiscences. They are not a record of family or piety or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maternal devotion, as many early modern women's memoirs might be categorised. They are explicitly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('remembrances of my misfortuns ... since I were marryed'. The bitterness is directed primarily, but by no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(means exclusively, at her husband and son, and with good reason. Her sister, her cousin \(who is her financial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agent\), her tenants, and the Bishop of Norwich also mistreat her to varying degrees. All of these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationships are described in terms of property ? in relation to gifts \(the cash value of which is always )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recorded\), ingratitude or theft.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Her early years appear halcyon, although her mother died when she was seven years old, leaving Elizabeth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the eldest of four surviving daughters. Her father, Ralph, a London lawyer with an estate in Kent and later )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(393)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 November, 2003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Raymond Anselment)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(521808081X)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2002)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(50.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(361pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Amy Erickson)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 199.3277 215.2195 213.3197 227.0995 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 6643 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wiltshire, helped by Elizabeth's maternal aunt, seems to have fully supplied the lack.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It all started to go wrong when she married her second cousin, Percy Freke, at the age of 30. Her relatively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(late age of marriage may suggest that her unfortunate temper was not merely a facet of later life. On the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other hand, she was clearly very attached to her father and may reasonably have preferred to stay with him )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than to accept inferior offers of marriage. The )] TJ ET BT 256.940 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Remembrances)] TJ ET BT 330.248 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( provide no indication of either why she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accepted Percy, or why they married secretly in Covent Garden in 1672. The obvious supposition, since )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Percy was without means and had recently left the Middle Temple without being called to the bar, is that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth married for love. If this were the case her )] TJ ET BT 283.604 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Remembrances)] TJ ET BT 356.912 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( would have been an excellent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opportunity to excoriate the follies of love. But there is no mention of the circumstances of courting, and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(single mention of love in reference to the couple's early years in London: 'Where I miscaried twice and had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very little of my husbands company, which was no small grife to me, I being only governed by my )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(affecttions in this my marrying' \(p. 39\). In 1673 they are married again with her father present, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Westminster, again without explanation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The remainder of the )] TJ ET BT 137.984 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Remembrances)] TJ ET BT 211.292 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( consists principally in the wrongs done to Elizabeth Freke. These must )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be summarised at some length to transmit the extraordinary flavour of the memoir. After the second wedding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ralph Freke settles on his daughter a portion of an Epping Forest mortgage of 500 a year. Within a few )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(months Percy sells it \(for 5700\) without the knowledge of the trustees. Elizabeth writes 'This was nott kind, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for now I were by itt turned outt of doors, and had not a place to putt my unfortunate head in; and all my )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fortune, being in money in a bankers hand, was in danger to be spentt by us or lost by him' \(pp.38?9\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The following year \(1674\) Elizabeth and Percy resolve to try their fortunes in Ireland, where his father's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(estate is. However, she finds herself \(just\) pregnant, so returns to her father's Wiltshire house in October. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(March one of her surviving three sisters dies; in April her niece dies; in June her son is born after a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(harrowing five days of labour, with four midwives in attendance, and he is not expected to live. He is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(christened Ralph after her father, and he does survive, the first of several miraculous recoveries detailed in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the )] TJ ET BT 51.680 418.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Remembrances)] TJ ET BT 124.988 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(When the boy is three months old, Elizabeth and Percy go forth to Ireland, leaving him with her father at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nurse. In Ireland Elizabeth miscarries again, and is generally maltreated by her mother-in-law. The following )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(April, they return to her father's for the boy, who was again not expected to live, but does. Ralph, clearly still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concerned for Elizabeth's security, transfers a mortgage on Leeds Castle. However, the Frekes' attempt to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gain possession is unsuccessful and Percy secretly sells the rights to Leeds Castle, 'tho he had promised my )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deer father to settle itt as itt was on mee and mine ? for which considerattion my father gave my husband up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a bond he owed him of eight hundred pounds \(800)] TJ ET BT 276.320 306.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(l)] TJ ET BT 279.656 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) as he did another nott long before of 760)] TJ ET BT 481.952 306.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(l)] TJ ET BT 485.288 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(' \(pp. 46?7\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally in 1676 Ralph negotiates the purchase of the Norfolk manor of West Bilney, south-east of King's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lynn, on mortgage, and loans Percy the money to buy it for settlement on Elizabeth. Bilney is nearly 2700 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acres \(six tenements besides the manor farm\), with a yearly rent of 413, and encumbered by Lady )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richardson's dower of 133 5)] TJ ET BT 177.488 249.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(s)] TJ ET BT 182.156 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. The couple return to Ireland and Ralph loans Percy another 1000 to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(purchase Rathbarry in County Cork in 1680.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In May 1682 Elizabeth returns to her father; the following February, Percy comes to fetch her to Ireland )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(again:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 156.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Butt on the ill usage I had there suffered from them, I positively refused ever more goeing with )] TJ ET BT 64.016 142.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(him ... Besides his last parting wish att Kingsaile \(which was\) ; and this stuck deep in my stomack \(p. 49\).)] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 6046 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, July finds her heading back to Ireland, leaving her son at school in Wiltshire. Much to Elizabeth's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distress, Ralph dies in April 1684, aged 88. His estate of 1000 per annum in land and several thousand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pounds personal estate is entailed, and goes to his youngest brother's grandson.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Later that year, Percy and Elizabeth are in London, but she is 'with my cosin Clayton, wher I lay aboutt ten )] TJ ET BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(weeks and never had his company att diner with me ten tims. Which I canott forgett; itt was soes griveous to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(me' \(p. 52\). In September Percy returns to Ireland, leaving Elizabeth with 15 and their son. She goes to her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sister in Kent until June 1685, 'I resolveing to try for a subsistance in Norfolk affter nine month stay with my )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deer sister Austin. ' \(p. 53\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 632.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Young Ralph falls ill of the smallpox first, so they do not actually arrive in Lynn until September 1685. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 617.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(December Percy finds her in Lynn and tries to make her join in the sale of Bilney, but 'God gave me the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 603.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(courage to keep whatt I had rather than part with itt and be kept by the charity of my friends or trust to his or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any ones kindness. Soe in greatt anger Mr Frek leftt me alone againe and wentt for Ireland, wher he staid )] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from me allmost two years' \(p. 55\). In February 1686 she came to take possession of one of the houses in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(West Bilney:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 522.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(When I came I had neither a bed to lye on, chair to sett on, table to eat on, or dish, or spoon, or )] TJ ET BT 64.016 508.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bread to eate. Butt by Gods goodness to me I quickly gott all and my little house very well )] TJ ET BT 64.016 494.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(furnished, wher I lived by my selfe eight years in my thacht house, eight yeaers with ease and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 479.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comfortt, tho every day threatned by the neighbours thatt iff I thought to nest myself att Billny I )] TJ ET BT 64.016 465.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should wash my dishes my self and milk my cows too. Butt when I gott footing, I soon )] TJ ET BT 64.016 451.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidenced my right to itt and as fast as I could removed those thatt thretned to turne me outt of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 437.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(doores \(p. 55\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 398.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Percy returns, and stays 'three months and five days to gett whatt mony he could from mee, which he did att )] TJ ET BT 34.016 384.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(least five hundred pounds. With which and some more' he bought 46 a year in the neighbouring parish of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pentney, and left again. He's back in 1688, when Rathbarry is burned to the ground and he is outlawed by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James II. In 1691, his property is restored, and he's clearly also had a reconciliation with Elizabeth \(although )] TJ ET BT 34.016 341.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she never says so\), since she goes back with him to Ireland the following year. Percy becomes MP for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 327.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rathbarry and High Sherriff of County Cork. In retrospect Elizabeth describes this period as a 'miserable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(life', 'sick the whole time'. But in 1693 she must have been planning to stay: Percy and Ralph go to Bilney to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bring all the furnishings back to Rathbarry. But in May 1696 Elizabeth leaves again for England ? without )] TJ ET BT 34.016 284.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explanation, and without Ralph, who is now 20. Four months later she arrives at Bilney, again to bare walls, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 270.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('the tennants run away with my rentt and every thing in a disorder' \(p. 66\). Finally at Christmas 1697 Lady )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ann Richardson dies, and Elizabeth takes possession of the manor farm: 'I having bin marryed above six and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(twenty years and have had noe place to rest my wearyed carkas in butt troubling my frinds.' \(p. 70\) She was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 227.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(56.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 201.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The following year Percy and Ralph come to see about matches in London. On the 10 August 1698,)] TJ ET BT 64.016 163.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mr Frek and my son Frek left mee all alone att West Bilney with two maids and a man and a )] TJ ET BT 64.016 148.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hundred pounds a year in my hand and nott one peny to stock itt, he having before he left me )] TJ ET BT 64.016 134.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(took from mee my thousand pounds given me by my deer father and putt itt in his own name in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 120.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the East Indy Company in order to remove itt for Ireland, which he did in Agust 18, 1702, with )] TJ ET BT 64.016 106.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the intrest. This I thought very hard usage, butt tis true \(p. 71\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 67.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In 1699 Ralph married without her consent or knowledge. If this upset her she doesn't say. From 1700, Percy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 53.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is mostly at Bilney, clearly a sick man. Elizabeth herself, now over 60, fell down the great stairs in 1704 'and )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 7362 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were taken up allmost dead', kept to her chamber several months, 'knock'd out eight or nine of my best teeth, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(viz., all butt three in the upper sid of my mouth' \(p. 88\). Later that year Ralph visits for the first time with his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wife and two sons, staying for six months at his parents' cost with no thanks, and denying Elizabeth's request )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to keep the boy John. When they leave for London, John dies after a pistol accident: 'I lost my child to show )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their undutifullness and cruellty to me, which God forgive them.'\(p. 82\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Percy suffers months of fever, gout, asthma and dropsy, and Elizabeth nurses him faithfully until he dies in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(June 1706: 'att the fattall houre of my life and his death, I had nott one to help me in the house butt were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frightned outt of my life, his soe suden leaveing of me and I nott able to hold him.' \(p. 86\) She gives him a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(splendid burial and monument in the church at Bilney \(at a total cost of nearly 800\). Having complained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about him for over 30 years, she writes in the parish register that he 'left wretched me his unhappy widdow )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(... ever to lament him' \(p. 87, n.144\), and proceeds to bemoan his loss as bitterly. Elizabeth spends a month )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in London dealing with Percy's will, which left her an Irish estate for life, valued at 850, plus 1200 in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arrears ? which she never enjoyed, due to the failure of her cousin John Freke to collect, and of her son to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pay.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In early 1708 she starts to itemise gifts to her sisters, clearly proud that she is in a position to do so, having )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accepted so much from them in the past. In 1709 the tenants start to run off, leaving arrears \(they are, of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(course, the ones that Percy took on\), cousin John having failed to inform her that she had to rewrite the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leases after Percy's death; her sister Austen refuses to let Elizabeth have any one of her children for company )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at Bilney; the servants steal from her because she cannot move out of her chamber. And then the Bishop of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Norwich disputes her right to appoint the minister at Bilney. This produces copious correspondence, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transcribed in the )] TJ ET BT 120.332 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Remembrances)] TJ ET BT 193.640 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, over the lack of glebe land in Bilney, and the fact that, since she pays the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minister's stipend, she has a right to her peculier. All of these preoccupations take up her last five years, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together with her misfortune 'to loose the best of husbands and [be] blest with the undutifullest of sons' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p.157\). Elizabeth died in April 1714 and is buried in Westminster Abbey, memorialised with her sister )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Judith Austen by her sister Frances Norton in 1718.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Despite perpetually complaining of her husband's and son's taking money from her, she continues to give it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to them. When her father in 1682 saw her 'looking a little malloncolly on some past reflecttions, he fancied it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wass my wantt of mony; and ... went up into his closett and brought me downe presently in two baggs two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hundred pounds, which 200)] TJ ET BT 167.336 361.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(l)] TJ ET BT 170.672 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( hee charged me to keep privatt from my husbands knowledge and buy needles )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and pins with it. ... and which the very next post I informed Mr Frek of, who presently found a use for itt' \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(49\). In January 1684 'My deer father sentt mee into Ireland a hundred pounds for a New Years guiftt, itt )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(being my unhappy birth day, and ordered mee thatt iff Mr Frek medled with itt itt should be lost or he to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(answer itt with the Irish intrest to my son. But Mr Frek took itt from me' \(p. 50\). In all, Percy wrested over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3500 cash from Elizabeth, which he used to buy forfeited Irish land \(p.13\). Yet in June 1700, hearing Percy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was near death at Bath, she goes 'soe fast as I could ... above two hundred milles in fowre days. Where tho I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(found him very ill, yett I humbly thank my good God hee was well enough to chid mee, tho nott seen me in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neer three years before. This, tho itt was nott kind, I expected itt' \(pp. 73?4\). Three years later she pays off )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Percy's debts with their cousin John Freke.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Similarly with her son: in December 1702 she releases her thirds in Rathbarry to Ralph, and five years later )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she gives him 500 a year 'and three or fowre years arrears of my Irish estate to pay his debts thatt none )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(myght be a looser by hime butt wretched Eliz Frek' \(p. 94\). In 1704 she buys her grandson an estate for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1500. In 1713, although Ralph has been behaving unbearably rudely and ungratefully in her house for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(months, she buys him a baronetcy at a cost of more than 500.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(All her empire building came to nought: her grandson sold Bilney in 1750 and the baronetcy became extinct )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1764, when it failed in the male line. The estate passed through the female line to the Carberys, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first editor of the )] TJ ET BT 118.004 94.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Remembrances)] TJ ET BT 191.312 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was a woman who married into the Carbery family.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are two versions of these remembrances, one begun in 1702 when Freke was 60, and the second in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1712 when she was 70. \(Anselment convincingly redates the two versions.\) Why two copies? A great deal of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R 27 0 R ] /Contents 24 0 R >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Length 6994 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the second version is a verbatim copy of the first, although it appears that she was still recording in both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volumes in the last years of her life. We may assume a copy for her only son, but was there someone else? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Or perhaps a copy was made for posterity in general, perhaps to belong to Bilney itself.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Notably, the animosities have shifted slightly between the first and second versions. A side-by-side \(rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than chronological\) edition would be ideal to make a thorough comparison. However, the ordering is rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(choppy and there are considerable repetitions. My impression is that the first volume is angrier with her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(husband and her son, while the second, begun after Percy's death, focuses ire more on Ireland and on her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sister Austen. The 1712 version omits several sections of the 1702 version, notably the transcripts of letters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between Freke and the Bishop of Norwich over who had the right to appoint the vicar at West Bilney, poems )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and history of Ireland, and the inventories of Freke's house at Bilney.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There were clearly many other documents in existence relating to Elizabeth Freke. Her recipes are not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(included here, and nor are the accounts compiled in 1709 and 1712 documenting the daily sums of money )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spent in Percy's final illness. Although little is made of it in the )] TJ ET BT 339.512 601.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Remembrances)] TJ ET BT 412.820 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, her inventory of 1711 lists )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(376 pints of cordials and several herbals and medical books, suggesting that Elizabeth doctored the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neighbourhood. The court records of her many lawsuits are beyond the purview of this study, but may tell us )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a great deal more about the other sides of her disputes. \(She is arrested in her chamber on more than one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(occasion.\) The precise nature of sums in the )] TJ ET BT 248.300 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Remembrances)] TJ ET BT 321.608 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( suggest that she was working from a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary account book, and perhaps a diary too. There were letters between Percy and Elizabeth, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these are almost never explicitly mentioned or quoted.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In addition to the power of her personality, the )] TJ ET BT 260.648 489.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Remembrances)] TJ ET BT 333.956 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( tell us a great deal about daily life, notably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sickness, the constant threat of fire, and the perils and exhaustion of travel \(the crossing from Bristol to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kinsale or Cork could take anywhere from three days to two weeks, subject to storms, calms and privateers\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anselment is very good on the Freke genealogy, in placing the Frekes among the Irish Ascendacy and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English local gentry, and has searched the Norfolk parish registers for the Bilney tenants. His view that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth's misery 'stems in part from Freke's inability to end her dependency upon her father and commit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(herself completely to her husband' \(p. 20\), and his suggestion, in relation to the inventory Freke made in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1711, that 'measuring or accounting may have provided both diversion and reassurance amidst the tedium )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and fear of pain and age' \(p.17\) would not be mine. I would point instead to the inadequacies of English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marital property law, and suggest that she took five days to make the inventory ? which included her five )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Exchequer tallies for 3000 in the funds, laid carefully between lace 'of my own work' and a new sheet in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('portmantle trunk' ? before she set off to London to settle her final accounts with cousin John, because she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expected \(as she says\) never to return alive and had no one else she could trust. For Elizabeth Freke, identity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(is)] TJ ET BT 42.020 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( property.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although I am relieved not to have known her, I am fascinated to see Elizabeth Freke unleashed once more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the printed page.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.867 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 198.250 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 198.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mrs. Elizabeth Freke Her Diary, 1671 to 1714)] TJ ET BT 287.660 198.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Mary Carbery \(Cork, 1913\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 446.624 198.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 446.624 196.851 m 500.612 196.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 171.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Professor Anselment writes: 'Thank you for including a review of Elizabeth Freke's )] TJ ET BT 437.600 171.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Remembrances)] TJ ET BT 510.908 171.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 157.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 124.676 157.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and I thank Professor Erickson for summarising from the edition a careful biographical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 143.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sense of this early modern writer. Though I never respond to reviews of my work, I am pleased that your )] TJ ET BT 34.016 129.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reviewer, too, found Elizabeth Freke fascinating'.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.965 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 83.983 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 66.203 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 66.203 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/393)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 64.809 m 322.316 64.809 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 39.832 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET endstream endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 446.6237 197.1655 500.6117 209.0455 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 65.1235 322.3157 77.0035 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/393) >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 30 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Length 234 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.354 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/2167)] TJ ET BT 34.016 781.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 31 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000356 00000 n 0000000393 00000 n 0000000563 00000 n 0000000652 00000 n 0000005068 00000 n 0000005177 00000 n 0000005287 00000 n 0000005396 00000 n 0000008957 00000 n 0000009085 00000 n 0000009169 00000 n 0000009198 00000 n 0000009326 00000 n 0000009362 00000 n 0000009427 00000 n 0000016123 00000 n 0000016188 00000 n 0000022287 00000 n 0000022352 00000 n 0000029767 00000 n 0000029858 00000 n 0000036905 00000 n 0000037033 00000 n 0000037088 00000 n 0000037214 00000 n 0000037309 00000 n 0000037374 00000 n trailer << /Size 31 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 37660 %%EOF